Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Beauveria bassiana
(white muscardine fungus)

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Datasheet

Beauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 27 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Beauveria bassiana
  • Preferred Common Name
  • white muscardine fungus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Sordariomycetes

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Beauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus); natural enemy. Fungus on Cicadulina leafhopper.
TitleNatural enemy
CaptionBeauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus); natural enemy. Fungus on Cicadulina leafhopper.
Copyright©James Litsinger
Beauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus); natural enemy. Fungus on Cicadulina leafhopper.
Natural enemyBeauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus); natural enemy. Fungus on Cicadulina leafhopper.©James Litsinger
Beauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus); natural enemy. Basilepta spp. beetles infected with B. bassiana in laboratory conditions.
TitleNatural enemy
CaptionBeauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus); natural enemy. Basilepta spp. beetles infected with B. bassiana in laboratory conditions.
Copyright©S. Varadarasan
Beauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus); natural enemy. Basilepta spp. beetles infected with B. bassiana in laboratory conditions.
Natural enemyBeauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus); natural enemy. Basilepta spp. beetles infected with B. bassiana in laboratory conditions.©S. Varadarasan
Beauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus). Note scale bar.
TitleLine drawing
CaptionBeauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus). Note scale bar.
Copyright©Dave Minter/CABI BioScience
Beauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus). Note scale bar.
Line drawingBeauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus). Note scale bar.©Dave Minter/CABI BioScience
Beauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus); conidiophores 1-2µm wide, bearing groups of clustered conidiogenous cells, 3-6 x 3-5µm, which may branch to give rise to further globose or flask-shaped conidiogenous cells.
TitleConidiophores
CaptionBeauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus); conidiophores 1-2µm wide, bearing groups of clustered conidiogenous cells, 3-6 x 3-5µm, which may branch to give rise to further globose or flask-shaped conidiogenous cells.
Copyright©CABI BioScience
Beauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus); conidiophores 1-2µm wide, bearing groups of clustered conidiogenous cells, 3-6 x 3-5µm, which may branch to give rise to further globose or flask-shaped conidiogenous cells.
ConidiophoresBeauveria bassiana (white muscardine fungus); conidiophores 1-2µm wide, bearing groups of clustered conidiogenous cells, 3-6 x 3-5µm, which may branch to give rise to further globose or flask-shaped conidiogenous cells.©CABI BioScience
Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil); natural enemy. Dorsal and ventral views of Beauveria bassiana, sporulating on the cadaver of a red palm weevil.
TitleNatural enemy
CaptionRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil); natural enemy. Dorsal and ventral views of Beauveria bassiana, sporulating on the cadaver of a red palm weevil.
Copyright©Abid Hussein
Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil); natural enemy. Dorsal and ventral views of Beauveria bassiana, sporulating on the cadaver of a red palm weevil.
Natural enemyRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil); natural enemy. Dorsal and ventral views of Beauveria bassiana, sporulating on the cadaver of a red palm weevil.©Abid Hussein

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Beauveria bassiana (Bals.-Criv.) Vuill. (1912)

