Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Bactrocera cucumis
(cucumber fruit fly)

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Datasheet

Bactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Bactrocera cucumis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cucumber fruit fly
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Bactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); adult, lateral view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
TitleAdult
CaptionBactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); adult, lateral view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
Copyright©PaDIL/Amy Carmichael/Queensland University of Technology - CC BY 3.0 AU
Bactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); adult, lateral view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
AdultBactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); adult, lateral view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.©PaDIL/Amy Carmichael/Queensland University of Technology - CC BY 3.0 AU
Bactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); adult, dorsal view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
TitleAdult
CaptionBactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); adult, dorsal view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
Copyright©PaDIL/Amy Carmichael/Queensland University of Technology - CC BY 3.0 AU
Bactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); adult, dorsal view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
AdultBactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); adult, dorsal view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.©PaDIL/Amy Carmichael/Queensland University of Technology - CC BY 3.0 AU
Bactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); wing, showing venation. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
TitleWing
CaptionBactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); wing, showing venation. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
Copyright©PaDIL/Amy Carmichael/Queensland University of Technology - CC BY 3.0 AU
Bactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); wing, showing venation. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
WingBactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); wing, showing venation. Note scale. Museum set specimen.©PaDIL/Amy Carmichael/Queensland University of Technology - CC BY 3.0 AU
Bactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); head capsule, lateral view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
TitleHead
CaptionBactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); head capsule, lateral view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
Copyright©PaDIL/Amy Carmichael/Queensland University of Technology - CC BY 3.0 AU
Bactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); head capsule, lateral view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
HeadBactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); head capsule, lateral view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.©PaDIL/Amy Carmichael/Queensland University of Technology - CC BY 3.0 AU
Bactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); head capsule, frontal view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
TitleHead
CaptionBactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); head capsule, frontal view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
Copyright©PaDIL/Amy Carmichael/Queensland University of Technology - CC BY 3.0 AU
Bactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); head capsule, frontal view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
HeadBactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); head capsule, frontal view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.©PaDIL/Amy Carmichael/Queensland University of Technology - CC BY 3.0 AU
Bactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); head capsule, dorsal view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
TitleHead
CaptionBactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); head capsule, dorsal view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
Copyright©PaDIL/Amy Carmichael/Queensland University of Technology - CC BY 3.0 AU
Bactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); head capsule, dorsal view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.
HeadBactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); head capsule, dorsal view. Note scale. Museum set specimen.©PaDIL/Amy Carmichael/Queensland University of Technology - CC BY 3.0 AU

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Bactrocera cucumis (French)

Preferred Common Name

  • cucumber fruit fly

Other Scientific Names

  • Austrodacus cucumis (French)
  • Dacus cucumis French
  • Dacus tryoni var. cucumis French

International Common Names

  • English: fly, cucumber

EPPO code

  • DACUCM (Bactrocera cucumis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Diptera
  •                         Family: Tephritidae
  •                             Genus: Bactrocera
  •                                 Species: Bactrocera cucumis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Oceania

AustraliaPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2020)
-New South WalesPresent, LocalizedDrew (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2020)
-Northern TerritoryPresent, LocalizedFitt (1980); CABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2020)
-QueenslandPresent, LocalizedDrew (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2020)
-South AustraliaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
-VictoriaPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2020)
-Western AustraliaPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Fruiting stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / discoloration
Fruit / gummosis
Fruit / internal feeding
Fruit / lesions: black or brown
Fruit / lesions: scab or pitting
Fruit / obvious exit hole
Fruit / odour
Fruit / ooze

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Clothing, footwear and possessionsFruit in cases or bags Yes
Containers and packaging - woodOf fruit. Yes
Land vehiclesLorries, planes, possibly ships with fruit cargo Yes
MailFruit in post Yes
Soil, sand and gravelRisk of puparia in soil Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Fruits (inc. pods) eggs; larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Growing medium accompanying plants pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Leaves
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Armstrong JW, Hu BKS, Brown SA, 1995. Single-temperature forced hot-air quarantine treatment to control fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in papaya. Journal of Economic Entomology, 88(3):678-682

CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp

CABI/EPPO, 2004. Bactrocera cucumis. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, No. 655. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Corcoran RJ, Heather NW, Heard TA, 1993. Vapor heat treatment for zucchini infested with Bactrocera cucumis (Diptera: Tephritidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 86(1):66-69

Dominiak, B. C., 2018. Review of cucumber fruit fly, Bactrocera cucumis (French) (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae): Part 2, biology, ecology and control in Australia. Crop Protection, 104, 35-40. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02612194 doi: 10.1016/j.cropro.2017.10.005

Dominiak, B. C., Worsley, P., 2018. Review of cucumber fruit fly, Bactrocera cucumis (French) (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) in Australia: Part 1, host range, surveillance and distribution. Crop Protection, 106, 79-85. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02612194 doi: 10.1016/j.cropro.2017.11.015

Drew RAI, 1982. I. Taxonomy, In: Drew RAI, Hooper GHS, Bateman MA, eds. Economic Fruit Flies of the South Pacific Region. 2nd edn. Brisbane, Australia: Queensland Department of Primary Industries,1-97

Drew RAI, 1989. The tropical fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinp) of the Australasian and Oceanian regions. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 26:521 pp

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Fitt GP, 1980. New records of Dacus (Austrodacus) cucumis French from the Northern Territory, Australia (Diptera: Tephritidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 19(3):240

Hancock DL, Hamacek EL, Lloyd AC, Elson-Harris MM, 2000. The distribution and host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Australia. Department of Primary Industries, Queensland, Information Series Q199067: 1-75

Heather NW, 1986. Irradiation of fruit and vegetables. Queensland Agricultural Journal, 112(2):85-87

Heather NW, Walpole DE, Corcoran RJ, Hargreaves PA, Jordan RA, 1992. Postharvest quarantine disinfestation of zucchinis and rockmelons against Bactrocera cucumis (French) using insecticide dips of fenthion or dimethoate. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 32(2):241-244

Hely PC, Pasfield G, Gellatley JG, 1982. Insect Pests of Fruit and Vegetables in NSW. Sydney, New South Wales, Australia: Department of Agriculture, New South Wales, viii + 312 pp

Jacobi KK, Wong LS, Giles JE, 1996. Postharvest quality of zucchini (Cucurbita pepo L.) following high humidity hot air disinfestation treatments and cool storage. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 7(4):309-316; 23 ref

USDA, 1994. Treatment manual. Frederick, USA: USDA/APHIS

White IM, Elson-Harris MM, 1994. Fruit Flies of Economic Significance. Their Identification and Bionomics. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Distribution Maps

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