Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

CABI Book Chapter

Climate, ticks and disease.

Book cover for Climate, ticks and disease.


This book is a collection of 77 expert opinions arranged in three sections. Section 1 on "Climate" sets the scene, including predictions of future climate change, how climate change affects ecosystems, and how to model projections of the spatial distribution of ticks and tick-borne infections under different climate change scenarios. Section 2 on "Ticks" focuses on ticks (although tick-borne patho...

Chapter 19 (Page no: 125)

Climate change alone cannot explain altered tick distribution across Europe: a spotlight on endemic and invasive tick species.

The effect of climate on the evolution of tick populations remains difficult to disentangle from other possible causes and undoubtedly varies depending on the region concerned and local tick species. Large-scale, long-term monitoring is, therefore, necessary to accurately assess climatic impact on tick populations. Climate change can alter tick populations, either indirectly by affecting vertebrate host populations or directly by increasing or decreasing their numbers. These ectoparasites, and in particular hard ticks, spend almost their entire life cycle in the external environment, thus climatic conditions influence their activity, viability and distribution. This expert opinion aims to illustrate the impact of climate change, and its association with other variables, on the distribution and abundance of tick populations in Europe using Ixodes ricinus and Hyalomma marginatum as typical examples of endemic and invasive species, respectively.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Future climate of Africa. Author(s): Cornforth, R., Plumpton, H.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 8) Vegetation-climate interactions: into the tick zone. Author(s): Hemming, D., Duffy, J., Kaye, N., Maclean, I.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 18) Climate change and Lyme disease. Author(s): Cox, P., Huntingford, C., Sparey, M., Nuttall, P.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 26) How to model the impact of climate change on vector-borne diseases? Author(s): Caminade, C.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 32) Challenges of modelling and projecting tick distributions. Author(s): Wint, W., Alexander, N.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 38) Considerations for predicting climate change implications on future spatial distribution ranges of ticks. Author(s): Raghavan, R., Ganta, R.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 44) Synopsis: climate. Author(s): Nuttall, P.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 46) Can the impact of climate change on the tick microbiome bring a new epidemiological landscape to tick-borne diseases? Author(s): Cabezas-Cruz, A.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 50) Climate influence on tick neurobiology. Author(s): Šimo, L.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 56) The impact of climate change on tick host-seeking behaviour. Author(s): Ronai, I.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 61) Expected transitions in ticks and their heritable endosymbionts under environmental changes. Author(s): Gottlieb, Y., Duron, O.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 67) Drought and tick dynamics during climate change. Author(s): Benoit, J., Oyen, K.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 74) Climate influences on reproduction and immunity in the soft tick, Ornithodoros moubata. Author(s): Taylor, D., Ogihara, M.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 84) Climate change and ticks: measuring impacts. Author(s): Wall, R., Alasmari, S.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 90) Scandinavia and ticks in a changing climate. Author(s): Kjær, L. J., Bødker, R.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 96) Birds, ticks and climate change. Author(s): Kelly, T., Healy, J., Coughlan, N.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 110) How tick vectors are coping with global warming. Author(s): Wilke, A., Beier, J., Otranto, D., Benelli, G.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 115) Possible direct and human-mediated impact of climate change on tick populations in Turkey. Author(s): Kar, S., Keles, A. G.