Invasive Species Compendium

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Datasheet

avian infectious bronchitis virus

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Datasheet

avian infectious bronchitis virus

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • avian infectious bronchitis virus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Group: "RNA viruses"
  •       Order: Nidovirales
  •         Family: Coronaviridae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Electronmicrograph of five virions of infectious bronchitis virus, showing the large surface glcoprotein, S, protruding from the lipid envelope.
TitleVirions
CaptionElectronmicrograph of five virions of infectious bronchitis virus, showing the large surface glcoprotein, S, protruding from the lipid envelope.
CopyrightDavid Cavanagh
Electronmicrograph of five virions of infectious bronchitis virus, showing the large surface glcoprotein, S, protruding from the lipid envelope.
VirionsElectronmicrograph of five virions of infectious bronchitis virus, showing the large surface glcoprotein, S, protruding from the lipid envelope.David Cavanagh
Diagram of a virion of IBV. The large surface glycoprotein (S) is cleaved into two subunits, (S1) and (S2) the S2 anchoring the molecule in the envelope (lipid membrane). The smaller integral membrane glycoprotein (M) protrudes only a short distance at the outer surface. There are only a few molecules of a third envelope protein (E). The genome of the virus is single-stranded (RNA) 27,600 nucleotides in length. This is surrounded by the nucleoprotein (N).
TitleDiagram of a virion
CaptionDiagram of a virion of IBV. The large surface glycoprotein (S) is cleaved into two subunits, (S1) and (S2) the S2 anchoring the molecule in the envelope (lipid membrane). The smaller integral membrane glycoprotein (M) protrudes only a short distance at the outer surface. There are only a few molecules of a third envelope protein (E). The genome of the virus is single-stranded (RNA) 27,600 nucleotides in length. This is surrounded by the nucleoprotein (N).
CopyrightDavid Cavanagh
Diagram of a virion of IBV. The large surface glycoprotein (S) is cleaved into two subunits, (S1) and (S2) the S2 anchoring the molecule in the envelope (lipid membrane). The smaller integral membrane glycoprotein (M) protrudes only a short distance at the outer surface. There are only a few molecules of a third envelope protein (E). The genome of the virus is single-stranded (RNA) 27,600 nucleotides in length. This is surrounded by the nucleoprotein (N).
Diagram of a virionDiagram of a virion of IBV. The large surface glycoprotein (S) is cleaved into two subunits, (S1) and (S2) the S2 anchoring the molecule in the envelope (lipid membrane). The smaller integral membrane glycoprotein (M) protrudes only a short distance at the outer surface. There are only a few molecules of a third envelope protein (E). The genome of the virus is single-stranded (RNA) 27,600 nucleotides in length. This is surrounded by the nucleoprotein (N).David Cavanagh

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • avian infectious bronchitis virus ICTV

Other Scientific Names

  • infectious bronchitis virus

International Common Names

  • English: coronovirus infectious bronchitis virus

English acronym

  • IBV

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Group: "RNA viruses"
  •             Order: Nidovirales
  •                 Family: Coronaviridae
  •                     Genus: Coronavirus
  •                         Species: avian infectious bronchitis virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
AngolaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BeninPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Burkina FasoPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
CameroonPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Central African RepublicPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Côte d'IvoirePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
DjiboutiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EswatiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EthiopiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
GhanaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
GuineaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
LibyaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
MadagascarAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
MauritiusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
MoroccoPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
São Tomé and PríncipePresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
SeychellesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
South AfricaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
SudanPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
TogoPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
TunisiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
ZimbabwePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)

Asia

BahrainPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
ChinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
GeorgiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Hong KongPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
IndiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
IndonesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
IranPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
IraqPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
IsraelPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
JapanPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
JordanPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
KazakhstanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
MalaysiaPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-Peninsular MalaysiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
-SarawakPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
MongoliaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
MyanmarPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
OmanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
PhilippinesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
South KoreaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
SyriaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
TaiwanPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
TajikistanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
ThailandPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
UzbekistanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VietnamPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)CAB Abstracts Data Mining

Europe

BelgiumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
CzechiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
DenmarkPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EstoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
FrancePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
GermanyPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Isle of ManAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
JerseyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
LatviaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
LiechtensteinAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
LuxembourgAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
MaltaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
MoldovaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
NetherlandsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
North MacedoniaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)CAB Abstracts Data Mining
NorwayPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
PortugalPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
RomaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Serbia and MontenegroAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
SloveniaPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
United KingdomPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
-Northern IrelandPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)

North America

BermudaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
British Virgin IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
CanadaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cayman IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
CuraçaoAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
DominicaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
El SalvadorAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
GuatemalaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
HaitiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
JamaicaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
MartiniquePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Saint Kitts and NevisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Trinidad and TobagoAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
United StatesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
French PolynesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
New CaledoniaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
New ZealandPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
SamoaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
TokelauPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

South America

ArgentinaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BrazilPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
ChilePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
ColombiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EcuadorPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
French GuianaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
GuyanaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
ParaguayPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
PeruPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
UruguayPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)

Pathogen Characteristics

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IBV is pleomorphic although generally rounded. The enveloped virions average 120 nm in diameter and have a fringe of widely spaced, club-shaped surface projections (spikes) that are 20 nm in diameter. The spikes comprise a single glycoprotein, S (180,000 molecular weight), which is cleaved into two polypeptides, amino-termainl S1 and carboxyterminal S2. The envelope is studded with many copies of a membrane glycoprotein, M (molecular weight of 23,000 to 34,000, depending on its state of glycosylation) and a few copies of a non-glycosylated envelope protein, E (molecular weight of approximately 12,000) which may not be visualized by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The genome of the virus is a single piece of single-stranded, positive-sense RNA comprising some 27,600 nucleotides. It is surrounded by a nucleocapsid protein, N (molecular weight 54,000) to form the ribonucleoprotein core. Unlike in paramyxoviruses, this core is not readily seen in damaged particles by electron microscopy of negatively stained preparations.

The S protein, especially the S1 part, is the inducer of virus-neutralizing and haemagglutination-inhibiting antibody and is important in the induction of protective immunity. The S1 protein is also the most variable of the viral proteins, IBV types commonly differing by 20-25% of S1 amino acids, some types differing from others by 50% (Wang et al., 1994; Cavanagh and Naqi, 1997). It is believed that this variation is responsible for the poor cross-protection induced by one serotype against others. Over 20 serotypes have been described, but there are probably many more.

Disease(s) associated with this pathogen is/are on the list of diseases notifiable to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). The distribution section contains data from OIE's Handistatus database on disease occurrence. Please see the AHPC library for further information from OIE, including the International Animal Health Code and the Manual of Standards for Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines. Also see the website: www.oie.int.

Host Animals

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Animal nameContextLife stageSystem
Gallus gallus domesticus (chickens)Domesticated host
Phasianus (pheasants)Domesticated host, Wild host
Phasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Domesticated host, Wild host

References

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Cavanagh D; Naqi S, 1997. Infectious bronchitis In: Calnek BW, Barnes HJ, Beard CW, McDougald LR, Saif YM, eds, Diseases of Poultry, 10th Edn., Iowa, Iowa State Univeristy Press, 511-526.

OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Wang L; Junker D; Hock L; Ebiary E; Collisson EW, 1994. Evolutionary implications of genetic variation in the S1 gene of infectious bronchitis virus. Virus Research, 34:327 338.

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, 2001. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2004)., Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Distribution Maps

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