Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Avena sativa
(oats)

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Datasheet

Avena sativa (oats)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Avena sativa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • oats
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Panicle of oats - winter naked type.
TitlePanicle
CaptionPanicle of oats - winter naked type.
CopyrightJ. Valentine & J.M. Leggett
Panicle of oats - winter naked type.
PaniclePanicle of oats - winter naked type.J. Valentine & J.M. Leggett
Crop of winter oats, var. Millennium, bred at IGER.
TitleField of Avena sativa
CaptionCrop of winter oats, var. Millennium, bred at IGER.
CopyrightJ. Valentine & J.M. Leggett
Crop of winter oats, var. Millennium, bred at IGER.
Field of Avena sativaCrop of winter oats, var. Millennium, bred at IGER.J. Valentine & J.M. Leggett
TitleNaked oat grain
Caption
CopyrightJ. Valentine & J.M. Leggett
Naked oat grainJ. Valentine & J.M. Leggett
TitleHusked oat grain
Caption
CopyrightJ. Valentine & J.M. Leggett
Husked oat grainJ. Valentine & J.M. Leggett
Spikelets of husked (left) and naked (right) oats.
TitleSpikelets
CaptionSpikelets of husked (left) and naked (right) oats.
CopyrightJ. Valentine & J.M. Leggett
Spikelets of husked (left) and naked (right) oats.
SpikeletsSpikelets of husked (left) and naked (right) oats.J. Valentine & J.M. Leggett
Hybridization of oats showing removal of anthers.
TitleHybridization
CaptionHybridization of oats showing removal of anthers.
CopyrightJ. Valentine & J.M. Leggett
Hybridization of oats showing removal of anthers.
HybridizationHybridization of oats showing removal of anthers.J. Valentine & J.M. Leggett
Reddening caused by barley yellow dwarf virus in oats.
TitleSymptoms of BYDV disease
CaptionReddening caused by barley yellow dwarf virus in oats.
CopyrightJ. Valentine & J.M. Leggett
Reddening caused by barley yellow dwarf virus in oats.
Symptoms of BYDV diseaseReddening caused by barley yellow dwarf virus in oats.J. Valentine & J.M. Leggett

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Avena sativa

Preferred Common Name

  • oats

International Common Names

  • English: common oat; winter oat
  • Spanish: avena
  • French: avoine
  • Portuguese: aveia

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Hafer; Saat- Hafer; Sommer- Hafer; Winter- Hafer
  • Netherlands: Haver
  • Sweden: havre

EPPO code

  • AVESA (Avena sativa)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Cyperales
  •                         Family: Poaceae
  •                             Genus: Avena
  •                                 Species: Avena sativa

