Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Anaplasma marginale

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Datasheet

Anaplasma marginale

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Anaplasma marginale
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •   Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •     Class: Alphaproteobacteria
  •       Order: Rickettsiales
  •         Family: Ehrlichiaceae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Anaplasma marginale

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Bacteria
  •     Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •         Class: Alphaproteobacteria
  •             Order: Rickettsiales
  •                 Family: Ehrlichiaceae
  •                     Genus: Anaplasma
  •                         Species: Anaplasma marginale

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 04 Jan 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
AngolaPresentJul-Dec-2018
BotswanaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
Burkina FasoPresentJul-Dec-2019
BurundiPresentJul-Dec-2018
Cabo VerdeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Central African RepublicAbsentJul-Dec-2019
ComorosPresentJan-Jun-2018
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
Congo, Republic of theAbsentJan-Jun-2019
DjiboutiAbsentJul-Dec-2019
EgyptPresentJul-Dec-2019
EritreaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
EswatiniPresentJul-Dec-2019
EthiopiaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
GambiaPresent
GhanaPresentJan-Jun-2019
KenyaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
LesothoPresentJan-Jun-2020
LiberiaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
LibyaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MadagascarPresentJan-Jun-2019
MalawiAbsentJul-Dec-2018
MauritiusAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MayottePresentJul-Dec-2019
MoroccoPresent
MozambiquePresentJul-Dec-2019
NamibiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
NigerAbsentJul-Dec-2019
NigeriaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
RéunionPresentJul-Dec-2019
RwandaPresentJul-Dec-2018
Saint HelenaPresentJan-Jun-2019
São Tomé and PríncipePresentJul-Dec-2019
SenegalPresentJul-Dec-2019
SeychellesAbsentJul-Dec-2018
Sierra LeoneAbsentJan-Jun-2018
SomaliaPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2020
South AfricaPresentJul-Dec-2019
South SudanAbsentJan-Jun-2018
SudanPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
TanzaniaPresentJul-Dec-2019
TunisiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
UgandaPresentJul-Dec-2019
ZambiaPresentJul-Dec-2018
ZimbabwePresentJul-Dec-2019

Asia

AfghanistanAbsentJul-Dec-2019
ArmeniaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
AzerbaijanAbsentJul-Dec-2019
BahrainAbsentJul-Dec-2020
BangladeshPresentJan-Jun-2020
BhutanAbsentJan-Jun-2020
GeorgiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Hong KongAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IndiaPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2019
IndonesiaPresentJul-Dec-2019
IranPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2019
IraqPresentJul-Dec-2019
IsraelPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2020
JapanPresentJan-Jun-2020
JordanPresentJul-Dec-2018
KazakhstanAbsentJul-Dec-2019
KuwaitAbsentJan-Jun-2019
KyrgyzstanAbsentJan-Jun-2019
MalaysiaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
MaldivesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
MongoliaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
MyanmarAbsentJul-Dec-2019
NepalPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
PakistanPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2020
PalestineAbsentJul-Dec-2019
PhilippinesPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2019
QatarPresentJul-Dec-2019
Saudi ArabiaAbsentJan-Jun-2020
SingaporeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
South KoreaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Sri LankaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
SyriaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
TaiwanAbsentJul-Dec-2019
TajikistanAbsentJan-Jun-2019
ThailandPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2020
TurkmenistanAbsentJan-Jun-2019
United Arab EmiratesAbsentJul-Dec-2020
UzbekistanAbsentJul-Dec-2019
VietnamAbsentJul-Dec-2019

Europe

AlbaniaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
AndorraAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
BelarusPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
BelgiumAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Bosnia and HerzegovinaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
BulgariaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
CroatiaPresentJul-Dec-2020
CyprusAbsentJul-Dec-2019
CzechiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
DenmarkAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
EstoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Faroe IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
FinlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
FranceAbsentJul-Dec-2019
GermanyAbsentJul-Dec-2019
GreeceAbsentJan-Jun-2018
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IrelandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ItalyPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2020; in wild animals only
LatviaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
LiechtensteinAbsentJul-Dec-2019
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
MaltaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
MoldovaAbsentJan-Jun-2020
MontenegroAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
NetherlandsAbsentJul-Dec-2019
North MacedoniaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
NorwayAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PortugalAbsentJul-Dec-2019
RomaniaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
RussiaPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2020
San MarinoAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
SerbiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
SlovakiaAbsentJul-Dec-2020
SloveniaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
SpainPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2020
SwedenAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
SwitzerlandAbsentJul-Dec-2020
UkraineAbsentJul-Dec-2020
United KingdomAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019