Preferred Common Name

  • white muscardine fungus

Other Scientific Names

  • Beauveria brongniartii subsp. delacroixii Sacc. (1892)
  • Beauveria densa (Link) F. Picard (1914)
  • Beauveria doryphorae R. Poiss. & Patay (1935)
  • Beauveria effusa (Beauverie) Vuill. (1912)
  • Beauveria laxa Petch (1931)
  • Beauveria paradoxa (Bals.-Criv.) Ramsb. (1941)
  • Beauveria shiotae (Kuru) Langeron (1936)
  • Beauveria stephanoderis (Bally) Petch (1924)
  • Beauveria sulfurescens (van Beyma) J.J. Taylor (1970)
  • Beauveria tenella (Sacc.) MacLeod (1954)
  • Beauveria vexans (Pettit) Petch (1926)
  • Beaveria delacroixii (Sacc.) Petch (1924)
  • Botrytis bassiana Bals.-Criv. (1835)
  • Botrytis bassiana subsp. tenella (Sacc.) Sacc. (1882)
  • Botrytis bassiana var. lunzinensis Szilvinyi (1941)
  • Botrytis delacroixii (Sacc.) Delacr. (1893)
  • Botrytis effusa Beauverie (1911)
  • Botrytis necans Massee (1914)
  • Botrytis paradoxa Bals.-Criv. (1835)
  • Botrytis stephanoderis Bally (1923)
  • Botrytis tenella Sacc. (1881)
  • Isaria citrinula Speg. (1910)
  • Isaria densa (Link) Giard (1891)
  • Isaria shiotae Kuru (1931)
  • Isaria tenella (Sacc.) Giard (1891)
  • Isaria vexans Pettit (1895)
  • Penicillium bassianum (Bals.-Criv.) Biourge, 1923
  • Penicillium delacroixii (Sacc.) Biourge (1923)
  • Penicillium densum (Link) Biourge (1923)
  • Spicaria bassiana (Bals.-Criv.) Vuill. (1910)
  • Spicaria delacroixii (Sacc.) Vuill. (1910)
  • Spicaria densa (Link) Vuill. (1910)
  • Sporotrichum densum Link (1809)
  • Sporotrichum globuliferum Speg. (1880)
  • Sporotrichum larvatum Peck, 1879
  • Sporotrichum larvicola Peck (1887)
  • Sporotrichum minimum Speg. (1881)
  • Sporotrichum sulfurescens Van Beyma (1928)
  • Stachylidium bassianum (Bals.-Criv.) Mont. (1856)
  • Trichoderma minimum (Speg.) G. Müller (1965)
  • Tritirachium shiotae (Kuru) Langeron (1947)

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Parasit: Arthropoden

EPPO code

  • BEAUBA (Beauveria bassiana)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Sordariomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Hypocreomycetidae
  •                         Order: Hypocreales
  •                             Family: Cordycipitaceae
  •                                 Genus: Beauveria
  •                                     Species: Beauveria bassiana

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

ChinaPresentGao & Ouyang, 1981; Hsiao Kang Ju, 1981; Feng et al., 1977; Chin, 1979; Li et al., 1981; Li et al., 1981; Yuan et al., 1982
-AnhuiPresentZhao and Cao, 1987; Tan and Ekramoddoullah, 1991; Lu et al., 1992
-FujianPresentLi et al., 1981; Zhao and Cao, 1987; Sun et al., 1993
-GuangdongPresentLiu Guang Hua & Liang Cheng Feng, 1995; Yin, 1981
-GuangxiPresentTan and Ekramoddoullah, 1991
-HenanPresentZhang et al., 1990a; Zhao and Cao, 1987
-HubeiPresent
-HunanPresentLi, 1985; Li, 1993
-JiangsuPresentHu, 1985
-JiangxiPresentChen et al., 1984; Zhao and Cao, 1987
-JilinPresentXu et al., 1986
-LiaoningPresentZhang et al., 1990a; Zhang et al., 1990b; Li et al., 1981
-ShandongPresentZhang et al., 1990a; Tian and Hu, 1992
-YunnanPresentChen et al., 1992; Li and Lu, 1989; Niu et al., 1992
-ZhejiangPresent
Georgia (Republic of)PresentKurashvili et al., 1974
IndiaPresentPandit et al., 1986; Srivastava and Mathur, 1970; Rao, 1975; Krishnaprasad et al., 1979
-Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPresentAnsari & Ashok Shukla, 1996; Pratap Singh & Misra, 1987
-Andhra PradeshPresentGupta and Pawar, 1989
-AssamPresentHazarika & Puzari, 1995; Puzari and Hazarika, 1991; Puzari and Hazarika, 1992
-DelhiPresentPrasad et al., 1989; Prasad et al., 1990
-Jammu and KashmirPresentChishti and Sohaf, 1989
-KarnatakaPresentKrishnaprasad et al., 1979; Patil and Thontadarya, 1981; Jayaramaiah and Veeresh, 1983; Samson et al., 1990
-KeralaPresentMohamed Ali & Mathew, 1989; Sankaran et al., 1989; Ali and Varma, 1994
-Madhya PradeshPresentAgarwal et al., 1985; Singh and Singh, 1988; Sandhu et al., 1993
-MaharashtraPresentPratap Singh & Misra, 1987
-OdishaPresentRao, 1975; Israel and Padmanabhan, 1980
-RajasthanPresent
-Tamil NaduPresentMisra, 1993; Easwaramoorthy and Santhalakshmi, 1987; Balakrishnan et al., 1994
-Uttar PradeshPresentSrivastava and Tandon, 1980; Srivastava and Tandon, 1986; Varma et al., 1988; Misra et al., 1991
-West BengalPresentPandit et al., 1979; Pandit and Som, 1988
IndonesiaPresentJunianto & Sri Sukamto, 1995; Nurindah and Indrayani, 1989
-JavaPresent
IranPresentRezwany and Schahosseini, 1977; Abai, 1981
IraqPresentAl Hassan et al., 1980; Jassim et al., 1989; Aeschlimann et al., 1985; Jassim et al., 1988
IsraelPresent
JapanPresentAoki, 1971a; Aoki, 1971b; Okada, 1993
-HonshuPresent
-KyushuPresent
-Ryukyu ArchipelagoPresentGreathead pers. comm
KazakhstanPresentGreathead and Greathead, 1992
Korea, Republic ofPresentLee SangMyeong et al., 1996; Aguda et al., 1987
MalaysiaPresentLim et al., 1989; Siti Ramlah et al., 1994; Ding, 1976; Lim et al., 1988
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentGreathead and Greathead, 1992
PakistanPresentArshad and Hafiz, 1983a; Arshad and Hafiz, 1983b; Khawaja et al., 1982
PhilippinesPresentAguda et al., 1984a; Aguda et al., 1984b; Rombach et al., 1986a; Barrion et al., 1987
South East AsiaPresentGreathead and Greathead, 1992
Sri LankaPresentLim et al., 1988; Ekanayake and Jayasundara, 1994
SyriaPresentAeschlimann et al., 1985
TaiwanPresentWeng & Leu, 1974; Wang et al., 1972; Zhao and Cao, 1987; Chang et al., 1991
TajikistanPresentGafurova and Kurbatskaya, 1980
ThailandPresentHirashima et al., 1979
TurkeyPresentSmirnoff and Eichhorn, 1970; Doganlar and Doken, 1985; Zeki and Toros, 1990
TurkmenistanPresentDaricheva & Koval', 1983; Wright and Knauf, 1994
UzbekistanPresentGreathead and Greathead, 1992
VietnamPresent

