Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

CABI Book Chapter

Parthenium weed: biology, ecology and management.

Book cover for Parthenium weed: biology, ecology and management.

Description

This book has been a collective effort by 26 members of the International Parthenium Weed Network, which is an International network of expert volunteers devoted to creating awareness about the parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus) threat, and to sharing information on how to reduce its adverse impacts upon agro-ecosystems, the environment and human health. The book builds on a fundamental un...

Chapter 5 (Page no: 79)

Impacts on the environment.

This chapter deals with the impact of parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus) on the environment, more specifically, the negative impact of the weed on soil properties, and the above- and below-ground community biodiversity, including fauna, flora and microorganisms. Also, the chapter comprehensively examines the negative impact of parthenium weed on insect pollinators and shows how the weed can: (i) alter nutrient cycling; (ii) reduce plant species diversity and abundance; (iii) change vegetation structure; and (iv) alter the assemblage of other organisms such as invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Although some key gaps with regard to determining the impacts of parthenium weed on biodiversity have been detected, there is sufficient evidence to conclude that parthenium weed is having a dramatic impact on biodiversity and ecosystem function throughout its introduced range in Africa, Asia and Australia.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) An introduction to the 'demon plant' parthenium weed. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., Asad Shabbir, Dhileepan, K.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 7) Biology and ecology. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., McClay, A., Bajwa, A. A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 40) Spread. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, McConnachie, A., Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 57) Interference and impact of parthenium weed on agriculture. Author(s): Bajwa, A. A., Asad Shabbir, Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 105) Impact of parthenium weed on human and animal health. Author(s): Allan, S., Shi BoYang, Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 131) Biological control. Author(s): Dhileepan, K., McFadyen, R., Strathie, L., Naeem Khan
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 157) Management: physical, cultural, chemical. Author(s): Campbell, S. D., Vogler, W. D., Tamado Tana
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 177) Coordination of management. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, Sushilkumar, Macdonald, I. A. W., Terblanche, C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 190) Parthenium weed: uses and abuses. Author(s): Nimal Chandrasena, Rao, A. N.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 212) History and management - Australia and Pacific. Author(s): McFadyen, R., Kunjithapatham Dhileepan, Day, M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 231) History and management - Southern Asia. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, Shrestha, B. B., Ali, M. H., Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 253) History and management in East and South-east Asia. Author(s): Shi BoYang, Tang SaiChun, Nguyen Thi Lan Thi, Kunjithapatham Dhileepan
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 264) History and management - Southern Africa and western Indian Ocean islands. Author(s): Strathie, L. W., McConnachie, A. J.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 287) History and management - East and North Africa, and the Middle East. Author(s): McConnachie, A., Witt, A.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 303) Conclusions. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., Asad Shabbir, Kunjithapatham Dhileepan