Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

fowl cholera

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Datasheet

fowl cholera

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • fowl cholera
  • Overview
  • Fowl cholera, caused by Pasteurella multocida, affects domestic and wild birds worldwide. It usually occurs as a septicaemia of sudden onset with high morbidity and mortality, but chronic and asymptomatic infections also occur. For more...

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Duck. 7 months old suffering from fowl cholera and Tetrameres sp. in the proventriculus.
TitlePathology
CaptionDuck. 7 months old suffering from fowl cholera and Tetrameres sp. in the proventriculus.
CopyrightSri Poernomo
Duck. 7 months old suffering from fowl cholera and Tetrameres sp. in the proventriculus.
PathologyDuck. 7 months old suffering from fowl cholera and Tetrameres sp. in the proventriculus.Sri Poernomo
Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera with a swollen wattle.|Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera, with a swollen wattle.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionLayer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera with a swollen wattle.|Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera, with a swollen wattle.
CopyrightSri Poernomo
Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera with a swollen wattle.|Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera, with a swollen wattle.
SymptomsLayer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera with a swollen wattle.|Layer of more than 12 months old suffering from fowl cholera, with a swollen wattle.Sri Poernomo

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • fowl cholera

International Common Names

  • English: fowl, avian, cholera, pasteurella multocida, gallinarum, in birds; Pasteurella multocida infection in birds

Overview

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Fowl cholera, caused by Pasteurella multocida, affects domestic and wild birds worldwide. It usually occurs as a septicaemia of sudden onset with high morbidity and mortality, but chronic and asymptomatic infections also occur. For more information, see the datasheet on 'Pasteurella multocida infections'.

Host Animals

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Animal nameContextLife stageSystem
Gallus gallus domesticus (chickens)Domesticated host
MeleagrisDomesticated host
Meleagris gallopavo (turkey)Domesticated host

Systems Affected

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blood and circulatory system diseases of poultry
skin and ocular diseases of poultry

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaAbsent, No presence record(s)
BeninPresent
BotswanaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Burkina FasoPresent
Cabo VerdePresent
CameroonPresent
Côte d'IvoirePresent
DjiboutiAbsent, No presence record(s)
EgyptAbsent, No presence record(s)
EritreaAbsent, No presence record(s)
EswatiniAbsent, No presence record(s)
EthiopiaPresent
GhanaAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuineaAbsent, No presence record(s)
KenyaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)
LesothoAbsent, No presence record(s)
MadagascarPresent
MaliAbsent, No presence record(s)
MauritiusAbsent, No presence record(s)
MozambiqueAbsent, No presence record(s)
NamibiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
NigeriaPresent
RwandaPresent
SeychellesAbsent, No presence record(s)
South AfricaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SudanAbsent, No presence record(s)
TunisiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
UgandaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)
ZimbabweAbsent, No presence record(s)

Asia

ArmeniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
AzerbaijanAbsent, No presence record(s)
BahrainAbsent, No presence record(s)
BangladeshPresent
BruneiPresentCAB Abstracts Data Mining
ChinaPresent, Localized
IndiaPresent, Localized
IndonesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
IranAbsent, No presence record(s)
IraqAbsent, No presence record(s)
IsraelPresent
JapanAbsent, No presence record(s)
JordanPresent
KazakhstanAbsent, No presence record(s)
KuwaitAbsent, No presence record(s)
KyrgyzstanAbsent, No presence record(s)
LaosPresent
LebanonAbsent, No presence record(s)
MalaysiaPresent
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresent
-SarawakPresent
MyanmarPresent
NepalAbsent, No presence record(s)
North KoreaAbsent, No presence record(s)
PakistanPresent
SingaporeAbsent, No presence record(s)
South KoreaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Sri LankaPresent
TaiwanPresent
TajikistanAbsent, No presence record(s)
ThailandPresent
UzbekistanPresent
VietnamPresent