Africa

AlgeriaPresentKhous et al., 1991
BeninPresentParaiso et al., 1991; Shah et al., 1994; Thielen et al., 1994
BurundiPresentGreathead and Greathead, 1992
Cape VerdePresentLima et al., 1992
Central African RepublicPresentBalazy et al., 1987
Congo Democratic RepublicPresentGreathead and Greathead, 1992
East AfricaPresentGreathead and Greathead, 1992
EgyptPresentEl Safty & Boraei, 1987; Altahtawy, 1970; Wright and Knauf, 1994
GhanaPresentAtuahene et al., 1979; Atuahene and Doppelreiter, 1982
GuineaPresentWylie, 1974; Prior et al., 1988
KenyaPresentManiania, 1993a; Maniania, 1993b; Bartkowski et al., 1988; Maniania et al., 1994
MadagascarPresentNowierski et al., 1996
MaliPresentJohnson et al., 1991; Maurer et al., 1997
MoroccoPresentPoprawski et al., 1988
NigerPresentNasseh et al., 1992
RwandaPresentGreathead and Greathead, 1992
SenegalPresent
South AfricaPresentJacobs, 1989; Joubert and Labuschagne, 1995; Schoeman, 1995; Ware and Gouws, 1995
TanzaniaPresentEbbels and Allen, 1979
UgandaPresentGreathead and Greathead, 1992
West AfricaPresentGreathead pers. comm
ZimbabwePresentGreathead and Greathead, 1992

