Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Chlamydophila abortus

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Datasheet

Chlamydophila abortus

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Chlamydophila abortus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Planctomycetes [kingdom]
  •     Class: Planctomycetes [class]
  •       Order: Chlamydiales
  •         Family: Chlamydiaceae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Chlamydophila abortus

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Planctomycetes [kingdom]
  •         Class: Planctomycetes [class]
  •             Order: Chlamydiales
  •                 Family: Chlamydiaceae
  •                     Genus: Chlamydophila
  •                         Species: Chlamydophila abortus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

AzerbaijanNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BahrainDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BhutanDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Brunei DarussalamDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
China
-Hong KongNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Georgia (Republic of)Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
IndiaCAB Abstracts data miningOIE Handistatus, 2005
IndonesiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
IranLast reported1998OIE Handistatus, 2005
IraqLast reported2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
IsraelReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
JapanDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
JordanReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
KazakhstanDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Korea, DPRDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Korea, Republic ofDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
KuwaitDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
LebanonLast reported1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
Malaysia
-Peninsular MalaysiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
-SabahDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
-SarawakDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MongoliaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
MyanmarDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
NepalNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
OmanDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
PhilippinesDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
QatarNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Saudi ArabiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SingaporeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Sri LankaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SyriaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
TaiwanDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
TajikistanNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
ThailandDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
TurkeyNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
TurkmenistanDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
United Arab EmiratesNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
UzbekistanOIE Handistatus, 2005
VietnamDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
YemenNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005

Africa

AlgeriaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
AngolaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BeninNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BotswanaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Burkina FasoNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BurundiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
CameroonNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Cape VerdeNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Central African RepublicDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
ChadNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Congo Democratic RepublicDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Côte d'IvoireLast reported1992OIE Handistatus, 2005
DjiboutiCAB Abstracts data miningOIE Handistatus, 2005
EgyptDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EritreaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
GhanaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
GuineaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Guinea-BissauNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
KenyaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
LibyaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MadagascarDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MalawiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
MaliNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
MauritiusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MoroccoReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
MozambiqueNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
NamibiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
NigeriaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
RéunionNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
RwandaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Sao Tome and PrincipeDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SenegalNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
SeychellesNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
SomaliaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
South AfricaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
SudanDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SwazilandDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
TanzaniaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
TogoDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
TunisiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
UgandaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
ZambiaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
ZimbabweDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

North America

BermudaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
CanadaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
MexicoDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
USAReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005

Central America and Caribbean

BarbadosDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BelizeNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
British Virgin IslandsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Cayman IslandsDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Costa RicaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
CubaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
CuraçaoDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
DominicaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Dominican RepublicDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
El SalvadorDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
GuadeloupeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
GuatemalaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
HaitiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
HondurasDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
JamaicaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MartiniqueReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
NicaraguaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
PanamaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Saint Kitts and NevisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Trinidad and TobagoDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

South America

ArgentinaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BoliviaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BrazilDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
ChileOIE Handistatus, 2005
ColombiaLast reported1981OIE Handistatus, 2005
EcuadorDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Falkland IslandsSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
French GuianaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
GuyanaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
ParaguayDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
PeruDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
UruguayDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VenezuelaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

Europe

AndorraReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
AustriaLast reported1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
BelarusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BelgiumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Bosnia-HercegovinaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BulgariaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
CroatiaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
CyprusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Czech RepublicLast reported1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
DenmarkDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EstoniaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
FinlandDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
FranceReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
GermanyReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
GreeceOIE Handistatus, 2005
HungaryOIE Handistatus, 2005
IcelandDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
IrelandReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Isle of Man (UK)Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
ItalyNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
JerseyDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
LatviaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
LiechtensteinReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
LithuaniaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
LuxembourgDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MacedoniaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MaltaLast reported2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
MoldovaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
NetherlandsReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
NorwayDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
PolandDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
PortugalReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
RomaniaSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Russian FederationReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
SlovakiaLast reported2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
SloveniaSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
SpainReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
SwedenLast reported2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
SwitzerlandReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
UKReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
-Northern IrelandReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
UkraineDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Yugoslavia (former)No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)Disease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

