Invasive Species Compendium

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Datasheet

Bean yellow mosaic virus
(bean yellow mosaic)

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Datasheet

Bean yellow mosaic virus (bean yellow mosaic)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 February 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Bean yellow mosaic virus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • bean yellow mosaic
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Unknown: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Unknown: "RNA viruses"
  •       Family: Potyviridae
  •         Genus: Potyvirus

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Characteristic systemic  mosaic of yellow mosaic virus in Phaseolus vulgaris 'Almere', four weeks after inoculation.
TitleSymptoms on P. vulgaris leaves
CaptionCharacteristic systemic mosaic of yellow mosaic virus in Phaseolus vulgaris 'Almere', four weeks after inoculation.
CopyrightIPO-DLO, Wageningen
Characteristic systemic  mosaic of yellow mosaic virus in Phaseolus vulgaris 'Almere', four weeks after inoculation.
Symptoms on P. vulgaris leavesCharacteristic systemic mosaic of yellow mosaic virus in Phaseolus vulgaris 'Almere', four weeks after inoculation.IPO-DLO, Wageningen
Mottling and malformation of pods of Phaseolus vulgaris 'Almere' caused by a bean yellow mosaic strain isolate of bean yellow mosaic virus. Top healthy pod.
TitleSymptoms on P. vulgaris pods
CaptionMottling and malformation of pods of Phaseolus vulgaris 'Almere' caused by a bean yellow mosaic strain isolate of bean yellow mosaic virus. Top healthy pod.
CopyrightIPO-DLO, Wageningen
Mottling and malformation of pods of Phaseolus vulgaris 'Almere' caused by a bean yellow mosaic strain isolate of bean yellow mosaic virus. Top healthy pod.
Symptoms on P. vulgaris podsMottling and malformation of pods of Phaseolus vulgaris 'Almere' caused by a bean yellow mosaic strain isolate of bean yellow mosaic virus. Top healthy pod.IPO-DLO, Wageningen
Varying degrees of necrosis, leaf variegation  and plant stunting in Phaseolus vulgaris 'Bataaf' caused by variants (strains) of bean yellow  mosaic virus and one isolate of clover yellow vein virus. From left to right: 1 and 2, severe BYMV isolates TN and B25; 3, C1YVV isolate E242; 5, pea yellow mosaic strain os BYMV, isolate E198; 6, pea necrosis strain of BYMV, isolate E197; 4, 7, 8, 9, faba-bean isolate of BYMV.
TitleStrain comparison on P. vulgaris plants
CaptionVarying degrees of necrosis, leaf variegation and plant stunting in Phaseolus vulgaris 'Bataaf' caused by variants (strains) of bean yellow mosaic virus and one isolate of clover yellow vein virus. From left to right: 1 and 2, severe BYMV isolates TN and B25; 3, C1YVV isolate E242; 5, pea yellow mosaic strain os BYMV, isolate E198; 6, pea necrosis strain of BYMV, isolate E197; 4, 7, 8, 9, faba-bean isolate of BYMV.
CopyrightFortass et al., 1991
Varying degrees of necrosis, leaf variegation  and plant stunting in Phaseolus vulgaris 'Bataaf' caused by variants (strains) of bean yellow  mosaic virus and one isolate of clover yellow vein virus. From left to right: 1 and 2, severe BYMV isolates TN and B25; 3, C1YVV isolate E242; 5, pea yellow mosaic strain os BYMV, isolate E198; 6, pea necrosis strain of BYMV, isolate E197; 4, 7, 8, 9, faba-bean isolate of BYMV.
Strain comparison on P. vulgaris plantsVarying degrees of necrosis, leaf variegation and plant stunting in Phaseolus vulgaris 'Bataaf' caused by variants (strains) of bean yellow mosaic virus and one isolate of clover yellow vein virus. From left to right: 1 and 2, severe BYMV isolates TN and B25; 3, C1YVV isolate E242; 5, pea yellow mosaic strain os BYMV, isolate E198; 6, pea necrosis strain of BYMV, isolate E197; 4, 7, 8, 9, faba-bean isolate of BYMV.Fortass et al., 1991
Chlorosis, mottling and plant stunting after natural infection in subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum)
TitleSymptoms on T. subterraneum
CaptionChlorosis, mottling and plant stunting after natural infection in subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum)
CopyrightR.A.C. Jones
Chlorosis, mottling and plant stunting after natural infection in subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum)
Symptoms on T. subterraneumChlorosis, mottling and plant stunting after natural infection in subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum)R.A.C. Jones