North America

CanadaPresentPree, 1968; Hagley, 1970; Weiser, 1970; Cram, 1972
-AlbertaPresentCerezke, 1973; Khachatourians, 1992; Johnson and Goettel, 1993; Inglis et al., 1997
-British ColumbiaPresentWeiser, 1970; Cram, 1972; Whitney et al., 1984; Tan and Ekramoddoullah, 1991
-OntarioPresentFogal et al., 1986; Pree, 1968; Hagley, 1970; Timonin et al., 1980; Chiykowski, 1985
-QuebecPresentMartel et al., 1980; Martel et al., 1982; Poprawski and Yule, 1991
-SaskatchewanPresentMiranpuri and Khachatourians, 1995a; Miranpuri and Khachatourians, 1995b; Bidochka et al., 1993
MexicoPresentSanchez, 1990; Frank and Thomas, 1994
USAPresentBell and Hamalle, 1970; Taylor and Franklin, 1973; Tedders et al., 1973; Steinkraus, 1996
-AlabamaPresentAgudelo and Falcon, 1977; Stark and Harper, 1982
-ArkansasPresentSteinkraus, 1996; Steinkraus and Tugwell, 1997
-CaliforniaPresentJohnson et al., 1984; Gambino and Thomas, 1988
-ConnecticutPresentAndreadis, 1980; Hare and Andreadis, 1983
-FloridaPresentKish et al., 1974; Reinert, 1978; Stimac et al., 1990
-GeorgiaPresentTedders et al., 1973a; Tedders et al., 1973b; Taylor and Franklin, 1973; Berisford and Tsao, 1975; Morrill and Suber, 1976
-HawaiiPresentGreathead and Greathead, 1992
-IdahoPresentFeng et al., 1990; Dorschner et al., 1991; Kish et al., 1994
-IllinoisPresentLeathers and Gupta, 1993; Vega et al., 1995
-IowaPresentPedigo et al., 1973; Lewis and Cossentine, 1986; Bing and Lewis, 1991
-KansasPresentKrueger et al., 1992
-KentuckyPresentForschler and Nordin, 1989
-LouisianaPresentBoethel et al., 1979; Payah and Boethel, 1986
-MainePresentStorch & Dill, 1987; Tan and Ekramoddoullah, 1991
-MarylandPresentCantwell et al., 1986; Schroder and Athanas, 1989
-MassachusettsPresentWeber and Ferro, 1993
-MichiganPresentGroden and Lockwood, 1991
-MississippiPresentEl Sayed et al., 1992
-MontanaPresent
-NevadaPresent
-New JerseyPresentMailloux and Streu, 1981; Gaugler et al., 1989
-New YorkPresentLoria et al., 1983; Campbell et al., 1985; Anderson et al., 1988
-North CarolinaPresentMoore, 1971; Marrone et al., 1983; McGiffen and Meyer, 1986
-North DakotaPresentSmith, 1996
-OklahomaPresentBoethel et al., 1979; Campbell et al., 1979; Cartwright et al., 1982
-OregonPresentKamm, 1973; Carroll, 1988; James et al., 1995
-PennsylvaniaPresentMajchrowicz and Yendol, 1973; Quinn and Hower, 1985; Losey et al., 1992
-Rhode IslandPresentClark et al., 1982; Watt and LeBrun, 1984; Groden and Lockwood, 1991
-South CarolinaPresentTedders et al., 1982; Gilreath et al., 1986
-TexasPresentFrank and Slosser, 1990; Knutson and Gilstrap, 1990; Wright and Chandler, 1992
-WashingtonPresentKish et al., 1994
-WisconsinPresentKlein, 1973

Central America and Caribbean

Costa RicaPresentCarballo & Arias de Lopez, 1994; Badilla and Alves, 1991; Brenes and Carballo, 1994
CubaPresentAyala and Monzon, 1977; Meneses, 1983
GuatemalaPresentRutilio, 1985
JamaicaPresentRhodes and Mansingh, 1986

South America

ArgentinaPresentFresa, 1979; Vasicek et al., 1995; Lecuona et al., 1996
BoliviaPresentPruett and Colque, 1985
BrazilPresentHabib and Andrade, 1977; Hoffmann et al., 1979; Stimac et al., 1990
-AlagoasPresent
-AmazonasPresentLord et al., 1987
-BahiaPresent
-CearaPresentBleicher et al., 1994; Quintela et al., 1994
-Espirito SantoPresentBenassi, 1995
-GoiasPresentFernandes and Alves, 1991; Fernandes and Alves, 1992; Quintela et al., 1994
-Mato GrossoPresent
-Mato Grosso do SulPresent
-ParanaPresentSosa Gomez & Moscardi, 1994; Hoffmann et al., 1979
-PernambucoPresentVilas Boas et al., 1992; Marques et al., 1984; Coutinho and Cavalcanti, 1988
-Rio Grande do SulPresentSilva & Diehl Fleig, 1988; Tonet & Reis, 1979; Lorenzato and Corseuil, 1982; Lorini et al., 1990
-Santa CatarinaPresentDiehl Fleig & Lucchese, 1991; Carneiro et al., 1994
-Sao PauloPresent
ChilePresentLanfranco et al., 1994
ColombiaPresentReyes Aristizabal et al., 1995; Agudelo and Falcon, 1977; Bejarano, 1988; Londono and Perez, 1994
EcuadorPresentEl Sayed et al., 1992; Kein, 1989
PeruPresentAlcala and Alcazar, 1976
UruguayPresentHudson et al., 1988

