Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Mamestra configurata
(bertha armyworm)

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Datasheet

Mamestra configurata (bertha armyworm)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Mamestra configurata
  • Preferred Common Name
  • bertha armyworm
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult moth at rest.
TitleAdult
CaptionAdult moth at rest.
CopyrightAgriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Adult moth at rest.
AdultAdult moth at rest.Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Two pupae of M. configurata.
TitlePupae
CaptionTwo pupae of M. configurata.
CopyrightAgriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Two pupae of M. configurata.
PupaeTwo pupae of M. configurata.Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Mature larva feeding on canola seedpod.
TitleLarva
CaptionMature larva feeding on canola seedpod.
CopyrightLloyd Harris/Saskatchewan Agriculture & Food
Mature larva feeding on canola seedpod.
LarvaMature larva feeding on canola seedpod.Lloyd Harris/Saskatchewan Agriculture & Food
Mature larva with eggs of the tachinid (Diptera) parasite Athrycia cinerea. Several eggs may be seen around the anterior end of the larva and some at the posterior (arrowed).
TitleNatural enemy
CaptionMature larva with eggs of the tachinid (Diptera) parasite Athrycia cinerea. Several eggs may be seen around the anterior end of the larva and some at the posterior (arrowed).
CopyrightAlberta Research Council
Mature larva with eggs of the tachinid (Diptera) parasite Athrycia cinerea. Several eggs may be seen around the anterior end of the larva and some at the posterior (arrowed).
Natural enemyMature larva with eggs of the tachinid (Diptera) parasite Athrycia cinerea. Several eggs may be seen around the anterior end of the larva and some at the posterior (arrowed).Alberta Research Council
Larval instars 1-6.
TitleLarval instars
CaptionLarval instars 1-6.
CopyrightAgriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Larval instars 1-6.
Larval instarsLarval instars 1-6.Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Fresh (lighter) and hatching ova with three first-instar larvae.
TitleOva
CaptionFresh (lighter) and hatching ova with three first-instar larvae.
CopyrightAgriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Fresh (lighter) and hatching ova with three first-instar larvae.
OvaFresh (lighter) and hatching ova with three first-instar larvae.Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
B. flavescens ovipositing in a second-instar larva of Mamestra configurata.|Banchus flavescens (Hymenoptera) ovipositing in a second-instar larva of M. configurata.
TitleB. flavescens ovipositing in larva|Natural enemy
CaptionB. flavescens ovipositing in a second-instar larva of Mamestra configurata.|Banchus flavescens (Hymenoptera) ovipositing in a second-instar larva of M. configurata.
CopyrightAgriculture & Agri-Food Canada
B. flavescens ovipositing in a second-instar larva of Mamestra configurata.|Banchus flavescens (Hymenoptera) ovipositing in a second-instar larva of M. configurata.
B. flavescens ovipositing in larva|Natural enemyB. flavescens ovipositing in a second-instar larva of Mamestra configurata.|Banchus flavescens (Hymenoptera) ovipositing in a second-instar larva of M. configurata.Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
M. mediator ovipositing in a second-instar larva of Mamestra configurata.|Microplitis mediator (Hymenoptera) ovipositing in a second-instar larva of M. configurata.
TitleM. mediator ovipositing in larva|Natural enemy
CaptionM. mediator ovipositing in a second-instar larva of Mamestra configurata.|Microplitis mediator (Hymenoptera) ovipositing in a second-instar larva of M. configurata.
CopyrightAgriculture & Agri-Food Canada
M. mediator ovipositing in a second-instar larva of Mamestra configurata.|Microplitis mediator (Hymenoptera) ovipositing in a second-instar larva of M. configurata.
M. mediator ovipositing in larva|Natural enemyM. mediator ovipositing in a second-instar larva of Mamestra configurata.|Microplitis mediator (Hymenoptera) ovipositing in a second-instar larva of M. configurata.Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
MacoNPV-infected larva of Mamestra configurata.|MacoNPV-infected larva.
TitleMacoNPV-infected larva|Natural enemy
CaptionMacoNPV-infected larva of Mamestra configurata.|MacoNPV-infected larva.
CopyrightRalph Underwood/Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
MacoNPV-infected larva of Mamestra configurata.|MacoNPV-infected larva.
MacoNPV-infected larva|Natural enemyMacoNPV-infected larva of Mamestra configurata.|MacoNPV-infected larva.Ralph Underwood/Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Entomophthorales sp. stages of infection in M. configurata larva.|Entomophthorales sp. stages of infection in Mamestra configurata larvae.
TitleEntomophthorales infection|Natural enemy
CaptionEntomophthorales sp. stages of infection in M. configurata larva.|Entomophthorales sp. stages of infection in Mamestra configurata larvae.
CopyrightRalph Underwood/Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Entomophthorales sp. stages of infection in M. configurata larva.|Entomophthorales sp. stages of infection in Mamestra configurata larvae.
Entomophthorales infection|Natural enemyEntomophthorales sp. stages of infection in M. configurata larva.|Entomophthorales sp. stages of infection in Mamestra configurata larvae.Ralph Underwood/Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Mamestra configurata Walker

