Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Aulacorthum solani
(foxglove aphid)



Aulacorthum solani (foxglove aphid)


  • Last modified
  • 11 October 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Aulacorthum solani
  • Preferred Common Name
  • foxglove aphid
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Aulacorthum solani Kaltenbach, 1843

Preferred Common Name

  • foxglove aphid

Other Scientific Names

  • Acyrthosiphon (Aulacorthum) solani
  • Aphis solani Kaltenbach
  • Aphis solani Kaltenbach, 1843
  • Aulacorthum circumflexum (Buckton)
  • Aulacorthum methae Buckton
  • Aulacorthum pseudosolani (Theo.)
  • Dysaulacorthum pseudosolani
  • Dysaulacorthum vincae
  • Macrosiphum aucubae
  • Macrosiphum matsumuraesanum Hori
  • Macrosiphum piceaella
  • Macrosiphum pseudosolani
  • Macrosiphum solani Kaltenbach
  • Macrosiphum vincae
  • Myzus aquilegiae
  • Myzus chelidonii
  • Myzus duffieldi
  • Myzus gei
  • Myzus glaucii
  • Myzus hydrocotylae
  • Myzus lamii
  • Myzus mercurialis
  • Myzus neogei
  • Myzus piceaellus
  • Myzus polyanthi
  • Myzus pseudosolani
  • Myzus solani
  • Phorodon solani
  • Rhopalosiphum solani
  • Siphoniella solani
  • Siphonophora solani

International Common Names

  • English: aphid, glasshouse potato; aphid, green potato; dock aphid; foxglove, aphid; glasshouse potato aphid; green potato aphid; potato aphid
  • Spanish: piojo de la papa; pulgón de la patata
  • French: puceron a taches vertes de la pomme de terre; puceron de la digitale; puceron de la pomme de terre; puceron strié de la digitale; puceron strié de la pomme de terre
  • Portuguese: piolho da digitália

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: kartoffelbladlus
  • Finland: koisokirva
  • Germany: Blattlaus, Fingerhut-; Blattlaus, Gefleckte Kartoffel-; Blattlaus, Gruenfleckige Kartoffel-; Blattlaus, Zierpflanzen-; Grunflelckige Kartoffelblattlaus
  • Italy: afide a macchie verdi della patata; afide della patata
  • Japan: zyagaimohigenaga-aburamusi
  • Netherlands: aardappelbladluis; boterbloemluis
  • Norway: gronnflekket veksthusbladlus
  • Sweden: potatisbladlus

EPPO code

  • AULASO (Aulacorthum solani)
  • DYSUVI (Dysaulacorthum vincae)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Aphidoidea
  •                                 Family: Aphididae
  •                                     Genus: Aulacorthum
  •                                         Species: Aulacorthum solani

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


ChinaPresentJiang et al., 2008
-HunanPresentJiang et al., 2008
Georgia (Republic of)PresentUK CAB International, 1985
IranPresentAlavi and Rezvani, 2007
JapanPresentOno et al., 2005
-HokkaidoPresentMizukoshi, 2002
-HonshuPresentOno et al., 2005
KazakhstanPresentUK CAB International, 1985
Korea, Republic ofPresentJeon and Kim, 2006
SyriaPresentAbo Kaf, 2005
TajikistanPresentUK CAB International, 1985
TurkeyPresentUK CAB International, 1985
UzbekistanPresentCarli and Baltaev, 2008


CameroonPresentUK CAB International, 1985
Cape VerdePresentUK CAB International, 1985
Congo Democratic RepublicPresentUK CAB International, 1985
EthiopiaPresentUK CAB International, 1985
KenyaPresentUK CAB International, 1985
MauritiusPresentUK CAB International, 1985
MoroccoPresentUK CAB International, 1985
MozambiquePresentUK CAB International, 1985
RéunionPresentUK CAB International, 1985
RwandaPresentUK CAB International, 1985
Saint HelenaPresentUK CAB International, 1985
South AfricaPresentUK CAB International, 1985
-Canary IslandsPresentUK CAB International, 1985
TanzaniaPresentUK CAB International, 1985
UgandaPresentUK CAB International, 1985
ZambiaPresentUK CAB International, 1985
ZimbabwePresentUK CAB International, 1985

