Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

dermatophilosis

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Datasheet

dermatophilosis

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • dermatophilosis
  • Overview
  • Dermatophilosis is an exudative, pustular dermatitis, caused by the bacterium Dermatophilus congolensis, that mainly affects cattle, sheep and horses, but also goats, pigs, buffaloes, dromedary camels, dogs, cats, wild mammals and human...

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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • dermatophilosis

International Common Names

  • English: cutaneous streptotrichosis; dermatophilosis in pigs; dermatophilosis in ruminants; Dermatophilus congolensis infection; Dermatophilus infection; lumpy wool; strawberry foot rot

Overview

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Dermatophilosis is an exudative, pustular dermatitis, caused by the bacterium Dermatophilus congolensis, that mainly affects cattle, sheep and horses, but also goats, pigs, buffaloes, dromedary camels, dogs, cats, wild mammals and humans.

D. congolensis itself is not highly pathogenic, and a combination of factors is necessary for the development of clinical lesions, such as malnutrition, intense rainfalls and mechanical traumas (Woldemeskel, 2000; Woldemeskel and Taye, 2002; Kassaye et al., 2003). Where dermatophilosis has an important economic impact in West and Central Africa, as well as on some Caribbean islands, a major risk factor is the infestation by Amblyomma variegatum ticks (Chatikobo et al., 2009; Ndhlovu and Masika, 2015). Susceptibility to dermatophilosis is also influenced by genetics (Woldemeskel, 2000; Kassaye et al., 2003).

Systems Affected

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skin and ocular diseases of large ruminants
skin and ocular diseases of pigs
skin and ocular diseases of small ruminants

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaAbsent, No presence record(s)
AngolaPresent
BeninPresent
BotswanaPresent
Burkina FasoPresent
Cabo VerdeAbsent, No presence record(s)
CameroonPresent
Central African RepublicPresent
Côte d'IvoirePresent
DjiboutiAbsent, No presence record(s)
EritreaPresent
KenyaPresentCAB Abstracts Data Mining
LibyaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MadagascarPresent
NamibiaPresent
NigeriaPresent
RwandaPresent
SeychellesAbsent, No presence record(s)
South AfricaPresent
TogoPresent
TunisiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
ZambiaPresent
ZimbabwePresent

Asia

BahrainAbsent, No presence record(s)
GeorgiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
IndonesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
IranPresent
KazakhstanAbsent, No presence record(s)
KuwaitAbsent, No presence record(s)
Malaysia
-Peninsular MalaysiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
-SabahAbsent, No presence record(s)
MongoliaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MyanmarAbsent, No presence record(s)
North KoreaAbsent, No presence record(s)
PhilippinesAbsent, No presence record(s)
QatarAbsent, No presence record(s)
SingaporeAbsent, No presence record(s)
South KoreaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Sri LankaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SyriaAbsent, No presence record(s)
TaiwanAbsent, No presence record(s)
ThailandAbsent, No presence record(s)
TurkmenistanAbsent, No presence record(s)
United Arab EmiratesAbsent, No presence record(s)
UzbekistanAbsent, No presence record(s)

Europe

AustriaAbsent, No presence record(s)
BelarusAbsent, No presence record(s)
BulgariaAbsent, No presence record(s)
CroatiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
CyprusAbsent, No presence record(s)
CzechiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
DenmarkAbsent, No presence record(s)
EstoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
FinlandAbsent, No presence record(s)
FranceAbsent, No presence record(s)
GermanyAbsent, No presence record(s)
GreeceAbsent, No presence record(s)
IcelandPresent
IrelandPresent
JerseyAbsent, No presence record(s)
LatviaAbsent, No presence record(s)
LiechtensteinAbsent, No presence record(s)
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
LuxembourgAbsent, No presence record(s)
MoldovaAbsent, No presence record(s)
NetherlandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
North MacedoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
NorwayPresent
PolandAbsent, No presence record(s)
PortugalAbsent, No presence record(s)
RomaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
RussiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Serbia and MontenegroAbsent, No presence record(s)
SlovakiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SloveniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SpainAbsent, No presence record(s)
SwitzerlandAbsent, No presence record(s)
UkraineAbsent, No presence record(s)
United KingdomPresent
-Northern IrelandPresent