Preferred Common Name

  • bertha armyworm

Other Scientific Names

  • Barathra configurata Walker
  • Barathra occidenta Grote

International Common Names

  • French: légionnaire bertha

EPPO code

  • BARACF (Barathra configurata)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Noctuidae
  •                             Genus: Mamestra
  •                                 Species: Mamestra configurata

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

North America

CanadaPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)Original citation: Agr. Canada
-AlbertaPresent, WidespreadWylie and Bucher (1977); Mason et al. (1998)
-British ColumbiaPresent, WidespreadCrumb (1956); Wylie and Bucher (1977); Mason et al. (1998)
-ManitobaPresent, WidespreadCrumb (1956); Wylie and Bucher (1977); Mason et al. (1998)
-SaskatchewanPresent, WidespreadWylie and Bucher (1977); Mason et al. (1998); Mason et al. (1998a)
MexicoPresentCrumb (1956)
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-ArizonaPresentCrumb (1956)
-ColoradoPresentCrumb (1956)
-IdahoPresent, WidespreadCrumb (1956)
-MontanaPresentCrumb (1956)
-New MexicoPresentCrumb (1956)
-North DakotaPresent, WidespreadMason et al. (1998)
-OregonPresent, WidespreadCrumb (1956)
-UtahPresentCrumb (1956)
-WashingtonPresent, WidespreadCrumb (1956)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Inflorescence / external feeding
Leaves / external feeding
Seeds / external feeding
Whole plant / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Athrycia cinerea Parasite Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis aizawai Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis entomocidus Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kenyae Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Larvae
Banchus flavescens Parasite Larvae
Chrysoperla carnea Predator
Entomophthora Pathogen Larvae
Eurithia consobrina Parasite Larvae
Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Parasite
Heterorhabditis heliothidis Parasite
Ichneumon canadensis Parasite
Mericia ampelus Parasite Larvae
Microplitis mediator Parasite Larvae Saskatchewan
Nosema Pathogen Larvae
Nucleopolyhedrosis virus Pathogen Larvae
Panzeria ampelus Parasite Larvae
Steinernema feltiae Parasite
Steinernema glaseri Parasite
Trichogramma inyoense Parasite Eggs

Plant Trade

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Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Leaves
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Alberta Agriculture Food and Rural Development, 1997. Crop Protection Guide. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada: Alberta Agriculture Food and Rural Development.

Al-Hitty AA, 1983. Effects of feeding of different varieties of Brassica spp. on the growth and survival of the bertha armyworm Mamestra configurata Walker (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). M.Sc. thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.

Anon., 1995. Bertha armyworm. Sustainable Agriculture Facts. Agriculture Canada, Alberta Agriculture, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada: British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food.

Arthur AP; Mason PG, 1985. The life history and immature stages of Banchus flavescens (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), a parasitoid of the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in western Canada. Canadian Entomologist, 117(10):1249-1255

Arthur AP; Mason PG, 1986. Life history and immature stages of the parasitoid Microplitis mediator (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), reared on the bertha armyworm Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Canadian Entomologist, 118(5):487-491

Arthur AP; Powell YM, 1989. Descriptions of the immature stages and adult reproductive systems of Athrycia cinerea (Coq.) (Diptera: Tachinidae), a native parasitoid of Mamestra configurata (Walk.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Canadian Entomologist, 121(12):1117-1123

Bailey CG, 1976. A quantitative study of consumption and utilization of various diets in the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae). Canadian Entomologist, 108(12):1319-1326

Beirne BP, 1971. Pest insects of annual crop plants in Canada. I. Lepidoptera. II. Diptera. III. Coleoptera. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 78:124 pp.

