Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

equine coital exanthema

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Datasheet

equine coital exanthema

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • equine coital exanthema
  • Pathogens
  • Equid herpesvirus 3
  • Overview
  • Equine coital exanthema (ECE) is a gential disease of equids, caused by Equid herpesvirus 3 (EHV-3). This disease is characterized by the development of papules, vesicles, pustules and ulcers in the mucosa of the vagina and vestibula of mares an...

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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • equine coital exanthema

International Common Names

  • English: exanthema coitale paralyticum

Pathogen/s

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Equid herpesvirus 3

Overview

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Equine coital exanthema (ECE) is a gential disease of equids, caused by Equid herpesvirus 3 (EHV-3). This disease is characterized by the development of papules, vesicles, pustules and ulcers in the mucosa of the vagina and vestibula of mares and the penis and prepuce of stallions, in the skin of the perineal region of the mares and occasionally on the skin of the lips and mucosa of the upper respiratory tract (Allen and Umphenour, 2004; Kleiboeker and Chapman, 2004; Barrandeguy et al., 2010). Latently infected equines are important biological reservoirs for EHV-3 (Allen and Umphenour, 2004; Barrandeguy et al., 2008).The virus is primarily transmitted through coitus, although contaminated fomites have also been implicated in its spread (Metcalf, 2001). EHV-3 is not thought to cause infertility or abortion (Pascoe, 1981). However, the disease has a negative impact in the equine industry as a result of the forced, temporary disruption of mating activities of mares and stallions, the additional care and supportive treatment that is required for affected horses, and the risk of virus spread by either fresh or frozen semen as well as by artificial insemination and embryo transfer (Barrandeguy and Thiry, 2012).

Host Animals

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Animal nameContextLife stageSystem
Equus asinus (donkeys)
Equus caballus (horses)

Distribution

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EHV-3 is endemic in most horse breeding populations worldwide (Allen and Umphenour, 2004; Barrandeguy and Thiry, 2012).

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

BurundiAbsent, No presence record(s)
Cabo VerdeAbsent, No presence record(s)
CameroonPresent
Central African RepublicAbsent, No presence record(s)
Congo, Democratic Republic of theAbsent, No presence record(s)
Côte d'IvoireAbsent, No presence record(s)
DjiboutiAbsent, No presence record(s)
EgyptAbsent, No presence record(s)
EritreaAbsent, No presence record(s)
EthiopiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
GhanaAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuineaAbsent, No presence record(s)
LibyaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MadagascarAbsent, No presence record(s)
MauritiusAbsent, No presence record(s)
NamibiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
São Tomé and PríncipeAbsent, No presence record(s)
SudanAbsent, No presence record(s)
TanzaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
TogoAbsent, No presence record(s)
TunisiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
UgandaAbsent, No presence record(s)
ZimbabweAbsent, No presence record(s)

Asia

BahrainAbsent, No presence record(s)
BhutanAbsent, No presence record(s)
GeorgiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Hong KongAbsent, No presence record(s)
IndiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
IndonesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
IranAbsent, No presence record(s)
JordanAbsent, No presence record(s)
KazakhstanAbsent, No presence record(s)
KuwaitAbsent, No presence record(s)
Malaysia
-Peninsular MalaysiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
-SabahAbsent, No presence record(s)
-SarawakAbsent, No presence record(s)
MongoliaAbsent, No presence record(s)
North KoreaAbsent, No presence record(s)
OmanAbsent, No presence record(s)
PhilippinesAbsent, No presence record(s)
QatarAbsent, No presence record(s)
Saudi ArabiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SingaporeAbsent, No presence record(s)
South KoreaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Sri LankaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SyriaAbsent, No presence record(s)
TaiwanAbsent, No presence record(s)
ThailandAbsent, No presence record(s)
UzbekistanAbsent, No presence record(s)
VietnamAbsent, No presence record(s)