Severe systemic necrosis in Vicia faba 'Kompakta', 14days after inoculation with two isolates (E197, left; E221, right) of the pea necrosis strain of bean yellow mosaic virus
TitleSymptoms on V. faba plants
CaptionSevere systemic necrosis in Vicia faba 'Kompakta', 14days after inoculation with two isolates (E197, left; E221, right) of the pea necrosis strain of bean yellow mosaic virus
CopyrightL. Bos
Severe systemic necrosis in Vicia faba 'Kompakta', 14days after inoculation with two isolates (E197, left; E221, right) of the pea necrosis strain of bean yellow mosaic virus
Symptoms on V. faba plantsSevere systemic necrosis in Vicia faba 'Kompakta', 14days after inoculation with two isolates (E197, left; E221, right) of the pea necrosis strain of bean yellow mosaic virusL. Bos
Leaf narrowing and plant stunting, later followed by bushy growth, in Lupinus luteus after natural infection by bean yellow mosaic virus
TitleSymptoms on L. luteus plant
CaptionLeaf narrowing and plant stunting, later followed by bushy growth, in Lupinus luteus after natural infection by bean yellow mosaic virus
CopyrightL. Bos
Leaf narrowing and plant stunting, later followed by bushy growth, in Lupinus luteus after natural infection by bean yellow mosaic virus
Symptoms on L. luteus plantLeaf narrowing and plant stunting, later followed by bushy growth, in Lupinus luteus after natural infection by bean yellow mosaic virusL. Bos
Severe systemic necrosis after field infection of narrow-leaf lupin (Lupinus angustifolius).
TitleSymptoms on L. angustifolius
CaptionSevere systemic necrosis after field infection of narrow-leaf lupin (Lupinus angustifolius).
CopyrightR.A.C. Jones
Severe systemic necrosis after field infection of narrow-leaf lupin (Lupinus angustifolius).
Symptoms on L. angustifoliusSevere systemic necrosis after field infection of narrow-leaf lupin (Lupinus angustifolius).R.A.C. Jones
Greenish (left) and bright yellow mosaic (middle) in Pisum sativum 'Rondo' caused by bean yellow mosaic strain isolate E212 (left) and pea mosaic strain isolate Kow28 of bean yellow mosaic virus. Right, healthy leaf.
TitleSymptoms on P. sativum leaves
CaptionGreenish (left) and bright yellow mosaic (middle) in Pisum sativum 'Rondo' caused by bean yellow mosaic strain isolate E212 (left) and pea mosaic strain isolate Kow28 of bean yellow mosaic virus. Right, healthy leaf.
CopyrightL. Bos
Greenish (left) and bright yellow mosaic (middle) in Pisum sativum 'Rondo' caused by bean yellow mosaic strain isolate E212 (left) and pea mosaic strain isolate Kow28 of bean yellow mosaic virus. Right, healthy leaf.
Symptoms on P. sativum leavesGreenish (left) and bright yellow mosaic (middle) in Pisum sativum 'Rondo' caused by bean yellow mosaic strain isolate E212 (left) and pea mosaic strain isolate Kow28 of bean yellow mosaic virus. Right, healthy leaf.L. Bos
Mottling and leaf and stem necrosis followed by temporary recovery in Pisum sativum 'Koroza', 22 days after inoculation with the pea necrosis strain isolate E197, later succeeded by leaf desiccation and plant death.
TitleSymptoms on P. sativum leaves
CaptionMottling and leaf and stem necrosis followed by temporary recovery in Pisum sativum 'Koroza', 22 days after inoculation with the pea necrosis strain isolate E197, later succeeded by leaf desiccation and plant death.
CopyrightL. Bos
Mottling and leaf and stem necrosis followed by temporary recovery in Pisum sativum 'Koroza', 22 days after inoculation with the pea necrosis strain isolate E197, later succeeded by leaf desiccation and plant death.
Symptoms on P. sativum leavesMottling and leaf and stem necrosis followed by temporary recovery in Pisum sativum 'Koroza', 22 days after inoculation with the pea necrosis strain isolate E197, later succeeded by leaf desiccation and plant death.L. Bos
Granular intracytoplasmic and crystalline intranuclear inclusion bodies caused by bean yellow mosaic virus in equidermal cells of faba bean; stained with phloxine.
TitleSymptoms in cells of faba bean
CaptionGranular intracytoplasmic and crystalline intranuclear inclusion bodies caused by bean yellow mosaic virus in equidermal cells of faba bean; stained with phloxine.
CopyrightL. Bos
Granular intracytoplasmic and crystalline intranuclear inclusion bodies caused by bean yellow mosaic virus in equidermal cells of faba bean; stained with phloxine.
Symptoms in cells of faba beanGranular intracytoplasmic and crystalline intranuclear inclusion bodies caused by bean yellow mosaic virus in equidermal cells of faba bean; stained with phloxine.L. Bos

