Botrytis fabae (chocolate spot: broad bean)
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IdentityTop of page
Preferred Scientific Name
- Botrytis fabae Sardiña
Preferred Common Name
- chocolate spot: broad bean
Other Scientific Names
- Botryotinia fabae
International Common Names
- English: grey mould: broad bean; shoot blight: broad bean
- French: pourriture grise du haricot
Local Common Names
- Germany: Fleckenkrankheit: Ackerbohne; Graufaeule: Bohne; Schokoladenfleckigkeit: Dicke Bohne
- BOTRFA (Botrytis fabae)
Taxonomic TreeTop of page
- Domain: Eukaryota
- Kingdom: Fungi
- Phylum: Ascomycota
- Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
- Class: Leotiomycetes
- Subclass: Leotiomycetidae
- Order: Helotiales
- Family: Sclerotiniaceae
- Genus: Botrytis
- Species: Botrytis fabae
Distribution TableTop of page
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.
Growth StagesTop of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage
List of Symptoms/SignsTop of page
|Fruit / extensive mould|
|Fruit / lesions: black or brown|
|Fruit / lesions: on pods|
|Fruit / reduced size|
|Leaves / abnormal leaf fall|
|Leaves / fungal growth|
|Leaves / necrotic areas|
|Seeds / discolorations|
|Stems / mould growth on lesion|
|Stems / mycelium present|
Natural enemiesTop of page
|Natural enemy||Type||Life stages||Specificity||References||Biological control in||Biological control on|
Plant TradeTop of page
|Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transport||Pest stages||Borne internally||Borne externally||Visibility of pest or symptoms|
|Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx||hyphae; spores||Yes||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye|
|Fruits (inc. pods)||hyphae; spores||Yes||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye|
|Leaves||hyphae; spores||Yes||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye|
|Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches||hyphae; spores||Yes||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye|
|Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport|
ReferencesTop of page
Abou-Zeid NM; El-Hady M; Abdel-Rahman SS, 1998. Pathogenic, morphological and physiological variability in Botrytis spp. affecting faba bean in Egypt. 3rd European conference on grain legumes. Opportunities for high quality, healthy and added-value crops to meet European demands. Valladolid, Spain, 14-19 November 1998., 225-226; 5 ref.
Bouznad Z; Louanchi M; Moumene S; Bouheraoua Z; Achour F; Merad S; Merdjani N, 1998. Involvement of Botrytis cinerea and B. fabae in the chocolate spot disease of faba bean in Algeria. 3rd European conference on grain legumes. Opportunities for high quality, healthy and added-value crops to meet European demands. Valladolid, Spain, 14-19 November 1998., 255; 5 ref.
Brauzauskiene I, 1998. Fungal diseases of faba bean and the efficiency of fungicides. Zemdirbyste,-Mokslo-Darbai, 62:166-174.
Davidson JA; Suresh Pande; Bretag TW; Lindbeck KD; Gali Krishna-Kishore, 2004. Biology and management of Botrytis spp. in legume crops. In: Botrytis: biology, pathology and control [ed. by Elad, Y.\Williamson, B.\Tudzynski, P.\Delen, N.]. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 295-318.
Helsper JPFG, 1998. Recent developments on the improvement of ANF levels in legume seeds by breeding. Recent advances of research in antinutritional factors in legume seeds and rapeseed. Proceedings of the Third international workshop, Wageningen, Netherlands, 8-10 July 1998., 351-361; 5 pp. of ref.
ICARDA, 1990. Faba bean pathology progress report 1988/89. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas 174, 49.
Kurowski TP; Majchrzak B; Pszczólkowski P, 1997. The influence of crop rotation to occurrence of field bean and pea diseases. Acta Academiae Agriculturae ac Technicae Olstenensis, Agricultura, No. 64:245-252; 15 ref.
Liang ZY, Saxena MC (ed. ), Weigand S (ed.), Lang LJ, 1993. Fungal diseases of faba bean in China. Faba bean production and research in China: Proceedings of an International Symposium, Hangzhou, China, 24-26 May 1989 121-122.
Lindbeck KD; Bretag TW; Ford R, 2009. Survival of Botrytis spp. on infected lentil and chickpea trash in Australia. Australasian Plant Pathology [Papers from Keynote Speakers at the 5th Australasian Soilborne Diseases Symposium, New South Wales, Australia, February 2009.], 38(4):399-407. http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/39.htm
Lindbeck KD; Bretag TW; Materne MA, 2008. Field screening in Australia of lentil germplasm for resistance to botrytis grey mould. Australasian Plant Pathology, 37(4):373-378. http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/39.htm
Marcellos H; Moore KJ; Nikandrow A, 1995. Influence of foliar-applied fungicides on seed yield of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) in northern New South Wales. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 35(1):97-102
Sadiki M; Kharrat M; Maatougui ME; Abdellah FA; Sherif M; Zemrag A; Abbad F; Oufroukh; Sellami S; Mabsoute H, 1998. Significance of local germplasm use in faba bean breeding for the Maghreb. 3rd European conference on grain legumes. Opportunities for high quality, healthy and added-value crops to meet European demands. Valladolid, Spain, 14-19 November 1998., 210; 3 ref.
Sass O; Frauen M, 1991. Development of early-maturing field beans with particular emphasis on resistance to chocolate spot. Schriftenreihe des Bundesministers fur Ernahrung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten. Reihe A, Angewandte Wissenschaft. Munster-Hiltrup, Germany; Landwirtschaftsverlag GmbH, Sonderheft:229-232
Wang ShuYing; Nan ZhiBiao; Liu Fu, 1997. Studies on the damage of broad bean chocolate spot, angular spot and its economic threshold in Gansu Province. [Botrytis fabae, B. cinerea and Cercospora zonata]. Acta Phytophylacica Sinica, 24(4):371-372.
Wang XY; Zhang LX; Zhang ZY, 1996. A new species of Botrytis and 5 known Botrytis species in china. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 26:79-85.
Zuk-Golaszewska K; Fordouski G, 1997. Productivity and health of faba beans in relation to the quality of the sowing material and the method and date of fungicide application. Zoszyty Problemowe Postpow Nauk Rolnlczych, 439:307-311.
Distribution MapsTop of page
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