Europe

AustriaPresentRuss and Rupf, 1974; Holzschuh, 1985
BelgiumPresent
BulgariaPresentKontev & Chambon, 1975; karadzhov, 1973; Rosnev and Tsankov, 1978
CyprusPresentAeschlimann et al., 1985
Czech RepublicPresentDirlbekova et al., 1992
Czechoslovakia (former)PresentFassatiova et al., 1983; Kucera, 1971; Kmitowa and Bajan, 1982; Samsinakova and Kalalova, 1983; Kybal and Kalalova, 1987
DenmarkPresentOelrichs et al., 1992; Steenberg et al., 1995
EstoniaPresentAlton, 1990
FinlandPresentHusberg et al., 1988; Hokkanen, 1993; Vanninen, 1996
Former USSRPresent
FrancePresentFerron, 1971; Fargues and Ferron, 1975; Ferron et al., 1977
GermanyPresentSmirnoff and Eichhorn, 1970; Zimmermann, 1986; Kleespies et al., 1989
GreecePresentCaresche and Wapshere, 1975; Stavraki, 1976
HungaryPresentLesko, 1986
ItalyPresentCavalcaselle, 1975a; Cavalcaselle, 1975b; Girolami and Battisti, 1979
-SicilyPresent
LithuaniaPresentKabasinskaite et al., 1973; Ryliskiene et al., 1983
Mediterranean countriesPresent
MoldovaPresentSimchuk and Sikura, 1978
NetherlandsPresentBrunsting Visser, 1982
PolandPresentKmitowa et al., 1971; Sandner et al., 1972; Fedorko et al., 1975; Bajan et al., 1977
PortugalPresentHeitor, 1974
RomaniaPresentBeratlief, 1979; Rosca and Barbulescu, 1983; Banita et al., 1992
Russian FederationPresentMartynenko, 1977; Knudsen et al., 1994; Vandenberg, 1996
SerbiaPresentGreathead and Greathead, 1992
SlovakiaPresentDirlbekova et al., 1991
SpainPresentLipa et al., 1993; Vargas Osuna et al., 1994; Gallego, 1975; Tigano et al., 1990
SwedenPresentVon Rosen, 1978; Giege, 1975; Prado, 1980; Subinprasert, 1987
SwitzerlandPresentKeller, 1978; Wyss, 1996
UKPresentBarson, 1977; IOBC, 1980; Moore and Prior, 1988
-ScotlandPresentScandrett and Gimingham, 1991
UkrainePresentSikura and Simchuk, 1970; Dobzhenok, 1974; Goral' et al., 1975
Yugoslavia (former)PresentZivanovic, 1975; Manojlovic et al., 1994
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)Present

Oceania

AustraliaPresentCaresche and Wapshere, 1975; Allsopp, 1979; Elliott et al., 1980
-New South WalesPresentGoodwin and Pettit, 1994
-QueenslandPresentAllopp, 1979; Oelrichs et al., 1992; Robertson, 1993; Robertson and Kettle, 1994
-TasmaniaPresentElliott et al., 1980; Wright and Patel, 1992
New CaledoniaPresentChazeau, 1987
New ZealandPresentBaker, 1981; Grehan, 1982; Townsend et al., 1995
Papua New GuineaPresentPrior et al., 1989; Wylie, 1974
Solomon IslandsPresentAnon., 1981
TongaPresentLai et al., 1982