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Bean yellow mosaic virus

Preferred Common Name

  • bean yellow mosaic

Other Scientific Names

  • alsike clover mosaic virus 2
  • bean top necrosis virus
  • bean virus 2
  • bean yellow mosaic potyvirus
  • canna mosaic virus
  • common pea mosaic virus
  • Gladiolus mosaic virus
  • lupin mosaic virus
  • Lupinus virus 1
  • pea mosaic virus
  • pea mosaic virus 1
  • pea necrosis virus
  • pea virus 2
  • Phaseolus virus 2
  • Pisum virus 2
  • red clover necrosis virus
  • sweet clover (white and yellow) mosaic virus
  • sweet pea strike virus
  • white lupin mosaic virus

International Common Names

  • English: bean common mosaic potyvirus; bean top necrosis; gladiolus mosaic; pea mosaic; red clover necrosis; yellow mosaic of bean
  • Spanish: mosaico amarillo del fríjol (de la judia)
  • French: virus de la mosaïque jaune du haricots
  • Arabic: tabarkosh esfrar el-fasolia
  • Chinese: tsài dòu hwáng sèh kán wén dú sù bíng; tsày dòu hwáng ban chian wén bìng

Local Common Names

  • Czechoslovakia (former): z lutáfazolová mozaika; zlutá mozaika fazolu
  • Denmark: bonne-gulmosaikvirus
  • Finland: pavun keltamosaiikki
  • Germany: Bohnengelbmosaik-Virus
  • Hungary: bab sárga mozaik vírus
  • India: sem ka peet mosaic
  • Indonesia: mosaik kuning kacang; penyakit mosaik kuning
  • Italy: mosaico giallo del fagiolo
  • Japan: mosaic-byô
  • Korea, Republic of: nureun mosaic-beyong
  • Netherlands: bonescherpmozaïekvirus
  • Poland: wirus zóltej mozaiki fasoli
  • Sweden: böngukmosaikvirus
  • Thailand: bi-dhang-luang
  • Turkey: fasülye sari mozayik virüsü

English acronym

  • BYMV

EPPO code

  • BYMV00 (Bean yellow mosaic potyvirus)

Subspecies

  • pea common mosaic virus

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Unknown: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Unknown: "RNA viruses"
  •             Family: Potyviridae
  •                 Genus: Potyvirus
  •                     Species: Bean yellow mosaic virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

ChinaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-GansuPresentZhang & Xu, 1993
-JiangsuPresentCockbain et al., 1986
-YunnanPresentBao et al., 2007
Georgia (Republic of)PresentKaraulashvili, 1972; EPPO, 2014
IndiaRestricted distributionCharanjeet et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014
-BiharPresentPrasad et al., 2007
-DelhiPresentRoy et al., 2006; Selvarajan et al., 2015
-HaryanaPresentSingh et al., 1988
-Himachal PradeshPresentDhanju et al., 1985; EPPO, 2014; Sharma et al., 2015
-Indian PunjabPresentEPPO, 2014
-JharkhandPresentPrasad et al., 2006
-RajasthanPresentSingh et al., 1988
-Uttar PradeshPresentSingh et al., 1988; Charanjeet et al., 2014
IndonesiaPresentRoechan et al., 1978
IranPresentKaiser et al., 1968; EPPO, 2014
IraqPresentEl-Muadhidi et al., 2001
IsraelWidespreadEPPO, 2014
JapanPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-HokkaidoPresentHagita, 1986; Iizuka and Yoshida, 1988
JordanPresentAl-Musa et al., 1987
KazakhstanPresentEliseeva and Galyapin, 1974; EPPO, 2014
Korea, Republic ofPresentLee et al., 1983
LebanonPresentMakkouk et al., 1982
PakistanPresentAftab et al., 1989
SyriaPresentMouhanna et al., 1994
TaiwanPresentHseu et al., 1987
TurkeyPresentAcikgoz and Citir, 1986
UzbekistanPresentEPPO, 2014
YemenPresentAnsi et al., 2010

Africa

EgyptWidespreadEPPO, 2014
EthiopiaPresentAbraham and Makkouk, 2002
KenyaPresentBock et al., 1973
LibyaPresentShagrun, 1973
MoroccoPresentSchlüter et al., 1976; Fischer, 1979
South AfricaWidespreadEPPO, 2014
SudanWidespreadEPPO, 2014
TanzaniaWidespreadEPPO, 2014
TunisiaPresentMakkouk et al., 1989
ZambiaWidespreadEPPO, 2014
ZimbabweWidespreadEPPO, 2014

North America

CanadaRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-AlbertaPresentEPPO, 2014
-British ColumbiaPresentEPPO, 2014
-New BrunswickPresentEPPO, 2014
-Nova ScotiaPresentEPPO, 2014
-OntarioPresentTu, 1980; EPPO, 2014
-Prince Edward IslandPresentEPPO, 2014
-QuebecPresentEPPO, 2014
-SaskatchewanPresentEPPO, 2014
MexicoPresentCardenas-Alonso, 1994
USAWidespreadEPPO, 2014
-AlabamaPresentHarrison and Gudauskas, 1968
-AlaskaPresentRobertson and Brown, 2010
-CaliforniaPresentGuaragna et al., 2004
-HawaiiPresentWang et al., 2019
-KentuckyPresentJones and Diachun, 1976
-MinnesotaPresentLockhart, 2005
-TennesseePresentKennedy and Reddick, 1995
-WashingtonPresentRobertson and Coyne, 2009

Central America and Caribbean

Dominican RepublicPresentEPPO, 2014
JamaicaPresentEPPO, 2014
MontserratPresentThomas, 1981

South America

ArgentinaPresentArneodo et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014
ChilePresentDe Tosso & De Vidal, 1976
PeruWidespreadEPPO, 2014

Europe

BelarusPresentAmbrosau et al., 1979
BelgiumWidespreadEPPO, 2014
BulgariaWidespreadEPPO, 2014
CroatiaPresentHalupecki et al., 2003
Czech RepublicPresentDuraisamy and Pokorný, 2009; EPPO, 2014
Czechoslovakia (former)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
DenmarkWidespreadEPPO, 2014
FinlandAbsent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
FranceWidespreadEPPO, 2014
GermanyWidespreadEPPO, 2014
GreecePresentRana and Kyriakopoulou, 1981
HungaryPresentNemethy, 1994
ItalyPresentLisa, 2000
-Italy (mainland)PresentMorelli et al., 2015
LithuaniaPresentStaniulis, 1974; Staniulis, 1994
NetherlandsWidespreadEPPO, 2014
PolandWidespreadEPPO, 2014
PortugalPresentBorges et al., 1981
RomaniaWidespreadEPPO, 2014
Russian FederationRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-Russia (Europe)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-Russian Far EastPresentMaraveva, 1976; Gnutova et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014
SpainPresentSiaz et al., 1993
SwedenPresent, few occurrences****Gerhardson, 1972; EPPO, 2014
UKWidespreadEPPO, 2014
UkrainePresentEPPO, 2014
Yugoslavia (former)PresentSutic and Babovic, 1966

