Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

contagious ophthalmia

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Datasheet

contagious ophthalmia

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • contagious ophthalmia
  • Overview
  • Contagious ophthalmia is a disease of sheep and goats characterized by conjunctivitis and keratitis. A variety of organisms have been isolated from the eyes of animals affected with this disease, some of which appear to be primary pathogens and...

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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • contagious ophthalmia

International Common Names

  • English: caprine contagious ophthalmia; caprine infectious keratoconjunctivitis; contagious conjunctivokeratitis; contagious keratoconjunctivitis; infectious keratoconjunctivitis; keratoconjunctivitis; ovine contagious ophthalmia; ovine infectious keratoconjunctivitis; pink eye; pink-eye; pinkeye of sheep and goats

English acronym

  • IKC

Pathogen/s

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Chlamydophila psittaci
Mycoplasma agalactiae
Mycoplasma arginini
Mycoplasma conjunctivae
Mycoplasma mycoides
Mycoplasma mycoides mycoides large colony (LC) type
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type
Rickettsia conjunctivae
Rickettsia rupricaprae

Overview

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Contagious ophthalmia is a disease of sheep and goats characterized by conjunctivitis and keratitis. A variety of organisms have been isolated from the eyes of animals affected with this disease, some of which appear to be primary pathogens and others secondary invaders.

The disease in sheep is widespread in most countries including Africa, Australia, the USA, the UK and Europe. All breeds of sheep are equally affected but the disease in lambs is less severe than in adults, and recently weaned animals are most severely affected. The disease is spread indirectly by flies, long grass and dust contaminated by the tears of infected sheep, or directly by means of exhaled droplets or immediate contact. The prevalence is highest during the warm summer months and when conditions are dry and dusty, and the fly population is heavy.

Host Animals

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Animal nameContextLife stageSystem
Capra hircus (goats)Domesticated host; Wild host
Ovis aries (sheep)Domesticated host; Wild host

Systems Affected

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skin and ocular diseases of small ruminants

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

CameroonPresent
Central African RepublicAbsent, No presence record(s)
Congo, Democratic Republic of theAbsent, No presence record(s)
DjiboutiAbsent, No presence record(s)
EgyptAbsent, No presence record(s)
EritreaAbsent, No presence record(s)
GhanaAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuineaAbsent, No presence record(s)
KenyaPresent
MadagascarAbsent, No presence record(s)
MauritiusAbsent, No presence record(s)
NamibiaPresent
São Tomé and PríncipePresent
South AfricaPresent
SudanAbsent, No presence record(s)
TogoAbsent, No presence record(s)
UgandaAbsent, No presence record(s)

Asia

BahrainAbsent, No presence record(s)
BhutanAbsent, No presence record(s)
IndiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
IndonesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
JordanAbsent, No presence record(s)
KazakhstanAbsent, No presence record(s)
KuwaitAbsent, No presence record(s)
Malaysia
-Peninsular MalaysiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
-SabahAbsent, No presence record(s)
MongoliaAbsent, No presence record(s)
North KoreaAbsent, No presence record(s)
PhilippinesAbsent, No presence record(s)
Saudi ArabiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SingaporeAbsent, No presence record(s)
Sri LankaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SyriaAbsent, No presence record(s)
TaiwanAbsent, No presence record(s)
ThailandAbsent, No presence record(s)
UzbekistanAbsent, No presence record(s)
VietnamAbsent, No presence record(s)
YemenPresentCAB Abstracts Data Mining

Europe

AndorraPresentCAB Abstracts Data Mining
BelarusAbsent, No presence record(s)
CroatiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
CyprusPresent
CzechiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
EstoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
FinlandAbsent, No presence record(s)
GermanyAbsent, No presence record(s)
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)
IrelandPresent
JerseyAbsent, No presence record(s)
LatviaAbsent, No presence record(s)
LiechtensteinAbsent, No presence record(s)
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
LuxembourgAbsent, No presence record(s)
MaltaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MoldovaAbsent, No presence record(s)
North MacedoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
NorwayPresent
PolandAbsent, No presence record(s)
PortugalAbsent, No presence record(s)
RomaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Serbia and MontenegroAbsent, No presence record(s)
SlovakiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SloveniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
UkraineAbsent, No presence record(s)
United KingdomPresent
-Northern IrelandPresent

North America

BarbadosAbsent, No presence record(s)
BermudaAbsent, No presence record(s)
British Virgin IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
CanadaPresent
Cayman IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
Costa RicaAbsent, No presence record(s)
CuraçaoAbsent, No presence record(s)
DominicaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Dominican RepublicAbsent, No presence record(s)
El SalvadorAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuatemalaAbsent, No presence record(s)
HaitiAbsent, No presence record(s)
HondurasAbsent, No presence record(s)
JamaicaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MexicoAbsent, No presence record(s)
PanamaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Saint Kitts and NevisAbsent, No presence record(s)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAbsent, No presence record(s)
Trinidad and TobagoAbsent, No presence record(s)
United StatesPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
New CaledoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
New ZealandPresent
SamoaAbsent, No presence record(s)
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)

South America

ArgentinaPresent
BoliviaAbsent, No presence record(s)
ChileAbsent, No presence record(s)
ColombiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuyanaAbsent, No presence record(s)
PeruPresent
UruguayPresent
VenezuelaAbsent, No presence record(s)

References

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OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Distribution References

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2004)., Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Distribution Maps

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