Natural enemy of

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SpeciesStages attackedCountries where known to occurReferences
Acantholyda posticalis
Acraea acerataLarvae
Acromyrmex heyeri
Acromyrmex striatus
Adoretus sinicusAdults
Aelia rostrata
Aenetus virescensLarvae
Aeolesthes sartaAdults
Agrilus sulcicollis
Agrotis exclamationis
Agrotis ipsilon
Agrotis segetumLarvae
Altica quercetorum
Anicetus ohgushii
Anomala
Anomala cuprea
Anomis sabulifera
Anoplophora chinensis
Anoplophora nobilis
Anthonomus grandisAdults
Anticarsia gemmatalisLarvae
Aphis gossypiiAdults/Nymphs
Apion corchori
Apogonia
Aporia crataegi
Apriona cinerea
Araecerus fasciculatus
Archips rosana
Aromia bungiiAdults/Eggs/Larvae/Pupae
Artipus floridanus
Artona catoxanthaLarvae
Asproparthenis punctiventris
Atta sexdens
Atta sexdens piriventris
Atteva fabriciellaLarvae/Pupae
Aulacophora indica
Autographa gamma
Basilepta fulvicornisAdults
Basilepta subcostatum
Batocera horsfieldi
Bemisia tabaciCuthbertson et al., 2012
Bemisia tabaci (MEAM1)
Bemisia tabaci (MED)
Blissus insularis
Blissus leucopterusAdults/Nymphs
Bombyx mori
Brassolis sophorae
Brontispa longissima
Cadra cautella
Calopepla leayanaLarvae/Pupae
Cardiochiles enderleiniAdults/Larvae/Pupae
Carpophilus lugubris
Carposina sasakiiAdults/Larvae/Pupae
Caryedon serratus
Castniomera licus
Cavelerius sweetiAdults
Cecidophyopsis ribisAdults/Nymphs
Cephalonomia stephanoderis
Cephus pygmeus
Ceratitis capitataAdults/PupaeBeris et al., 2013
Cerotoma arcuata
Cerotoma trifurcataAdults
Chalcodermus aeneusLarvae
Chalcodermus bimaculatusLarvae
Chilo auriciliusLarvae
Chilo infuscatellusLarvae
Chilo niponella
Chilo partellusLarvae
Chilo sacchariphagus
Chilo suppressalisLarvae
Choreutis pariana
Choristoneura fumiferana
Chrysodeixis includens
Chrysomela populi
Chrysomela tremula
Chrysomphalus aonidum
Chrysoperla carnea
Chrysoperla sinica
Chrysoteuchia topiariaLarvae
Cnaphalocrocis medinalisLarvae
Cnephasia pasiuana
Cnephasia pumicana
Coccinella septempunctata
Coleomegilla maculata
Conopomorpha cramerellaPupae
Conorhynchus mendicus
Conotrachelus nenupharLarvae
Cornitermes cumulans
Corythucha ciliataAdults
Cosmopolites sordidusAdults/Larvae
Cossus cossus
Costelytra zealandicaLarvae
Cryptorhynchus lapathi
Curculio caryaeLarvae
Curculio elephas
Cycloneda limbifer
Cycloneda sanguinea
Cydia pomonellaLarvae/Pupae
Cydia pyrivora
Cydia strobilellaLarvae
Cylas brunneusAdults/Larvae/Pupae
Cylas formicariusAdults
Dasineura rachiphagaLarvae
Delia antiqua
Dendroctonus frontalis
Dendroctonus micans
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Dendroctonus rufipennis
Dendrolimus pini
Dendrolimus punctatus
Dendrolimus spectabilisLarvae
Dendrolimus superansLarvae
Dendrolimus tabulaeformisLarvae
Deois flavopictaAdults/Nymphs
Desmidophorus hebesAdults
Diabrotica barberiLarvae/Pupae
Diabrotica speciosa
Diabrotica undecimpunctata
Diabrotica virgifera virgifera
Dialeurodes citriAdults/Nymphs
Diaphorina citriRodríguez-Palomera et al., 2012
Diaprepes abbreviatus
Diatraea grandiosellaLarvae
Diatraea rufescensLarvae
Diatraea saccharalis
Dichroplus elongatusAdults/Nymphs
Dicladispa armigeraAdults
Dioryctria sylvestrella
Diprion piniLarvae
Diuraphis noxiaAdults/Nymphs
Dociostaurus maroccanusAdults/Nymphs
Drosicha stebbingiAdults/Nymphs
