Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Brucella melitensis

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Datasheet

Brucella melitensis

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Brucella melitensis
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •   Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •     Class: Alphaproteobacteria
  •       Order: Rhizobiales
  •         Family: Brucellaceae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Brucella melitensis

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Bacteria
  •     Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •         Class: Alphaproteobacteria
  •             Order: Rhizobiales
  •                 Family: Brucellaceae
  •                     Genus: Brucella
  •                         Species: Brucella melitensis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 04 Jan 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentJul-Dec-2019
BotswanaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
BurundiPresentJul-Dec-2018
Cabo VerdeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Central African RepublicAbsentJul-Dec-2019
ChadAbsentJul-Dec-2019
ComorosAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
DjiboutiPresentJul-Dec-2019
EgyptPresentJul-Dec-2019
EritreaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
EswatiniAbsentJul-Dec-2019
EthiopiaAbsentJan-Jun-2018
GhanaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
KenyaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
LesothoAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2020
LiberiaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
LibyaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MadagascarAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
MauritiusAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
MayotteAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
MoroccoAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MozambiqueAbsentJul-Dec-2019
NamibiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
NigerAbsentJan-Jun-2019
NigeriaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
RéunionAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Saint HelenaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
SeychellesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
Sierra LeonePresentJul-Dec-2020
SomaliaPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2020
South AfricaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
SudanPresentJul-Dec-2019; in wild animals only
TanzaniaPresentJul-Dec-2019
TunisiaPresentJul-Dec-2019
UgandaPresentJul-Dec-2019
ZambiaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
ZimbabweAbsentJul-Dec-2019

Asia

AfghanistanPresentJul-Dec-2019
ArmeniaPresentJul-Dec-2019
AzerbaijanPresentJul-Dec-2019
BahrainAbsentJul-Dec-2020
BangladeshAbsentJan-Jun-2020
BhutanAbsentJan-Jun-2020
BruneiAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ChinaPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2018
GeorgiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
IndiaPresent
IndonesiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
IraqPresentJul-Dec-2019
IsraelPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2020
JapanAbsentJan-Jun-2020
JordanPresentJul-Dec-2018
KazakhstanPresentJul-Dec-2019
KuwaitPresentJan-Jun-2019
KyrgyzstanPresentJan-Jun-2019
MalaysiaPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2019
MaldivesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
MongoliaPresentJan-Jun-2019
MyanmarAbsentJul-Dec-2019
NepalAbsentJul-Dec-2019
OmanPresentJul-Dec-2019
PakistanPresent, LocalizedJan-Jun-2020
PalestinePresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
QatarPresentJul-Dec-2019
Saudi ArabiaPresentJan-Jun-2020
SingaporeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
South KoreaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Sri LankaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
SyriaPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
TaiwanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
TajikistanPresentJan-Jun-2019
ThailandPresentJan-Jun-2020
TurkeyPresentJul-Dec-2019
TurkmenistanPresentJan-Jun-2019
United Arab EmiratesPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2020
UzbekistanAbsentJul-Dec-2019
YemenAbsentJan-Jun-2020

Europe

AlbaniaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
AndorraAbsentJul-Dec-2019
AustriaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
BelarusAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPresentJul-Dec-2019
BulgariaPresentJan-Jun-2019
CroatiaPresentJul-Dec-2020
CyprusAbsentJul-Dec-2019
CzechiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
DenmarkAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
EstoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Faroe IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
FinlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
FrancePresentJul-Dec-2019; in wild animals only
GermanyAbsentJul-Dec-2019
GreecePresentJan-Jun-2018
HungaryAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IrelandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ItalyPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2020
LatviaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
LiechtensteinAbsentJul-Dec-2019
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
MaltaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
MoldovaAbsentJan-Jun-2020
MontenegroAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
NetherlandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
North MacedoniaPresentJul-Dec-2019
NorwayAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PolandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
PortugalPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
RomaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
RussiaPresentJan-Jun-2020
San MarinoAbsentJan-Jun-2019
SerbiaPresentJul-Dec-2019
SlovakiaAbsentJul-Dec-2020
SloveniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
SpainAbsentJul-Dec-2020
SwedenAbsentJul-Dec-2020
SwitzerlandAbsentJul-Dec-2020
UkraineAbsentJul-Dec-2020
United KingdomAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019

North America

BahamasAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BarbadosAbsentJul-Dec-2020
BelizeAbsentJul-Dec-2019
CanadaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Cayman IslandsAbsentJan-Jun-2019
CubaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
CuraçaoAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Dominican RepublicAbsentJan-Jun-2019
GreenlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
GuatemalaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
JamaicaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
MartiniqueAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MexicoPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
PanamaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
Saint LuciaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAbsentJan-Jun-2019
Trinidad and TobagoAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
United StatesAbsentJul-Dec-2019

Oceania

AustraliaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Cook IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Federated States of MicronesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
FijiAbsentJan-Jun-2019
French PolynesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
KiribatiAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
Marshall IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
New CaledoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
New ZealandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PalauAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
Papua New GuineaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
SamoaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Timor-LesteAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
TongaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019

South America

ArgentinaPresentJul-Dec-2019
BoliviaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
BrazilAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ChileAbsentJan-Jun-2019
ColombiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
French GuianaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
ParaguayAbsentJul-Dec-2018
PeruAbsentJan-Jun-2019
SurinameAbsentJan-Jun-2019
UruguayAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
VenezuelaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019

Pathogen Characteristics

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The organism responsible for brucellosis is a small Gram-negative coccobacillus, which is non-motile, non-encapsulated and non-spore-forming. In infected tissue it normally occurs singly or in small groups. Several commercial firms produce media suitable for isolation and propagation of Brucella. The colonies are circular and 2-4 mm in diameter. It does not require supplementary carbon dioxide to grow and it takes 3-5 days incubation at 37° C for visible colonies to appear. B. melitensis does not produce H2S, grows in the presence of basic fuchsin and thionin at standard concentrations and is catalase and oxidase positive. It is lyzed only by brucella-phage Berkeley. Currently there are three recognized B. melitensis biovars (Corbel et al., 1978).

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

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VectorSourceReferenceGroupDistribution
Stomoxys calcitransInsect

Distribution Maps

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