North America

CanadaPresentGillespie et al., 2001

South America

ArgentinaPresentVasicek et al., 2001
BrazilPresentCarvalho et al., 2002
-Minas GeraisPresentCarvalho et al., 2002


AlbaniaPresentBalliu and Cota, 2007
AustriaPresentUK CAB International, 1985
BelgiumPresentUK CAB International, 1985
Bosnia-HercegovinaPresentMusa et al., 2003
BulgariaPresentUK CAB International, 1985
CyprusPresentUK CAB International, 1985
DenmarkPresentUK CAB International, 1985
FinlandPresentUK CAB International, 1985
FrancePresentUK CAB International, 1985
-CorsicaPresentUK CAB International, 1985
GermanyPresentUK CAB International, 1985
GreecePresentUK CAB International, 1985
HungaryPresentUK CAB International, 1985
IcelandPresentUK CAB International, 1985
IrelandPresentUK CAB International, 1985
ItalyPresentUK CAB International, 1985
LatviaPresentUK CAB International, 1985
MoldovaPresentUK CAB International, 1985
NetherlandsPresentUK CAB International, 1985
NorwayPresentUK CAB International, 1985
PolandPresentUK CAB International, 1985
PortugalPresentUK CAB International, 1985
-AzoresPresentUK CAB International, 1985
-MadeiraPresentUK CAB International, 1985
RomaniaPresentUK CAB International, 1985
Russian FederationPresentUK CAB International, 1985
SloveniaPresentUK CAB International, 1985
SpainPresentUK CAB International, 1985
SwedenPresentUK CAB International, 1985
SwitzerlandPresentUK CAB International, 1985
UKPresentUK CAB International, 1985
-Channel IslandsPresentUK CAB International, 1985
UkrainePresentUK CAB International, 1985


New ZealandPresentStufkens and Teulon, 2001

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Post-harvest, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Growing point / distortion
Growing point / honeydew or sooty mould
Leaves / honeydew or sooty mould
Leaves / leaves rolled or folded
Leaves / necrotic areas
Stems / honeydew or sooty mould
Whole plant / dwarfing

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Aphelinus abdominalis Parasite
Aphidius colemani Parasite
Aphidius ervi Parasite
Aphidius funebris Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius gifuensis Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius matricariae Predator/parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius nigripes Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Coccinella septempunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs Maine
Coccinella septempunctata brucki Predator Adults/Nymphs
Coccinella transversoguttata Predator Adults/Nymphs Maine
Conidiobolus obscurus Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Harmonia axyridis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Hippodamia undecimnotata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Orius sauteri Predator Adults/Nymphs
Praon volucre Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Pseudomonas fluorescens Antagonist Adults/Nymphs


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Carvalho LMde; Bueno VHP; Martinez RP, 2002. Alate aphids survey on vegetable crops in Lavras (MG). Cie^circumflex~ncia e Agrotecnologia, 26(3):523-532; 20 ref.

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Gillespie DR; Shipp JL; Raworth DA; Foottit RG, 2001. Aphis gossypii Glover, melon/cotton aphid, Aulacorthum solani (Kaltenbach), foxglove aphid, Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas), potato aphid, and Myzus persicae (Sulzer), green peach aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae). In: Biological Control Programmes in Canada, 1981-2000 [ed. by Mason, P. G.\Huber, J. T.]. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing, 44-49.

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Górski R; Piatek H, 2009. The influence of natural essential oils on mortality of foxglove aphid (Aulacorthum solani Kalt.) occurring on tobacco. (Wpyw naturalnych olejków eterycznych na smiertelnosc mszycy ziemniaczanej (Aulacorthum solani Kalt.) wystepujacej na tytoniu szlachetnym.) Progress in Plant Protection, 49(4):2009-2012.

Gui FR; Li ZY; Chen B; Wu HY, 2005. Virulence of entomophagous fungus Cladosporium aphidis (Thuemen) against 3 aphid species. Journal of Southwest Agricultural University, 27(2):184-187.

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Honda K; Mikoshiba Y; Fujisawa I; Kegasawa K, 1990a. Ecological studies on the transmission of soybean dwarf disease by the foxglove aphid, Aulacorthum solani (Kaltenbach) in Tohoku District, North Japan. 1. Differences in aphid population dynamics and soybean dwarf incidences between the inland area and the Pacific coast area of Iwate Prefecture. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, 41:140-143.

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