Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

CABI Book Chapter

Parthenium weed: biology, ecology and management.

Book cover for Parthenium weed: biology, ecology and management.

Description

This book has been a collective effort by 26 members of the International Parthenium Weed Network, which is an International network of expert volunteers devoted to creating awareness about the parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus) threat, and to sharing information on how to reduce its adverse impacts upon agro-ecosystems, the environment and human health. The book builds on a fundamental un...

Chapter 8 (Page no: 157)

Management: physical, cultural, chemical.

The ecology of parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus), particularly its persistent soil seed bank, the multiple dispersal mechanisms and the ability to reach reproductive maturity quickly, allows it to persist in areas following initial control activities. To attain the desired level of management, several follow-up treatments are required and to do this most effectively, consideration should be given to all available options and how they can be integrated. This chapter considers the importance of other management strategies and discusses them in the context of integrated weed management. A detailed account is presented of cultural (legislative measures, hygiene practices, crop rotation, cover crops, competition and suppression), physical (manual and mechanical removal, fire and heat) and chemical (synthetic and natural products) approaches used to manage parthenium weed in different parts of the world.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) An introduction to the 'demon plant' parthenium weed. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., Asad Shabbir, Dhileepan, K.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 7) Biology and ecology. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., McClay, A., Bajwa, A. A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 40) Spread. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, McConnachie, A., Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 57) Interference and impact of parthenium weed on agriculture. Author(s): Bajwa, A. A., Asad Shabbir, Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 79) Impacts on the environment. Author(s): Witt, A., Belgeri, A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 105) Impact of parthenium weed on human and animal health. Author(s): Allan, S., Shi BoYang, Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 131) Biological control. Author(s): Dhileepan, K., McFadyen, R., Strathie, L., Naeem Khan
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 177) Coordination of management. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, Sushilkumar, Macdonald, I. A. W., Terblanche, C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 190) Parthenium weed: uses and abuses. Author(s): Nimal Chandrasena, Rao, A. N.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 212) History and management - Australia and Pacific. Author(s): McFadyen, R., Kunjithapatham Dhileepan, Day, M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 231) History and management - Southern Asia. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, Shrestha, B. B., Ali, M. H., Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 253) History and management in East and South-east Asia. Author(s): Shi BoYang, Tang SaiChun, Nguyen Thi Lan Thi, Kunjithapatham Dhileepan
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 264) History and management - Southern Africa and western Indian Ocean islands. Author(s): Strathie, L. W., McConnachie, A. J.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 287) History and management - East and North Africa, and the Middle East. Author(s): McConnachie, A., Witt, A.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 303) Conclusions. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., Asad Shabbir, Kunjithapatham Dhileepan