Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Bacillus subtilis



Bacillus subtilis


  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Bacillus subtilis
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •   Phylum: Firmicutes
  •     Class: Bacilli
  •       Order: Bacillales
  •         Family: Bacillaceae
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Bacillus subtilis Cohn, 1880

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Antagonist: Bodenbuertige Pathogene; Epiphyt: Rebe; Rhizoctonia Antibiosis: Fusskrankheiten (Fusarium

EPPO code

  • BACISU (Bacillus subtilis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Bacteria
  •     Phylum: Firmicutes
  •         Class: Bacilli
  •             Order: Bacillales
  •                 Family: Bacillaceae
  •                     Genus: Bacillus
  •                         Species: Bacillus subtilis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes


South AfricaPresent


-Tamil NaduPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
Sri LankaPresent


United KingdomPresent
-Northern IrelandPresent

North America

-British ColumbiaPresent
United StatesPresent


-South AustraliaPresent

South America


Natural enemy of

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SpeciesStages attackedCountries where known to occurReferences
Alternaria alternata
Alternaria citri
Aphanomyces euteichesWakelin et al. (2002)
Aspergillus niger
Athelia rolfsii
Aureobasidium pullulans
Chilo auriciliusLarvae
Cnaphalocrocis medinalis
Cochliobolus miyabeanus
Cochliobolus nodulosus
Cochliobolus sativus
Didymella bryoniae
Diplodia seriata
Epicoccum nigrum
Erwinia amylovora
Euprosterna elaeasa
Eutypa lata
Fusarium oxysporum
Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceris
Galleria mellonella
Ganoderma lucidum
Geotrichum candidum (citrus race)
Gibberella indica
Glabromicroplitis croceipes
Globisporangium debaryanumHyphae
Haematonectria haematococca
Haritalodes derogataLarvae
Helicoverpa zeaLarvae
Hemileia vastatrix
Heterodera cajaniJuveniles
Lasiodiplodia theobromae
Macrophomina phaseolina
Melanitis leda ismeneLarvae/Pupae
Meloidogyne incognita
Meloidogyne javanica
Monilinia fructicola
Monilinia laxaSpores
Moniliophthora roreriPeralvo and Saavedra (2006)
Mycosphaerella tassiana
Neonectria ditissima
Pelopidas mathiasLarvae
Penicillium digitatum
Phomopsis oryzae-sativae
Phomopsis sclerotioides
Phytophthora cactorum
Phytophthora infestans
Pleospora betae
Pseudoperonospora cannabinaSpores
Puccinia pelargonii-zonalis
Pyrenochaeta lycopersici
Ralstonia solanacearum
Rhizopus stolonifer
Scirpophaga incertulasLarvae
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
Sesamia inferensLarvae
Stromatinia cepivora
Thanatephorus cucumeris
Tilletia laevis
Tilletia tritici
Tribolium castaneum
Uromyces appendiculatus
Verticillium dahliae
Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis


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Agerholm JS; Jensen NE; Dantzer V; Jensen HE; Aarestrup FM, 1999. Experimental infection of pregnant cows with Bacillus licheniformis bacteria. Veterinary Pathology, 36(3):191-201; 32 ref.

Beattie SH; Williams AG, 1996. Toxin formation by Bacillus cereus and other Bacillus species. Journal of Applied Bacteriology, 81 (supplement):xxiv.

Cohn, 1880. Beitr. z. Biol. der Pflanz., Heft 2(1):174.

Fossum K; Herikstad H; Binde M; Pettersen KE, 1986. Isolation of Bacillus subtilis in connection with bovine mastitis. Nordisk Veterinaermedicin, 38(4):233-236; 3 ref.

Horváth G; Tóth-Marton E; Mészáros MJ; Quarini L, 1986. Experimental Bacillus cereus mastitis in cows. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, 34(1/2):29-35; [1 pl.]; 8 ref.

Johnson CT; Lupson GR; Lawrence KE, 1994. The bovine placentome in bacterial and mycotic abortions. Veterinary Record, 134(11):263-266; 15 ref.

Jones TO; Turnbull PCB, 1981. Bovine mastitis caused by Bacillus cereus. Veterinary Record, 108: 271-274.

Logan NA; Turnbull PCB, 1999. Bacillus and recently derived genera. In: Murray PR, Baron EJ, Pfaller MA, Tenover FC, Yolken RH, eds. Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 7th edn. Washington DC: ASM Press, pp 357-369.

Mathias D; Karasek E, 1968. B. subtilis infection in swine and its importance for the etiology and pathogenesis of the so-called enzootic cardiac death of the pig. Zentralblatt füt Bakteriologie [Orig], 208:538-548. (In German).

Merck CC; Burow H, 1973. Bacillus cereus as the cause of bovine mastitis. I. Report on the occurrence of Bacillus cereus mastitis and on studies concerning infection of sheep and cows with the isolated strain. Zentralbl Veterinarmed [B] 20:810-817.(In German).

Parry JM; Turnbull PCB; Gibson JR, 1983. A colour atlas of Bacillus species [with reference to Bacillus anthracis, B. cereus and B. subtilis]. A colour atlas of Bacillus species [with reference to Bacillus anthracis, B. cereus and B. subtilis]., 272pp.; [160 fig.]; Wolfe Medical Atlases No. 19; 124 ref.

Salkinoja-Salonen MS; Vuorio R; Andersson MA; Kampfer P; Andersson MC; Honkanen-Buzalski T; Scoging AC, 1999. Toxigenic strains of Bacillus licheniformis related to food poisoning. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 65:4637-4645.

Turnbull PCB, 1986. Bacillus cereus toxins. In: Dorner F, Drews J, eds. Pharmacology of Bacterial Toxins. Oxford: Pergamon Press, Section 119: 397-448.

Turnbull PCB; Kramer JM, 1995. Bacillus. In: Murray PR, Baron EJ, Pfaller MA, Tenover FC, Yolken RH, eds. Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 6th edn. Washington, DC: ASM Press, pp. 349-356.

Turnbull PCB; Kramer JM; Jorgensen K; Gilbert RJ; Melling J, 1979b. Properties and production characteristics of vomiting, diarrhoeal and necrotizing toxins of Bacillus cereus. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 32: 219-228.

Wohlgemuth K; Bicknell EJ; Kirkbride CA, 1972a. Abortion in cattle associated with Bacillus cereus. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 161:1688-1690.

Wohlgemuth K; Kirkbride CA; Bicknell EJ; Ellis RP, 1972b. Pathogenicity of Bacillus cereus for pregnant ewes and heifers. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 161:1691-1695.

Yumusak M; Kücükayan U, 1995. Detection of Bacillus cereus in milk samples from cows with mastitis in the Ankara region. Etlik Veteriner Mikrobiyoloji Dergisi, 8(1/2):198-217; 37 ref.

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Distribution Maps

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