Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Trifolium
(clovers)

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Datasheet

Trifolium (clovers)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 September 2022
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Trifolium
  • Preferred Common Name
  • clovers
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); flowering stem. Vääna Landscape Reserve, nr Tallinn, Estonia. June, 2013.
TitleFlower
CaptionTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); flowering stem. Vääna Landscape Reserve, nr Tallinn, Estonia. June, 2013.
Copyright©Ivar Leidus-2013/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); flowering stem. Vääna Landscape Reserve, nr Tallinn, Estonia. June, 2013.
FlowerTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); flowering stem. Vääna Landscape Reserve, nr Tallinn, Estonia. June, 2013.©Ivar Leidus-2013/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium angustifolium (narrow-leaf clover); habit, showing flowers and leaves.
TitleHabit
CaptionTrifolium angustifolium (narrow-leaf clover); habit, showing flowers and leaves.
Copyright©Dick Culbert-2008, Gibsons, British Colombia, Canada/via wikipedia - CC BY 2.0
Trifolium angustifolium (narrow-leaf clover); habit, showing flowers and leaves.
HabitTrifolium angustifolium (narrow-leaf clover); habit, showing flowers and leaves.©Dick Culbert-2008, Gibsons, British Colombia, Canada/via wikipedia - CC BY 2.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); flowering habit. Hohenlohe, Germany. July, 2011.
TitleHabit
CaptionTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); flowering habit. Hohenlohe, Germany. July, 2011.
Copyright©BerndH-2011/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); flowering habit. Hohenlohe, Germany. July, 2011.
HabitTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); flowering habit. Hohenlohe, Germany. July, 2011.©BerndH-2011/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium angustifolium (narrow-leaf clover); flowers and leaves. Keila, Estonia. August 2013.
TitleFlowers
CaptionTrifolium angustifolium (narrow-leaf clover); flowers and leaves. Keila, Estonia. August 2013.
Copyright©Ivar Leidus-2013, Estonia/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium angustifolium (narrow-leaf clover); flowers and leaves. Keila, Estonia. August 2013.
FlowersTrifolium angustifolium (narrow-leaf clover); flowers and leaves. Keila, Estonia. August 2013.©Ivar Leidus-2013, Estonia/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); close view of flower. Kirchwerder, Hamburg, Germany. August, 2008.
TitleFlower.
CaptionTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); close view of flower. Kirchwerder, Hamburg, Germany. August, 2008.
Copyright©Aiwok-2008/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); close view of flower. Kirchwerder, Hamburg, Germany. August, 2008.
Flower.Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); close view of flower. Kirchwerder, Hamburg, Germany. August, 2008.©Aiwok-2008/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); habit. Bozeman, Montana, USA. June, 2007.
TitleHabit
CaptionTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); habit. Bozeman, Montana, USA. June, 2007.
Copyright©Prof Matt Lavin-2012/Bozeman, Montana, USA - CC BY-SA 2.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); habit. Bozeman, Montana, USA. June, 2007.
HabitTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); habit. Bozeman, Montana, USA. June, 2007.©Prof Matt Lavin-2012/Bozeman, Montana, USA - CC BY-SA 2.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); leaves and stem. Netherlands. October, 2007.
TitleLeaves and stem
CaptionTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); leaves and stem. Netherlands. October, 2007.
Copyright©Jan Bakker-2007/via wikipedia (Rasbak) - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); leaves and stem. Netherlands. October, 2007.
Leaves and stemTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); leaves and stem. Netherlands. October, 2007.©Jan Bakker-2007/via wikipedia (Rasbak) - CC BY-SA 3.0
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); close-up of leaf. USA.
TitleLeaf
CaptionTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); close-up of leaf. USA.
Copyright©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); close-up of leaf. USA.
LeafTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); close-up of leaf. USA.©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); seeds, en masse. Czech Republic. March, 2011.
TitleSeeds
CaptionTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); seeds, en masse. Czech Republic. March, 2011.
CopyrightPublic Doman/released by Pavel Šinkyřík
Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); seeds, en masse. Czech Republic. March, 2011.
SeedsTrifolium hybridum (Alsike clover); seeds, en masse. Czech Republic. March, 2011.Public Doman/released by Pavel Šinkyřík

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Trifolium

Preferred Common Name

  • clovers

International Common Names

  • English: clover
  • Spanish: treboles
  • French: trefles

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Klee

EPPO code

  • TRFSS (Trifolium sp.)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fabales
  •                         Family: Fabaceae
  •                             Subfamily: Papilionoideae
  •                                 Genus: Trifolium

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 21 Jul 2022

References

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Pala, F., 2020. Observation of weed species, frequency and density in common barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) fields of Diyarbakir, Turkey: a case study. Tarim Bilimleri Dergisi, 26(2), 164-172. doi: 10.15832/ankutbd.500963

Tedeschi, R., Picciau, L., Quaglino, F., Abou-Jawdah, Y., Lova, M. M., Jawhari, M., Casati, P., Cominetti, A., Choueiri, E., Abdul-Nour, H., Bianco, P. A., Alma, A., 2015. A cixiid survey for natural potential vectors of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' in Lebanon and preliminary transmission trials. Annals of Applied Biology, 166(3), 372-388. doi: 10.1111/aab.12188

Vafaei, S. H., Mahmoodi, M., 2017. Presence of recombinant strain of Cucurbit aphid borne yellows virus in Iran. Iranian Journal of Biotechnology, 15(4), 289-295. doi: 10.15171/ijb.1541

