Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

CABI Book Chapter

Parthenium weed: biology, ecology and management.

Book cover for Parthenium weed: biology, ecology and management.

Description

This book has been a collective effort by 26 members of the International Parthenium Weed Network, which is an International network of expert volunteers devoted to creating awareness about the parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus) threat, and to sharing information on how to reduce its adverse impacts upon agro-ecosystems, the environment and human health. The book builds on a fundamental un...

Chapter 13 (Page no: 253)

History and management in East and South-east Asia.

In East and South-east Asia, parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus) has invaded many countries, including Vietnam in 1922, Southern China in 1926, Japan in 1972, Taiwan in 1988, Korea in 1993, a new second introduction has been identified in Northern China (Shandong Province) in 2004, and it has been found in peninsular Malaysia and Sarawak in 2013 and Thailand in 2016. This chapter discusses the history of invasion, background, spread and management (using chemical, cultural, physical and biological control methods) of pathenium weed in East and South-east Asian countries. Only a limited amount of information is available on the incidence of parthenium weed in these countries. More survey work is suggested to determine the full extent of the parthenium weed invasion. Although some countries have reported the presence of the weed and have some knowledge of its spread, legislative frameworks to help prevent further invasion and spread of parthenium weed are still needed. Also, educational tools need to be developed to raise public awareness. Methods to prevent further spread need to be implemented, including restrictions on the movement of seed lots and food products from infested to non-infested weed-free regions, and the potential for future biological control investigated.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) An introduction to the 'demon plant' parthenium weed. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., Asad Shabbir, Dhileepan, K.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 7) Biology and ecology. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., McClay, A., Bajwa, A. A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 40) Spread. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, McConnachie, A., Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 57) Interference and impact of parthenium weed on agriculture. Author(s): Bajwa, A. A., Asad Shabbir, Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 79) Impacts on the environment. Author(s): Witt, A., Belgeri, A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 105) Impact of parthenium weed on human and animal health. Author(s): Allan, S., Shi BoYang, Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 131) Biological control. Author(s): Dhileepan, K., McFadyen, R., Strathie, L., Naeem Khan
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 157) Management: physical, cultural, chemical. Author(s): Campbell, S. D., Vogler, W. D., Tamado Tana
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 177) Coordination of management. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, Sushilkumar, Macdonald, I. A. W., Terblanche, C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 190) Parthenium weed: uses and abuses. Author(s): Nimal Chandrasena, Rao, A. N.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 212) History and management - Australia and Pacific. Author(s): McFadyen, R., Kunjithapatham Dhileepan, Day, M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 231) History and management - Southern Asia. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, Shrestha, B. B., Ali, M. H., Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 264) History and management - Southern Africa and western Indian Ocean islands. Author(s): Strathie, L. W., McConnachie, A. J.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 287) History and management - East and North Africa, and the Middle East. Author(s): McConnachie, A., Witt, A.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 303) Conclusions. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., Asad Shabbir, Kunjithapatham Dhileepan