Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

TR4 portal

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Welcome to the TR4 portal. TR4 is a strain of the fungus that causes Panama disease of bananas, Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense. It causes leaves to turn yellow and wilt, and vascular discoloration which is only visible if the pseudostem is cut open. TR4 is most commonly associated with Cavendish varieties of banana but can attack other varieties, and a handful of other host species from the genera Musa and Heliconia. 

Identification and management

TR4 is one of only six strains strains of F. oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Foc) that attack Cavendish bananas (AAA genome). It is much more aggressive on Cavendish...

Management Factsheets
Australia, Queensland Government, (2020). External factsheets. Queensland Government. 1 pp. English Language
Food and Agriculture Organization, (2020). External factsheets. FAO. 12 pp. English Language

Identification guides
Queensland Government, (2020). Identification guides. Queensland Government. 4 pp. English Language
Food and Agriculture Organization, (2019). Identification guides. FAO. unpaginated English Language

Posters and Leaflets
Queensland Government, (2020). Posters and leaflets. Queensland Government. 4 pp. English Language
Food and Agriculture Organization, (2020). Posters and leaflets. FAO. 2 pp. English Language

Pérez-Vicente, L.,Dita, M. A.,Martínez-de la Parte, E., (2014). Manuals. FAO. 74 pp. English Language

Latest research articles from CAB Abstracts

Sandilyan, S. (2021). Current Science 119(12), pp 1892-1893. Current Science Association, Bangalore, India.
Yun TianYan; Zhang MiaoYi; Zhou DengBo; Jing Tao; Zang XiaoPing; Qi DengFeng; Chen YuFeng; Li Kai; Zhao YanKun; Tang Wen; Huang JiaQuan; Wang Wei; Xie JiangHui (2021). Frontiers in Microbiology 12(January) Frontiers Media S.A., Lausanne, Switzerland.
Magdama, F.; Monserrate-Maggi, L.; Serrano, L.; Sosa, D.; Geiser, D. M.; Jiménez-Gasco, M. del M. (2019). PLoS ONE 14(9), pp e0222727. Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA.
Cheng ChunZhen; Liu Fan; Sun XueLi; Tian Na; Mensah, R. A.; Li Dan; Lai ZhongXiong (2019). Scientific Reports 9(1), pp 13682. Nature Publishing Group, London, UK.

Latest news

Publisher - 09:00 AM - 17 January, 2022 (Search term - tr4 banana)
Publisher - Fruitnet 11:00 AM - 12 January, 2022 (Search term - tr4 banana)