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass); Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed); Anagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel); Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed); Avena fatua (wild oat); Barley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf); Barley yellow striate mosaic virus; Blissus leucopterus (chinch bug); Blumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals); Cadra cautella (dried currant moth); Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse); Carpophilus (dried-fruit beetles); Celosia argentea (celosia); Cephus pygmeus (European wheat stem sawfly); Ceratobasidium cereale (sharp eyespot of cereals); Chamomilla recutita (common chamomile); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Cirsium vulgare (spear thistle); Claviceps purpurea (ergot); Cochliobolus sativus (root and foot rot); Cochliobolus victoriae (victoria blight of oats); Commelina diffusa (spreading dayflower); Cynomys (prairie dog); Deroceras invadens (tramp slug); Ditylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode); Dolerus; Elymus repens (quackgrass); Emex australis (Doublegee); Emex spinosa (spiny emex); Equisetum arvense (field horsetail); Eurygaster integriceps (sunn pest); Fallopia convolvulus (black bindweed); Fumaria officinalis (common fumitory); Fusarium culmorum (culm rot: cereals); Fusarium langsethiae; Fusarium sporotrichioides (kernel rot of maize); Gaeumannomyces graminis var. avenae (take-all of oats); Galinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier); Gibberella avenacea (Fusarium blight); Gibberella zeae (headblight of maize); Haplothrips aculeatus (grass thrips); Haplothrips tritici (wheat thrips); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus (spiral nematode); Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm); Heterodera avenae (cereal cyst eelworm); Heterodera filipjevi; Heterodera latipons (mediterranean cereal cyst nematode); High plains wheat mosaic emaravirus (high plains disease); Hydrellia griseola (rice leaf miner); Laodelphax striatellus (small brown planthopper); Lepidium draba (hoary cress); Liposcelis bostrychophila (book louse); Liposcelis entomophila (grain psocid); Liposcelis paeta (grain psocid); Lolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass); Lolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass); Loxostege sticticalis (beet webworm); Melanaphis sacchari (yellow sugarcane aphid); Meloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode); Metopolophium dirhodum (rose-grass aphid); Metopolophium festucae (fescue aphid); Mocis latipes (grass looper); Monographella nivalis (foot rot of cereals); Mus musculus domesticus (mouse); Mythimna separata (paddy armyworm); Mythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm); Nysius huttoni (wheat bug); Oat blue dwarf virus; Oat dwarf virus; Oat golden stripe furovirus; Oat mosaic virus; Oat sterile dwarf virus; Oculimacula yallundae (eyespot); Oryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle); Oscinella frit (frit fly); Ostrinia nubilalis (European maize borer); Oulema melanopus (oat leaf beetle); Papaver rhoeas (common poppy); Penthaleus major (blue oat mite); Phaeosphaeria avenaria f.sp. avenaria (leaf spot of oats); Phenacoccus madeirensis (Madeira mealybug); Phyllophaga (white grubs); Poa annua (annual meadowgrass); Polygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed); Polygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper); Polygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria); Polymyxa graminis (vector of streak mosaic: wheat); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pseudomonas syringae pv. atrofaciens (basal: wheat glume rot); Pseudomonas syringae pv. atropurpurea; Pseudomonas syringae pv. coronafaciens (halo blight); Pseudomonas syringae pv. striafaciens (bacterial: barley black node); Puccinia coronata (crown rust); Puccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals); Pyrenophora chaetomioides (leaf blotch); Raphanus raphanistrum (wild radish); Rhopalosiphum padi (grain aphid); Rhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer); Rice black-streaked dwarf virus; Rice hoja blanca virus (white leaf disease of rice); Schizaphis graminum (spring green aphid); Sclerophthora macrospora (downy mildew); Sesamia inferens (purple stem borer); Setaria viridis (green foxtail); Sitobion avenae (wheat aphid); Sitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid); Sitotroga cerealella (grain moth); Spergula arvensis (corn spurry); Spodoptera exempta (black armyworm); Stegobium paniceum (drugstore beetle); Stellaria media (common chickweed); Tenebroides mauritanicus (cadelle); Thlaspi arvense (field pennycress); Thrips angusticeps (field thrips); Thrips flavus (honeysuckle thrips); Thrips nigropilosus (chrysanthemum thrips); Tribolium castaneum (red flour beetle); Tribolium confusum (confused flour beetle); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Trogoderma variabile (grain dermestid); Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (stunt nematode); Urtica dioica (stinging nettle); Ustilago avenae (loose smut of oats); Ustilago hordei (covered smut of barley); Veronica persica (creeping speedwell); Wheat yellow leaf virus; Xanthomonas translucens pv. undulosa (bacterial: wheat leaf streak); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode); Xiphinema rivesi (dagger nematode); Zygotylenchus guevarai

Minor host of:

