Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

CABI Book Chapter

The handbook of microbial bioresources.

Book cover for The handbook of microbial bioresources.

Description

This book, inclusive of 39 chapters, provides a detailed discussion on the biotechnological methods and processes, as well as the industrial applications, of various microbial resources. Current use of these microbial resources in the medical (anti-cancer substances from bacteria), agricultural (i.e., mycorrhizal fungi, biofertilizers, insect pest control), food (i.e., probiotics, prebiotics), fee...

Chapter 9 (Page no: 140)

Pleurotus as an exclusive eco-friendly modular biotool.

The basidiomycete genus Pleurotus, commonly known as the oyster mushroom, is a well established and recognized model biotool for many biochemical and biotechnological activities. Members of this genus are naturally widespread in temperate and subtropical environments throughout the world as decomposers of wood. Pleurotus is capable of growing on a wide range of lignocellulosic substrates, including various agricultural and forest wastes. Pleurotus spp. possess a cassette of genes producing important metabolites including lignocellulolytic enzymes which enables this group of fungi to be used as an 'eco-friendly biotool' for biodegradation, bioremediation, production of multipurpose enzymes, food derivatives, medicinal products, animal fodder, compost and an agent of biobleaching. This chapter compiles comprehensive and detailed accounts of several of the aforementioned activities. As a result of its remarkable characteristics, this fungus has now become an important biotool and the choice of biotechnologists for use as a model employed in innovative research studies, industries and various fields from the laboratory bench to large-scale activities.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Microbial resources for improved crop productivity. Author(s): Raya-González, J., Hernández-Abreu, E., Valencia-Cantero, E., López-Bucio, J.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 14) The contributions of mycorrhizal fungi. Author(s): Pagano, M. C., Jorio, A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 29) Trichoderma: utilization for agriculture management and biotechnology. Author(s): Pradeep Kumar, Madhu Kamle, Mishra, S. K., Gupta, V. K.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 56) The role of Bacillus bacterium in formation of plant defence: mechanism and reaction. Author(s): Maksimov, I., Khairullin, R.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 81) Biofilm formation on plant surfaces by rhizobacteria: impact on plant growth and ecological significance. Author(s): Altaf, M. M., Ahmad, I.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 96) Biofilmed biofertilizers: application in agroecosystems. Author(s): Buddhika, U. V. A., Seneviratne, G., Ekanayake, E. M. H. G. S., Senanayake, D. M. N., Igalavithane, A. D., Nirodha Weeraratne, Jayasekara, A. P. D. A., Weerakoon, W. L., Amila Indrajith, Gunaratne, H. M. A. C., Kumara, R. K. G. K., Silva, M. S. D. L. de, Kennedy, I. R.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 107) Microbial nanoformulation: exploring potential for coherent nano-farming. Author(s): Sandhya Mishra, Chetan Keswani, Akanksha Singh, Singh, B. R., Singh, S. P., Singh, H. B.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 121) Bacillus thuringiensis: a natural tool in insect pest control. Author(s): Hernández-Fernández, J.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 159) Use of biotechnology in promoting novel food and agriculturally important microorganisms. Author(s): Saravanakumar, D., Badrie, N.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 179) Endophytes: an emerging microbial tool for plant disease management. Author(s): Dipali Majumder, Binalata Kangjam, Devi, K. J., Domesticity Lyngdoh, Janshame Tariang, Dwipendra Thakuria, Aakash Goyal
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 193) Role of Listeria monocytogenes in human health: disadvantages and advantages. Author(s): Khan, J. A., Rathore, R. S., Shaheen Khan, Hussain, F. M., Iqbal Ahmad
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 204) Natural weapons against cancer from bacteria. Author(s): Smriti Gaur
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 211) Giardia and giardiasis: an overview of recent developments. Author(s): Sandipan Ganguly, Dibyendu Raj
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 228) Power of bifidobacteria in food applications for health promotion. Author(s): Nguyen, Q. D., Kun, S., Bujna, E., Havas, P., Hoschke, Á., Rezessy-Szabó, J. M.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 259) Probiotics and dental caries: a recent outlook on conventional therapy. Author(s): Sarika Amdekar, Patidar, R. K., Avnish Kumar, Shrivastav, V. K., Navneet Swargiri, Vinod Singh