Distribution References

Abad R G G, Sadeghi S E, Ghajarieh H, Nasserzadeh H, Yarmand H, Moniri V R, Nikdel M, Haghshenas A R, Khabir Z H, Ardekani A S, Mohammadpour A, Caldara R, 2015. Tychiini and Mecinini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Curculioninae) of Iran: eleven species recorded for the first time, with new data on host plants and distribution of several species. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran. 35 (1), 57-68. http://jesi.areeo.ac.ir/article_106370_9b4fa2ea1cbcaf20398bea2bdc19d873.pdf

Adeldoost Y, Heydari R, Esmaeili M, Miraeiz E, 2017. Description of some known species of the genus Aphelenchoides Fisher, 1984 (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae) from Iran. Journal of Crop Protection. 6 (1), 125-143. http://jcp.modares.ac.ir/article-3-5102-en.pdf

Ali H B, Agarwala B K, Kaddou I K, 2012. New records of aphids of the Subfamily Aphidinae (Homoptera: Aphididae) infested herbaceous plants and shrubs for Iraqi aphid fauna. Advances in Bio Research. 3 (4), 66-75. http://www.soeagra.com/abr/abrdec_2012/12.pdf

Barsi L, Lamberti F, 2004. Morphometrics of Longidorus juvenilis and first record of L. aetnaeus and L. moesicus (Nematoda: Dorylaimida) from Serbia. Nematologia Mediterranea. 32 (1), 5-14.

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chatzivassiliou E K, Boubourakas I, Drossos E, Eleftherohorinos I, Jenser G, Peters D, Katis N I, 2001. Weeds in greenhouses and tobacco fields are differentially infected by Tomato spotted wilt virus and infested by its vector species. Plant Disease. 85 (1), 40-46. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.1.40

Duffield S J, Steer A P, 2006. The ecology of Helicoverpa spp. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Riverina region of south-eastern Australia and the implications for tactical and strategic management. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 96 (6), 583-596. DOI:10.1017/BER2006462

Golhasan B, Heydari R, Esmaeili M, Ghorbanzad H, 2016. Description of four species of Tylenchidae Örley, 1880 (Nematoda: Tylenchomorpha) with two new records from Iran. Journal of Crop Protection. 5 (4), 627-642. http://jcp.modares.ac.ir/article_15986_09905c5a21cefc7d2af96341809b16e3.pdf

Ilie A L, Marinescu M, 2018. New data about the galls from Tinca area (Bihor County, Romania). Current Trends in Natural Sciences. 7 (13), 70-74. https://www.natsci.upit.ro/media/1645/paper-11.pdf

Ostrauskas H, 2003. Moths caught in pheromone traps for southern armyworm (Spodoptera eridania Cr.), fall armyworm (S. frugiperda Sm.), and Egyptian cotton leafworm (S. littoralis Bsd.) (Noctuidae, Lepidoptera) during 1999-2001 in Lithuania. Acta Zoologica Lituanica. 13 (4), 411-424. DOI:10.1080/13921657.2003.10512314

Ostrauskas H, Pakalniškis S, Taluntytė L, 2005. Dipteran leafminers in the vicinity of glasshouses and plant markets in Lithuania. Bulletin OEPP. 35 (1), 73-77. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2005.00808.x

Otavă F, Kincel K, Grozea I, Vîrteiu A M, 2019. Heteropterous insects on alfalfa crops from western part of Romania. Research Journal of Agricultural Science. 51 (4), 115-120. https://www.rjas.ro/paper_detail/3010

Pala F, 2020. Observation of weed species, frequency and density in common barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) fields of Diyarbakir, Turkey: a case study. Tarim Bilimleri Dergisi. 26 (2), 164-172. DOI:10.15832/ankutbd.500963

Robertson N L, Brown K L, 2010. First report of Bean yellow mosaic virus in Alaska from clover (Trifolium spp.). Plant Disease. 94 (3), 372. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-94-3-0372A

Scheffer S J, Lonsdale O, 2018. A survey of Agromyzidae (Diptera) reared from leafmines on Long Island, New York; host associations, distribution data, and the description and host association of a new species. Zootaxa. 4450 (1), 77-90. DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4450.1.5

Širca S, Stare B G, Strajnar P, Urek G, Lautar I M, 2012. First report of the pale potato cyst nematode Globodera pallida from Slovenia. Plant Disease. 96 (5), 773. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-12-0066-PDN

Tedeschi R, Picciau L, Quaglino F, Abou-Jawdah Y, Lova M M, Jawhari M, Casati P, Cominetti A, Choueiri E, Abdul-Nour H, Bianco P A, Alma A, 2015. A cixiid survey for natural potential vectors of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' in Lebanon and preliminary transmission trials. Annals of Applied Biology. 166 (3), 372-388. DOI:10.1111/aab.12188

Tunç İ, Bahșİ Ü, Göçmen H, 2012. Thysanoptera fauna of the aegean region, Turkey, in the spring. Turkish Journal of Zoology. 36 (5), 592-606. http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/zoology/

Vafaei S H, Mahmoodi M, 2017. Presence of recombinant strain of Cucurbit aphid borne yellows virus in Iran. Iranian Journal of Biotechnology. 15 (4), 289-295. DOI:10.15171/ijb.1541

Viršček M M, Mavrič I, Urbančič-Zemljič M, Škerlavaj V, 2004. Detection of plum pox potyvirus in weeds. Acta Horticulturae. 251-254. http://www.actahort.org

Distribution Maps

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