Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

CABI Book Chapter

Parthenium weed: biology, ecology and management.

Book cover for Parthenium weed: biology, ecology and management.

Description

This book has been a collective effort by 26 members of the International Parthenium Weed Network, which is an International network of expert volunteers devoted to creating awareness about the parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus) threat, and to sharing information on how to reduce its adverse impacts upon agro-ecosystems, the environment and human health. The book builds on a fundamental un...

Chapter 3 (Page no: 40)

Spread.

This chapter deals with how parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus), with a humble origin in the neotropics, has ended up as a global weed with a pantropical distribution spreading across about 48 countries in the last five to six decades. The chapter specifically deals with the spread pathways adopted by the weed and the present distribution in the invaded continents. The chapter also highlights that parthenium weed is likely to expand its geographical distribution range even more, particularly into the Mediterranean and eastern European, Western Africa and South and South-east Asian regions, with anticipated future climate change. The ability of parthenium weed to benefit from future CO2 enrichment, predicted to occur under a changing climate, will encourage greater seed production, which in turn will increase the rate of spread. If not contained effectively, the weed will spread more aggressively in the future, with greater chances of new outbreaks occurring within and beyond its present introduced range.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) An introduction to the 'demon plant' parthenium weed. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., Asad Shabbir, Dhileepan, K.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 7) Biology and ecology. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., McClay, A., Bajwa, A. A.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 57) Interference and impact of parthenium weed on agriculture. Author(s): Bajwa, A. A., Asad Shabbir, Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 79) Impacts on the environment. Author(s): Witt, A., Belgeri, A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 105) Impact of parthenium weed on human and animal health. Author(s): Allan, S., Shi BoYang, Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 131) Biological control. Author(s): Dhileepan, K., McFadyen, R., Strathie, L., Naeem Khan
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 157) Management: physical, cultural, chemical. Author(s): Campbell, S. D., Vogler, W. D., Tamado Tana
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 177) Coordination of management. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, Sushilkumar, Macdonald, I. A. W., Terblanche, C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 190) Parthenium weed: uses and abuses. Author(s): Nimal Chandrasena, Rao, A. N.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 212) History and management - Australia and Pacific. Author(s): McFadyen, R., Kunjithapatham Dhileepan, Day, M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 231) History and management - Southern Asia. Author(s): Asad Shabbir, Shrestha, B. B., Ali, M. H., Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 253) History and management in East and South-east Asia. Author(s): Shi BoYang, Tang SaiChun, Nguyen Thi Lan Thi, Kunjithapatham Dhileepan
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 264) History and management - Southern Africa and western Indian Ocean islands. Author(s): Strathie, L. W., McConnachie, A. J.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 287) History and management - East and North Africa, and the Middle East. Author(s): McConnachie, A., Witt, A.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 303) Conclusions. Author(s): Adkins, S. W., Asad Shabbir, Kunjithapatham Dhileepan