Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Brucella abortus

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Datasheet

Brucella abortus

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 11 December 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Brucella abortus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •   Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •     Class: Alphaproteobacteria
  •       Order: Rhizobiales
  •         Family: Brucellaceae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Brucella abortus

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Bacteria
  •     Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •         Class: Alphaproteobacteria
  •             Order: Rhizobiales
  •                 Family: Brucellaceae
  •                     Genus: Brucella
  •                         Species: Brucella abortus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 16 Dec 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentJul-Dec-2019
AngolaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
BeninPresentJan-Jun-2019
BotswanaPresentJul-Dec-2020
Burkina FasoPresentJul-Dec-2019
BurundiPresentJul-Dec-2018
Cabo VerdeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Central African RepublicAbsentJul-Dec-2019
ComorosAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
Congo, Republic of theAbsentJan-Jun-2019
Côte d'IvoirePresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2018
DjiboutiAbsentJul-Dec-2019
EgyptAbsentJul-Dec-2019
EritreaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
EswatiniPresentJul-Dec-2019
EthiopiaPresentJul-Dec-2018
GhanaPresentJan-Jun-2019
GuineaPresentJan-Jun-2019
KenyaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
LesothoAbsentJan-Jun-2020
LibyaPresentJul-Dec-2020
MadagascarAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
MauritaniaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
MauritiusAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MayotteAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
MoroccoPresentJul-Dec-2019
MozambiquePresentJul-Dec-2019
NamibiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
NigeriaPresentJul-Dec-2019
RéunionAbsentJul-Dec-2019
RwandaPresentJul-Dec-2018
Saint HelenaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
SenegalPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
SeychellesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
Sierra LeonePresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2018
SomaliaPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2020
South AfricaPresentJul-Dec-2019
South SudanAbsentJan-Jun-2018
SudanPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
TanzaniaPresentJul-Dec-2019
TogoPresentJul-Dec-2019
TunisiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
UgandaPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
ZambiaPresentJul-Dec-2018
ZimbabwePresentJul-Dec-2019

Asia

AfghanistanPresentJul-Dec-2019
ArmeniaPresentJul-Dec-2019
AzerbaijanPresentJul-Dec-2019
BahrainAbsentJul-Dec-2020
BangladeshPresentJan-Jun-2020
BhutanPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2020
BruneiAbsentJul-Dec-2019
ChinaPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2018
GeorgiaPresentJul-Dec-2019
Hong KongAbsentJul-Dec-2019
IndiaPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2019
-Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPresent
IndonesiaPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
IranPresentJan-Jun-2019
IraqPresentJul-Dec-2019
IsraelAbsentJul-Dec-2020
JapanAbsentJan-Jun-2020
JordanAbsentJul-Dec-2018
KazakhstanPresentJul-Dec-2019
KuwaitAbsentJan-Jun-2019
KyrgyzstanPresentJan-Jun-2019
MalaysiaPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2019
MaldivesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
MongoliaPresentJan-Jun-2019
MyanmarPresentJul-Dec-2019
NepalPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
OmanAbsentJul-Dec-2019
PakistanPresentJan-Jun-2020
PalestineAbsentJul-Dec-2019
QatarAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Saudi ArabiaAbsentJan-Jun-2020
SingaporeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
South KoreaPresentJul-Dec-2019
Sri LankaPresentJul-Dec-2018
SyriaPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
TaiwanAbsentJul-Dec-2019
TajikistanPresentJan-Jun-2019
ThailandPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2020
TurkeyPresentJul-Dec-2019
TurkmenistanPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2019
United Arab EmiratesAbsentJul-Dec-2020
UzbekistanAbsentJul-Dec-2019
VietnamAbsentJul-Dec-2019
YemenPresentJan-Jun-2020

Europe

AlbaniaPresentJul-Dec-2019
AndorraAbsentJul-Dec-2019
AustriaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
BelarusAbsentJul-Dec-2019
BelgiumAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPresentJul-Dec-2019
BulgariaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
CroatiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
CyprusAbsentJul-Dec-2019
CzechiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
DenmarkAbsentJan-Jun-2019
EstoniaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Faroe IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
FinlandAbsentJul-Dec-2019
FranceAbsentJul-Dec-2019
GermanyAbsentJul-Dec-2019
GreecePresentJan-Jun-2018
HungaryAbsentJul-Dec-2019
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IrelandAbsentJul-Dec-2019
ItalyPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2020
LatviaAbsentJul-Dec-2020
LiechtensteinAbsentJul-Dec-2019
LithuaniaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MaltaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
MoldovaAbsentJan-Jun-2020
MontenegroAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
NetherlandsAbsentJul-Dec-2019
North MacedoniaPresentJul-Dec-2019
NorwayAbsentJul-Dec-2019
PolandAbsentJan-Jun-2019
PortugalPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
RomaniaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
RussiaPresentJan-Jun-2020
San MarinoAbsentJan-Jun-2019
SerbiaPresentJul-Dec-2019
SlovakiaAbsentJul-Dec-2020
SloveniaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
SpainAbsentJul-Dec-2020
SwedenAbsentJul-Dec-2020
SwitzerlandAbsentJul-Dec-2020
UkraineAbsentJul-Dec-2020
United KingdomAbsentJul-Dec-2019