Bracken GK, 1984. Within plant preferences of larvae of Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) feeding on oilseed rape. Canadian Entomologist, 116(1):45-49

Bracken GK, 1987. Relation between pod damage caused by larvae of bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata Walker (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), and yield loss, shelling and seed quality in canola. Canadian Entomologist, 119(4):365-369

Bracken GK; Bucher GE, 1977. An estimate of the relation between density of bertha armyworm and yield loss on rapeseed, based on artificial infestations. Journal of Economic Entomology, 70(6):701-705

Bracken GK; Bucher GE, 1984. Measuring the cost-benefit of control measures for bertha armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) infestations in rapeseed. Canadian Entomologist, 116(4):591-595

Bucher GE; Turnock WJ, 1983. Dosage responses of the larval instars of the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), to a native nuclear polyhedrosis. Canadian Entomologist, 115(4):341-349

Chisholm MD; Steck WF; Arthur AP; Underhill EW, 1975. Evidence for cis-11-hexadecen-1-ol acetate as a major component of the sex pheromone of the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Canadian Entomologist, 107(4):361-366

Crumb SE, 1956. The Larvae of the Phalaenidae. Technical Bulletin No. 1135. Washington DC, USA: United States Department of Agriculture.

Druce H, 1889-1990. Fam. Noctuidae. In: FduC Godman, O Salvin, eds, 1881-1890. Biologia Centrali - Americana. Zoologia. Class Insecta. Order Lepidoptera. Suborder Heterocera. London, UK: Dulau & Co, 257-396.

Erlandson MA, 1990. Biological and biochemical comparison of Mamestra configurata and Mamestra brassicae nuclear polyhedrosis virus isolates pathogenic for the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 56(1):47-56

Gerber GH; Howlander MA, 1987. The effects of photoperiod and temperature on calling behaviour and egg development of the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Insect Physiology, 33(6):429-436

Hegdekar BM, 1977. Photoperiodic and temperature regulation of diapause induction in the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata Walker. Manitoba Entomologist, 11:56-60

Hegdekar BM, 1983. Effect of latitude on the critical photoperiod for diapause induction in the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Canadian Entomologist, 115(8):1039-1042

Hodges RW; Dominick T; Davis DR; Ferguson DC; Franclemont JG; Munroe EG; Powell JA, eds. , 1983. Check list of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico, including Greenland. Faringdon, UK: E.W. Classey Ltd., 284pp.

Howlader MA; Gerber GH, 1986. Calling behavior of the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Canadian Entomologist, 118(8):735-743

Howlader MA; Gerber GH, 1986. Effects of age, egg development, and mating on calling behavior of the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata Walker (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Canadian Entomologist, 118(12):1221-1230

Kapatsa GM, 1979. Growth, development and survival of Mamestra configurata Walker, (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on various reported food plants. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.

King KM, 1928. Barathra configurata Walker, an armyworm with important potentialities on the northern prairies. Journal of Economic Entomology, 21:279-293.

King KM, 1929. The bertha armyworm in the prairie provinces. Dominion of Canada Department of Agriculture Pamphlet No. 103, 10 pp.

Lamb RJ; Turnock WJ; Hayhoe HN, 1985. Winter survival and outbreaks of bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), on canola. Canadian Entomologist, 117(6):727-736

Li ShePing; Erlandson M; Moody D; Gillott C, 1997. A physical map of the Mamestra configurata nucleopolyhedrovirus genome and sequence analysis of the polyhedrin gene. Journal of General Virology, 78(1):265-271; 17 ref.

Mason PG; Arthur AP; Olfert OO; Erlandson MA, 1998. The bertha armyworm (Mamestra configurata) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in western Canada. Canadian Entomologist, 130(3):321-336; 62 ref.

Mason PG; Erlandson MA; Youngs BJ, 2001. Effects of parasitism by Banchus flavescens (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) and Microplitis mediator (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 10(1):81-90; 42 ref.

Mason PG; Pinto JD; Long ZL; Harris JL, 1998. First record of Trichogramma inyoense (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) attacking the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Canadian Entomologist, 130(1):105-106; 9 ref.

Mason PG; Youngs BJ, 1994. Biological control of a Canadian canola pest, the bertha armyworm (Mamestra configurata), with the European parasitoid Microplitis mediator. Norwegian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Supplement 16:105-106.

McCloskey C; Isman MB, 1993. Influence of foliar glucosinolates in oilseed rape and mustard on feeding and growth of the Bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata Walker. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 19(2):249-266; 39 ref.