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 132) Climate and management effects on tick-game animal dynamics. Author(s): Hoodless, A., Sage, R.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 139) Climate-driven livestock management shifts and tick populations. Author(s): Titcomb, G.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 145) Potential impacts of climate change on medically important tick species in North America. Author(s): Lynn, G., Narasimhan, S., Fikrig, E.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 152) Climate change and tick evolution: lessons from the past. Author(s): Mans, B.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 159) Amblyomma ticks and future climates. Author(s): Oliveira, S. V. de
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 166) Climate impacts on Dermacentor reticulatus tick population dynamics and range. Author(s): Zając, Z.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 171) Changes expected in Ixodes ricinus temporal and spatial distribution in Europe. Author(s): Rizzoli, A.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 176) Range expansion of Ixodes scapularis in the USA. Author(s): Fish, D.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 183) Distribution, seasonal occurrence and biological characteristics of Haemaphysalis longicornis, a vector of bovine piroplasmosis in Japan. Author(s): Umemiya-Shirafuji, R.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 188) Climate and vector potential of medically important North American ticks. Author(s): Eisen, L., Eisen, R.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 193) The impact of climate change on the biology of the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus microplus: current knowledge and gaps to be filled. Author(s): Santos, I., Szabó, M. P. J., Caetano, A. R., Camargo, M. M. de
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 209) Climate impacts on the vector capacity of tropical and temperate populations of the brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato. Author(s): Bechara, G., Sanches, G.
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 216) Argasidae: distribution and vectorial capacity in a changing global environment. Author(s): Filatov, S., Rego, R.
Chapter: 33 (Page no: 223) Effects of climate change on babesiosis vectors. Author(s): Gray, J.
Chapter: 34 (Page no: 228) Synopsis: ticks. Author(s): Nuttall, P.
Chapter: 35 (Page no: 232) Conflict and cooperation in tick-host-pathogen interactions contribute to increased tick fitness and survival. Author(s): Fuente, J. de la, Villar, M.
Chapter: 36 (Page no: 240) Climate, ticks and pathogens: gaps and caveats. Author(s): Estrada-Peña, A., Fernández-Ruiz, N., Fuente, J. de la
Chapter: 37 (Page no: 247) Climate and prediction of tick-borne diseases facing the complexity of the pathogen-tick-host triad at northern latitudes. Author(s): Mysterud, A.
Chapter: 38 (Page no: 253) Is the clock 'ticking' for climate change? Author(s): Gould, E., Lamballerie, X. de
Chapter: 39 (Page no: 259) Climate instability and emerging tick-borne disease. Author(s): Foley, J.
Chapter: 40 (Page no: 264) Co-infections of ticks. Author(s): Pfeffer, M., Król, N., Obiegala, A.
Chapter: 41 (Page no: 270) Impact of climate change on co-feeding transmission. Author(s): Wu JianHong, Zhang Xue
Chapter: 42 (Page no: 276) Human behaviour trumps entomological risk. Author(s): Telford, S.
Chapter: 43 (Page no: 283) It's all in the timing: effect of tick phenology on pathogen transmission dynamics. Author(s): Diuk-Wasser, M.
Chapter: 44 (Page no: 293) Anaplasma species' novel tick-host-pathogen relationships and effects of climate change. Author(s): Sonenshine, D.
Chapter: 45 (Page no: 300) Zoonotic potential in the genera Anaplasma and Ehrlichia. Author(s): Stuen, S.
Chapter: 46 (Page no: 307) Tick vectors, tick-borne diseases and climate change. Author(s): Samy, A., Alkishe, A., Pustahija, T., Peterson, T.
Chapter: 47 (Page no: 318) Climate and other global factors at the zoonotic interface in America: influence on diseases caused by tick-borne pathogens. Author(s): Munderloh, U., Kurtti, T.
Chapter: 48 (Page no: 326) Microclimatic conditions and RNA viruses in ticks. Author(s): Huang YanJang, Higgs, S., Vanlandingham, D.
