Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

avian tuberculosis

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Datasheet

avian tuberculosis

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 12 July 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • avian tuberculosis
  • Overview
  • Avian tuberculosis affects companion, captive exotic, wild and domestic birds worldwide. The disease is most often caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium, although more than ten other mycobacteri...

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Heart from adult chicken; the white nodule on the heart surface (arrowed) is a tubercle caused by Mycobacterium avium.
TitlePathology
CaptionHeart from adult chicken; the white nodule on the heart surface (arrowed) is a tubercle caused by Mycobacterium avium.
CopyrightRichard J. Julian
Heart from adult chicken; the white nodule on the heart surface (arrowed) is a tubercle caused by Mycobacterium avium.
PathologyHeart from adult chicken; the white nodule on the heart surface (arrowed) is a tubercle caused by Mycobacterium avium.Richard J. Julian
Histologic section (original x500 H&E stain) of spleen tissue of adult chicken. Tuberculosis granuloma in spleen. There is a wall of giant cells, macrophages and connective tissue around the pink necrotic mass of debris.
TitleHistopathology
CaptionHistologic section (original x500 H&E stain) of spleen tissue of adult chicken. Tuberculosis granuloma in spleen. There is a wall of giant cells, macrophages and connective tissue around the pink necrotic mass of debris.
CopyrightRichard J. Julian
Histologic section (original x500 H&E stain) of spleen tissue of adult chicken. Tuberculosis granuloma in spleen. There is a wall of giant cells, macrophages and connective tissue around the pink necrotic mass of debris.
HistopathologyHistologic section (original x500 H&E stain) of spleen tissue of adult chicken. Tuberculosis granuloma in spleen. There is a wall of giant cells, macrophages and connective tissue around the pink necrotic mass of debris.Richard J. Julian

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • avian tuberculosis

International Common Names

  • English: avian mycobacteriosis; avian tuberculosis, mycobacterium infection

Overview

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Avian tuberculosis affects companion, captive exotic, wild and domestic birds worldwide. The disease is most often caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium, although more than ten other mycobacterial species have been reported to infect birds.

The disease is characterised by chronic and progressive wasting and weakness. Diarrhoea is common. Some birds may show respiratory signs and occasionally sudden death occurs. Some birds may develop granulomatous ocular lesions.

For more information, see the general datasheet on tuberculosis.

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

AzerbaijanNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BahrainNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BhutanDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Brunei DarussalamDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
China
-Hong KongOIE Handistatus, 2005
Georgia (Republic of)Last reported1990OIE Handistatus, 2005
IndiaLast reported2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
IndonesiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
IranDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
IraqNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
IsraelDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
JapanReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
JordanDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
KazakhstanDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Korea, DPRDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Korea, Republic ofLast reported1985OIE Handistatus, 2005
KuwaitDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
LebanonLast reported1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
Malaysia
-Peninsular MalaysiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
-SabahDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
-SarawakDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MongoliaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MyanmarReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
NepalNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
OmanDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
PhilippinesDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
QatarNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
SingaporeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Sri LankaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SyriaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
TaiwanLast reported1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
TajikistanNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
ThailandReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
TurkeyNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
TurkmenistanNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
United Arab EmiratesNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
UzbekistanLast reported1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
VietnamNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
YemenNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005

Africa

AlgeriaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
AngolaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BeninNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BotswanaLast reported1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
Burkina FasoNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BurundiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
CameroonNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Cape VerdeNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Central African RepublicDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
ChadNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Congo Democratic RepublicNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Côte d'IvoireNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
DjiboutiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EgyptNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EritreaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EthiopiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
GhanaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
GuineaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Guinea-BissauNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
KenyaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
LibyaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MadagascarDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MalawiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
MaliNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
MauritiusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MoroccoDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MozambiqueNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
NamibiaLast reported2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
NigeriaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
RéunionLast reported1942OIE Handistatus, 2005
RwandaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Sao Tome and PrincipeDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SenegalNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
SeychellesNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
SomaliaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
South AfricaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
SudanDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SwazilandDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
TanzaniaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
TogoLast reported2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
TunisiaLast reported2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
UgandaLast reported2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
ZambiaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
ZimbabweNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005

North America

BermudaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
CanadaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
MexicoLast reported1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
USAReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005

Central America and Caribbean

BarbadosDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BelizeNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
British Virgin IslandsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Cayman IslandsDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Costa RicaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
CubaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
CuraçaoDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
DominicaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Dominican RepublicLast reported2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
El SalvadorNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
GuadeloupeNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
GuatemalaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
HaitiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
JamaicaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MartiniqueReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
NicaraguaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
PanamaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Saint Kitts and NevisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Trinidad and TobagoDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

