Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

fowl cholera

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Datasheet

fowl cholera

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • fowl cholera
  • Overview
  • Fowl cholera, caused by Pasteurella multocida, affects domestic and wild birds worldwide. It usually occurs as a septicaemia of sudden onset with high morbidity and mortality, but chronic and asymptomatic inf...

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Duck. 7 months old suffering from fowl cholera and Tetrameres sp. in the proventriculus.
TitlePathology
CaptionDuck. 7 months old suffering from fowl cholera and Tetrameres sp. in the proventriculus.
CopyrightSri Poernomo
Duck. 7 months old suffering from fowl cholera and Tetrameres sp. in the proventriculus.
PathologyDuck. 7 months old suffering from fowl cholera and Tetrameres sp. in the proventriculus.Sri Poernomo
Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera with a swollen wattle.|Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera, with a swollen wattle.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionLayer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera with a swollen wattle.|Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera, with a swollen wattle.
CopyrightSri Poernomo
Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera with a swollen wattle.|Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera, with a swollen wattle.
SymptomsLayer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera with a swollen wattle.|Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera, with a swollen wattle.Sri Poernomo

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • fowl cholera

International Common Names

  • English: fowl, avian, cholera, pasteurella multocida, gallinarum, in birds; Pasteurella multocida infection in birds

Overview

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Fowl cholera, caused by Pasteurella multocida, affects domestic and wild birds worldwide. It usually occurs as a septicaemia of sudden onset with high morbidity and mortality, but chronic and asymptomatic infections also occur. For more information, see the datasheet on 'Pasteurella multocida infections'.

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

AfghanistanNo information availableOIE, 2009
ArmeniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
AzerbaijanDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
BahrainDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
BangladeshPresentOIE, 2009
BhutanNo information availableOIE, 2009
Brunei DarussalamCAB Abstracts data miningOIE Handistatus, 2005
CambodiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
ChinaRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
-Hong KongNo information availableOIE, 2009
Georgia (Republic of)Last reported1993OIE Handistatus, 2005
IndiaRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
IndonesiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
IranDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
IraqDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
IsraelPresentOIE, 2009
JapanDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
JordanPresentOIE, 2009
KazakhstanDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Korea, DPRDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Korea, Republic ofDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
KuwaitDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
KyrgyzstanDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
LaosPresentOIE, 2009
LebanonDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
MalaysiaPresentOIE, 2009
-Peninsular MalaysiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
-SabahLast reported1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
-SarawakReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
MongoliaNo information availableOIE, 2009
MyanmarPresentOIE, 2009
NepalDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
OmanNo information availableOIE, 2009
PakistanPresentOIE, 2009
PhilippinesNo information availableOIE, 2009
QatarNo information availableOIE, 2009
Saudi ArabiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
SingaporeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Sri LankaPresentOIE, 2009
SyriaNo information availableOIE, 2009
TaiwanReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
TajikistanDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
ThailandPresentOIE, 2009
TurkeyNo information availableOIE, 2009
TurkmenistanNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
United Arab EmiratesNo information availableOIE, 2009
UzbekistanReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VietnamPresentOIE, 2009
YemenNo information availableOIE, 2009

Africa

AlgeriaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
AngolaNo information availableOIE, 2009
BeninPresentOIE, 2009
BotswanaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Burkina FasoPresentOIE, 2009
BurundiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
CameroonReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Cape VerdeReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Central African RepublicNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
ChadNo information availableOIE, 2009
CongoNo information availableOIE, 2009
Congo Democratic RepublicNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Côte d'IvoireReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
DjiboutiDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EgyptDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EritreaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EthiopiaPresentOIE, 2009
GabonNo information availableOIE, 2009
GambiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
GhanaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
GuineaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Guinea-BissauNo information availableOIE, 2009
KenyaAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
LesothoDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
LibyaLast reported1987OIE Handistatus, 2005
MadagascarPresentOIE, 2009
MalawiNo information availableOIE, 2009
MaliDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
MauritiusDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
MoroccoNo information availableOIE, 2009
MozambiqueDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
NamibiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
NigeriaPresentOIE, 2009
RéunionNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
RwandaPresentOIE, 2009
Sao Tome and PrincipeOIE Handistatus, 2005
SenegalNo information availableOIE, 2009
SeychellesDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SomaliaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
South AfricaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
SudanDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
SwazilandDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
TanzaniaNo information availableOIE, 2009
TogoNo information availableOIE, 2009
TunisiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
UgandaAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
ZambiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
ZimbabweDisease not reportedOIE, 2009

North America

BermudaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
CanadaPresentOIE, 2009
GreenlandDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
MexicoPresentOIE, 2009
USAPresentOIE, 2009

