yellow head virus
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IdentityTop of page
Preferred Scientific Name
- yellow head virus
International Common Names
- English: yellowhead virus; yellow-head virus
Taxonomic TreeTop of page
Distribution TableTop of page
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Pathogen CharacteristicsTop of page
Yellow head virus (YHV) is the cause of yellow head disease in penaeid shrimp.
YHV forms enveloped, rod-shaped particles 40-50 nm × 150-180 nm (Chantanachookin et al., 1993; Wongteerasupaya et al., 1995). Envelopes are studded with prominent peplomers projecting approximately 11 nm from the surface. Nucleocapsids appear as rods (diameter 20-30 nm) and possess a helical symmetry with a periodicity of 5-7 nm. Virions comprise three structural proteins (nucleoprotein p20 and envelope glycoproteins gp64 and gp116) and a ~26 kb positive-sense single-stranded RNA genome.
'Infection with yellow head virus' is on the list of diseases notifiable to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). For further information on this disease from OIE, see the website: www.oie.int
Host AnimalsTop of page
|Animal name||Context||Life stage||System|
|Exopalaemon styliferus||Experimental settings|
|Farfantepenaeus aztecus (northern brown shrimp)||Experimental settings||Aquatic: Adult|Aquatic/Larval|Aquatic/Fry||Enclosed systems/Other enclosed systems|Enclosed systems/Ponds|
|Farfantepenaeus duorarum (northern pink shrimp)||Aquatic: Fry|
|Fenneropenaeus merguiensis (banana shrimp)||Experimental settings||Aquatic: All Stages||Enclosed systems/Ponds|Enclosed systems/Tanks|
|Litopenaeus stylirostris (western blue shrimp)||Experimental settings|
|Litopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)||Experimental settings|
|Penaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)||Domesticated host, Wild host|
ReferencesTop of page
Chantanachookin C; Boonyaratpalin S; Kasornchandra J; Direkbusarakom S; Ekpanithanpong U; Supamataya K; Sriurairatana S; Flegel TW, 1993. Histology and ultrastructure reveal a new granulosis-like virus in Penaeus monodon affected by yellow-head disease. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 17(2):145-157.
Wongteerasupaya C; Sriurairatana S; Vickers JE; Akrajamorn A; Boonsaeng V; Panyim S; Tassanakajon A; Withyachumnarnkul B; Flegel TW, 1995. Yellow-head virus of Penaeus monodon is an RNA virus. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 22(1):45-50.
Chantanachookin C, Boonyaratpalin S, Kasornchandra J, Direkbusarakom S, Ekpanithanpong U, Supamataya K, Sriurairatana S, Flegel T W, 1993. Histology and ultrastructure reveal a new granulosis-like virus in Penaeus monodon affected by yellow-head disease. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 17 (2), 145-157. DOI:10.3354/dao017145
Distribution MapsTop of page
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