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 270) Human microbiota for human health. Author(s): Raghavendra, M. P., Mudili Venkataramana, Basappa, Girish, K. S., Siddaiah Chandranayaka
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 284) Biotechnological production of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Author(s): Abaide, E. R., Bastos, J., Prá, V. dal, Terra, L. de M., Kuhn, R. C., Mazutti, M. A.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 296) Functional enzymes for animal feed applications. Author(s): El-Enshasy, H. A., Nor Zalina, B. O., Elsayed, E. A., Sarmidi, M. R., Wadaan, M. A., Ramlan Aziz
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 313) Microbial xylanases: production, applications and challenges. Author(s): Shiv Shankar, Shikha, Manjul Gupta
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 331) Microbial chitinase: production and potential applications. Author(s): Mohammed Kuddus, Saima
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 361) Characteristics of microbial inulinases: physical and chemical bases of their activity regulation. Author(s): Holyavka, M. G., Artyukhov, V. G., Kovaleva, T. A.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 369) Microbial resources for biopolymer production. Author(s): Pelissari, F. M., Tibolla, H., Sartori, T., Menegalli, F. C.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 388) Microbial metabolites in the cosmetics industry. Author(s): El-Enshasy, H. A., Hamid, M. A., Malek, R. A., Nagib Elmarzugi, Sarmidi, M. R.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 406) Fungi of the genus Pleurotus: importance and applications. Author(s): Téllez-Téllez, M., Díaz-Godínez, G.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 426) Useful microorganisms for environmental sustainability: application of heavy metal tolerant consortia for surface water decontamination in natural and artificial wetlands. Author(s): Amábilis-Sosa, L. E., Salgado-Bernal, I., Siebe, C. D., Moeller-Chávez, G. E., García-Gómez, R. S., Durán-Domínguez-de-Bazúa, M. C.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 441) Exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing bacteria: an ideal source of biopolymers. Author(s): Kanika Sharma, Hema Chandran
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 456) Microbial process development for fermentation-based biosurfactant production. Author(s): Abacha, Y., Sanderson, P., Rahman, P. K. S. M.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 467) Recent developments on algal biofuel technology. Author(s): Long, R., Sanderson, P., Rahman, P. K. S. M.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 478) Microbial lipases: emerging biocatalysts. Author(s): Kanika Sharma, Naveen Sharma, Madhu Rathore
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 489) Bioremediation of gaseous and liquid hydrogen sulfide pollutants by microbial oxidation. Author(s): Ravichandra Potumarthi, Rao, A. G., Annapurna Jetty
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 502) Archaea, a useful group for unconventional energy production: methane production from sugarcane secondary distillation effluents using thermotolerant strains. Author(s): Bernal-González, M., Toscano-Pérez, D., Falcón, L. I., Alcántara-Hernández, R. J., Salgado-Bernal, I., Solís-Fuentes, J. A., Durán-Domínguez-de-Bazúa, M. del C.
Chapter: 33 (Page no: 528) Industrial additives obtained through microbial biotechnology: biosurfactants and prebiotic carbohydrates. Author(s): Néri-Numa, I. A., Paulino, B. N., Pessôa, M. G., Abrahão, M. R. E., Bution, M. L., Molina, G., Pastore, G. M.
Chapter: 34 (Page no: 549) Industrial additives obtained through microbial biotechnology: bioflavours and biocolourants. Author(s): Molina, G., Abrahão, M. R. E., Pessôa, M. G., Bution, M. L., Paulino, B. N., Néri-Numa, I. A., Pastore, G. M.
Chapter: 35 (Page no: 567) Actinomycetes in biodiscovery: genomic advances and new horizons. Author(s): Kurtböke, D. İ.
Chapter: 36 (Page no: 591) Molecular strategies for the study of the expression of gene variation by real-time PCR. Author(s): Cristóbal, H. A.
Chapter: 37 (Page no: 616) Whole genome sequence typing strategies for enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli of the O157:H7 serotype. Author(s): Rusconi, B., Eppinger, M.
Chapter: 38 (Page no: 634) Microbial keratinases: characteristics, biotechnological applications and potential. Author(s): Purchase, D.
Chapter: 39 (Page no: 675) Philippine fungal diversity: benefits and threats to food security. Author(s): Cumagun, C. J. R.