Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

bovine anaplasmosis

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Datasheet

bovine anaplasmosis

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • bovine anaplasmosis
  • Overview
  • Bovine anaplasmosis, caused by Anaplasma marginale, occurs in cattle in most tropical and subtropical countries. The most marked clinical signs of anaplasmosis are anaemia and jaundice, the latter occurring l...

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • bovine anaplasmosis

Overview

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Bovine anaplasmosis, caused by Anaplasma marginale, occurs in cattle in most tropical and subtropical countries. The most marked clinical signs of anaplasmosis are anaemia and jaundice, the latter occurring late in the disease. Haemoglobinaemia and haemoglobinuria are not present, and this may assist in the differential diagnosis of anaplasmosis from babesiosis, which is often endemic in the same regions. The disease can only be confirmed, however, by identification of the organism. Anaplasmosis, which is an infectious but non-contagious disease, is typically spread through tick bites, but also through the mechanical transfer of fresh erythrocytes from biting flies or surgical equipment such as needles, or dehorning, castration or tattooing equipment (Aubry and Geale, 2011). Anaplasma centrale, a less pathogenic but closely related organism, is used as a live vaccine for cattle in some countries (reviewed by Kocan et al., 2003).

This disease is on the list of diseases notifiable to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). The distribution section contains data from OIE's WAHID database on disease occurrence. For information on this disease from OIE, see the website: www.oie.int.

For further information, see the datasheet on anaplasmosis, which covers infection with Anaplasma spp. in cattle and other ruminants.

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
AngolaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BotswanaPresentOIE (2009)
BurundiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cabo VerdeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Central African RepublicPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Congo, Republic of theAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Côte d'IvoirePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
DjiboutiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EgyptPresentOIE (2009)
EritreaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EswatiniPresentOIE (2009)
EthiopiaPresentOIE (2009)
GabonAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
KenyaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
LesothoPresentOIE (2009)
LibyaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
MadagascarPresentOIE (2009)
MalawiPresentOIE (2009)
MauritiusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
MozambiquePresentOIE (2009)
NamibiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
NigeriaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
RéunionPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
RwandaPresentOIE (2009)
SenegalAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SeychellesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
South AfricaPresentOIE (2009)
SudanPresentOIE (2009)
TanzaniaPresentOIE (2009)
TunisiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
UgandaPresentOIE (2009)
ZambiaPresentOIE (2009)
ZimbabwePresentOIE (2009)

Asia

ArmeniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
AzerbaijanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BahrainAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BangladeshAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BhutanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BruneiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)CAB Abstracts Data Mining
IndiaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
IndonesiaPresentOIE (2009)
IranPresentOIE (2009)
IraqPresentOIE (2009)
IsraelPresentOIE (2009)
JapanPresentOIE (2009)
JordanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
KazakhstanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
KuwaitAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
KyrgyzstanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
LaosAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
LebanonAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
MalaysiaPresentOIE (2009)
-Peninsular MalaysiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
-SabahPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
NepalAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
North KoreaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
QatarPresentOIE (2009)
Saudi ArabiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SingaporeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Sri LankaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SyriaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
TajikistanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
ThailandPresentOIE (2009)
UzbekistanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VietnamAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)

Europe

AlbaniaPresentOIE (2009)
AndorraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BelarusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BelgiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BulgariaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
CroatiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
CyprusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
CzechiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
DenmarkAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
FinlandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
FranceAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
GermanyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
GreeceAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
IrelandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Isle of ManAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
JerseyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
LatviaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
LiechtensteinAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
LuxembourgAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
MaltaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
MoldovaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
MontenegroAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
NetherlandsPresentOIE (2009)
North MacedoniaPresentOIE (2009)
NorwayAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
PortugalPresentOIE (2009)
RomaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
RussiaPresentOIE (2009)
SerbiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Serbia and MontenegroAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
SlovakiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SloveniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SpainAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SwedenAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SwitzerlandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
UkraineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
United KingdomAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
-Northern IrelandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

North America

BarbadosPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BelizeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BermudaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
British Virgin IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
CanadaPresentOIE (2009)
Cayman IslandsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Costa RicaPresentOIE (2009)
CubaPresentOIE (2009)
CuraçaoAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
DominicaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Dominican RepublicPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
El SalvadorPresentOIE (2009)
GreenlandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
GuadeloupeAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
GuatemalaPresentOIE (2009)
HaitiAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
HondurasAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
JamaicaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
MartiniquePresentOIE (2009)
MexicoPresentOIE (2009)
NicaraguaPresentOIE (2009)
PanamaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Saint Kitts and NevisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Trinidad and TobagoPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
United StatesPresentOIE (2009)

Oceania

AustraliaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
French PolynesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
New CaledoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
New ZealandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SamoaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

South America

ArgentinaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
BoliviaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
BrazilPresentOIE (2009)
ChileAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
ColombiaPresentOIE (2009)
EcuadorAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
French GuianaPresentOIE (2009)
GuyanaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
ParaguayPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
PeruPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
UruguayPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
VenezuelaPresentOIE (2009)

References

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Aubry P; Geale DW, 2011. A review of bovine anaplasmosis. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 58(1):1-30. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1865-1682

Kocan KM; Fuente Jde la; Guglielmone AA; Meléndez RD, 2003. Antigens and alternatives for control of Anaplasma marginale infection in cattle. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 16(4):698-712.

OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE, 2009. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4. World Animal Health Information Database. Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. http://www.oie.int

Distribution References

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2004)., Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE, 2009. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4., Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. https://www.oie.int/

Distribution Maps

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