Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

avian tuberculosis

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Datasheet

avian tuberculosis

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • avian tuberculosis
  • Pathogens
  • Mycobacterium avium
  • Overview
  • Avian tuberculosis affects companion, captive exotic, wild and domestic birds worldwide. The disease is most often caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium, although more than ten other mycobacteri...

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Heart from adult chicken; the white nodule on the heart surface (arrowed) is a tubercle caused by Mycobacterium avium.
TitlePathology
CaptionHeart from adult chicken; the white nodule on the heart surface (arrowed) is a tubercle caused by Mycobacterium avium.
CopyrightRichard J. Julian
Heart from adult chicken; the white nodule on the heart surface (arrowed) is a tubercle caused by Mycobacterium avium.
PathologyHeart from adult chicken; the white nodule on the heart surface (arrowed) is a tubercle caused by Mycobacterium avium.Richard J. Julian
Histologic section (original x500 H&E stain) of spleen tissue of adult chicken. Tuberculosis granuloma in spleen. There is a wall of giant cells, macrophages and connective tissue around the pink necrotic mass of debris.
TitleHistopathology
CaptionHistologic section (original x500 H&E stain) of spleen tissue of adult chicken. Tuberculosis granuloma in spleen. There is a wall of giant cells, macrophages and connective tissue around the pink necrotic mass of debris.
CopyrightRichard J. Julian
Histologic section (original x500 H&E stain) of spleen tissue of adult chicken. Tuberculosis granuloma in spleen. There is a wall of giant cells, macrophages and connective tissue around the pink necrotic mass of debris.
HistopathologyHistologic section (original x500 H&E stain) of spleen tissue of adult chicken. Tuberculosis granuloma in spleen. There is a wall of giant cells, macrophages and connective tissue around the pink necrotic mass of debris.Richard J. Julian

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • avian tuberculosis

International Common Names

  • English: avian mycobacteriosis; avian tuberculosis, mycobacterium infection

Pathogen/s

Top of page Mycobacterium avium

Overview

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Avian tuberculosis affects companion, captive exotic, wild and domestic birds worldwide. The disease is most often caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium, although more than ten other mycobacterial species have been reported to infect birds.

The disease is characterised by chronic and progressive wasting and weakness. Diarrhoea is common. Some birds may show respiratory signs and occasionally sudden death occurs. Some birds may develop granulomatous ocular lesions.

For more information, see the general datasheet on tuberculosis.

Host Animals

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Animal nameContextLife stageSystem
Gallus gallus domesticus (chickens)Domesticated host

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
AngolaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Central African RepublicAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
DjiboutiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EritreaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EswatiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EthiopiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
GhanaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
GuineaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
LibyaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
MadagascarAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
MauritiusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
MoroccoAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
São Tomé and PríncipeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
South AfricaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
SudanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

Asia

BhutanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BruneiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
IndonesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
IranAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
IsraelAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
JapanPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
JordanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
KazakhstanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
KuwaitAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Malaysia
-Peninsular MalaysiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
-SabahAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
-SarawakAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
MongoliaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
MyanmarPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
North KoreaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
OmanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
PhilippinesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
SingaporeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Sri LankaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
SyriaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
ThailandPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)

Europe

AndorraPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)CAB Abstracts Data Mining
BelgiumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
CroatiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
CzechiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
FinlandPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
FrancePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
GermanyPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
IrelandPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
ItalyPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
JerseyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
LiechtensteinAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
MoldovaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
NetherlandsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
North MacedoniaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)CAB Abstracts Data Mining
PortugalAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
RussiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
SloveniaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
SwedenPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
United KingdomPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
-Northern IrelandPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)

North America

BarbadosAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BermudaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
British Virgin IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
CanadaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cayman IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
CubaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
CuraçaoAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
DominicaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
GuatemalaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
HaitiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
JamaicaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
MartiniquePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
PanamaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Saint Kitts and NevisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Trinidad and TobagoAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
United StatesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
French PolynesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
New CaledoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
New ZealandPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
SamoaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

South America

ArgentinaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
French GuianaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
GuyanaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
PeruAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
UruguayPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Digestive Signs / Abdominal distention Sign
Digestive Signs / Anorexia, loss or decreased appetite, not nursing, off feed Sign
Digestive Signs / Ascites, fluid abdomen Sign
Digestive Signs / Diarrhoea Sign
Digestive Signs / Tongue protrusion Sign
Digestive Signs / Tongue ulcers, vesicles, erosions, sores, blisters, cuts, tears Sign
Digestive Signs / Tongue weakness, paresis, paralysis Sign
General Signs / Cyanosis, blue skin or membranes Sign
General Signs / Generalized weakness, paresis, paralysis Sign
General Signs / Head, face, ears, jaw, nose, nasal, swelling, mass Sign
General Signs / Icterus, jaundice Sign
General Signs / Inability to stand, downer, prostration Sign
General Signs / Increased mortality in flocks of birds Sign
General Signs / Internal abdominal mass, swellings, adhesions abdomen Sign
General Signs / Lameness, stiffness, stilted gait in birds Sign
General Signs / Oral cavity, tongue swelling, mass in mouth Sign
General Signs / Orbital, periorbital, periocular, conjunctival swelling, eyeball mass Sign
General Signs / Pale comb and or wattles in birds Sign
General Signs / Pale mucous membranes or skin, anemia Sign
General Signs / Polydipsia, excessive fluid consumption, excessive thirst Sign
General Signs / Swelling of the limbs, legs, foot, feet, in birds Sign
General Signs / Swelling skin or subcutaneous, mass, lump, nodule Sign
General Signs / Trembling, shivering, fasciculations, chilling Sign
General Signs / Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift Sign
General Signs / Weight loss Sign
Nervous Signs / Dullness, depression, lethargy, depressed, lethargic, listless Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Abnormal corneal pigmentation Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Blindness Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Chemosis, conjunctival, scleral edema, swelling Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Conjunctival, scleral, injection, abnormal vasculature Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Conjunctival, scleral, redness Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Corneal edema, opacity Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Corneal swelling, mass, nodule Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Corneal ulcer, erosion Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Exophthalmos, eyes protruding, proptosis Sign
Pain / Discomfort Signs / Mouth, oral mucosal or tongue pain Sign
Reproductive Signs / Decreased, dropping, egg production Sign
Respiratory Signs / Dyspnea, difficult, open mouth breathing, grunt, gasping Sign
Respiratory Signs / Mucoid nasal discharge, serous, watery Sign
Respiratory Signs / Purulent nasal discharge Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Loss of feathers, loose feathers Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Ruffled, ruffling of the feathers Sign
Urinary Signs / Polyuria, increased urine output Sign

References

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OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Distribution References

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2004)., Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Distribution Maps

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