Acarus siro (flour mite); Acidovorax avenae subsp. avenae (bacterial leaf blight); Alternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat); Anguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode); Anthemis cotula (dog fennel); Aphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode); Artemisia biennis (biennial wormwood); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Chaetocnema confinis (flea beetle); Chaetocnema pulicaria (corn flea beetle); Chilo infuscatellus (yellow top borer of sugarcane); Cicadulina mbila (maize leafhopper); Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (rice leaf folder); Colletotrichum graminicola (red stalk rot of cereals); Conyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane); Cornu aspersum (common garden snail); Cryptolestes ferrugineus (rusty grain beetle); Cyclocephala flavipennis; Diabrotica barberi (northern corn rootworm); Diuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid); Ephestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth); Fusarium proliferatum; Galium aparine (cleavers); Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); Halotydeus destructor (redlegged earth mite); Haplodiplosis marginata (saddle gall midge); Heterodera zeae (corn cyst nematode); Linaria vulgaris (common toadflax); Listronotus bonariensis (Argentine stem weevil); Longidorus elongatus (needle nematode); Macrosteles quadrilineatus (aster leafhopper); Maize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize); Maize rough dwarf virus; Maize streak virus (streak disease of maize); Maize stripe virus (stripe disease of maize); Melanoplus bivittatus (twostriped grasshopper); Melanoplus sanguinipes (lesser migratory grasshopper); Melanotus communis (common wireworm); Meloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode); Moroccan pepper virus; Mythimna loreyi (maize caterpillar); Pelargonium leaf curl virus; Pelopidas mathias (rice skipper); Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Peronosclerospora philippinensis (Philippine downy mildew); Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode); Pratylenchus thornei; Pseudomonas fuscovaginae (sheath brown rot); Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci (wildfire); Punctodera punctata (grass cyst nematode); Pyrenophora teres (net blotch); Pyricularia setariae (blast of millet); Pyrilla perpusilla (sugarcane planthopper); Pythium arrhenomanes (cereals root rot); Rhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed); Rhopalosiphum insertum (apple-grass aphid); Rhopalosiphum maidis (green corn aphid); Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (rice root aphid); Rhynchosporium secalis (leaf blotch); Rice stripe virus (rice stripe tenuivirus); Rumex crispus (curled dock); Sarocladium strictum (acremonium wilt); Sitobion fragariae (blackberry cereal aphid); Sitophilus granarius (grain weevil); Sminthurus viridis (lucerne flea); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Theba pisana (white garden snail); Wheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak); Xanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak); Xestia c-nigrum (spotted cutworm); Zabrus tenebrioides (corn ground beetle)

Wild host of:

Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer); Urocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)

Associated with (not a host):

Acremoniella atra; Frangula alnus (alder buckthorn); Meloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode); Rhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)

Host of (source - data mining):

Aeroglyphus robustus (warty grain mite); Agriotes sputator (click beetle, common); Ahasverus advena (foreign grain beetle); Ambrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed); Anoecia corni (dogwood aphid); Anoecia vagans (barley, anoecia); Aploneura lentisci; Barley stripe mosaic virus (stripe mosaic of barley); Brome mosaic virus; Chromatomyia fuscula; Cochliobolus ravenelii (false smut); Cocksfoot mottle virus; Delphacodes kuscheli; Frankliniella tritici (eastern flower thrips); Fusarium poae (central: Chrysanthemum spp. bud rot); Gibberella pulicaris (basal canker of hop); Gibberella tricincta (blight: grasses); Israelaphis lambersi; Javesella pellucida; Lepidoglyphus destructor (groceries, mite); Limothrips cerealium (corn, thrips); Limothrips denticornis (barley thrips); Myrothecium verrucaria (myrothecium blotch); Mythimna convecta (armyworm, common); Mythimna sequax; Paratriophtydeus coineaui; Puccinia graminis f.sp. avenae (stem: oats rust); Pyrenophora teres f. maculata (leaf spot: barley); Sorhoanus pascuellus; Spodoptera latifascia (lateral lined armyworm); Stenothrips graminum; Tarsonemus granarius (glossy grain mite); Toya propinqua; Trachelus tabidus (black grain stem, sawfly); Typhula incarnata (snow blight: cereals); Tyrophagus putrescentiae (cereal mite); Ustilago avenae f.sp. avenae; Wheat dwarf virus