Central America and Caribbean

BarbadosReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BelizeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
British Virgin IslandsDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Cayman IslandsDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Costa RicaNo information availableOIE, 2009
CubaPresentOIE, 2009
CuraçaoDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
DominicaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Dominican RepublicRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
El SalvadorNo information availableOIE, 2009
GuadeloupeNo information availableOIE, 2009
GuatemalaPresentOIE, 2009
HaitiNo information availableOIE, 2009
HondurasDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
JamaicaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
MartiniqueNo information availableOIE, 2009
NicaraguaNo information availableOIE, 2009
PanamaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Saint Kitts and NevisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Trinidad and TobagoNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005

South America

ArgentinaRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
BoliviaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
BrazilPresentOIE, 2009
ChileDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
ColombiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EcuadorAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
Falkland IslandsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
French GuianaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
GuyanaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
ParaguayNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
PeruAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
UruguayPresentOIE, 2009
VenezuelaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009

Europe

AlbaniaNo information availableOIE, 2009
AndorraDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
AustriaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
BelarusDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
BelgiumDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Bosnia-HercegovinaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BulgariaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
CroatiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
CyprusDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Czech RepublicDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
DenmarkDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EstoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
FinlandDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
FranceNo information availableOIE, 2009
GermanyDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
GreeceDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
HungaryPresentOIE, 2009
IcelandDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
IrelandDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Isle of Man (UK)Disease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
ItalyNo information availableOIE, 2009
JerseyDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
LatviaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
LiechtensteinDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
LithuaniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
LuxembourgDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
MacedoniaAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
MaltaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
MoldovaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
MontenegroDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
NetherlandsPresentOIE, 2009
NorwayDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
PolandNo information availableOIE, 2009
PortugalDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
RomaniaRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
Russian FederationPresentOIE, 2009
SerbiaPresentOIE, 2009
SlovakiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
SloveniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
SpainDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
SwedenDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
SwitzerlandDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
UKPresentOIE, 2009
-Northern IrelandReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
UkraineDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Yugoslavia (former)No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005

Oceania

AustraliaPresentOIE, 2009
French PolynesiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
New CaledoniaPresentOIE, 2009
New ZealandPresentOIE, 2009
SamoaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VanuatuDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Wallis and Futuna IslandsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Digestive Signs / Anorexia, loss or decreased appetite, not nursing, off feed Sign
Digestive Signs / Diarrhoea Sign
Digestive Signs / Excessive salivation, frothing at the mouth, ptyalism Sign
Digestive Signs / Pica, depraved appetite Sign
General Signs / Cyanosis, blue skin or membranes Sign
General Signs / Dehydration Sign
General Signs / Exercise intolerance, tires easily Sign
General Signs / Fever, pyrexia, hyperthermia Sign
General Signs / Head, face, ears, jaw, nose, nasal, swelling, mass Sign
General Signs / Inability to stand, downer, prostration Sign
General Signs / Increased mortality in flocks of birds Sign
General Signs / Lameness, stiffness, stilted gait in birds Sign
General Signs / Neck weakness, paresis, paralysis, limp, ventroflexion Sign
General Signs / Orbital, periorbital, periocular, conjunctival swelling, eyeball mass Sign
General Signs / Sudden death, found dead Sign
General Signs / Swelling skin or subcutaneous, mass, lump, nodule Sign
General Signs / Swelling, mass, wing Sign
General Signs / Torticollis, twisted neck Sign
General Signs / Trembling, shivering, fasciculations, chilling Sign
General Signs / Weakness, paresis, paralysis, drooping, of the wings Sign
Nervous Signs / Dullness, depression, lethargy, depressed, lethargic, listless Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Chemosis, conjunctival, scleral edema, swelling Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Conjunctival, scleral, injection, abnormal vasculature Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Conjunctival, scleral, redness Sign
Respiratory Signs / Abnormal breathing sounds of the upper airway, airflow obstruction, stertor, snoring Sign
Respiratory Signs / Abnormal lung or pleural sounds, rales, crackles, wheezes, friction rubs Sign
Respiratory Signs / Dyspnea, difficult, open mouth breathing, grunt, gasping Sign
Respiratory Signs / Increased respiratory rate, polypnea, tachypnea, hyperpnea Sign
Respiratory Signs / Mucoid nasal discharge, serous, watery Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Ruffled, ruffling of the feathers Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin crusts, scabs Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin necrosis, sloughing, gangrene Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin ulcer, erosion, excoriation Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Soiling of the feathers, vent feathers Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Soiling of the vent in birds Sign

References

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OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE, 2009. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4. World Animal Health Information Database. Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. http://www.oie.int

Distribution Maps

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