Chapter: 49 (Page no: 331) Climate, ticks and tick-borne encephalitis in Central Europe. Author(s): Danielová, V., Daniel, M.
Chapter: 50 (Page no: 341) Tick-borne viral haemorrhagic fever infections. Author(s): Bente, D.
Chapter: 51 (Page no: 349) Climate impact on Lyme borreliosis and its causative agents. Author(s): Rudenko, N., Grubhoffer, L., Golovchenko, M.
Chapter: 52 (Page no: 354) Climate change and tick-borne encephalitis in the Greater Alpine region. Author(s): Rubel, F.
Chapter: 53 (Page no: 360) The expansion of Japanese Spotted fever and the complex group of spotted fever group Rickettsiae in Japan. Author(s): Sato, M., Arai, R., Sato, M. O.
Chapter: 54 (Page no: 365) Spatiotemporal and demographic patterns of transmission of Kyasanur forest disease virus in India. Author(s): Neha Pandey, Singh, S. K.
Chapter: 55 (Page no: 370) Argasid ticks, relapsing fever and a changing climate. Author(s): Teglas, M.
Chapter: 56 (Page no: 375) The potential effects of climate change on Lyme borreliosis in East-Central Europe. Author(s): Trájer, A.
Chapter: 57 (Page no: 382) Epidemiology of severe fever with thrombocytopaenia syndrome in China. Author(s): Liu Wei, Fang LiQun, Li Hao
Chapter: 58 (Page no: 391) Climate change and debilitating symptom complexes attributed to ticks in Australia. Author(s): Dehhaghi, M., Panahi, H. K. S., Schloeffel, R., Hudson, B., Ruiwen, B., Guillemin, G.
Chapter: 59 (Page no: 400) Effect of climate change on mosquito-borne pathogens. Author(s): Turell, M.
Chapter: 60 (Page no: 405) Ornithodoros tick vectors and African swine fever virus. Author(s): Bastos, A., Boinas, F.
Chapter: 61 (Page no: 413) Tick-borne diseases of livestock in the UK. Author(s): Johnson, N., Phipps, L. P.
Chapter: 62 (Page no: 418) Impact of climate change on tick-borne diseases of livestock in Pakistan - looking ahead. Author(s): Ghafar, A., Gasser, R., Jabbar, A.
Chapter: 63 (Page no: 424) The emergence of tick-borne diseases in domestic animals in Australia. Author(s): Oskam, C., Ronai, I., Irwin, P.
Chapter: 64 (Page no: 430) Tick-borne infections in Central Europe. Author(s): Kazimirova, M.
Chapter: 65 (Page no: 438) Impact of climate change on ticks and tick-borne infections in Russia. Author(s): Korenberg, E.
Chapter: 66 (Page no: 444) Is climate change affecting ticks and tick-borne diseases in Taiwan? Author(s): Kuo ChiChien
Chapter: 67 (Page no: 449) Ticks and tick-borne pathogens in the Caribbean region in the context of climate change. Author(s): Alvarez, D. O., Charles, R. A., Estrada-Peña, A.
Chapter: 68 (Page no: 455) The strange case of tick-borne viruses in Turkey. Author(s): Kar, S., Ergünay, K.
Chapter: 69 (Page no: 460) Melting, melting pot - climate change and its impact on ticks and tick-borne pathogens in the Arctic. Author(s): Černý, J., Elsterová, J., Culler, L.
Chapter: 70 (Page no: 469) Ticks and tick-borne diseases in the Middle East. Author(s): Chavshin, A. R., Seyyed-Zadeh, S. J.
Chapter: 71 (Page no: 477) The emergence of ticks and tick-borne diseases in the USA. Author(s): Hart, C., Thangamani, S.
Chapter: 72 (Page no: 486) Role of climate and other factors in determining the dynamics of tick and tick-transmitted pathogen populations and distribution in western, central and eastern Africa. Author(s): Githaka, N., Kanduma, E., Bishop, R.
Chapter: 73 (Page no: 492) Ticks and tick-borne pathogens in China. Author(s): Li Hao, Fang LiQun, Liu Wei
Chapter: 74 (Page no: 500) Tick-borne rickettsioses in Africa. Author(s): Kolo, A.
Chapter: 75 (Page no: 507) Climate and the emergence of tick-borne disease in Canada. Author(s): Leighton, P., Lindsay, L. R., Ogden, N.
Chapter: 76 (Page no: 513) Climate change impacts on Ixodes ricinus ticks in Scotland and implications for Lyme disease risk. Author(s): Gilbert, L.
Chapter: 77 (Page no: 518) Possible impact of climate and environmental change on ticks and tick-borne disease in England. Author(s): Medlock, J., Hansford, K.
Chapter: 78 (Page no: 528) Climate change, ticks and tick-borne pathogens in Northern Europe. Author(s): Pettersson, J. H. O.
Chapter: 79 (Page no: 532) Tick and tick-borne disease circulation in a changing marine ecosystem. Author(s): McCoy, K. D.
Chapter: 80 (Page no: 541) Synopsis: disease. Author(s): Nuttall, P.