Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Gyrodactylus salaris infection

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Datasheet

Gyrodactylus salaris infection

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Gyrodactylus salaris infection
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Gyrodactylus salaris on Atlantic salmon fin
TitleFins of salmonids
CaptionGyrodactylus salaris on Atlantic salmon fin
CopyrightKurt Buchmann & José Bresciani
Gyrodactylus salaris on Atlantic salmon fin
Fins of salmonidsGyrodactylus salaris on Atlantic salmon finKurt Buchmann & José Bresciani

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Gyrodactylus salaris infection

Hosts/Species Affected

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Host. Salmonids and particularly Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. However, Arctic charr and rainbow trout may serve as susceptible reservoir hosts (Bakke et al., 2002).

[Derived from: Woo, PTK, ed., 2006. Fish diseases and disorders, Volume 1: Protozoan and Metazoan infections. (2nd edition) Wallingford, UK: CAB International]

Distribution

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Macrohabitat. Freshwater rivers and lakes. The parasite may survive salinities up to 15 ppt in fjords and brackish water areas for some time but full-strength sea water kills the worm within minutes.

Geographical distribution. Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark and Germany.

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

LesothoAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SudanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
TunisiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

Asia

ArmeniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
AzerbaijanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BahrainAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BangladeshAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
ChinaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
IndonesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
IranAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
IraqAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
IsraelAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
JapanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
KazakhstanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
KuwaitAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
KyrgyzstanAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
MalaysiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SingaporeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

Europe

BelarusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
CroatiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
CyprusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
CzechiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
DenmarkAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
FinlandPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
GermanyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
HungaryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
IrelandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
LatviaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
NetherlandsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
NorwayAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
PortugalAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SlovakiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SloveniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SwedenAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
SwitzerlandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
UkraineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
United KingdomAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

North America

BelizeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
CanadaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Costa RicaPresentOIE (2009)
CubaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
GreenlandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
GuatemalaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
JamaicaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
MexicoAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
NicaraguaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
United StatesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
-GeorgiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

Oceania

AustraliaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
French PolynesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
New CaledoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
New ZealandAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

South America

ArgentinaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BrazilAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
ChileAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
ColombiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
French GuianaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

Pathology

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Pathogenicity. Susceptible salmonids allow an extensive population increase of parasites on the fish skin, eventually leading to the death of the host. This probably occurs due to osmoregulatory impairment and secondary infections.

Distribution References

OIE, 2009. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4., Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. https://www.oie.int/

Distribution Maps

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