North America

BarbadosAbsent, No presence record(s)
BelizeAbsent, No presence record(s)
BermudaAbsent, No presence record(s)
British Virgin IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
CanadaPresent
CuraçaoAbsent, No presence record(s)
DominicaPresent
Dominican RepublicAbsent, No presence record(s)
El SalvadorAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuadeloupePresent
GuatemalaAbsent, No presence record(s)
JamaicaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MartiniquePresent
MexicoAbsent, No presence record(s)
NicaraguaAbsent, No presence record(s)
PanamaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Saint Kitts and NevisPresent
Trinidad and TobagoPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
French PolynesiaPresent
New CaledoniaPresent
New ZealandPresent
SamoaAbsent, No presence record(s)
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)

South America

ArgentinaPresent
BrazilPresent
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuyanaAbsent, No presence record(s)
ParaguayAbsent, No presence record(s)
PeruAbsent, No presence record(s)
UruguayPresent
VenezuelaAbsent, No presence record(s)

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Digestive Signs / Oral mucosal ulcers, vesicles, plaques, pustules, erosions, tears Sign
General Signs / Dehydration Sign
General Signs / Forelimb lameness, stiffness, limping fore leg Sign
General Signs / Generalized lameness or stiffness, limping Sign
General Signs / Hindlimb lameness, stiffness, limping hind leg Sign
General Signs / Lack of growth or weight gain, retarded, stunted growth Sign
General Signs / Lymphadenopathy, swelling, mass or enlarged lymph nodes Sign
General Signs / Oral cavity, tongue swelling, mass in mouth Sign
General Signs / Swelling skin or subcutaneous, mass, lump, nodule Sign
General Signs / Underweight, poor condition, thin, emaciated, unthriftiness, ill thrift Sign
General Signs / Weight loss Sign
Pain / Discomfort Signs / Skin pain Sign
Reproductive Signs / Agalactia, decreased, absent milk production Sign
Reproductive Signs / Male infertility Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Alopecia, thinning, shedding, easily epilated, loss of, hair Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Hyperkeratosis, thick skin Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Matted or dirty hair Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Moist skin, hair or feathers Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Moist skin, hair or feathers Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Purulent discharge skin Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin crusts, scabs Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin crusts, scabs Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin erythema, inflammation, redness Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin papules Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin pustules Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin scales, flakes, peeling Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin scales, flakes, peeling Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin ulcer, erosion, excoriation Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin vesicles, bullae, blisters Sign

References

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Chatikobo P; Choga T; Ncube C; Muzenda-Mutambara J, 2009. Bovine dermatophilosis, a re-emerging pandemic disease in Zimbabwe. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 41(7):1289-1297. http://springerlink.metapress.com/link.asp?id=103008

Kassaye E; Moser I; Woldemeskel M, 2003. Epidemiological study on clinical bovine dermatophilosis in northern Ethiopia. Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift, 110(10):422-425.

Ndhlovu DN; Masika PJ, 2015. Risk factors associated with clinical dermatophilosis in smallholder sector cattle herds of Zimbabwe at the Amblyomma variegatum and Amblyomma hebraeum interface. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 47(2):353-360. http://rd.springer.com/journal/11250

OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Woldemeskel M, 2000. Dermatophilosis: a threat to livestock production in Ethiopia. Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift, 107(4):144-146.

Woldemeskel M; Taye G, 2002. Prevalence of bovine dermatophilosis in a tropical highland region of Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 34(3):189-194.

Distribution References

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2004)., Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Distribution Maps

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