Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

avian infectious bronchitis virus

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Datasheet

avian infectious bronchitis virus

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • avian infectious bronchitis virus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Group: "RNA viruses"
  •       Order: Nidovirales
  •         Family: Coronaviridae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Electronmicrograph of five virions of infectious bronchitis virus, showing the large surface glcoprotein, S, protruding from the lipid envelope.
TitleVirions
CaptionElectronmicrograph of five virions of infectious bronchitis virus, showing the large surface glcoprotein, S, protruding from the lipid envelope.
CopyrightDavid Cavanagh
Electronmicrograph of five virions of infectious bronchitis virus, showing the large surface glcoprotein, S, protruding from the lipid envelope.
VirionsElectronmicrograph of five virions of infectious bronchitis virus, showing the large surface glcoprotein, S, protruding from the lipid envelope.David Cavanagh
Diagram of a virion of IBV. The large surface glycoprotein (S) is cleaved into two subunits, (S1) and (S2) the S2 anchoring the molecule in the envelope (lipid membrane). The smaller integral membrane glycoprotein (M) protrudes only a short distance at the outer surface. There are only a few molecules of a third envelope protein (E). The genome of the virus is single-stranded (RNA) 27,600 nucleotides in length. This is surrounded by the nucleoprotein (N).
TitleDiagram of a virion
CaptionDiagram of a virion of IBV. The large surface glycoprotein (S) is cleaved into two subunits, (S1) and (S2) the S2 anchoring the molecule in the envelope (lipid membrane). The smaller integral membrane glycoprotein (M) protrudes only a short distance at the outer surface. There are only a few molecules of a third envelope protein (E). The genome of the virus is single-stranded (RNA) 27,600 nucleotides in length. This is surrounded by the nucleoprotein (N).
CopyrightDavid Cavanagh
Diagram of a virion of IBV. The large surface glycoprotein (S) is cleaved into two subunits, (S1) and (S2) the S2 anchoring the molecule in the envelope (lipid membrane). The smaller integral membrane glycoprotein (M) protrudes only a short distance at the outer surface. There are only a few molecules of a third envelope protein (E). The genome of the virus is single-stranded (RNA) 27,600 nucleotides in length. This is surrounded by the nucleoprotein (N).
Diagram of a virionDiagram of a virion of IBV. The large surface glycoprotein (S) is cleaved into two subunits, (S1) and (S2) the S2 anchoring the molecule in the envelope (lipid membrane). The smaller integral membrane glycoprotein (M) protrudes only a short distance at the outer surface. There are only a few molecules of a third envelope protein (E). The genome of the virus is single-stranded (RNA) 27,600 nucleotides in length. This is surrounded by the nucleoprotein (N).David Cavanagh

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • avian infectious bronchitis virus ICTV

Other Scientific Names

  • infectious bronchitis virus

International Common Names

  • English: coronovirus infectious bronchitis virus

English acronym

  • IBV

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Group: "RNA viruses"
  •             Order: Nidovirales
  •                 Family: Coronaviridae
  •                     Genus: Coronavirus
  •                         Species: avian infectious bronchitis virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaAbsent, No presence record(s)
AngolaPresent
BeninPresent
Burkina FasoPresent
CameroonPresent
Central African RepublicPresent
Côte d'IvoirePresent
DjiboutiAbsent, No presence record(s)
EswatiniAbsent, No presence record(s)
EthiopiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
GhanaAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuineaPresent
LibyaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MadagascarAbsent, No presence record(s)
MauritiusAbsent, No presence record(s)
MoroccoPresent
São Tomé and PríncipePresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent
SeychellesAbsent, No presence record(s)
South AfricaPresent
SudanPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent
TogoPresent
TunisiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
ZimbabwePresent

Asia

BahrainPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent
ChinaPresent
GeorgiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Hong KongPresent
IndiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
IndonesiaPresent
IranPresent
IraqPresent
IsraelPresent
JapanPresent
JordanPresent
KazakhstanAbsent, No presence record(s)
MalaysiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Peninsular MalaysiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
-SarawakPresent
MongoliaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MyanmarPresent
OmanAbsent, No presence record(s)
PhilippinesPresent
South KoreaPresent
SyriaAbsent, No presence record(s)
TaiwanPresent
TajikistanAbsent, No presence record(s)
ThailandPresent
UzbekistanAbsent, No presence record(s)
VietnamPresentCAB Abstracts Data Mining