Oceania

AustraliaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
French PolynesiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
New CaledoniaSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
New ZealandDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SamoaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VanuatuDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Wallis and Futuna IslandsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005

Pathogen Characteristics

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The Chlamydiales, thought to be viruses for a long time, are obligate intracellular bacterial pathogens of higher cells. The chlamydial elementary body (EB) is near the limit of light microscopic visibility with approximately 0.3 µm in diameter, round or occasionally pear-shaped, and contains electron-dense structures. It is the infectious stage of the chlamydial developmental cycle, and functions as a tough ‘spore-like’ body whose purpose is to permit chlamydial survival in the non-supportive environment outside the host cell. The ultrastructure of EB has been extensively studied (Eb et al., 1976; Louis et al., 1980; Matsumoto, 1982; 1988; Rockey et al., 2000; Solof et al., 1982).

The chlamydial reticulate body (RB) is the chlamydial developmental stage during intracellular replication, and it is non-infectious. Typically, the RB has a diameter of approximately 1 µm. The RB is metabolically active, the cytoplasm is rich in ribosomes, which are required for protein synthesis. As the RB begins to differentiate into an EB, sites of re-condensation of nucleic acid appear in its cytoplasm. In the maturing inclusion, chlamydial particles appear to be packed tightly in the inclusion membrane. Development of chlamydiae is highly dependent on nutrient supply and metabolic status of host cells. Nutrient deficiencies such as low glucose levels lead to delayed development and to a few, aberrant chlamydial organisms within the inclusions.

Chlamydial agents, classically have been propagated in the yolk sacs of chicken embryos (Storz, 1971). Cultivation in cell culture is now preferred, and the use of appropriate techniques is important for high-yield culture (Li, et al., 2005). Buffalo Green Monkey Kidney (BGMK) cells support chlamydial replication effectively, particularly when cultivated in Iscove’s Modified Dulbecco’s Medium. EBs are purified by sedimentation, separated from cellular nuclei by low-speed centrifugation, and separated from cell debris by step-gradient centrifugation in a 30% RenoCal-76 50% sucrose step-gradient. Extensive sonication increases yield and infectivity of chlamydial EBs.

Disease(s) associated with this pathogen is/are on the list of diseases notifiable to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). The distribution section contains data from OIE's Handistatus database on disease occurrence. Please see the AHPC library for further information from OIE, including the International Animal Health Code and the Manual of Standards for Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines. Also see the website: www.oie.int.

References

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Eb F; Orfila J; Lefebvre JF, 1976. Ultrastructural study of the development of the agent of ewe’s abortion. Journal of Ultrastructure Research, 56:177-185.

Li D; Vaglenov A; Kim T; Wang C; Gao D; Kaltenboeck B, 2005. High-yield culture and purification of Chlamydiaceae bacteria. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 61(1):17-24.

Louis C; Nicolas G; Eb F; Lefebvre JF; Orfila J, 1980. Modifications of the envelope of Chlamydia psittaci during its developmental cycle: freeze-fracture study of complementary replicas. Journal of Bacteriology, 141:868-875.

Matsumoto A, 1982. Surface projections of Chlamydia psittaci elementary bodies as revealed by freeze-deep-etching. Journal of Bacteriology, 151:1040-1042.

Matsumoto A, 1988. Structural characteristics of chlamydial bodies. In: Baron AL, ed. Microbiology of Chlamydia. Boca Raton, Fl., USA: CRC Press, 21-45.

OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Rockey DD; Matsumoto A, 2000. The chlamydial developmental cycle. In: Brun YV, Shimkets LJ, eds. Prokaryotic Development. Washington DC, USA: ASM Press, 403-425.

Soloff B; Rank RG; Barron AL, 1982. Ultrastructural studies of chlamydial infection in guinea-pig urogenital tract. Journal of Comparative Pathology, 92:547.

Storz J, 1971. Chlamydia and Chlamydia-Induced Diseases. Springfield, IL, USA: Charles C. Thomas, Publisher.

Distribution Maps

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