Europe

AndorraAbsent, No presence record(s)
AustriaAbsent, No presence record(s)
BelarusAbsent, No presence record(s)
BelgiumAbsent, No presence record(s)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaAbsent, No presence record(s)
BulgariaAbsent, No presence record(s)
CroatiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
CyprusAbsent, No presence record(s)
CzechiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
DenmarkAbsent, No presence record(s)
EstoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
FinlandAbsent, No presence record(s)
GermanyAbsent, No presence record(s)
GreeceAbsent, No presence record(s)
HungaryPresent
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)
IrelandAbsent, No presence record(s)
Isle of ManAbsent, No presence record(s)
JerseyAbsent, No presence record(s)
LatviaAbsent, No presence record(s)
LiechtensteinAbsent, No presence record(s)
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
LuxembourgAbsent, No presence record(s)
MaltaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MoldovaPresent
MontenegroAbsent, No presence record(s)
NetherlandsPresent
North MacedoniaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)
NorwayAbsent, No presence record(s)
PortugalAbsent, No presence record(s)
RomaniaPresent, Localized
RussiaPresent
SerbiaPresent
Serbia and MontenegroPresent
SlovakiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SloveniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SpainAbsent, No presence record(s)
SwedenAbsent, No presence record(s)
SwitzerlandAbsent, No presence record(s)
UkraineAbsent, No presence record(s)
United KingdomPresent
-Northern IrelandPresent

North America

BarbadosPresent
BelizeAbsent, No presence record(s)
BermudaAbsent, No presence record(s)
British Virgin IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
CanadaPresent
Cayman IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
CubaPresent
CuraçaoAbsent, No presence record(s)
DominicaAbsent, No presence record(s)
Dominican RepublicPresent, Localized
GreenlandAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuatemalaPresent
HondurasAbsent, No presence record(s)
JamaicaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MexicoPresent
Saint Kitts and NevisAbsent, No presence record(s)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAbsent, No presence record(s)
United StatesPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
French PolynesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
New CaledoniaPresent
New ZealandPresent
SamoaAbsent, No presence record(s)
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)

South America

ArgentinaPresent, Localized
BoliviaAbsent, No presence record(s)
BrazilPresent
ChileAbsent, No presence record(s)
ColombiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
EcuadorAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
French GuianaAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuyanaAbsent, No presence record(s)
PeruAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)
UruguayPresent
VenezuelaAbsent, No presence record(s)

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Digestive Signs / Anorexia, loss or decreased appetite, not nursing, off feed Sign
Digestive Signs / Diarrhoea Sign
Digestive Signs / Excessive salivation, frothing at the mouth, ptyalism Sign
Digestive Signs / Pica, depraved appetite Sign
General Signs / Cyanosis, blue skin or membranes Sign
General Signs / Dehydration Sign
General Signs / Exercise intolerance, tires easily Sign
General Signs / Fever, pyrexia, hyperthermia Sign
General Signs / Head, face, ears, jaw, nose, nasal, swelling, mass Sign
General Signs / Inability to stand, downer, prostration Sign
General Signs / Increased mortality in flocks of birds Sign
General Signs / Lameness, stiffness, stilted gait in birds Sign
General Signs / Neck weakness, paresis, paralysis, limp, ventroflexion Sign
General Signs / Orbital, periorbital, periocular, conjunctival swelling, eyeball mass Sign
General Signs / Sudden death, found dead Sign
General Signs / Swelling skin or subcutaneous, mass, lump, nodule Sign
General Signs / Swelling, mass, wing Sign
General Signs / Torticollis, twisted neck Sign
General Signs / Trembling, shivering, fasciculations, chilling Sign
General Signs / Weakness, paresis, paralysis, drooping, of the wings Sign
Nervous Signs / Dullness, depression, lethargy, depressed, lethargic, listless Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Chemosis, conjunctival, scleral edema, swelling Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Conjunctival, scleral, injection, abnormal vasculature Sign
Ophthalmology Signs / Conjunctival, scleral, redness Sign
Respiratory Signs / Abnormal breathing sounds of the upper airway, airflow obstruction, stertor, snoring Sign
Respiratory Signs / Abnormal lung or pleural sounds, rales, crackles, wheezes, friction rubs Sign
Respiratory Signs / Dyspnea, difficult, open mouth breathing, grunt, gasping Sign
Respiratory Signs / Increased respiratory rate, polypnea, tachypnea, hyperpnea Sign
Respiratory Signs / Mucoid nasal discharge, serous, watery Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Ruffled, ruffling of the feathers Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin crusts, scabs Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin necrosis, sloughing, gangrene Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Skin ulcer, erosion, excoriation Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Soiling of the feathers, vent feathers Sign
Skin / Integumentary Signs / Soiling of the vent in birds Sign

References

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OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE, 2009. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4. World Animal Health Information Database. Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. http://www.oie.int

Distribution References

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2004)., Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE, 2009. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4., Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. https://www.oie.int/

Distribution Maps

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