Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus
(three-spined stickleback)

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Datasheet

Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus (three-spined stickleback)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Natural Enemy
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • three-spined stickleback
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Chordata
  •       Subphylum: Vertebrata
  •         Class: Actinopterygii
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758

Preferred Common Name

  • three-spined stickleback

Other Scientific Names

  • Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Gasterosteus aculeatus algeriensis Sauvage, 1874
  • Gasterosteus aculeatus messinicus Stephanidis, 1971
  • Gasterosteus aculeatus microcephalus (non Girard, 1854)
  • Gasterosteus algeriensis Sauvage, 1874
  • Gasterosteus argentatissimus Blanchard, 1866
  • Gasterosteus argyropomus Cuvier, 1829
  • Gasterosteus atkinsi Bean, 1879
  • Gasterosteus atkinsii Bean, 1879
  • Gasterosteus bailloni Blanchard, 1866
  • Gasterosteus biaculeatus Mitchill, 1815
  • Gasterosteus biarmatus Krynicki, 1840
  • Gasterosteus bispinosus Walbaum, 1792
  • Gasterosteus brachycentrus Cuvier, 1829
  • Gasterosteus cataphractus (Pallas, 1814)
  • Gasterosteus cuvieri Girard, 1850
  • Gasterosteus elegans Blanchard, 1866
  • Gasterosteus gymnurus Cuvier, 1829
  • Gasterosteus hologymnus Regan, 1909
  • Gasterosteus insculptus Richardson, 1855
  • Gasterosteus islandicus Sauvage, 1874
  • Gasterosteus leiurus Cuvier, 1829
  • Gasterosteus microcephalus (non Girard, 1854)
  • Gasterosteus nemausensis Crespon, 1844
  • Gasterosteus neustrianus Blanchard, 1866
  • Gasterosteus noveboracensis Cuvier, 1829
  • Gasterosteus ponticus Nordmann, 1840
  • Gasterosteus quadrispinosa Crespon, 1844
  • Gasterosteus semiarmatus Cuvier, 1829
  • Gasterosteus semiloricatus Cuvier, 1829
  • Gasterosteus serratus Ayres, 1855
  • Gasterosteus spinulosus Yarrell, 1835
  • Gasterosteus teraculeatus Lacepède, 1801
  • Gasterosteus tetracanthus Cuvier, 1829
  • Gasterosteus trachurus Cuvier, 1829

International Common Names

  • English: banstickle; barnstickle; barnystickle; barnytickle; branchy; branstickle; burnstickle; common stickleback; cushy; doctor; eastern stickleback; European stickleback; jacksharp; new York stickleback; pinfish; prickley; prickly; prickly back; saw-finned stickleback; spanicle; spannistickle; spanny; spannytickle; spantickle; sparnicle; sparny; sparnytickle; spawn; spawnykettle; spawnytickle; stickleback; thornback; thorny back; threespine stickleback; tiddler; twospine stickleback
  • Spanish: espinosillo; espinoso
  • French: arselet; cordonnier; crève-valet; épinart; épinglet; épinoche; épinoche à trois épines; estancelin; estranglo cat; spinaubé; spinavaou; stichling
  • Russian: trekhiglaja koliushka; trekhiglaya kolyushka

Local Common Names

  • Austria: stichling
  • Bulgaria: kedrinka
  • Canada: kakilaychok; kakilusuk; kakkilasak
  • Canada/Newfoundland and Labrador: kakelashuk
  • Canada/Quebec: kakilishek; katilautik
  • Czech Republic: koljueka triostna; koljuska tríostná
  • Denmark: trepigget hundestejle
  • Finland: kolmipiikki
  • Germany: Dreistachliger Stichling; Großer Stichling; Rotzbarsch; Stachelfisch; Stichling
  • Greece: agathero
  • Greenland: kakilisak
  • Hungary: tükes pikós
  • Iceland: hornsíli
  • Iran: sehkhareh
  • Ireland: agathero; snathaid mhara
  • Italy: spinarello
  • Japan: hariyo; itoyo
  • Netherlands: driedoornige stekelbaars; stekelbaars
  • Norway: stikling; trepigget stingsild
  • Poland: ciernik
  • Portugal: esganagata; esgana-gata; espinhela; peixe-espinho
  • Romania: ghidrin
  • Slovakia: pichlavka; pichlavka siná
  • Slovenia: zet
  • Sweden: storspigg
  • Switzerland: spinarello; stichling
  • Turkey: dikence baligi
  • Ukraine: trigolkova koluchka
  • USA/Alaska: cukilrua'ak
  • Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro): bodonja

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Chordata
  •             Subphylum: Vertebrata
  •                 Class: Actinopterygii
  •                     Order: Gasterosteiformes
  •                         Family: Gasterosteidae
  •                             Genus: Gasterosteus
  •                                 Species: Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentNative

Asia

GeorgiaPresentNative
IranPresentIntroduced
JapanPresentNative
North KoreaPresentNative
South KoreaPresentNative
TurkeyPresentNative

Europe

AustriaPresentIntroduced
BelarusPresentNative
BelgiumPresentNative
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPresentNative
BulgariaPresentNative
CroatiaPresentNative
CzechiaPresentIntroduced
DenmarkPresentNative
EstoniaPresentNative
FinlandPresentNative
FrancePresentNative
GermanyPresentNative
GreecePresentNative
HungaryPresentIntroduced
IcelandPresentNative
IrelandPresentNative
Isle of ManPresentNative
ItalyPresentIntroduced
LatviaPresentNative
LithuaniaPresentNative
NetherlandsPresentNative
NorwayPresentNative
PolandPresentNative
PortugalPresentNative
RomaniaPresentNative
RussiaPresentNative
Serbia and MontenegroPresentNative
SlovakiaPresentIntroduced
SloveniaPresentNative
SpainPresentNative
SwedenPresentNative
SwitzerlandPresentNative
UkrainePresentNative
United KingdomPresentNative

North America

CanadaPresentNative
-British ColumbiaPresentNative
-Newfoundland and LabradorPresentNative
-Nova ScotiaPresent
-QuebecPresentNative
GreenlandPresentNative
MexicoPresentNative
United StatesPresentNative
-AlaskaPresentNative

Sea Areas

Atlantic - NortheastPresentNative
Atlantic - NorthwestPresentNative
Atlantic - Western CentralPresentNative
Mediterranean and Black SeaPresentNative
Pacific - Eastern CentralPresentNative
Pacific - NortheastPresentNative
Pacific - NorthwestPresentNative

Natural enemy of

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SpeciesStages attackedCountries where known to occurReferences
Cercopagis pengoiAdult
Gammarus tigrinus

References

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Froese R; Pauly D, 2004. FishBase DVD. Penang, Malaysia: Worldfish Center. Online at www.fishbase.org.

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, 2001. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

Froese R, Pauly D, 2004. FishBase. http://www.fishbase.org

Distribution Maps

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