Morris ON, 1986. Susceptibility of the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), to commercial formulations of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki.. Canadian Entomologist, 118(5):473-478; 14 ref.

Morris ON; Converse V; Kanagaratnam P; Davies JS, 1996. Effect of cultural conditions on spore-crystal yield and toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai (HD133). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 67(2):129-136; 36 ref.

Morris ON; Trottier M; Converse V; Kanagaratnam P, 1996. Toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai for Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 89:359-365.

Morris ON; Trottier M; McLaughlin NB; Converse V, 1994. Interaction of caffeine and related compounds with Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. kurstaki in bertha armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 87(3):610-617; 16 ref.

O'Hara JE, 1999. Tachinidae (Diptera) parasitoids of bertha armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Canadian Entomologist, 131(1):11-28; 2 pp of ref.

Rempel JG, 1951. A study of the embryology of Mamestra configurata (Walker) (Lepidoptera, Phalaenidae). The Canadian Entomologist, 83:1-19.

Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food, 1997. Crop Protection Guide. Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada: Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food.

Struble DL; Jacobson M; Green N; Warthen JD, 1975. Bertha armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): detection of a sex pheromone and the stimulatory effect of some synthetic chemicals. Canadian Entomologist, 107(4):355-359

Trottier MR; Morris ON; Dulmage HT, 1988. Susceptibility of the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae), to sixty-one strains from ten varieties of Bacillus thuringiensis.. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 51(3):242-249; 24 ref.

Turnock WJ, 1984. Effects of the stage of development of canola (Brassica napus) on the capture of moths in sex attractant traps and on larval density of Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Canadian Entomologist, 116(4):579-590

Turnock WJ, 1984. Mamestra configurata Walker, Bertha Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). In: Kelleher JS, Hulme MA, eds. Biological control programmes against insects and weeds in Canada 1969-1980. Slough, UK: Commonwealth Agriculture Bureaux, 49-55.

Turnock WJ, 1985. Developmental, survival and reproductive parameters of bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on four plant species. Canadian Entomologist, 117(10):1267-1271

Turnock WJ, 1987. Predicting larval abundance of the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata Wlk., in Manitoba from catches of male moths in sex attractant traps. Canadian Entomologist, 119(2):167-178

Turnock WJ, 1988. Density, parasitism, and disease incidence of larvae of the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata Walker (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in Manitoba, 1973-1986. Canadian Entomologist, 120(5):401-413

Turnock WJ; Bilodeau RJ, 1984. Survival of pupae of Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and two of its parasites in untilled and tilled soil. Canadian Entomologist, 116(2):257-267

Turnock WJ; Bilodeau RJ, 1985. A comparison of three methods of examining the density of larvae of the bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata, in fields of canola (Brassica spp.). Canadian Entomologist, 117(8):1065-1066

Turnock WJ; Bracken GK, 1989. Effects of low non-freezing tempertures on pupae of two species of diapausing, freeze-intolerant insects. Cryo-letters, 10(3):189-196

Turnock WJ; Carl KP, 1995. Evaluation of the Palaearctic Eurithia consobrina (Diptera: Tachinidae) as a potential biocontrol agent for Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Canada. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 5(1):55-67

Turnock WJ; Lamb RJ; Bodnaryk RP, 1983. Effects of cold stress during pupal diapause on the survival and development of Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Oecologia, 56(2/3):185-192

Turnock WJ; Philip HG, 1977. The outbreak of bertha armyworm Mamestra configurata (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera), in Alberta, 1971 to 1975. Manitoba Entomologist, 11:10-21

Underhill EW; Steck WF; Chisholm MD, 1977. A sex pheromone mixture for the bertha armyworm moth, Mamestra configurata : (Z)-9-tetradecen-1-ol acetate and (Z)-11-hexadecen-1-ol acetate. Canadian Entomologist, 109(10):1335-1340

Wylie HG, 1977. Insect parasites reared from bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata Walker, collected from artificial field populations near Winnipeg, Manitoba. Manitoba Entomologist, 11:50-55

Wylie HG, 1977. Observations on Athrycia cinerea (Diptera: Tachinidae), a parasite of Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Canadian Entomologist, 109(5):747-754

Wylie HG; Bucher GE, 1977. The bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Mortality of immature stages on the rape crop, 1972-1975. Canadian Entomologist, 109(6):823-837

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