Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Channa striata
(snakehead murrel)

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Datasheet

Channa striata (snakehead murrel)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 27 August 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Natural Enemy
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Channa striata
  • Preferred Common Name
  • snakehead murrel
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Chordata
  •       Subphylum: Vertebrata
  •         Class: Actinopterygii

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Head of striped snakehead (Channa striata).
TitleHead of striped snakehead
CaptionHead of striped snakehead (Channa striata).
CopyrightJian G. Qin
Head of striped snakehead (Channa striata).
Head of striped snakeheadHead of striped snakehead (Channa striata).Jian G. Qin
Channa striata (snakehead murrel); Caught fish. April 2014.
TitleCaught fish
CaptionChanna striata (snakehead murrel); Caught fish. April 2014.
Copyright©Bhaskaranaidu/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Channa striata (snakehead murrel); Caught fish. April 2014.
Caught fishChanna striata (snakehead murrel); Caught fish. April 2014.©Bhaskaranaidu/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Channa striata (snakehead murrel); Head close-up. Banyumas, Central Java, Indonesia. September 2007.
TitleHead
CaptionChanna striata (snakehead murrel); Head close-up. Banyumas, Central Java, Indonesia. September 2007.
Copyright©Wibowo Djatmiko (Wie146)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Channa striata (snakehead murrel); Head close-up. Banyumas, Central Java, Indonesia. September 2007.
HeadChanna striata (snakehead murrel); Head close-up. Banyumas, Central Java, Indonesia. September 2007.©Wibowo Djatmiko (Wie146)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Channa striata (snakehead murrel); Head close-up with open mouth. Banyumas, Central Java, Indonesia. September 2007.
TitleHead
CaptionChanna striata (snakehead murrel); Head close-up with open mouth. Banyumas, Central Java, Indonesia. September 2007.
Copyright©Wibowo Djatmiko (Wie146)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Channa striata (snakehead murrel); Head close-up with open mouth. Banyumas, Central Java, Indonesia. September 2007.
HeadChanna striata (snakehead murrel); Head close-up with open mouth. Banyumas, Central Java, Indonesia. September 2007.©Wibowo Djatmiko (Wie146)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Channa striata (snakehead murrel); Comparison of Channa striata (upper) and C. lucius (lower), ventral view of front part of the body. Mentaya Hulu, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. January 2010.
TitleVentral view comparison
CaptionChanna striata (snakehead murrel); Comparison of Channa striata (upper) and C. lucius (lower), ventral view of front part of the body. Mentaya Hulu, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. January 2010.
Copyright©Wibowo Djatmiko (Wie146)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Channa striata (snakehead murrel); Comparison of Channa striata (upper) and C. lucius (lower), ventral view of front part of the body. Mentaya Hulu, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. January 2010.
Ventral view comparisonChanna striata (snakehead murrel); Comparison of Channa striata (upper) and C. lucius (lower), ventral view of front part of the body. Mentaya Hulu, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. January 2010.©Wibowo Djatmiko (Wie146)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Channa striata (snakehead murrel); Young. June 2012.
TitleYoung
CaptionChanna striata (snakehead murrel); Young. June 2012.
Copyright©കാക്കര/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Channa striata (snakehead murrel); Young. June 2012.
YoungChanna striata (snakehead murrel); Young. June 2012.©കാക്കര/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Channa striata (snakehead murrel); Previously named Ophicephalus striatus. Illustration from Systema ichthyologiae iconibus CX illustratum by M.E. Bloch, 1801. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38785760
TitleIllustration
CaptionChanna striata (snakehead murrel); Previously named Ophicephalus striatus. Illustration from Systema ichthyologiae iconibus CX illustratum by M.E. Bloch, 1801. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38785760
CopyrightPublic Domain - Released by Biodiversity Heritage Library/via Flickr
Channa striata (snakehead murrel); Previously named Ophicephalus striatus. Illustration from Systema ichthyologiae iconibus CX illustratum by M.E. Bloch, 1801. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38785760
IllustrationChanna striata (snakehead murrel); Previously named Ophicephalus striatus. Illustration from Systema ichthyologiae iconibus CX illustratum by M.E. Bloch, 1801. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38785760Public Domain - Released by Biodiversity Heritage Library/via Flickr
Juvenile striped snakehead (Channa striata).
TitleJuvenile striped snakehead
CaptionJuvenile striped snakehead (Channa striata).
CopyrightChris Appleby
Juvenile striped snakehead (Channa striata).
Juvenile striped snakeheadJuvenile striped snakehead (Channa striata).Chris Appleby
Juvenile striped snakehead.
TitleJuvenile striped snakehead
CaptionJuvenile striped snakehead.
CopyrightJian G. Qin
Juvenile striped snakehead.
Juvenile striped snakeheadJuvenile striped snakehead.Jian G. Qin

