Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

caprine arthritis encephalitis virus

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Datasheet

caprine arthritis encephalitis virus

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • caprine arthritis encephalitis virus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Group: "DNA and RNA reverse transcribing viruses"
  •     Family: Retroviridae
  •       Genus: Lentivirus
  •         Species: caprine arthritis encephalitis virus
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • caprine arthritis encephalitis virus

English acronym

  • CAEV

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Group: "DNA and RNA reverse transcribing viruses"
  •         Family: Retroviridae
  •             Genus: Lentivirus
  •                 Species: caprine arthritis encephalitis virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaAbsent, No presence record(s)
BotswanaAbsent, No presence record(s)
BurundiAbsent, No presence record(s)
Cabo VerdeAbsent, No presence record(s)
Central African RepublicAbsent, No presence record(s)
Côte d'IvoireAbsent, No presence record(s)
DjiboutiAbsent, No presence record(s)
EgyptAbsent, No presence record(s)
EritreaAbsent, No presence record(s)
EswatiniAbsent, No presence record(s)
EthiopiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
GhanaAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuineaAbsent, No presence record(s)
KenyaPresentCAB Abstracts Data Mining
MadagascarAbsent, No presence record(s)
MauritiusAbsent, No presence record(s)
NamibiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
RéunionAbsent, No presence record(s)
South AfricaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SudanAbsent, No presence record(s)
TogoAbsent, No presence record(s)
UgandaAbsent, No presence record(s)

Asia

BahrainAbsent, No presence record(s)
BhutanAbsent, No presence record(s)
BruneiAbsent, No presence record(s)
GeorgiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
IndiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
IndonesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
IranAbsent, No presence record(s)
JapanPresent
JordanAbsent, No presence record(s)
KazakhstanAbsent, No presence record(s)
KuwaitAbsent, No presence record(s)
LebanonAbsent, No presence record(s)
Malaysia
-Peninsular MalaysiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
-SabahAbsent, No presence record(s)
-SarawakAbsent, No presence record(s)
MongoliaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MyanmarAbsent, No presence record(s)
NepalAbsent, No presence record(s)
North KoreaAbsent, No presence record(s)
OmanAbsent, No presence record(s)
PhilippinesPresent
Saudi ArabiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
South KoreaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Sri LankaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SyriaAbsent, No presence record(s)
TaiwanPresent
ThailandAbsent, No presence record(s)
TurkmenistanAbsent, No presence record(s)
UzbekistanAbsent, No presence record(s)
VietnamAbsent, No presence record(s)

Europe

BelarusAbsent, No presence record(s)
BelgiumPresent
Bosnia and HerzegovinaAbsent, No presence record(s)
CyprusAbsent, No presence record(s)
DenmarkPresent
EstoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
FinlandAbsent, No presence record(s)
FrancePresent
GermanyPresent
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)
IrelandPresent
Isle of ManAbsent, No presence record(s)
JerseyAbsent, No presence record(s)
LatviaPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
LuxembourgAbsent, No presence record(s)
MaltaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MoldovaAbsent, No presence record(s)
NetherlandsPresent
NorwayPresent
PolandAbsent, No presence record(s)
PortugalAbsent, No presence record(s)
RomaniaPresent
RussiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Serbia and MontenegroAbsent, No presence record(s)
SlovakiaPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent
SloveniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SpainPresent
SwedenPresent
SwitzerlandPresent
UkraineAbsent, No presence record(s)
United KingdomPresent
-Northern IrelandAbsent, No presence record(s)

North America

BarbadosAbsent, No presence record(s)
BelizeAbsent, No presence record(s)
BermudaAbsent, No presence record(s)
British Virgin IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
CanadaPresent
Cayman IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
Costa RicaAbsent, No presence record(s)
CubaAbsent, No presence record(s)
CuraçaoAbsent, No presence record(s)
DominicaAbsent, No presence record(s)
El SalvadorAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuadeloupeAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuatemalaAbsent, No presence record(s)
HaitiAbsent, No presence record(s)
HondurasAbsent, No presence record(s)
MartiniqueAbsent, No presence record(s)
NicaraguaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Saint Kitts and NevisPresent
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAbsent, No presence record(s)
United StatesPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
New CaledoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
New ZealandPresent
SamoaAbsent, No presence record(s)
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)

South America

BrazilPresent
EcuadorAbsent, No presence record(s)
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuyanaAbsent, No presence record(s)
PeruPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent
UruguayAbsent, No presence record(s)

Pathogen Characteristics

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Caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus is (CAEV) an enveloped lentivirus containing 2 positive strands of RNA (Cheevers et al., 1981) and infects cells of monocyte/macrophage lineage (Anderson et al., 1983). In susceptible cells, CAEV makes a complementary DNA template from its RNA and integrates this DNA within the host genome (as a provirus). This enables CAEV to utilize host cellular machinery to produce virus in the monocyte/macrophage cells.

Disease(s) associated with this pathogen is/are on the list of diseases notifiable to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). The distribution section contains data from OIE's Handistatus database on disease occurrence. Please see the AHPC library for further information from OIE, including the International Animal Health Code and the Manual of Standards for Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines. Also see the website: www.oie.int.

Host Animals

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Animal nameContextLife stageSystem
Capra hircus (goats)Domesticated host
Ovis aries (sheep)
Ovis aries musimon (European mouflon)

References

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Anderson LW; Klevjer-Anderson P; Liggitt HD, 1983. Susceptibility of blood-derived monocytes and macrophages to caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus. Infect. Immun., 41(2):837-840.

Cheevers WP; Roberson S; Klevjer-Anderson P; Crawford TB, 1981. Characterization of Caprine Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus: A Retrovirus of Goats. Arch. Virol., 67:111-117.

OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Distribution References

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2004)., Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Distribution Maps

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