Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Bougainvillea spectabilis
(Bougainvilla)

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Datasheet

Bougainvillea spectabilis (Bougainvilla)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 13 November 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Bougainvillea spectabilis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Bougainvilla
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Summary of Invasiveness
  • A woody perennial vine, native to Brazil and introduced as a cultivated plant to many Pacific and Indian Ocean islands. It is reported to be invasive on the Chilean island of Rapa Nui (Easter) Island (Isla de Pasqua)...

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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd.

Preferred Common Name

  • Bougainvilla

International Common Names

  • Spanish: Bougainvilla
  • French: Bougainvillee

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Bougainvillie
  • Netherlands: drielingenplant

EPPO code

  • BOUSP (Bougainvillea spectabilis)

Summary of Invasiveness

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A woody perennial vine, native to Brazil and introduced as a cultivated plant to many Pacific and Indian Ocean islands. It is reported to be invasive on the Chilean island of Rapa Nui (Easter) Island (Isla de Pasqua) and on Diego Garcia Island in the Indian Ocean (PIER, 2011).

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Caryophyllales
  •                         Family: Nyctaginaceae
  •                             Genus: Bougainvillea
  •                                 Species: Bougainvillea spectabilis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

Chagos ArchipelagoPresentIntroduced Invasive PIER, 2011Diego Garcia Island
IndiaUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
IndonesiaUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
SingaporeUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts

South America

BrazilUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
ChileRestricted distributionIntroduced Invasive PIER, 2011Invasive on Rapa Nui (Easter) Island (Isla de Pasqua)

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

Uses List

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General

  • Ornamental

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore

Distribution Maps

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