Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

CABI Book Chapter

Parthenium weed: biology, ecology and management.

Book cover for Parthenium weed: biology, ecology and management.

Description

This book has been a collective effort by 26 members of the International Parthenium Weed Network, which is an International network of expert volunteers devoted to creating awareness about the parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus) threat, and to sharing information on how to reduce its adverse impacts upon agro-ecosystems, the environment and human health. The book builds on a fundamental un...

Chapter 6 (Page no: 105)

Impact of parthenium weed on human and animal health.

This chapter deals with various human and animal health impacts of pathenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus). Diseases caused by the weed include dermatitis, rhinitis, asthma and atopic dermatitis. The detrimental health effects of parthenium weed are attributed to the sesquiterpene lactones and in particular parthenin in the plant which are toxic to farm animals and responsible for allergic diseases in humans. As parthenium weed continues to spread through Africa and Asia, information needs to be collected from those countries which have recently been invaded and those that are proximal to infestations. The collection of data and the monitoring of parthenium invasion may ultimately be used to manage both the spread and impact of the weed.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) An introduction to the 'demon plant' parthenium weed. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., Asad Shabbir, Dhileepan, K.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 7) Biology and ecology. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., McClay, A., Bajwa, A. A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 40) Spread. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, McConnachie, A., Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 57) Interference and impact of parthenium weed on agriculture. Author(s): Bajwa, A. A., Asad Shabbir, Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 79) Impacts on the environment. Author(s): Witt, A., Belgeri, A.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 131) Biological control. Author(s): Dhileepan, K., McFadyen, R., Strathie, L., Naeem Khan
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 157) Management: physical, cultural, chemical. Author(s): Campbell, S. D., Vogler, W. D., Tamado Tana
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 177) Coordination of management. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, Sushilkumar, Macdonald, I. A. W., Terblanche, C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 190) Parthenium weed: uses and abuses. Author(s): Nimal Chandrasena, Rao, A. N.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 212) History and management - Australia and Pacific. Author(s): McFadyen, R., Kunjithapatham Dhileepan, Day, M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 231) History and management - Southern Asia. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, Shrestha, B. B., Ali, M. H., Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 253) History and management in East and South-east Asia. Author(s): Shi BoYang, Tang SaiChun, Nguyen Thi Lan Thi, Kunjithapatham Dhileepan
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 264) History and management - Southern Africa and western Indian Ocean islands. Author(s): Strathie, L. W., McConnachie, A. J.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 287) History and management - East and North Africa, and the Middle East. Author(s): McConnachie, A., Witt, A.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 303) Conclusions. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., Asad Shabbir, Kunjithapatham Dhileepan