Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Anaplasma marginale



Anaplasma marginale


  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Anaplasma marginale
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •   Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •     Class: Alphaproteobacteria
  •       Order: Rickettsiales
  •         Family: Ehrlichiaceae
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Anaplasma marginale

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Bacteria
  •     Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •         Class: Alphaproteobacteria
  •             Order: Rickettsiales
  •                 Family: Ehrlichiaceae
  •                     Genus: Anaplasma
  •                         Species: Anaplasma marginale

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020

Pathogen Characteristics

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In Giemsa-stained thin blood films the intra-erythrocytic organisms appear as dense blue-purple round to cube shaped inclusions that are 0.2 to 1µm in diameter (Kreier and Ristic, 1972). The organisms of the Anaplasma spp. are morphologically indistinguishable in stained blood films. The majority of A. centrale and A. mesaeterum organisms are located in a more central position, withfewer than 30% of the inclusion bodies situated marginally in the erythrocyte (Potgieter and Stoltsz, 1994; Stoltsz, 1994). In the other species 70 to 80% of the inclusion bodies are at or very near the margin of the erythrocyte.

Host Animals

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Animal nameContextLife stageSystem
Bos indicus (zebu)Domesticated host
Bos taurus (cattle)Domesticated host
Bubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Wild host
CervidaeWild host
Giraffa camelopardalisWild host
RuminantiaWild host
Tragelaphus oryx

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

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Amblyomma americanumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Amblyomma maculatumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Amblyomma testudinariumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Amblyomma variegatumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Argas persicusTickWorld
Boophilus annulatusTickNorth Africa; Asia; Europe
Boophilus decoloratusTickAfrica
Boophilus kohlsiMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Boophilus microplusTickAfrica; Asia; Central America; Australia; South America
Dermacentor albipictusTickNorth America
Dermacentor andersoniTickNorth America
Dermacentor nuttalliTickAsia
Dermacentor occidentalisTickNorth America
Dermacentor silvarumTickEurope
Dermacentor variabilisMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Haemaphysalis bispinosaMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0
Haemaphysalis cornupunctataMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0
Haemaphysalis intermediaMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0
Haemaphysalis longicornisMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0
Haemaphysalis sulcataMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0
Hippelates pusioInsectNorth America
Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Hyalomma anatolicum excavatumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Hyalomma arabicaMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Hyalomma asiaticumTickAsia
Hyalomma brevipunctataMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Hyalomma detritumTickAfrica; Europe
Hyalomma dromedariiMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Hyalomma hussainiMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Hyalomma impeltatumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Hyalomma lusitanicumTickAfrica; Europe
Hyalomma marginatum isaaciMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Hyalomma marginatum rufipesTickAfrica; Asia; Europe
Hyalomma plumbeumTickAsia; Europe
Hyalomma truncatumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Ixodes ricinusTickEurope
Ixodes scapularisTickNorth America
Lyperosia irritansInsect
Nosomma monstrosumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0
Ornithodoros lahorensisTickAsia; Europe
Ornithodoros savignyiTickAfrica; South East Asia
Rhipicephalus appendiculatusTickAfrica
Rhipicephalus bursaTickAfrica; Asia; Europe
Rhipicephalus evertsiTickAfrica
Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsiMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0TickWorld
Rhipicephalus haemaphysaloidesTickAsia
Rhipicephalus pumilioTickAsia
Rhipicephalus sanguineusTickAfrica; Asia; Europe; North America; Oceania
Rhipicephalus simusTick
Rhipicephalus turanicusTickAsia


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Kreier JP; Ristic M, 1972. Definition and taxonomy of Anaplasma species with emphasis on morphologic and immunologic features. Zeitschrift Fur Tropenmedizin Und Parasitologie, 23:88-98.

Potgieter FT; Stoltsz WH, 1994. Bovine anaplasmosis. In: Coetzer J, Thomson G, Tustin R, eds. Infectious diseases of livestock. Capetown, Oxford University Press, 408-430.

Stoltsz WH, 1994. Ovine and caprine anaplasmosis. In: Coetzer J, Thomson G, Tustin R, eds. Infectious diseases of livestock. Capetown, Oxford University Press, 431-438.

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, 2001. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

Distribution Maps

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