Europe

BelgiumPresent
Bosnia and HerzegovinaAbsent, No presence record(s)
CzechiaPresent
DenmarkPresent
EstoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
FrancePresent
GermanyPresent
Isle of ManAbsent, No presence record(s)
JerseyAbsent, No presence record(s)
LatviaAbsent, No presence record(s)
LiechtensteinAbsent, No presence record(s)
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
LuxembourgAbsent, No presence record(s)
MaltaPresent
MoldovaAbsent, No presence record(s)
NetherlandsPresent
North MacedoniaPresentCAB Abstracts Data Mining
NorwayPresent
PortugalPresent
RomaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Serbia and MontenegroAbsent, No presence record(s)
SloveniaPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent
United KingdomPresent
-Northern IrelandPresent

North America

BermudaAbsent, No presence record(s)
British Virgin IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
CanadaPresent
Cayman IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
CuraçaoAbsent, No presence record(s)
DominicaAbsent, No presence record(s)
El SalvadorAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuatemalaPresent
HaitiAbsent, No presence record(s)
JamaicaPresent
MartiniquePresent
Saint Kitts and NevisAbsent, No presence record(s)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAbsent, No presence record(s)
Trinidad and TobagoAbsent, No presence record(s)
United StatesPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
French PolynesiaPresent
New CaledoniaPresent
New ZealandPresent
SamoaAbsent, No presence record(s)
TokelauPresent
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)

South America

ArgentinaPresent
BrazilPresent
ChilePresent
ColombiaPresent
EcuadorPresent
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
French GuianaAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuyanaAbsent, No presence record(s)
ParaguayPresent
PeruPresent
UruguayPresent

Pathogen Characteristics

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IBV is pleomorphic although generally rounded. The enveloped virions average 120 nm in diameter and have a fringe of widely spaced, club-shaped surface projections (spikes) that are 20 nm in diameter. The spikes comprise a single glycoprotein, S (180,000 molecular weight), which is cleaved into two polypeptides, amino-termainl S1 and carboxyterminal S2. The envelope is studded with many copies of a membrane glycoprotein, M (molecular weight of 23,000 to 34,000, depending on its state of glycosylation) and a few copies of a non-glycosylated envelope protein, E (molecular weight of approximately 12,000) which may not be visualized by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The genome of the virus is a single piece of single-stranded, positive-sense RNA comprising some 27,600 nucleotides. It is surrounded by a nucleocapsid protein, N (molecular weight 54,000) to form the ribonucleoprotein core. Unlike in paramyxoviruses, this core is not readily seen in damaged particles by electron microscopy of negatively stained preparations.

The S protein, especially the S1 part, is the inducer of virus-neutralizing and haemagglutination-inhibiting antibody and is important in the induction of protective immunity. The S1 protein is also the most variable of the viral proteins, IBV types commonly differing by 20-25% of S1 amino acids, some types differing from others by 50% (Wang et al., 1994; Cavanagh and Naqi, 1997). It is believed that this variation is responsible for the poor cross-protection induced by one serotype against others. Over 20 serotypes have been described, but there are probably many more.

Disease(s) associated with this pathogen is/are on the list of diseases notifiable to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). The distribution section contains data from OIE's Handistatus database on disease occurrence. Please see the AHPC library for further information from OIE, including the International Animal Health Code and the Manual of Standards for Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines. Also see the website: www.oie.int.

Host Animals

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Animal nameContextLife stageSystem
Gallus gallus domesticus (chickens)Domesticated host
Phasianus (pheasants)Domesticated host; Wild host
Phasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Domesticated host; Wild host

References

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Cavanagh D; Naqi S, 1997. Infectious bronchitis In: Calnek BW, Barnes HJ, Beard CW, McDougald LR, Saif YM, eds, Diseases of Poultry, 10th Edn., Iowa, Iowa State Univeristy Press, 511-526.

OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Wang L; Junker D; Hock L; Ebiary E; Collisson EW, 1994. Evolutionary implications of genetic variation in the S1 gene of infectious bronchitis virus. Virus Research, 34:327 338.

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, 2001. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2004)., Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

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