Dryocoetes confususAdults/Eggs/Larvae/Nymphs/Pupae
Elasmopalpus lignosellusLarvae
Eldana saccharina
Empoasca kraemeriAdults/Nymphs
Endoclita excrescensLarvae
Ephestia kuehniella
Eriopis connexa
Erthesina fullo
Euproctis chrysorrhoea
Euproctis pseudoconspersaLarvae
Eupterote fabia
Eupterote mollifera
Eurhizococcus brasiliensisAdults/Nymphs
Eurygaster integriceps
Euscepes postfasciatusAdults
Euschistus herosAdults/Nymphs
Eutectona machaeralis
Euwallacea fornicatusAdults
Frankliniella occidentalisAdults/Larvae/PupaeButt and Brownbridge, 1997
Galleria mellonellaLarvae
Glischrochilus quadrisignatus
Gonioctena fornicataLarvae
GonocephalumAdults/Larvae
Gonocephalum macleayi
Grapholita funebrana
Grapholita molesta
Gryllotalpa africanaAdults/Nymphs
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpaAdults/Nymphs
Gypsonoma minutana
Harmonia axyridis
Helicoverpa armigera
Helicoverpa punctigera
Helicoverpa zea
Heliothis virescens
Helopeltis theivoraAdults/Nymphs
Heptophylla picea
Heteropsylla cubanaAdults/Nymphs
Hieroglyphus banianAdults/Nymphs
Hieroglyphus daganensis
Hippodamia undecimnotata
Holotrichia diomphalia
Holotrichia morosa
Holotrichia parallela
Holotrichia serrataLarvae
Hoplocampa testudinea
Hyblaea puera
Hylobius abietisAdults/Larvae
Hylobius palesLarvae
Hylobius warreniAdults
Hypena scabraLarvae
Hypera brunnipennis
Hypera posticaAdults
Hypothenemus hampeiAdults
Hypsipyla grandella
Hypsipyla robusta
Idaea inquinata
Idioscopus clypealisAdults/Nymphs
Idioscopus nitidulus
Indarbela quadrinotataLarvae
Ips amitinusLarvae/Pupae
Ips duplicatusEggs/Pupae
Ips subelongatus
Ips typographusLarvae/Pupae
Junonia orithya
Lacanobia oleracea
Laodelphax striatellus
Leptinotarsa decemlineataAdults/Larvae
Leptocorisa acutaAdults/Nymphs
Liriomyza sativae
Liriomyza trifolii
Lissorhoptrus brevirostrisAdults
Lissorhoptrus oryzophilusAdults
Lobesia botranaLarvae/Pupae
Lochmaea suturalis
Locusta migratoriaAdults/Nymphs
Lygus borealis
Lygus elisus
Lygus lineolarisAdults
Lygus rugulipennisAdults/Nymphs
Lymantria dispar
Lymantria monacha
Lymantria xylina
Macrosteles quadrilineatus
Mahasena corbetti
Malacosoma americanumLarvae
Malacosoma disstria
Malacosoma neustria
Maladera castanea
Maliarpha separatella
Mamestra brassicae
Manduca sexta
Marasmia exiguaLarvae
Marasmia patnalisLarvae
Melanoplus bivittatus
Melanoplus differentialisAdults/Nymphs
Melanoplus packardiiAdults/Nymphs
Melanoplus sanguinipesNymphs
Meligethes aeneus
Meloidogyne incognita
Melolontha hippocastaniLarvae
Melolontha melolonthaAdults/Larvae
Metamasius hemipterusAdults
Metamasius hemipterus sericeus
Metisa plana
Metopolophium dirhodumAdults/Nymphs
Monalonion
Monochamus alternatus
Monochamus leuconotus
Monochamus notatusAdults/Larvae/Pupae
Monochamus scutellatusLarvae
Myllocerus viridanusAdults
Myzus persicae
Nematus ribesii
Nemocestes incomptusAdults
Neodiprion sertifer
Nephotettix cincticepsAdults/Nymphs
Nephotettix nigropictusAdults/Nymphs
Nephotettix virescensAdults/Nymphs
Nezara viridula
Nilaparvata bakeriAdults/Nymphs
Nilaparvata lugensAdults/Nymphs
Nilaparvata muiriAdults/Nymphs
Nisia nervosa
Nisotra orbiculataAdults
Nysius vinitorAdults/Nymphs
Ocnogyna baeticaLarvae
Oebalus poecilusAdults/Nymphs
Oiketicus kirbyi
Orthaga euadrusalisLarvae
Oryctes rhinocerosLarvae