Europe

AustriaPresent
BelarusAbsent, No presence record(s)
BulgariaAbsent, No presence record(s)
CroatiaPresent
CyprusAbsent, No presence record(s)
CzechiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
EstoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
FinlandPresent
FranceAbsent, No presence record(s)
GermanyAbsent, No presence record(s)
GreeceAbsent, No presence record(s)
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)
IrelandPresent
Isle of ManAbsent, No presence record(s)
JerseyAbsent, No presence record(s)
LatviaAbsent, No presence record(s)
LiechtensteinAbsent, No presence record(s)
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
LuxembourgAbsent, No presence record(s)
MaltaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MoldovaAbsent, No presence record(s)
North MacedoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
NorwayPresent
PolandAbsent, No presence record(s)
PortugalAbsent, No presence record(s)
RomaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
RussiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SlovakiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SloveniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
UkraineAbsent, No presence record(s)
United Kingdom
-Northern IrelandAbsent, No presence record(s)

North America

BarbadosAbsent, No presence record(s)
BelizeAbsent, No presence record(s)
BermudaAbsent, No presence record(s)
British Virgin IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
CanadaPresent
Cayman IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
Costa RicaAbsent, No presence record(s)
CubaAbsent, No presence record(s)
CuraçaoAbsent, No presence record(s)
DominicaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Dominican RepublicAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuatemalaAbsent, No presence record(s)
HaitiAbsent, No presence record(s)
HondurasAbsent, No presence record(s)
JamaicaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MexicoAbsent, No presence record(s)
NicaraguaAbsent, No presence record(s)
PanamaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Saint Kitts and NevisAbsent, No presence record(s)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAbsent, No presence record(s)
Trinidad and TobagoAbsent, No presence record(s)
United StatesPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresentCAB Abstracts Data Mining
French PolynesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
New CaledoniaPresentCAB Abstracts Data Mining
New ZealandPresent
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)

South America

ArgentinaAbsent, No presence record(s)
BoliviaAbsent, No presence record(s)
BrazilAbsent, No presence record(s)
ChileAbsent, No presence record(s)
ColombiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
EcuadorAbsent, No presence record(s)
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuyanaAbsent, No presence record(s)
PeruAbsent, No presence record(s)
UruguayAbsent, No presence record(s)
VenezuelaAbsent, No presence record(s)

References

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Allen GP; Umphenour NW, 2004. Equine coital exanthema. In: Infectious diseases of livestock. Volume Two, Ed.2 [ed. by Coetzer, J. A. W.\Tustin, R. C.]. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 868-874.

Barrandeguy M; Thiry E, 2012. Equine coital exanthema and its potential economic implications for the equine industry. Veterinary Journal, 191(1):35-40. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/10900233

Barrandeguy M; Ulloa N; Bok K; Fernández F, 2010. Outbreak of rhinitis caused by equine herpesvirus type 3. Veterinary Record, 166(6):178. http://veterinaryrecord.bvapublications.com/archive/

Barrandeguy M; Vissani A; Olguin C; Becerra L; Miño S; Pereda A; Oriol J; Thiry E, 2008. Experimental reactivation of equine herpesvirus-3 following corticosteroid treatment. Equine Veterinary Journal, 40(6):593-595. http://www.evj.co.uk

Kleiboeker SB; Chapman RK, 2004. Detection of equine herpesvirus 3 in equine skin lesions by polymerase chain reaction. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 16(1):74-79.

Metcalf ES, 2001. The role of international transport of equine semen on disease transmission. Animal Reproduction Science [Special issue. Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Stallion Reproduction. 10-12 January 2001, Colorado State University, Fort Collins ,Colorado, USA.], 68(3/4):229-237.

OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Pascoe RR, 1981. Effect of equine coital exanthema on the fertility of mares covered by stallions exhibiting the clinical disease. Australian Veterinary Journal, 57(3):111-114.

Distribution References

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2004)., Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Distribution Maps

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