Oceania

AustraliaRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-New South WalesPresentEPPO, 2014
-QueenslandPresentEPPO, 2014
-South AustraliaPresentEPPO, 2014
-TasmaniaPresentEPPO, 2014
-Western AustraliaPresentMcKirdy et al., 1994; EPPO, 2014
New ZealandWidespreadEPPO, 2014

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / necrotic areas

References

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Abdul Rashid, Harris D, Hollington P, Shamsher Ali, 2004. On-farm seed priming reduces yield losses of mungbean (Vigna radiata) associated with mungbean yellow mosaic virus in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Crop Protection, 23(11):1119-1124. http://www.elevier.com/locate/cropro/

Abraham A, Makkouk KM, 2002. The incidence and distribution of seed-transmitted viruses in pea and lentil seed lots in Ethiopia. Seed Science and Technology, 30(3):567-574; 19 ref

Abu-Samah N, Randles JW, 1981. A comparison of the nucleotide sequence homologies of three isolates of bean yellow mosaic virus and their relationship to other potyviruses. Virology, 110(2):436-444

Abu-Samah N, Randles JW, 1983. A comparison of Australian bean yellow mosaic virus isolates using molecular hybridisation analysis. Annals of Applied Biology, 103(1):97-107

Acikgoz S, Citir A, 1986. Incidence, epidemiology and identification of viruses on Phaseolus vulgaris L. in Erzincan plain in Turkey. Journal of Turkish Phytopathology, 15(2):61-76

Aftab M, Mughal SM, Ghafoor A, 1989. Occurrence and identification of bean yellow mosaic virus from faba bean in Pakistan. Indian Journal of Virology, 5(1-2):88-93

Akita S, 1981. Virus diseases of clover in pasture of Japan II. Viruses of red clover and symptoms. Bulletin of the National Grassland Research Institute, 20:93-102

Al-Musa AM, Al-Haj H, Mansour A, Janakat S, 1987. Properties of bean yellow mosaic virus occurring on broad beans in the Jordan Valley. Dirasat, 14(11):135-140; 10 ref

Ambrosau AL, Myartsalava VS, Zhukau MM, 1979. Pea mosaic virus and bean yellow mosaic virus. Vestsi Akademii Navuk BSSR, Biyalagichnykh Navuk, 3:75-77

Aminuddin, Singh BP, 1993. Multiplication of Gladiolus cultivars for producing virus-free propagules. Indian Journal of Virology, 9(1):74-77

Anand Singh, Bishnoi SS, Nain PS, 1988. Mosaic disease of pea (Pisum sativum) in northern India. Indian Journal of Virology, 4(1-2):60-63

Ansi A, Kumari SG, Makkouk KM, Muharram I, Basha R, Al-Motokel W, 2010. Survey to identify virus diseases affecting food legume crops in Yemen. Annals of Agricultural Science (Cairo), 55(2):153-161

Arneodo JD, Breuil Sde, Lenardon SL, Conci VC, Conci LR, 2005. Detection of Bean yellow mosaic virus and Cucumber mosaic virus infecting gladiolus in Argentina. AgriScientia, 22(1/2):87-89

Asjes CJ, 1985. Control of field spread of non-persistent viruses in flower-bulb crops by synthetic pyrethroid and pirimicarb insecticides, and mineral oils. Crop Protection, 4(4):485-493

Bailiss KW, Senanayake S, 1984. Virus infection and reproductive losses in faba beans (Vicia faba L.). Plant Pathology, 33(2):185-192

Bao ShiYing, Wang XiaoMing, Zhu ZhenDong, Zong XuXiao, Kumari S, Freeman A, Leur Jvan, 2007. Survey of faba bean and field pea viruses in Yunnan Province, China. Australasian Plant Pathology, 36(4):347-353. http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/39.htm

Bariana HS, Shannon AL, Chu PWG, Waterhouse PM, 1994. Detection of five seedborne legume viruses in one sensitive multiplex polymerase chain reaction test. Phytopathology, 84(10):1201-1205

Barnett OW, Burrows PM, McLaughlin MR, Scott SW, Baum RH, 1985. Differentiation of potyviruses of the bean yellow mosaic subgroup. Acta Horticulturae, 164:209-216