North America

BahamasAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BarbadosAbsentJul-Dec-2020
BelizeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CanadaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Cayman IslandsAbsentJan-Jun-2019
Costa RicaPresentJul-Dec-2019
CubaPresentJan-Jun-2019
CuraçaoAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Dominican RepublicPresentJan-Jun-2019
El SalvadorPresentJul-Dec-2019
GreenlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
GuatemalaPresentJan-Jun-2019
HondurasPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2018
JamaicaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
MartiniqueAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MexicoPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
NicaraguaPresentJul-Dec-2019
PanamaPresentJul-Dec-2020
Saint LuciaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAbsentJan-Jun-2019
Trinidad and TobagoAbsentJan-Jun-2018
United StatesPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019

Oceania

AustraliaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Cook IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Federated States of MicronesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
FijiPresentJan-Jun-2019
French PolynesiaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
KiribatiAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
Marshall IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
New CaledoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
New ZealandAbsentJul-Dec-2019
PalauAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
Papua New GuineaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
Timor-LestePresentJul-Dec-2018
TongaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
VanuatuAbsentJan-Jun-2019

South America

ArgentinaPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
BoliviaPresentJan-Jun-2019
BrazilPresentJul-Dec-2019
ChilePresentJan-Jun-2019
ColombiaPresentJul-Dec-2019
EcuadorPresentJul-Dec-2019
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
French GuianaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
ParaguayPresentJul-Dec-2019
PeruPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2019
SurinameAbsentJan-Jun-2019
UruguayPresentJul-Dec-2019
VenezuelaPresentJan-Jun-2019

Pathogen Characteristics

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The organism responsible for brucellosis is a small Gram-negative coccobacillus that is non-motile, non-encapsulated and non-spore-forming. In infected tissue it normally occurs singly or in small groups. The colonies are circular and 2-4 mm in diameter. Smooth colonies appear translucent, honey-coloured and bluish-green or unstained when stained with crystal violet. Rough colonies appear granular, reddish-yellow and deep violet-red when stained with crystal violet. Mucoid colonies are stringy and appear transparent, greyish and light bluish-red when stained with crystal violet.

Several commercial firms produce media suitable for the isolation of Brucella. On primary isolation it usually requires the addition of 5-10% carbon dioxide and takes 3-5 days incubation at 37° C for visible colonies to appear. Brucella abortus produces H2S. It usually grows in the presence of basic fuchsin, but not always in the presence of thionin at standard concentrations, and is catalase and oxidase positive. It is lyzed by brucella-phages Weybridge (Wb), Firenze (Fz), Tbilisi (Tb) and Berkeley (Bk).

Each Brucella has a specific oxidative metabolic pattern that can be used to determine the ability of an isolate to utilize oxygen on various amino acid and carbohydrate substrates. Currently there are eight recognized Brucella abortus biovars (Corbel et al., 1978; Ray, 1979).

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

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VectorSourceReferenceGroupDistribution
Stomoxys calcitransInsect

Threatened Species

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Threatened SpeciesConservation StatusWhere ThreatenedMechanismReferencesNotes
Bos bison (American bison)No DetailsAlaskaParasitism (incl. parasitoid); Pest and disease transmissionGates et al. (2001)

Risk and Impact Factors

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Impact mechanisms
  • Pest and disease transmission
  • Parasitism (incl. parasitoid)

References

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Corbel MJ, Gill KPW, Thomas EL, 1978. Methods for the identification of Brucella. Tolcarne Drive, Pinner, Middlesex HA5 2DT, UK: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (Publications).

Gates CC, Stephenson RO, Reynolds HW, van Zyll de Jong CG, Schwantje H, Hoefs M, Nishi J, Cool N, Chisholm J, James A, Koonz B, 2001. National Recovery Plan for the Wood Bison (Bison bison athabascae). National Recovery Plant No. 21. Recovery of Nationally Endangered Wildlife (RENEW). Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: 50 pp.

Ray WC, 1979. Brucellosis (due to Brucella abortus and suis). In: Steele J, ed. Handbook Series in Zoonoses. Section A: Bacterial, Rickettial and Mycotic Diseases. Roca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press, Inc., 99-127.

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, 2001. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

OIE, 2018. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2018a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int

OIE, 2019. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2019a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2020. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2020a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS). Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

Distribution Maps

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