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Channa striata (Bloch, 1793)

Preferred Common Name

  • snakehead murrel

Other Scientific Names

  • Channa striatus Bloch, 1793
  • Ophicephalus planiceps Cuvier, 1831
  • Ophicephalus sowarah Bleeker, 1845
  • Ophicephalus striatus Bloch, 1793
  • Ophiocephalus chena Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822
  • Ophiocephalus cyanospilos Bleeker, 1853
  • Ophiocephalus philippinus Peters, 1869
  • Ophiocephalus striatus Bloch, 1793
  • Ophiocephalus vagus Peters, 1868
  • Ophiocephalus wrahl Lacépède, 1802

International Common Names

  • English: banded snakehead; chevron snakehead; common snakehead catfish; giant snakehead; murrel; pongee; snakehead; striped murrel; striped snake head murrel; striped snakehead; stripped snakehead
  • Chinese: wu li

Local Common Names

  • Bangladesh: shol
  • Cambodia: ptuok; ros; trey phtuok; trey ras; trey raws; trey ros (or ras)
  • Germany: Quergestreifter Schlangenkopf
  • India: kuchheu; kuchhu; mangsha; viral wrahl
  • Indonesia: bale salo; bayong; deluk; gabus; gapuran; kapuran; kutuk
  • Laos: pa kaw; pa kho
  • Malaysia: aruan; haruan; ruan; toman; toman paya
  • Myanmar: nga-yan; nga-yau-auk
  • Nepal: saura
  • Philippines: aluan; amanu; anak dalag; bakuli; bulig; bundaki; bundalag; dalag; dalak; guelue-guelue; haluan; haroan; haruan; lawag; obog; sulbud; talosog; terebog; torabó; utan
  • Poland: zmijoglów pregowany
  • Sri Lanka: loolla
  • Thailand: pla chon
  • USA/Hawaii: i'a pâkç
  • Vietnam: cá lòc; cá lót (lóc); cá träu

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Chordata
  •             Subphylum: Vertebrata
  •                 Class: Actinopterygii
  •                     Order: Perciformes
  •                         Suborder: Channoidei
  •                             Family: Channidae
  •                                 Genus: Channa
  •                                     Species: Channa striata

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

MadagascarPresentIntroduced
MauritiusPresentIntroduced

Asia

BangladeshPresentNative
BhutanPresentNative
CambodiaPresentNative
ChinaPresentNative
-FujianPresentNativeInvasive
-GuangdongPresentNativeInvasive
-YunnanPresentNativeInvasive
Hong KongPresentNativeInvasive
IndiaPresentNative
-Andhra PradeshPresentNativeInvasive
-AssamPresentNativeInvasive
-BiharPresentNativeInvasive
-DelhiPresentNativeInvasive
-GoaPresentNativeInvasive
-HaryanaPresentNativeInvasive
-KarnatakaPresentNativeInvasive
-KeralaPresentNativeInvasive
-Madhya PradeshPresentNativeInvasive
-MaharashtraPresentNativeInvasive
-ManipurPresentNativeInvasive
-OdishaPresentNativeInvasive
-Tamil NaduPresentNativeInvasive
-Uttar PradeshPresentNativeInvasive
-West BengalPresentNativeInvasive
IndonesiaPresentNative
-JavaPresentIntroducedInvasive
-Lesser Sunda IslandsPresentIntroducedInvasive
-SulawesiPresentIntroducedInvasive
-SumatraPresentIntroducedInvasive
LaosPresentNative
MalaysiaPresentNative
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentNativeInvasive
-SabahPresentNativeInvasive
-SarawakPresentNativeInvasive
MyanmarPresentNative
NepalPresentNative
PakistanPresentNative
PhilippinesPresentNative
SingaporePresentNativeInvasive
South KoreaPresentIntroduced
Sri LankaPresentNative
ThailandPresentNative
VietnamPresentNative

North America

United StatesPresentIntroduced
-HawaiiPresentIntroduced

Oceania

New CaledoniaPresentIntroduced
Papua New GuineaPresentIntroduced

Sea Areas

Indian Ocean - EasternPresentNative

Natural enemy of

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SpeciesStages attackedCountries where known to occurReferences
Oreochromis aureusAll Stages

References

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Allen GR, 1991. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of New Guinea. Madang, Papua New Guinea: Christensen Research Institute, 180 pp.