Barnett OW, Diachun S, 1984. Virus diseases of clovers. Clover Science and Technology, Agronomy Monograph, 25 235-268

Barnett OW, Randles JW, Burrows PM, 1987. Relationships among Australian and North American isolates of the bean yellow mosaic potyvirus subgroup. Phytopathology, 77(6):791-799

Barton DW, Schroeder WT, Provvidenti R, Mishanec W, 1964. Clones from segregating progenies of garden pea demonstrate that to BV2 and PV2 is conditioned by the same genotype. Plant Disease Reporter, 48:353-355

Bays DC, Demski JW, 1986. Bean yellow mosaic virus isolate that infects peanut (Arachis hypogpa). Plant Disease, 70(7):667-669

Beemster ABR, Van der Want JPH, 1951. Serological investigations on the Phaseolus viruses 1 and 2. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Journal of Microbiology Ser., 17:15-26

Bercks R, 1960. Serological relationships between beet mosaic virus, potato virus Y, and bean yellow mosaic virus. Virology, 12: 311-313

Berger PH, Wyatt SD, Shiel PJ, Silbernagel MJ, Druffel K, Mink GI, 1997. Phylogenetic analysis of the Potyviridae with emphasis on legume-infecting potyviruses. Archives of Virology, 142(10):1979-1999; 94 ref

Bertaccini A, Bellardi MG, 1991. Shoot-tip culture in the production of virus-indexed Dutch iris. Advances in Horticultural Science, 5(1):23-26

Bertaccini A, Bellardi MG, Rustignoli E, 1989. Virus-free Freesia corms produced by meristem-tip culture. Advances in Horticultural Science, 3(3):133-137

Blackman RL, Eastop VF, 2000. Aphids on the world's crops: an identification and information guide. Aphids on the world's crops: an identification and information guide., Ed. 2:x + 466 pp.; 39 pp. of ref

Blaszczak W, Ellmann-Wasik G, Lesiak-Jerzyk R, 1985. Susceptibility of pea, horse bean and bean to viruses in dependence on the age of the inoculated plants. Acta Agrobotanica, 38(2):159-172

Bock KR, Guthrie EJ, Kulkarni HY, 1973. Notes on East African plant virus diseases. 3. Pea mosaic virus. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal, 39(1):77-81

Borges M de LV, Sequeira JC, Louro D, 1981. Potyviruses recorded in Portugal. Purification, serology and host-virus ultrastructural relationships. Boletim da Sociedade Broteriana, 2, 53(2):933-942

Bos L, 1970. The identification of three new viruses isolated from Wisteria and Pisum in the Netherlands, and the problem of variation within the potato virus Y group. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 76:8-46

Bos L, 1970b. Bean yellow mosaic virus. CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses No. 40, 4pp. Wellesbourne, UK: Association of Applied Biology

Bos L, 1982. Crop losses caused by viruses. Crop Protection, 1(3):263-282

Bos L, 1992. Potyviruses, chaos or order? Archives of Virology, Supplementum 5:31-46. Vienna, Austria; Springer-Verlag

Bos L, Kowalska C, Maat DZ, 1974. The identification of bean mosaic, pea yellow mosaic and pea necrosis strains of bean yellow mosaic virus. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 80(6):173-191

Bos L, Lindsten K, Maat DZ, 1977. Similarity of clover yellow vein virus and pea necrosis virus. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 83(3):97-108

Brierley P, Smith FF, 1948. Canna mosaic in the United States. Phytopathology, 38:230-234

Cardenas-Alonso MR, 1994. Virus diseases of ornamentals in Mexico, and management alternatives. Revista Chapingo. Serie Horticultura, 1(1):124-130

Chalam TV, Reddy J, Subbayya J, Nene YL, Beniwal SPS, 1986. Screening of chickpea for resistance to cucumber mosaic and bean yellow mosaic viruses. International Chickpea Newsletter, 14:25-26

Charanjeet Kaur, Rashmi Raj, Susheel Kumar, Raj SK, 2014. First report of Bean yellow mosaic virus on Cape gooseberry in India. New Disease Reports, 29:17. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=029017

