Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Trifolium
(clovers)

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Datasheet

Trifolium (clovers)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Trifolium
  • Preferred Common Name
  • clovers
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); flowering stem. Vääna Landscape Reserve, nr Tallinn, Estonia. June, 2013.
TitleFlower
CaptionTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); flowering stem. Vääna Landscape Reserve, nr Tallinn, Estonia. June, 2013.
Copyright©Ivar Leidus-2013/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); flowering stem. Vääna Landscape Reserve, nr Tallinn, Estonia. June, 2013.
FlowerTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); flowering stem. Vääna Landscape Reserve, nr Tallinn, Estonia. June, 2013.©Ivar Leidus-2013/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium angustifolium (narrow-leaf clover); habit, showing flowers and leaves.
TitleHabit
CaptionTrifolium angustifolium (narrow-leaf clover); habit, showing flowers and leaves.
Copyright©Dick Culbert-2008, Gibsons, British Colombia, Canada/via wikipedia - CC BY 2.0
Trifolium angustifolium (narrow-leaf clover); habit, showing flowers and leaves.
HabitTrifolium angustifolium (narrow-leaf clover); habit, showing flowers and leaves.©Dick Culbert-2008, Gibsons, British Colombia, Canada/via wikipedia - CC BY 2.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); flowering habit. Hohenlohe, Germany. July, 2011.
TitleHabit
CaptionTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); flowering habit. Hohenlohe, Germany. July, 2011.
Copyright©BerndH-2011/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); flowering habit. Hohenlohe, Germany. July, 2011.
HabitTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); flowering habit. Hohenlohe, Germany. July, 2011.©BerndH-2011/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium angustifolium (narrow-leaf clover); flowers and leaves. Keila, Estonia. August 2013.
TitleFlowers
CaptionTrifolium angustifolium (narrow-leaf clover); flowers and leaves. Keila, Estonia. August 2013.
Copyright©Ivar Leidus-2013, Estonia/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium angustifolium (narrow-leaf clover); flowers and leaves. Keila, Estonia. August 2013.
FlowersTrifolium angustifolium (narrow-leaf clover); flowers and leaves. Keila, Estonia. August 2013.©Ivar Leidus-2013, Estonia/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); close view of flower. Kirchwerder, Hamburg, Germany. August, 2008.
TitleFlower.
CaptionTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); close view of flower. Kirchwerder, Hamburg, Germany. August, 2008.
Copyright©Aiwok-2008/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); close view of flower. Kirchwerder, Hamburg, Germany. August, 2008.
Flower.Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); close view of flower. Kirchwerder, Hamburg, Germany. August, 2008.©Aiwok-2008/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); habit. Bozeman, Montana, USA. June, 2007.
TitleHabit
CaptionTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); habit. Bozeman, Montana, USA. June, 2007.
Copyright©Prof Matt Lavin-2012/Bozeman, Montana, USA - CC BY-SA 2.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); habit. Bozeman, Montana, USA. June, 2007.
HabitTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); habit. Bozeman, Montana, USA. June, 2007.©Prof Matt Lavin-2012/Bozeman, Montana, USA - CC BY-SA 2.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); leaves and stem. Netherlands. October, 2007.
TitleLeaves and stem
CaptionTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); leaves and stem. Netherlands. October, 2007.
Copyright©Jan Bakker-2007/via wikipedia (Rasbak) - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); leaves and stem. Netherlands. October, 2007.
Leaves and stemTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); leaves and stem. Netherlands. October, 2007.©Jan Bakker-2007/via wikipedia (Rasbak) - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); close-up of leaf. USA.
TitleLeaf
CaptionTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); close-up of leaf. USA.
Copyright©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); close-up of leaf. USA.
LeafTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); close-up of leaf. USA.©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); seeds, en masse. Czech Republic. March, 2011.
TitleSeeds
CaptionTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); seeds, en masse. Czech Republic. March, 2011.
CopyrightPublic Doman/released by Pavel Šinkyřík
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); seeds, en masse. Czech Republic. March, 2011.
SeedsTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); seeds, en masse. Czech Republic. March, 2011.Public Doman/released by Pavel Šinkyřík

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Trifolium

Preferred Common Name

  • clovers

International Common Names

  • English: clover
  • Spanish: treboles
  • French: trefles

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Klee

EPPO code

  • TRFSS (Trifolium sp.)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fabales
  •                         Family: Fabaceae
  •                             Subfamily: Papilionoideae
  •                                 Genus: Trifolium

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Adelphocoris lineolatus (lucerne bug); Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Bean yellow mosaic virus (bean yellow mosaic); Botrytis anthophila; Cacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. insidiosus (bacterial lucerne wilt); Clover yellow mosaic virus; Coloborhombus fasciatipennis (clove stem borer); Criconemella (ring nematode); Dichroplus elongatus; Ditylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode); Elymus repens (quackgrass); Empoasca fabae (potato leafhopper); Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth); Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips); Helicoverpa punctigera (native budworm); Hypera postica (lucerne weevil); Kabatiella caulivora (clover anthracnose); Lawana imitata; Liriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner); Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer); Longidorus (longidorids); Meloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode); Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Nysius huttoni (wheat bug); Orobanche (broomrape); Phenacoccus hordei; Phoma pinodella (leaf spot of pea); Phytoplasma trifolii (proliferation of clover); Pseudopeziza trifolii (white sweet clover leaf spot); Rumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Silene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion); Sitona hispidulus (clover weevil); Sitona lepidus (clover root weevil); Sonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Stemphylium sarciniforme (red clover leaf spot); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Therioaphis trifolii (spotted alfalfa aphid)

Minor host of:

Aphis craccivora (groundnut aphid); Archips fuscocupreanus; Belonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode); Candidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma); Chinavia hilaris (green stink bug); Clover yellow vein virus (CYVV); Colletotrichum destructivum (anthracnose (of soybean, lucerne, tobacco)); Dociostaurus maroccanus (Moroccan locust); Erysiphe pisi var. pisi (powdery mildew of pea); Fumaria officinalis (common fumitory); Gibberella zeae (headblight of maize); Halotydeus destructor (redlegged earth mite); Helicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm); Mamestra configurata (bertha armyworm); Mythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm); Olpidium brassicae (Olpidium seedling blight); Orgyia leucostigma (white-marked tussock moth); Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Platynota stultana (omnivorous leaf roller); Sitona lineatus (pea leaf weevil); Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm); Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm); Subterranean clover stunt virus; Thrips angusticeps (field thrips); Tribulus terrestris (puncture vine); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper); Xestia c-nigrum (spotted cutworm); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode)

Wild host of:

Acyrthosiphon kondoi (blue alfalfa aphid); Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Ceresa alta (buffalo treehopper); clover phyllody phytoplasma (phyllody of clover); Hadula trifolii (clover cutworm); Pantoea agglomerans (bacterial grapevine blight); Penthaleus major (blue oat mite); Plum pox virus (sharka); Tobacco streak virus (tobacco streak); Xylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)

Associated with (not a host):

Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. albedinis (Fusarium wilt of date palm); Solenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)

Host of (source - data mining):

Agriotes lineatus (wireworm); Agromyza nana; Apion apricans (clover pear shaped weevil); Apion assimile (clover seed weevil); Apion fulvipes (white clover seed weevil); Apion trifolii (clover seed weevil); Frankliniella tritici (eastern flower thrips); Heterodera trifolii (eelworm, Clover cyst); Hylastinus obscurus (clover root borer); Tychius picirostris (clover seed weevil)