Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Fasciola hepatica

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Datasheet

Fasciola hepatica

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Vector of Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Fasciola hepatica
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Platyhelminthes
  •       Class: Trematoda
  •         Subclass: Digenea

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Life-cycle of Fasciola hepatica. The sustainability of the microclimate for breeding of the intermediate host is a key factor in determining the prevalence of fasciolosis in grazing sheep and cattle.
TitleLife-cycle
CaptionLife-cycle of Fasciola hepatica. The sustainability of the microclimate for breeding of the intermediate host is a key factor in determining the prevalence of fasciolosis in grazing sheep and cattle.
CopyrightGrace Mulcahy
Life-cycle of Fasciola hepatica. The sustainability of the microclimate for breeding of the intermediate host is a key factor in determining the prevalence of fasciolosis in grazing sheep and cattle.
Life-cycleLife-cycle of Fasciola hepatica. The sustainability of the microclimate for breeding of the intermediate host is a key factor in determining the prevalence of fasciolosis in grazing sheep and cattle.Grace Mulcahy
Fasciola hepatica egg, showing golden-yellow colour against a methylene blue background used for contrast.  The egg measures about 150 µm in length.
TitleEgg
CaptionFasciola hepatica egg, showing golden-yellow colour against a methylene blue background used for contrast. The egg measures about 150 µm in length.
CopyrightGrace Mulcahy
Fasciola hepatica egg, showing golden-yellow colour against a methylene blue background used for contrast.  The egg measures about 150 µm in length.
EggFasciola hepatica egg, showing golden-yellow colour against a methylene blue background used for contrast. The egg measures about 150 µm in length.Grace Mulcahy
Adult F. hepatica (Note scale).
TitleAdults
CaptionAdult F. hepatica (Note scale).
CopyrightGrace Mulcahy
Adult F. hepatica (Note scale).
AdultsAdult F. hepatica (Note scale).Grace Mulcahy

Overview

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Fasciola hepatica, the common liver fluke, infects the liver of various mammals, including humans, causing fasciolosis. F. hepatica has a worldwide distribution and causes great economic losses in farmed ruminants (reviewed by Fairweather, 2011; Rojo-Vázquez et al., 2012; Taylor, 2012; Charlier et al., 2014; Rana et al., 2014). For more information, see the datasheet ‘Fasciola’, which covers disease caused by both F. hepatica and F. gigantica.

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Fasciola hepatica

International Common Names

  • English: liver fluke; liver fluke disease, fasciolosis, in ruminants

Parasitoses name

  • distomatosis
  • fascioliasis
  • fasciolosis

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Platyhelminthes
  •             Class: Trematoda
  •                 Subclass: Digenea
  •                     Family: Fasciolidae
  •                         Genus: Fasciola
  •                             Species: Fasciola hepatica

Distribution

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Fasciola hepatica is common in temperate areas, particularly those with high rainfall including Ireland, Scotland, northern Spain, France, southern USA and Puerto Rico.

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresent
AngolaPresent
BeninPresent
BurundiPresent
Cabo VerdePresent
CameroonPresent
Central African RepublicPresent
Côte d'IvoirePresent
DjiboutiPresent
EswatiniPresent
EthiopiaPresent
GuineaPresent
Guinea-BissauAbsent, No presence record(s)
KenyaPresent
LibyaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MadagascarPresent
MauritiusAbsent, No presence record(s)
MoroccoPresent
NigeriaPresent
SenegalPresent
SeychellesAbsent, No presence record(s)
SudanPresent
TanzaniaPresent
TogoPresent
TunisiaPresent
ZimbabwePresent

Asia

AzerbaijanPresent
BahrainAbsent, No presence record(s)
BhutanPresent
ChinaPresent
-AnhuiPresent
-HeilongjiangPresent
-HenanPresent
-JiangsuPresent
IndiaPresent
-AssamPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
IndonesiaPresent
IraqPresent
IsraelAbsent, No presence record(s)
JordanAbsent, No presence record(s)
KazakhstanAbsent, No presence record(s)
KuwaitAbsent, No presence record(s)
MalaysiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-SabahAbsent, No presence record(s)
-SarawakPresent
MyanmarPresent
NepalPresent
OmanAbsent, No presence record(s)
PhilippinesPresent
QatarAbsent, No presence record(s)
Saudi ArabiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SingaporeAbsent, No presence record(s)
Sri LankaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SyriaAbsent, No presence record(s)
TaiwanAbsent, No presence record(s)
United Arab EmiratesAbsent, No presence record(s)
UzbekistanPresent
VietnamPresent

Europe

AndorraPresent
BelarusPresent
BulgariaPresent
CroatiaPresent
CzechiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
EstoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
FinlandPresent
FrancePresent
GermanyPresent
GreecePresent
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)
IrelandPresent
Isle of ManPresent
LatviaAbsent, No presence record(s)
LiechtensteinAbsent, No presence record(s)
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MaltaAbsent, No presence record(s)
MoldovaPresent
NetherlandsPresent
North MacedoniaPresent
NorwayPresent
PortugalPresent
RomaniaPresent
Serbia and MontenegroAbsent, No presence record(s)
SlovakiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SloveniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
SpainPresent
SwedenPresent
United KingdomPresent
-Northern IrelandPresent

North America

BarbadosAbsent, No presence record(s)
BelizeAbsent, No presence record(s)
BermudaAbsent, No presence record(s)
British Virgin IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
CanadaPresent
-AlbertaPresent
Cayman IslandsPresent
CubaPresent
CuraçaoAbsent, No presence record(s)
DominicaAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuatemalaPresent
HaitiPresent
JamaicaPresent
MartiniquePresent
MexicoPresent
PanamaPresent
Saint Kitts and NevisAbsent, No presence record(s)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAbsent, No presence record(s)
United StatesPresent
-FloridaPresent
-MontanaPresent

Oceania

Australia
-New South WalesPresent
-VictoriaPresent
French PolynesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)
New CaledoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)
New ZealandPresent
SamoaAbsent, No presence record(s)
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)

South America

Brazil
-Rio de JaneiroPresent
-Rio Grande do SulPresent
ChilePresent
ColombiaPresent
EcuadorPresent
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)
French GuianaAbsent, No presence record(s)
GuyanaAbsent, No presence record(s)
ParaguayPresent
UruguayPresent

References

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Charlier J; Vercruysse J; Morgan E; Dijk Jvan; Williams DJL, 2014. Recent advances in the diagnosis, impact on production and prediction of Fasciola hepatica in cattle. Parasitology, 141(3):326-335. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=par

Fairweather I, 2011. Reducing the future threat from (liver) fluke: realistic prospect or quixotic fantasy? Veterinary Parasitology [Towards good management practises in parasite control. Plenary lectures and a selection of Keynote Lectures presented at the 23rd International Conference of the World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 21-25 August 2011.], 180(1/2):133-143. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03044017

OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Rana MAA; Roohi N; Khan MA, 2014. Fascioliasis in cattle-a review. JAPS, Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 24(3):668-675. http://www.thejaps.org.pk/docs/v-24-3/01.pdf

Rojo-Vázquez FA; Meana A; Valcárcel F; Martínez-Valladares M, 2012. Update on trematode infections in sheep. Veterinary Parasitology, 189(1):15-38. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03044017

Taylor MA, 2012. Emerging parasitic diseases of sheep. Veterinary Parasitology, 189(1):2-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03044017

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, 2001. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2004)., Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Distribution Maps

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