Arthur JR; Lumanlan-Mayo S, 1997. Checklist of the parasites of fishes of the Philippines. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, No. 369:v + 102 pp. http://www.fao.org/3/contents/28ecae57-3ce8-5e48-8dc1-94a996537271/w6598e00.htm

Banerjee SK; Misra KK; Banerjee S; Ray-Chaudhuri SP, 1988. Chromosome numbers, genome sizes, cell volumes and evolution of snake-head fish (family Channidae). Journal of Fish Biology, 33(5):781-789.

Bhatt VS, 1970. Studies on the growth of Ophiocephalus striatus (Bloch). Hydrobiologia, 36:165-177.

Chen LC, 1990. Aquaculture in Taiwan. Aquaculture in Taiwan., ix + 273pp.

Chen TP, 1976. Aquaculture practices in Taiwan. Aquaculture practices in Taiwan., xii + 162 pp.

Dhar NJ; Chatterjee K, 1984. Chromosomal evolution in Indian murrels (Channiformes: Channidae). Caryologia, 37:359-371.

FAO, 1997. FAO Database on Introduced Aquatic Species. FAO, Rome, Italy: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.

Froese R; Pauly D, 2004. FishBase DVD. Penang, Malaysia: Worldfish Center. Online at www.fishbase.org.

Herre AWCT, 1935. Philippine fish tales. Manila, Philippines: DP Perez Company, 302 pp.

Hughes GM; Munshi DJS, 1973. Nature of the air-breathing organs of the Indian fishes Channa, Amphipnous, Clarias and Saccobranchus as shown by electron microscopy. Journal of Zoology (London), 170:245-270.

Klinkhardt M; Tesche M; Greven H, 1995. Database of fish chromosomes. Westarp Wissenschaften, 179 pp.

Kottelat M, 1998. Fishes of the Nam Theun and Xe Bangfai basins, Laos, with diagnoses of twenty-two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae, Balitoridae, Cobitidae, Coiidae and Odontobutidae). Ichthyological Exploration in Freshwater, 9:1-128.

Kottelat M, 2001. Freshwater fishes of northern Vietnam. A preliminary check-list of the fishes known or expected to occur in northern Vietnam with comments on systematics and nomenclature. Environment and Social Development Unit, East Asia and Pacific Region. The World Bank. Freshwater Fish, Vietnam, 123 pp.

Kottelat M; Whitten AJ; Kartikasari SN; Wirjoatmodjo S, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Hong Kong: Periplus Editions, 221 pp.

Ling SW, 1977. Aquaculture in South East Asia - A Historical Overview. Washington Sea Grant Publication, University of Washington Press, Seattle, 108 pp.

Maciolek JA, 1984. Exotic fishes in Hawaii and other islands of Oceania. In: Courtenay WR Jr, Stauffer JR Jr, eds. Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 131-161.

Mat Jais AM; Dambisya YM; Lee TL, 1997. Antinociceptive activity of Channa striatus (haruann) extracts in mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 57:125-130.

Mirza MR; Omer T, 1984. A key to the identification of the freshwater fishes of Baluchistan. Biologia 30:73-91.

Mohsin AKM; Ambak MA, 1983. Freshwater fishes of Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysia: Penerbit University Pertanian Malaysia, 284 pp.

Ng PKL; Lim; KKP, 1990. Snakeheads (Pisces: Channidae): Natural history, biology and economic importance. In: Chou, LM, Ng PKL, eds. Papers commemorating the 40th Anniversary of the Department of Zoology, National University of Singapore, 127-152.

Pantulu VR, 1976. Effects of feeding in the lower Mekong Basin. In: FAO Technical Conference on Aquaculture, Kyoto, Japan, 26 May-2 June 1976, 72-78 pp.

Pethiyagoda R, 1991. Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka. The Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo, 362 pp.

Qin JG; Fast AW, 1998. Effects of temperature, size and density on culture performance of snakehead, Channa striatus (Bloch), fed formulated feed. Aquaculture Research, 29(4):299-303; 19 ref.

Qin JG; Fast AW, 2003. Intensive culture of snakehead (Channa striatus) during larval, juvenile and growth stages. In: Phillips B, Megrey BA, Zhou Y, eds. Proceedings of the Third Word Fisheries Conference: Feeding World with Fish in the Next Millennium - The Balance between Production and Environment. Bethesada, MD, USA: American Fisheries Society, 20-27.

Qin JianGuang; Fast AW, 1996. Effects of feed application rates on growth, survival, and feed conversion of juvenile snakehead Channa striatus. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 27(1):52-56; 18 ref.

Qin JianGuang; Fast AW, 1996. Size and feed dependent cannibalism with juvenile snakehead Channa striatus. Aquaculture, 144(4):313-320; 17 ref.

Qin JianGuang; Fast AW, 1997. Food selection and growth of young snakehead Channa striatus. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 13(1):21-25; 24 ref.