Charanjeet Kaur, Susheel Kumar, Raj SK, 2013. New record of association of Bean yellow mosaic virus with mosaic disease of Vicia faba in India. Indian Journal of Virology, 24(1):95-96. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13337-013-0128-1

Christie RG, Edwardson JR, 1977. Light and Electron Microscopy of Plant Virus Inclusions. Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations Monograph Series, 9:150 pp

Christie RG, Edwardson JR, 1986. Light microscopic techniques for detection of plant virus inclusions. Plant Disease, 70(4):273-279

Cockbain AJ, Woods RD, Chen YX, Xu ZG, 1986. Viruses of faba bean crops in Jiangsu Province, China. Nanjing Agricultural University, 10:113-114

Corbett KM, Edwardson JR, 1957. Virus diseases of yellow lupine: preliminary investigation on control by the use of a protective border. Proceedings of the Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida, 17:294-301

De Tosso AB, De Vidal CU, 1976. Occurrence of bean yellow mosaic virus in Chile. Agricultura Tenica, 36:19-25

Derks AFLM, Vink van den Abeele JL, Muller PJ, 1991. Bean yellow mosaic virus in freesia. Vakblad voor de Bloemisterij, 36:22, 24-25, 27

Derks AFLM, Vink-van den Abeele JL, 1987. Leaf-yellowing in combination with corm necrosis in Freesia caused by bean yellow mosaic virus: factors involved in syndrome development. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 93(4):159-166

Dhanju KS, Chowfla SC, Garg ID, 1995. Characterization of viruses causing French bean mosaic in Himachal Pradesh. International Journal of Tropical Plant Diseases, 13(1):33-41; 12 ref

Diachun S, Henson L, 1974. Red clover clones with hypersensitive reaction to an isolate of bean yellow mosaic virus. Phytopathology, 64:161-162

Dickson BT, 1922. Studies concerning mosaic diseases. MacDonald Agricultural College, Technical Bulletin 2

Doolittle SP, Jones FR, 1925. The mosaic disease in the garden pea and other legumes. Phytopathology, 15:763-771

Dubey SC, Birendra Singh, 2006. Integrated management of cercospora leaf spots and yellow mosaic of urdbean (Vigna mungo). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 76(8):485-489

Dubey SC, Birendra Singh, 2010. Seed treatment and foliar application of insecticides and fungicides for management of cercospora leaf spots and yellow mosaic of mungbean (Vigna radiata). International Journal of Pest Management, 56(4):309-314

Duraisamy GS, Pokorný R, 2009. Survey of virus pathogens in gladiolus, iris and tulips in the Czech Republic. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 57(5):79-86

Duraisamy GS, Pokorný R, Holková L, 2011. Possibility of Bean yellow mosaic virus detection in Gladiolus plants by different methods. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection, 118(1):2-6. http://www.jpdp-online.com

Edwardson JR, Christie RG, 1991. CRC handbook of viruses affecting legumes. Boca Raton, Florida, USA; CRC Press Inc., 505 pp

Eliseeva ZN, Galyapin YuA, 1974. Gladiolus mosaic. Vestnik Sel'skokhozyaistvennoi Nauki Kazakhstana, 17(3):86-89

El-Muadhidi MA, Makkouk KM, Kumari SG, Myasser Jerjess, Murad SS, Mustafa RR, Feras Tarik, 2001. Survey for legume and cereal viruses in Iraq. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 40(3):224-233; 42 ref

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Evans IR, Zettler FW, 1970. Aphid and mechanical transmission properties of bean yellow mosaic virus isolates. Phytopathology, 60:1170-1174

Faccioli G, 1997. Viral diseases of beans in Italy. Informatore Agrario, 53(25):68-69

Ferris DG, Jones RAC, 1996. Natural resistance to bean yellow mosaic potyvirus in subterranean clover. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 47(4):605-624; 32 ref

Fiedorow Z, 1981. Transmission of bean yellow mosaic virus by horse bean seeds. In: Kochman J, ed. Zeszyty Problemowe Postepow Nauk Rolniczych, 244:103-108

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