Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Apple snail portal

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Welcome to the Apple Snail Portal. The apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata) is a freshwater snail native to parts of Argentina and Uruguay. The distribution of P. canaliculata has been steadily increasing since its introduction to Asia, primarily as a human food resource but perhaps also by the aquarium trade. Once introduced to an area, it spreads rapidly through bodies of water such as canals and rivers and during floods. It feeds on aquatic plants and can devastate rice, taro and other aquatic or semi-aquatic crops. It may outcompete native apple snails, prey on native fauna and alter natural ecosystem function. It is also an important vector of various parasites which can affect human health. 

This portal contains a selection of news, research, practical extension materials, videos and other resources on apple snail. Below is a sample of the resources available. To see the full list click the ‘see more’ links below, or use the site search above.

The information comes from many organisations and sources. If you have resources that you would like to be included, please contact

Identification and management

P. canaliculata is a freshwater snail native to parts of Argentina and Uruguay. The distribution of P.canaliculata has been steadily increasing since its...

Management Factsheets
Daniel, W. M., (2020). External factsheets. U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. 1 pp. English Language
USA, Global Invasive Species Database, (2020). External factsheets. Global Invasive Species Database. 6 pp. English Language

Identification guides
Ponder, W. F.,Hallan, A.,Shea, M. E.,Clark, S. A.,Richards, K.,Klunzinger, M. W.,Kessner, V., (2020). External factsheets. The Australian Museum. 1 pp. English Language

Latest research articles from CAB Abstracts

Boraldi, F.; Lofaro, F. D.; Bergamini, G.; Ferrari, A.; Malagoli, D. (2021). Biology 10(10) MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland.
Nguyen Huy Hung; Do Ngoc Dai; Satyal, P.; Le Thi Huong; Bui Thi Chinh; Dinh Quang Hung; Thieu Anh Tai; Setzer, W. N. (2021). Chemistry & Biodiversity 18(5) Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany.
Printrakoon, C.; Bullangpoti, V. (2021). Agriculture and Natural Resources 55(1), pp 7-14. Kasetsart University Research and Development Institute (KURDI), Bangkok, Thailand.
Brito, F. C. de; Arenzon, A.; Reichert, N.; Lazzarotto, M.; Ávila, S.; Pacheco, S. D. G.; Kruger, I.; Rozino, L.; Vargas, V. M. F. (2021). Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes 56(8), pp 782-791. Taylor & Francis, Philadelphia, USA.

Latest news

Publisher - East County Magazine 08:00 AM - 28 October, 2021 (Search term - golden apple snail invasive species)
Publisher - Daily Mail 08:00 AM - 07 October, 2021 (Search term - golden apple snail invasive species)



Invasive Asia: Golden Apple Snail 1
Invasive Asia: Golden Apple Snail 2