South America

ArgentinaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BoliviaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BrazilNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
ChileLast reported1989OIE Handistatus, 2005
ColombiaLast reported1985OIE Handistatus, 2005
EcuadorLast reported1960OIE Handistatus, 2005
Falkland IslandsLast reported1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
French GuianaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
GuyanaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
ParaguayNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
PeruDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
UruguayReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VenezuelaLast reported1970OIE Handistatus, 2005

Europe

AndorraCAB Abstracts data miningOIE Handistatus, 2005
AustriaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BelarusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BelgiumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Bosnia-HercegovinaLast reported2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
BulgariaLast reported2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
CroatiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
CyprusLast reported1993OIE Handistatus, 2005
Czech RepublicReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
DenmarkLast reported2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
EstoniaLast reported1968OIE Handistatus, 2005
FinlandReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
FranceReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
GermanyReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
GreeceLast reported2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
HungaryOIE Handistatus, 2005
IcelandLast reported1975OIE Handistatus, 2005
IrelandReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Isle of Man (UK)Last reported1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
ItalyReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
JerseyDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
LatviaLast reported1993OIE Handistatus, 2005
LiechtensteinDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
LithuaniaLast reported1985OIE Handistatus, 2005
LuxembourgLast reported2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
MacedoniaCAB Abstracts data miningOIE Handistatus, 2005
MaltaLast reported2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
MoldovaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
NetherlandsReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
NorwayLast reported1993OIE Handistatus, 2005
PolandNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
PortugalDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
RomaniaOIE Handistatus, 2005
Russian FederationDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SlovakiaLast reported2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
SloveniaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
SpainLast reported1991OIE Handistatus, 2005
SwedenReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
SwitzerlandNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
UKReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
-Northern IrelandReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
UkraineOIE Handistatus, 2005
Yugoslavia (former)No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)Last reported2003OIE Handistatus, 2005

Oceania

AustraliaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
French PolynesiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
New CaledoniaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
New ZealandReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
SamoaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VanuatuDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Wallis and Futuna IslandsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Digestive Signs / Abdominal distention Sign
Digestive Signs / Anorexia, loss or decreased appetite, not nursing, off feed Sign
Digestive Signs / Ascites, fluid abdomen Sign
Digestive Signs / Diarrhoea Sign
Digestive Signs / Tongue protrusion Sign
Digestive Signs / Tongue ulcers, vesicles, erosions, sores, blisters, cuts, tears Sign
Digestive Signs / Tongue weakness, paresis, paralysis Sign
General Signs / Cyanosis, blue skin or membranes Sign
General Signs / Generalized weakness, paresis, paralysis Sign
General Signs / Head, face, ears, jaw, nose, nasal, swelling, mass Sign
General Signs / Icterus, jaundice Sign
General Signs / Inability to stand, downer, prostration Sign
General Signs / Increased mortality in flocks of birds Sign
General Signs / Internal abdominal mass, swellings, adhesions abdomen Sign
General Signs / Lameness, stiffness, stilted gait in birds Sign
General Signs / Oral cavity, tongue swelling, mass in mouth Sign
General Signs / Orbital, periorbital, periocular, conjunctival swelling, eyeball mass Sign
General Signs / Pale comb and or wattles in birds Sign
General Signs / Pale mucous membranes or skin, anemia Sign
General Signs / Polydipsia, excessive fluid consumption, excessive thirst Sign
General Signs / Swelling of the limbs, legs, foot, feet, in birds Sign
General Signs / Swelling skin or subcutaneous, mass, lump, nodule Sign
General Signs / Trembling, shivering, fasciculations, chilling Sign
General Signs / Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift Sign
General Signs / Weight loss Sign
Nervous Signs / Dullness, depression, lethargy, depressed, lethargic, listless Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Abnormal corneal pigmentation Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Blindness Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Chemosis, conjunctival, scleral edema, swelling Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Conjunctival, scleral, injection, abnormal vasculature Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Conjunctival, scleral, redness Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Corneal edema, opacity Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Corneal swelling, mass, nodule Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Corneal ulcer, erosion Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Exophthalmos, eyes protruding, proptosis Sign
Pain / Discomfort Signs / Mouth, oral mucosal or tongue pain Sign
Reproductive Signs / Decreased, dropping, egg production Sign
Respiratory Signs / Dyspnea, difficult, open mouth breathing, grunt, gasping Sign
Respiratory Signs / Mucoid nasal discharge, serous, watery Sign
Respiratory Signs / Purulent nasal discharge Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Loss of feathers, loose feathers Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Ruffled, ruffling of the feathers Sign
Urinary Signs / Polyuria, increased urine output Sign

References

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OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Distribution Maps

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