Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

dermatophilosis

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Datasheet

dermatophilosis

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • dermatophilosis
  • Overview
  • Dermatophilosis is an exudative, pustular dermatitis, caused by the bacterium Dermatophilus congolensis, that mainly affects cattle, sheep and horses, but also goats, pigs, buffaloes, dromedary camels, dogs,...

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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • dermatophilosis

International Common Names

  • English: cutaneous streptotrichosis; dermatophilosis in pigs; dermatophilosis in ruminants; Dermatophilus congolensis infection; Dermatophilus infection; lumpy wool; strawberry foot rot

Overview

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Dermatophilosis is an exudative, pustular dermatitis, caused by the bacterium Dermatophilus congolensis, that mainly affects cattle, sheep and horses, but also goats, pigs, buffaloes, dromedary camels, dogs, cats, wild mammals and humans.

D. congolensis itself is not highly pathogenic, and a combination of factors is necessary for the development of clinical lesions, such as malnutrition, intense rainfalls and mechanical traumas (Woldemeskel, 2000; Woldemeskel and Taye, 2002; Kassaye et al., 2003). Where dermatophilosis has an important economic impact in West and Central Africa, as well as on some Caribbean islands, a major risk factor is the infestation by Amblyomma variegatum ticks (Chatikobo et al., 2009; Ndhlovu and Masika, 2015). Susceptibility to dermatophilosis is also influenced by genetics (Woldemeskel, 2000; Kassaye et al., 2003).

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

AzerbaijanNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BahrainDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BhutanNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Brunei DarussalamNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
China
-Hong KongNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Georgia (Republic of)Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
IndonesiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
IranReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
IraqNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
IsraelNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
JapanNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
JordanNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
KazakhstanDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Korea, DPRDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Korea, Republic ofDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
KuwaitDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
LebanonLast reported1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
Malaysia
-Peninsular MalaysiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
-SabahDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
-SarawakNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
MongoliaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MyanmarDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
NepalNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
OmanNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
PhilippinesDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
QatarDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SingaporeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Sri LankaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SyriaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
TaiwanDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
TajikistanNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
ThailandDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
TurkeyNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
TurkmenistanDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
United Arab EmiratesDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
UzbekistanDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VietnamNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
YemenNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005

Africa

AlgeriaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
AngolaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BeninReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BotswanaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Burkina FasoReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BurundiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
CameroonReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Cape VerdeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Central African RepublicReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
ChadNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Congo Democratic RepublicNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Côte d'IvoireReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
DjiboutiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EgyptNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EritreaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EthiopiaLast reported2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
GhanaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Guinea-BissauNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
KenyaCAB Abstracts data miningOIE Handistatus, 2005
LibyaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MadagascarReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
MalawiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
MaliNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
MauritiusLast reported2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
MoroccoNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
MozambiqueLast reported2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
NamibiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
NigeriaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
RéunionNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
RwandaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Sao Tome and PrincipeNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
SenegalNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
SeychellesDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SomaliaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
South AfricaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
SudanLast reported1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
SwazilandLast reported2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
TanzaniaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
TogoReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
TunisiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
UgandaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
ZambiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
ZimbabweReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005

North America

BermudaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
CanadaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
MexicoDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
USAOIE Handistatus, 2005

Central America and Caribbean

BarbadosDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BelizeDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
British Virgin IslandsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Cayman IslandsLast reported2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
Costa RicaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
CubaLast reported1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
CuraçaoDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
DominicaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Dominican RepublicDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
El SalvadorDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
GuadeloupeReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
GuatemalaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
HaitiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
JamaicaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MartiniqueReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
NicaraguaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
PanamaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Saint Kitts and NevisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Trinidad and TobagoReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005

South America

ArgentinaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BoliviaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BrazilReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
ChileOIE Handistatus, 2005
ColombiaLast reported1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
EcuadorNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Falkland IslandsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
French GuianaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
GuyanaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
ParaguayDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
PeruDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
UruguayReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VenezuelaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

Europe

AndorraNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
AustriaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BelarusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BelgiumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Bosnia-HercegovinaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BulgariaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
CroatiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
CyprusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Czech RepublicDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
DenmarkDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EstoniaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
FinlandDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
FranceDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
GermanyDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
GreeceDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
HungaryLast reported1970OIE Handistatus, 2005
IcelandReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
IrelandReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Isle of Man (UK)No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
ItalyNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
JerseyDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
LatviaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
LiechtensteinDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
LithuaniaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
LuxembourgDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MacedoniaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MaltaLast reported2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
MoldovaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
NetherlandsDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
NorwayReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
PolandDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
PortugalDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
RomaniaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Russian FederationDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SlovakiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SloveniaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SpainDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SwedenLast reported2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
SwitzerlandDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
UKReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
-Northern IrelandReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
UkraineDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Yugoslavia (former)No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)Disease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

Oceania

AustraliaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
French PolynesiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
New CaledoniaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
New ZealandReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
SamoaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VanuatuDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Wallis and Futuna IslandsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Digestive Signs / Oral mucosal ulcers, vesicles, plaques, pustules, erosions, tears Sign
General Signs / Dehydration Sign
General Signs / Forelimb lameness, stiffness, limping fore leg Sign
General Signs / Generalized lameness or stiffness, limping Sign
General Signs / Hindlimb lameness, stiffness, limping hind leg Sign
General Signs / Lack of growth or weight gain, retarded, stunted growth Sign
General Signs / Lymphadenopathy, swelling, mass or enlarged lymph nodes Sign
General Signs / Oral cavity, tongue swelling, mass in mouth Sign
General Signs / Swelling skin or subcutaneous, mass, lump, nodule Sign
General Signs / Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift Sign
General Signs / Weight loss Sign
Pain / Discomfort Signs / Skin pain Sign
Reproductive Signs / Agalactia, decreased, absent milk production Sign
Reproductive Signs / Male infertility Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Alopecia, thinning, shedding, easily epilated, loss of, hair Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Hyperkeratosis, thick skin Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Matted or dirty hair Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Moist skin, hair or feathers Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Moist skin, hair or feathers Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Purulent discharge skin Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin crusts, scabs Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin crusts, scabs Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin erythema, inflammation, redness Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin papules Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin pustules Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin scales, flakes, peeling Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin scales, flakes, peeling Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin ulcer, erosion, excoriation Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin vesicles, bullae, blisters Sign

References

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Chatikobo P; Choga T; Ncube C; Muzenda-Mutambara J, 2009. Bovine dermatophilosis, a re-emerging pandemic disease in Zimbabwe. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 41(7):1289-1297. http://springerlink.metapress.com/link.asp?id=103008

Kassaye E; Moser I; Woldemeskel M, 2003. Epidemiological study on clinical bovine dermatophilosis in northern Ethiopia. Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift, 110(10):422-425.

Ndhlovu DN; Masika PJ, 2015. Risk factors associated with clinical dermatophilosis in smallholder sector cattle herds of Zimbabwe at the Amblyomma variegatum and Amblyomma hebraeum interface. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 47(2):353-360. http://rd.springer.com/journal/11250

OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Woldemeskel M, 2000. Dermatophilosis: a threat to livestock production in Ethiopia. Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift, 107(4):144-146.

Woldemeskel M; Taye G, 2002. Prevalence of bovine dermatophilosis in a tropical highland region of Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 34(3):189-194.

Distribution Maps

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