Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

fowl cholera

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Datasheet

fowl cholera

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • fowl cholera
  • Overview
  • Fowl cholera, caused by Pasteurella multocida, affects domestic and wild birds worldwide. It usually occurs as a septicaemia of sudden onset with high morbidity and mortality, but chronic and asymptomatic inf...

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Duck. 7 months old suffering from fowl cholera and Tetrameres sp. in the proventriculus.
TitlePathology
CaptionDuck. 7 months old suffering from fowl cholera and Tetrameres sp. in the proventriculus.
CopyrightSri Poernomo
Duck. 7 months old suffering from fowl cholera and Tetrameres sp. in the proventriculus.
PathologyDuck. 7 months old suffering from fowl cholera and Tetrameres sp. in the proventriculus.Sri Poernomo
Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera with a swollen wattle.|Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera, with a swollen wattle.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionLayer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera with a swollen wattle.|Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera, with a swollen wattle.
CopyrightSri Poernomo
Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera with a swollen wattle.|Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera, with a swollen wattle.
SymptomsLayer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera with a swollen wattle.|Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera, with a swollen wattle.Sri Poernomo

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • fowl cholera

International Common Names

  • English: fowl, avian, cholera, pasteurella multocida, gallinarum, in birds; Pasteurella multocida infection in birds

Overview

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Fowl cholera, caused by Pasteurella multocida, affects domestic and wild birds worldwide. It usually occurs as a septicaemia of sudden onset with high morbidity and mortality, but chronic and asymptomatic infections also occur. For more information, see the datasheet on 'Pasteurella multocida infections'.

Host Animals

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Animal nameContextLife stageSystem
Gallus gallus domesticus (chickens)Domesticated host
MeleagrisDomesticated host
Meleagris gallopavo (turkey)Domesticated host

Systems Affected

Top of page blood and circulatory system diseases of poultry
skin and ocular diseases of poultry

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BeninPresentOIE (2009)
BotswanaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Burkina FasoPresentOIE (2009)
Cabo VerdePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
CameroonPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Côte d'IvoirePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
DjiboutiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EgyptAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EritreaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EswatiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EthiopiaPresentOIE (2009)
GhanaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
GuineaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
KenyaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
LesothoAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
MadagascarPresentOIE (2009)
MaliAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
MauritiusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
MozambiqueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
NamibiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
NigeriaPresentOIE (2009)
RwandaPresentOIE (2009)
SeychellesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
South AfricaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SudanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
TunisiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
UgandaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
ZimbabweAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

Asia

ArmeniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
AzerbaijanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BahrainAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BangladeshPresentOIE (2009)
BruneiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)CAB Abstracts Data Mining
ChinaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
IndiaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
IndonesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
IranAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
IraqAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
IsraelPresentOIE (2009)
JapanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
JordanPresentOIE (2009)
KazakhstanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
KuwaitAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
KyrgyzstanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
LaosPresentOIE (2009)
LebanonAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
MalaysiaPresentOIE (2009)
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
-SarawakPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
MyanmarPresentOIE (2009)
NepalAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
North KoreaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
PakistanPresentOIE (2009)
SingaporeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
South KoreaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Sri LankaPresentOIE (2009)
TaiwanPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
TajikistanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
ThailandPresentOIE (2009)
UzbekistanPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VietnamPresentOIE (2009)

Europe

AndorraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
AustriaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BelarusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BelgiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BulgariaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
CroatiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
CyprusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
CzechiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
DenmarkAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EstoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
FinlandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
GermanyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
GreeceAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
HungaryPresentOIE (2009)
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
IrelandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Isle of ManAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
JerseyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
LatviaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
LiechtensteinAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
LuxembourgAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
MaltaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
MoldovaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
MontenegroAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
NetherlandsPresentOIE (2009)
North MacedoniaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
NorwayAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
PortugalAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
RomaniaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
RussiaPresentOIE (2009)
SerbiaPresentOIE (2009)
Serbia and MontenegroPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
SlovakiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SloveniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SpainAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SwedenAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SwitzerlandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
UkraineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
United KingdomPresentOIE (2009)
-Northern IrelandPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)

North America

BarbadosPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BelizeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BermudaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
British Virgin IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
CanadaPresentOIE (2009)
Cayman IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
CubaPresentOIE (2009)
CuraçaoAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
DominicaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Dominican RepublicPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
GreenlandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
GuatemalaPresentOIE (2009)
HondurasAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
JamaicaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
MexicoPresentOIE (2009)
Saint Kitts and NevisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
United StatesPresentOIE (2009)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentOIE (2009)
French PolynesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
New CaledoniaPresentOIE (2009)
New ZealandPresentOIE (2009)
SamoaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

South America

ArgentinaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
BoliviaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BrazilPresentOIE (2009)
ChileAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
ColombiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EcuadorAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
French GuianaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
GuyanaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
PeruAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
UruguayPresentOIE (2009)
VenezuelaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Digestive Signs / Anorexia, loss or decreased appetite, not nursing, off feed Sign
Digestive Signs / Diarrhoea Sign
Digestive Signs / Excessive salivation, frothing at the mouth, ptyalism Sign
Digestive Signs / Pica, depraved appetite Sign
General Signs / Cyanosis, blue skin or membranes Sign
General Signs / Dehydration Sign
General Signs / Exercise intolerance, tires easily Sign
General Signs / Fever, pyrexia, hyperthermia Sign
General Signs / Head, face, ears, jaw, nose, nasal, swelling, mass Sign
General Signs / Inability to stand, downer, prostration Sign
General Signs / Increased mortality in flocks of birds Sign
General Signs / Lameness, stiffness, stilted gait in birds Sign
General Signs / Neck weakness, paresis, paralysis, limp, ventroflexion Sign
General Signs / Orbital, periorbital, periocular, conjunctival swelling, eyeball mass Sign
General Signs / Sudden death, found dead Sign
General Signs / Swelling skin or subcutaneous, mass, lump, nodule Sign
General Signs / Swelling, mass, wing Sign
General Signs / Torticollis, twisted neck Sign
General Signs / Trembling, shivering, fasciculations, chilling Sign
General Signs / Weakness, paresis, paralysis, drooping, of the wings Sign
Nervous Signs / Dullness, depression, lethargy, depressed, lethargic, listless Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Chemosis, conjunctival, scleral edema, swelling Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Conjunctival, scleral, injection, abnormal vasculature Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Conjunctival, scleral, redness Sign
Respiratory Signs / Abnormal breathing sounds of the upper airway, airflow obstruction, stertor, snoring Sign
Respiratory Signs / Abnormal lung or pleural sounds, rales, crackles, wheezes, friction rubs Sign
Respiratory Signs / Dyspnea, difficult, open mouth breathing, grunt, gasping Sign
Respiratory Signs / Increased respiratory rate, polypnea, tachypnea, hyperpnea Sign
Respiratory Signs / Mucoid nasal discharge, serous, watery Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Ruffled, ruffling of the feathers Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin crusts, scabs Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin necrosis, sloughing, gangrene Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin ulcer, erosion, excoriation Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Soiling of the feathers, vent feathers Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Soiling of the vent in birds Sign

References

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OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE, 2009. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4. World Animal Health Information Database. Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. http://www.oie.int

Distribution References

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2004)., Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE, 2009. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4., Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. https://www.oie.int/

Distribution Maps

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