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CABI Book Chapter

Agritourism.

Book cover for Agritourism.

Description

This book presents the depth of the new wave of agritourism apparent around the world. This book consists of four parts. The first section is an introduction to the economics of agritourism; it introduces the role of organization, management, logistics, safety, marketing, finance, economics and psychology and, within agritourism, discusses the role and importance of agritourism in the multifunctio...

Chapter 2 (Page no: 15)

The economic and social importance of agritourism.

This chapter discusses the economic and social impact of agritourism. The economic and social importance of agritourism can be considered in many aspects, e.g. the macroeconomic aspect, the regional economic aspect and the microeconomic aspect. The primary phenomena that affect the development of agritourism are: (1) low farm income; (2) urbanization; (3) redistribution of urban people's income to agritourist farms and in consequence to all rural people; (4) the state of rural infrastructure and level of urbanization; and (5) policy of local self-government. The most frequently listed reasons for the fall in farmer income in the 1990's include the decline of price relativities, the stagnation of production due to the lack of demand and hence the incomplete use of the production potential of agriculture, the fall in the income from agricultural production; the limitation of subsidizing agriculture from the budget; and the increasing liabilities of farm households, as well as the considerable increase in the unemployment rate, the slower tempo of the overall economy and the deterioration of the economic situation in many areas. In the USA in general, farm and non-farm household incomes are similar within the overall distribution. In Australia in 2001, households that contained at least one person whose main income came from agriculture had a mean income of about 90% of those households where no person was employed in agriculture. In view of the economic situation of people related to agriculture, traditional family farms may be forced to combine income from several sources. The income comes from non-agricultural work, e.g. from running small service, trade or craft enterprises, or it has a non-profit character and comes from other transfers into agriculture, such as pensions and annuities. Rural people are usually poorer than part of the city population. Therefore, redistribution of financial resources from cities to the country and increasing the possibility of rural people generating income are important goals of social policy. Redistributional activity by the state is often initiated to enhance social cohesion.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 3) The concept of agritourism. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 43) Multifunctional development of rural areas. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 54) Agritourist space. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 85) Agritourism ventures. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 91) Regulations of agritourism activities. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 96) The organization of an agritourist farm. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 108) The economics of agritourist enterprises. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 122) Cooperation of agritourist entities. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 132) Agritourist services and products. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 155) Agritourists. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 168) Agritourism markets. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 179) Agritourism pillars. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 182) Facilitating agritourism. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 196) Mobility in agritourism. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 215) Agritourist farms and enterprises around the world. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 244) Agritourism on the edge. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 254) The agritourist characteristics of five countries of the world. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 275) Agritourism yesterday, today and tomorrow. Author(s): Sznajder, M. Przezbórska, L. Scrimgeour, F.