Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

CABI Book Chapter

Parthenium weed: biology, ecology and management.

Book cover for Parthenium weed: biology, ecology and management.

Description

This book has been a collective effort by 26 members of the International Parthenium Weed Network, which is an International network of expert volunteers devoted to creating awareness about the parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus) threat, and to sharing information on how to reduce its adverse impacts upon agro-ecosystems, the environment and human health. The book builds on a fundamental un...

Chapter 7 (Page no: 131)

Biological control.

Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus) is susceptible to herbivory, but there are no herbivores or pathogens in the introduced ranges that are known to exert any critical impact on parthenium weed. Classical biological control, using host-specific (highly selective) natural enemies introduced from the native range of the plant, to cause vegetative or reproductive suppression, is the most cost-effective, long-term management option for parthenium weed. This chapter focuses on biological control of parthenium weed. It covers key biological control agents available for the management of the weed, which are mainly based on Australian initiatives. This chapter also encompasses introduction history and status of parthenium weed biological control agents in other parts of the world, for example Eastern and South Africa, South Asia and the Pacific Islands. For effective management of parthenium weed, integrating various biological control options that include classical biological control, mycoherbicides and suppressive plants with management tools such as chemical, physical, grazing management and cultural management is desirable.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) An introduction to the 'demon plant' parthenium weed. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., Asad Shabbir, Dhileepan, K.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 7) Biology and ecology. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., McClay, A., Bajwa, A. A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 40) Spread. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, McConnachie, A., Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 57) Interference and impact of parthenium weed on agriculture. Author(s): Bajwa, A. A., Asad Shabbir, Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 79) Impacts on the environment. Author(s): Witt, A., Belgeri, A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 105) Impact of parthenium weed on human and animal health. Author(s): Allan, S., Shi BoYang, Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 157) Management: physical, cultural, chemical. Author(s): Campbell, S. D., Vogler, W. D., Tamado Tana
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 177) Coordination of management. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, Sushilkumar, Macdonald, I. A. W., Terblanche, C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 190) Parthenium weed: uses and abuses. Author(s): Nimal Chandrasena, Rao, A. N.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 212) History and management - Australia and Pacific. Author(s): McFadyen, R., Kunjithapatham Dhileepan, Day, M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 231) History and management - Southern Asia. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, Shrestha, B. B., Ali, M. H., Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 253) History and management in East and South-east Asia. Author(s): Shi BoYang, Tang SaiChun, Nguyen Thi Lan Thi, Kunjithapatham Dhileepan
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 264) History and management - Southern Africa and western Indian Ocean islands. Author(s): Strathie, L. W., McConnachie, A. J.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 287) History and management - East and North Africa, and the Middle East. Author(s): McConnachie, A., Witt, A.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 303) Conclusions. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., Asad Shabbir, Kunjithapatham Dhileepan