Qin JianGuang; Fast AW; DeAnda D; Weidenbach RP, 1996. Growth and survival of larval snakehead (Channa striatus) fed different diets. Aquaculture, 148(2/3):105-113; 13 ref.

Rahman AKA, 1989. Freshwater fishes of Bangladesh. Zoological Society of Bangladesh. Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, 364 pp.

Rainboth WJ, 1996. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong., xi + 265 pp..

Rajbanshi KG; Csavas I, 1982. Bhutan Aquaculture Development in Bhutan - a report prepared for the Establishment of Fish Seed Production Centre Project. FAO FI:DP/BHU80/007, Field Document 1, Rome, 46 pp.

Sharma KP; Simlot MM, 1971. Chemical composition of some commercially important fishes of Jaisamand Lake, Udaipur. Journal of Inland Fish Society of India, 111:121-122.

Shrestha J, 1994. Fishes, fishing implements and methods of Nepal. Lalitpur Colony, Lashkar (Gwalior), India, 150 pp.

Suvatti C, 1981. Fishes of Thailand. Royal Institute of Thailand, Bangkok, 379 pp.

U Hla Win, 1987. Checklist of fishes of Burma. Ministry of Livestock Breeding and Fisheries, Department of Fisheries, Burma, 200 pp.

Wee KL, 1982. The biology and culture of snakeheads. In: Muir, JF, Roberts, RJ, eds. Recent Advances in Aquaculture. Boulder, CO, USA: Westview Press, 180-211 pp.

Welcomme RL, 1988. International introductions of inland aquatic species. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, No. 294:x + 318 pp.

Distribution References

Allen G R, 1991. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of New Guinea. Madang, Papua New Guinea: Christensen Research Institute.

Anon, 1988. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. x + 318 pp.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Froese R, Pauly D, 2004. FishBase. http://www.fishbase.org

Herre AWCT, 1935. Philippine fish tales., Manila, Philippines: DP Perez Company. 302 pp.

Kottelat M, 1998. Fishes of the Nam Theun and Xe Bangfai basins, Laos, with diagnoses of twenty-two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae, Balitoridae, Cobitidae, Coiidae and Odontobutidae). In: Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 9 (1) 1-128.

Kottelat M, Whitten A J, Kartikasari S N, Wirjoatmodjo S, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Hong Kong, Periplus Editions.

Maciolek JA, 1984. Exotic fishes in Hawaii and other islands of Oceania. In: Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes, [ed. by Courtenay WR Jr, Stauffer JR Jr]. Baltimore, John Hopkins University Press. 131-161.

Mirza MR, Omer T, 1984. A key to the identification of the freshwater fishes of Baluchistan. In: Biologia, 30 73-91.

Mohsin AKM, Ambak MA, 1983. Freshwater fishes of Peninsular Malaysia., Selangor, Malaysia: Penerbit Universiti Pertanian Malaysia. 284 pp.

Ng PKL, Lim, KKP, 1990. Snakeheads (Pisces: Channidae): Natural history, biology and economic importance. In: Papers commemorating the 40th Anniversary of the Department of Zoology, National University of Singapore, [ed. by Chou LM, Ng PKL]. 127-152.

Pethiyagoda R, 1991. Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka. Colombo, Sri Lanka: The Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka.

Rahman AKA, 1989. Freshwater fishes of Bangladesh. In: Zoological Society of Bangladesh, Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka. 364 pp.

Rainboth W J, 1996. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). xi + 265 pp..

Rajbanshi KG, Csavas I, 1982. Bhutan Aquaculture Development in Bhutan - a report prepared for the Establishment of Fish Seed Production Centre Project. In: FAO FI:DP/BHU80/007, Field Document 1, Rome, 46 pp.

Shrestha J, 1994. Fishes, fishing implements and methods of Nepal., Lashkar (Gwalior), India: Lalitpur Colony. 150.

Suvatti C, 1981. Fishes of Thailand., Bangkok, Royal Institute of Thailand. 379 pp.

U Hla Win, 1987. Checklist of fishes of Burma., Burma: Ministry of Livestock Breeding and Fisheries, Department of Fisheries. 200 pp.

Links to Websites

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WebsiteURLComment
Cambridge Scientific Abstractshttp://www.csa.com
Fish Indexhttp://species.fishindex.com
Fishacehttp://www.fishace.demon.co.uk
Malaysian Cuisinehttp://malaysiancuisine.net
Master Index of Freshwater Fisheshttp://www.webcityof.com/miff1024.htm
Omne vivum forumhttp://www.omne-vivum.com/c/25543.htm
Sport Fishing for Channa striatus in Malaysiahttp://www.geocities.com/Yosemite/3133/ma_lohr.html

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