equine coital exanthema
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IdentityTop of page
Preferred Scientific Name
- equine coital exanthema
International Common Names
- English: exanthema coitale paralyticum
Pathogen/sTop of page Equid herpesvirus 3
OverviewTop of page
Equine coital exanthema (ECE) is a gential disease of equids, caused by Equid herpesvirus 3 (EHV-3). This disease is characterized by the development of papules, vesicles, pustules and ulcers in the mucosa of the vagina and vestibula of mares and the penis and prepuce of stallions, in the skin of the perineal region of the mares and occasionally on the skin of the lips and mucosa of the upper respiratory tract (Allen and Umphenour, 2004; Kleiboeker and Chapman, 2004; Barrandeguy et al., 2010). Latently infected equines are important biological reservoirs for EHV-3 (Allen and Umphenour, 2004; Barrandeguy et al., 2008).The virus is primarily transmitted through coitus, although contaminated fomites have also been implicated in its spread (Metcalf, 2001). EHV-3 is not thought to cause infertility or abortion (Pascoe, 1981). However, the disease has a negative impact in the equine industry as a result of the forced, temporary disruption of mating activities of mares and stallions, the additional care and supportive treatment that is required for affected horses, and the risk of virus spread by either fresh or frozen semen as well as by artificial insemination and embryo transfer (Barrandeguy and Thiry, 2012).
Host AnimalsTop of page
DistributionTop of page
Distribution TableTop of page
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
ReferencesTop of page
Barrandeguy M; Thiry E, 2012. Equine coital exanthema and its potential economic implications for the equine industry. Veterinary Journal, 191(1):35-40. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/10900233
Barrandeguy M; Vissani A; Olguin C; Becerra L; Miño S; Pereda A; Oriol J; Thiry E, 2008. Experimental reactivation of equine herpesvirus-3 following corticosteroid treatment. Equine Veterinary Journal, 40(6):593-595. http://www.evj.co.uk
Metcalf ES, 2001. The role of international transport of equine semen on disease transmission. Animal Reproduction Science [Special issue. Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Stallion Reproduction. 10-12 January 2001, Colorado State University, Fort Collins ,Colorado, USA.], 68(3/4):229-237.
OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.
OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.
OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.
OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.
OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2004)., Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.
Distribution MapsTop of page
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