North America

BahamasAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BarbadosPresentJul-Dec-2020
BelizeAbsentJul-Dec-2019
CanadaPresentJul-Dec-2019
Cayman IslandsAbsentJan-Jun-2019
Costa RicaPresentJul-Dec-2019
CubaPresentJan-Jun-2019
CuraçaoAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Dominican RepublicPresentJan-Jun-2019
El SalvadorPresentJul-Dec-2019
GreenlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
GuadeloupePresentJul-Dec-2019
GuatemalaPresentJan-Jun-2019
HondurasAbsentJul-Dec-2018
JamaicaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
MartiniquePresentJul-Dec-2019
MexicoPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
NicaraguaPresentJul-Dec-2019
PanamaPresentJan-Jun-2019
Saint LuciaPresentJul-Dec-2018
Trinidad and TobagoAbsentJan-Jun-2018
United StatesPresentJul-Dec-2019
-IllinoisPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
Cook IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Federated States of MicronesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
FijiAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
French PolynesiaPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2019
KiribatiAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
Marshall IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
New CaledoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
New ZealandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PalauAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
SamoaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Timor-LestePresentJul-Dec-2018
TongaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019

South America

ArgentinaPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
BoliviaPresentJan-Jun-2019
BrazilPresentJul-Dec-2019
ChileAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
ColombiaPresentJul-Dec-2019
EcuadorAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
French GuianaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
GuyanaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
ParaguayPresentJul-Dec-2019
PeruAbsentJan-Jun-2019
SurinamePresentJan-Jun-2019
UruguayPresentJul-Dec-2019
VenezuelaPresentJan-Jun-2019

Pathogen Characteristics

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In Giemsa-stained thin blood films the intra-erythrocytic organisms appear as dense blue-purple round to cube shaped inclusions that are 0.2 to 1µm in diameter (Kreier and Ristic, 1972). The organisms of the Anaplasma spp. are morphologically indistinguishable in stained blood films. The majority of A. centrale and A. mesaeterum organisms are located in a more central position, withfewer than 30% of the inclusion bodies situated marginally in the erythrocyte (Potgieter and Stoltsz, 1994; Stoltsz, 1994). In the other species 70 to 80% of the inclusion bodies are at or very near the margin of the erythrocyte.

Host Animals

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Animal nameContextLife stageSystem
Bos indicus (zebu)Domesticated host
Bos taurus (cattle)Domesticated host
Bubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Wild host
CervidaeWild host
Giraffa camelopardalisWild host
RuminantiaWild host
Tragelaphus oryx

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

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VectorSourceReferenceGroupDistribution
Amblyomma americanumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Amblyomma maculatumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Amblyomma testudinariumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Amblyomma variegatumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Argas persicusTickWorld
Boophilus annulatusTickNorth Africa; Asia; Europe
Boophilus decoloratusTickAfrica
Boophilus kohlsiMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Boophilus microplusTickAfrica; Asia; Central America; Australia; South America
CulicoidesInsectWorld
Dermacentor albipictusTickNorth America
Dermacentor andersoniTickNorth America
Dermacentor nuttalliTickAsia
Dermacentor occidentalisTickNorth America
Dermacentor silvarumTickEurope
Dermacentor variabilisMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Haemaphysalis bispinosaMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0
Haemaphysalis cornupunctataMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0
Haemaphysalis intermediaMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0
Haemaphysalis longicornisMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0
Haemaphysalis sulcataMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0
Hippelates pusioInsectNorth America
Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Hyalomma anatolicum excavatumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Hyalomma arabicaMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Hyalomma asiaticumTickAsia
Hyalomma brevipunctataMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Hyalomma detritumTickAfrica; Europe
Hyalomma dromedariiMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Hyalomma hussainiMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Hyalomma impeltatumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Hyalomma lusitanicumTickAfrica; Europe
Hyalomma marginatum isaaciMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Hyalomma marginatum rufipesTickAfrica; Asia; Europe
Hyalomma plumbeumTickAsia; Europe
Hyalomma truncatumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0Tick
Ixodes ricinusTickEurope
Ixodes scapularisTickNorth America
Lyperosia irritansInsect
Nosomma monstrosumMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0
Ornithodoros lahorensisTickAsia; Europe
Ornithodoros savignyiTickAfrica; South East Asia
PsorophoraInsectWorld
Rhipicephalus appendiculatusTickAfrica
Rhipicephalus bursaTickAfrica; Asia; Europe
Rhipicephalus evertsiTickAfrica
Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsiMINED DATA; 16/11/01 14:00:0TickWorld
Rhipicephalus haemaphysaloidesTickAsia
Rhipicephalus pumilioTickAsia
Rhipicephalus sanguineusTickAfrica; Asia; Europe; North America; Oceania
Rhipicephalus simusTick
Rhipicephalus turanicusTickAsia
StomoxysInsectWorld
TabanidaeInsect

References

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Kreier JP; Ristic M, 1972. Definition and taxonomy of Anaplasma species with emphasis on morphologic and immunologic features. Zeitschrift Fur Tropenmedizin Und Parasitologie, 23:88-98.

Potgieter FT; Stoltsz WH, 1994. Bovine anaplasmosis. In: Coetzer J, Thomson G, Tustin R, eds. Infectious diseases of livestock. Capetown, Oxford University Press, 408-430.

Stoltsz WH, 1994. Ovine and caprine anaplasmosis. In: Coetzer J, Thomson G, Tustin R, eds. Infectious diseases of livestock. Capetown, Oxford University Press, 431-438.

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, 2001. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

OIE, 2018. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2018a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int

OIE, 2019. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2019a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2020. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2020a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS). Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

Distribution Maps

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