Oryzaephilus surinamensis
Oryzophagus oryzae
Ostrinia furnacalisLarvae
Ostrinia nubilalisLarvae
Otiorhynchus ligustici
Otiorhynchus meridionalis
Otiorhynchus sulcatusLarvae
Panolis flammeaLarvae
Panonychus ulmiAdults/Nymphs
Pantomorus cervinusLarvae
Pantorhytes plutusAdults
Paranthrene tabaniformisLarvae
Paraphlepsius irroratus
Parasa lepidaLarvae
Parocneria orientaLarvae/Pupae
Patanga succinctaNymphs
Phalera bucephala
Phalera combusta
Pheidole megacephala
Phorodon humuli
Phragmataecia castaneae
PhyllophagaLarvae
Phyllophaga anxia
Pieris brassicae
Pieris rapae
Pimpla contemplator
Pityogenes chalcographusAdults/Larvae
Plautia stali
Plodia interpunctella
Plutella xylostellaLarvae/Pupae
Polyocha depressella
Polyphagotarsonemus latus
Popillia japonicaAdults/Larvae
Premnotrypes suturicallus
Pristiphora abietinaPupae
Promecotheca cumingiiAdults
Prostephanus truncatus
Psacothea hilaris
Pseudatomoscelis seriatus
Pterohelaeus alternatus
Pterohelaeus darlingensis
Pyrrhalta aenescens
Pyrrhalta luteola
Pythium debaryanumHyphae
Recilia dorsalis
Reticulitermes flavipes
Rhizophagus grandis
Rhopalosiphum maidisAdults/Nymphs
Rhopalosiphum padiAdults/Nymphs
Rhyzopertha dominica
Saccharosydne procerus
Sahyadrassus malabaricusLarvae
Samia cynthia
Saperda carchariasLarvae
Saperda populnea
Scapteriscus borelliiAdults/Nymphs
Scapteriscus vicinus
Schistocerca gregaria
Schizaphis graminumAdults/Larvae/Nymphs/Pupae
Scirpophaga excerptalisLarvae
Scirpophaga incertulasLarvae/Pupae
Scirpophaga nivella
Scolytus multistriatus
Scolytus scolytus
Scotinophara coarctataAdults/Nymphs
Scotinophara latiusculaAdults/Nymphs
Scotinophara lurida
Selenaspidus articulatus
Sesamia cretica
Sesamia inferensNymphs
Sitobion avenaeAdults/Nymphs
Sitona cylindricollisAdults
Sitona discoideusLarvae/Pupae
Sitona hispidulusAdults/Larvae
Sitona humeralisAdults
Sitona lineatusAdults/Larvae
Sitophilus granariusAdults
Sitophilus oryzae
Sitophilus zeamais
Sitotroga cerealella
Sogatella furcifera
Sogatella vibixAdults/Nymphs
Solenopsis invictaDrees and Knutson, 2002
Solenopsis richteriAll Stages
Solenopsis saevissima
Sphenophorus levis
Sphrageidus similis
Spodoptera exigua
Spodoptera frugiperda
Spodoptera littoralis
Spodoptera lituraLarvae
Stenoma decora
Stereonychus fraxini
Sternechus subsignatusAdults
Sternochetus mangiferae
Strobilomyia anthracina
Strobilomyia laricicolaLarvae
Synanthedon tipuliformis
Tanymecus dilaticollisTakov et al., 2013
Tessaratoma papillosaAdults/Nymphs
Tetranychus urticaeJeyarani et al., 2011
Thaia subrufa
Thaumastocoris peregrinusAdults/Nymphs
Thaumetopoea pityocampaPupae
Thaumetopoea wilkinsoni
Thecodiplosis japonensisLarvae
Thrips palmi
Thrips tabaci
Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformisLarvae
Tomicus minorSchebeck et al., 2016
Tomicus piniperda
Tortrix viridana
Toxoptera citricida
Trachelus tabidus
Trialeurodes vaporariorumAdults/Nymphs
Trichoplusia niLarvae
Trypodendron lineatum
Tuta absoluta
Tyloderma brassicae
Vatiga manihotaeAdultsAlves et al., 2012
Vespula pensylvanicaLarvae
Vespula vulgaris
Vitacea polistiformis
Xestia c-nigrumLarvae
Xylosandrus compactusAdults
Xylotrechus quadripesLarvae
Zeuzera pyrina
Zonocerus variegatus
Zulia entrerianaAdults/Nymphs

References

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