Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Brucella melitensis

Toolbox

Datasheet

Brucella melitensis

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Brucella melitensis
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •   Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •     Class: Alphaproteobacteria
  •       Order: Rhizobiales
  •         Family: Brucellaceae
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Brucella melitensis

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •     Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •         Class: Alphaproteobacteria
  •             Order: Rhizobiales
  •                 Family: Brucellaceae
  •                     Genus: Brucella
  •                         Species: Brucella melitensis

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EgyptPresent
South AfricaPresent

Asia

IndiaPresent
KuwaitPresent
PakistanPresent

Europe

ItalyPresent
MaltaPresent
SpainPresent

North America

MexicoPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresent

Pathogen Characteristics

Top of page

The organism responsible for brucellosis is a small Gram-negative coccobacillus, which is non-motile, non-encapsulated and non-spore-forming. In infected tissue it normally occurs singly or in small groups. Several commercial firms produce media suitable for isolation and propagation of Brucella. The colonies are circular and 2-4 mm in diameter. It does not require supplementary carbon dioxide to grow and it takes 3-5 days incubation at 37° C for visible colonies to appear. B. melitensis does not produce H2S, grows in the presence of basic fuchsin and thionin at standard concentrations and is catalase and oxidase positive. It is lyzed only by brucella-phage Berkeley. Currently there are three recognized B. melitensis biovars (Corbel et al., 1978).

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

Top of page
VectorSourceReferenceGroupDistribution
Stomoxys calcitransInsect

References

Top of page

Corbel MJ; Gill KPW; Thomas EL, 1978. Methods for the identification of Brucella. Tolcarne Drive, Pinner, Middlesex HA5 2DT, UK: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (Publications).

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, 2001. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map
Select a dataset
Map Legends
  • CABI Summary Records
Map Filters
Extent
Invasive
Origin
Third party data sources: