Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Aulacorthum solani
(foxglove aphid)

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Datasheet

Aulacorthum solani (foxglove aphid)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 10 December 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Aulacorthum solani
  • Preferred Common Name
  • foxglove aphid
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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    Compendia
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    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Aulacorthum solani Kaltenbach, 1843

Preferred Common Name

  • foxglove aphid

Other Scientific Names

  • Acyrthosiphon (Aulacorthum) solani
  • Aphis solani Kaltenbach
  • Aphis solani Kaltenbach, 1843
  • Aulacorthum circumflexum (Buckton)
  • Aulacorthum methae Buckton
  • Aulacorthum pseudosolani (Theo.)
  • Dysaulacorthum pseudosolani
  • Dysaulacorthum vincae
  • Macrosiphum aucubae
  • Macrosiphum matsumuraesanum Hori
  • Macrosiphum piceaella
  • Macrosiphum pseudosolani
  • Macrosiphum solani Kaltenbach
  • Macrosiphum vincae
  • Myzus aquilegiae
  • Myzus chelidonii
  • Myzus duffieldi
  • Myzus gei
  • Myzus glaucii
  • Myzus hydrocotylae
  • Myzus lamii
  • Myzus mercurialis
  • Myzus neogei
  • Myzus piceaellus
  • Myzus polyanthi
  • Myzus pseudosolani
  • Myzus solani
  • Phorodon solani
  • Rhopalosiphum solani
  • Siphoniella solani
  • Siphonophora solani

International Common Names

  • English: aphid, glasshouse potato; aphid, green potato; dock aphid; foxglove, aphid; glasshouse potato aphid; green potato aphid; potato aphid
  • Spanish: piojo de la papa; pulgón de la patata
  • French: puceron a taches vertes de la pomme de terre; puceron de la digitale; puceron de la pomme de terre; puceron strié de la digitale; puceron strié de la pomme de terre
  • Portuguese: piolho da digitália

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: kartoffelbladlus
  • Finland: koisokirva
  • Germany: Blattlaus, Fingerhut-; Blattlaus, Gefleckte Kartoffel-; Blattlaus, Gruenfleckige Kartoffel-; Blattlaus, Zierpflanzen-; Grunflelckige Kartoffelblattlaus
  • Italy: afide a macchie verdi della patata; afide della patata
  • Japan: zyagaimohigenaga-aburamusi
  • Netherlands: aardappelbladluis; boterbloemluis
  • Norway: gronnflekket veksthusbladlus
  • Sweden: potatisbladlus

EPPO code

  • AULASO (Aulacorthum solani)
  • DYSUVI (Dysaulacorthum vincae)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Aphidoidea
  •                                 Family: Aphididae
  •                                     Genus: Aulacorthum
  •                                         Species: Aulacorthum solani

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 25 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

Cabo VerdePresent
CameroonPresent
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresent
EthiopiaPresent
KenyaPresent
MauritiusPresent
MoroccoPresent
MozambiquePresent
RéunionPresent
RwandaPresent
Saint HelenaPresent
South AfricaPresent
TanzaniaPresent
UgandaPresent
ZambiaPresent
ZimbabwePresent

Asia

ChinaPresent
-HunanPresent
GeorgiaPresent
IndiaPresent
-SikkimPresent2014
IranPresent
JapanPresent
-HokkaidoPresentOriginal citation: Mizukoshi (2002)
-HonshuPresent
KazakhstanPresent
South KoreaPresent
SyriaPresent
TajikistanPresent
TurkeyPresent
UzbekistanPresent

Europe

AlbaniaPresent
AustriaPresent
BelgiumPresent
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPresent
BulgariaPresent
CyprusPresent
DenmarkPresent
FinlandPresent
FrancePresent
-CorsicaPresent
GermanyPresent
GreecePresent
HungaryPresent
IcelandPresent
IrelandPresent
ItalyPresent
LatviaPresent
MoldovaPresent
NetherlandsPresent
NorwayPresent
PolandPresent
PortugalPresent
-AzoresPresent
-MadeiraPresent
RomaniaPresent
RussiaPresent
SloveniaPresent
SpainPresent
-Canary IslandsPresent
SwedenPresent
SwitzerlandPresent
UkrainePresent
United KingdomPresent
-Channel IslandsPresent

North America

CanadaPresent
United StatesPresent
-ArizonaPresent

Oceania

New ZealandPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresent
BrazilPresent
-Minas GeraisPresent

Growth Stages

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Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Post-harvest, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Growing point / distortion
Growing point / honeydew or sooty mould
Leaves / honeydew or sooty mould
Leaves / leaves rolled or folded
Leaves / necrotic areas
Stems / honeydew or sooty mould
Whole plant / dwarfing

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Aphelinus abdominalis Parasite
Aphidius colemani Parasite
Aphidius ervi Parasite
Aphidius funebris Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius gifuensis Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius matricariae Predator/parasite Adults/Nymphs
Aphidius nigripes Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Coccinella septempunctata Predator Adults/Nymphs Maine
Coccinella septempunctata brucki Predator Adults/Nymphs
Coccinella transversoguttata Predator Adults/Nymphs Maine
Conidiobolus obscurus Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Harmonia axyridis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Hippodamia undecimnotata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Orius sauteri Predator Adults/Nymphs
Praon volucre Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Pseudomonas fluorescens Antagonist Adults/Nymphs

References

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Bünger I; Liebig HP; Zebitz CPW, 1999. Infestation of greenhouse cucumber caused by several species of aphids and their biological control. (Befall von Gewächshausgurken durch verschiedene Blattlausarten und ihre biologische Bekämpfung.) Gesunde Pflanzen, 51(3):75-80.

Carli C; Baltaev B, 2008. Aphids infesting potato crop in the highlands of Uzbekistan. Potato Journal, 35(3/4):134-140. http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:pj&type=home

Carvalho LMde; Bueno VHP; Martinez RP, 2002. Alate aphids survey on vegetable crops in Lavras (MG). Cie^circumflex~ncia e Agrotecnologia, 26(3):523-532; 20 ref.

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Çota E; Isufi A, 2009. Non-chemical control of aphids in protected crops in Albania. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin [Proceedings of the IOBC/WPRS Working Group "Integrated Control in Protected Crops", Crete, Greece, 6-11 September 2009.], 49:265-266. http://www.iobc-wprs.org/pub/bulletins/bulletin_2009_49_table_of_contents_abstracts.pdf

Culjak TG; Grubisic D; Kristic I, 2013. Importance and control of aphids in potato production. (Vaznost i suzbijanje lisnih usi u proizvodnji krumpira.) Glasilo Biljne Zastite, 13(4):306-312. http://www.hdbz.hr

Dewhirst SY; Birkett MA; Loza-Reyes E; Martin JL; Pye BJ; Smart LE; Hardie J; Pickett JA, 2012. Activation of defence in sweet pepper, Capsicum annum, by cis-jasmone, and its impact on aphid and aphid parasitoid behaviour. Pest Management Science, 68(10):1419-1429. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ps.3326/full

Down RE; Gatehouse AMR; Hamilton WDO; Gatehouse JA, 1996. Snowdrop lectin inhibits development and decreases fecundity of the glasshouse potato aphid (Aulacorthum solani) when administered in vitro and via transgenic plants both in laboratory and glasshouse trials. Journal of Insect Physiology, 42(11/12):1035-1045.

Eastop VF, 1957. The periodicity of aphid flight in East Africa. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 48:305-310.

Eastop VF, 1958. A study of the aphididae (Homoptera) of East Africa. London, UK: Colonial Research Publications, 20.

Fernßndez O, 1991. Aphid vectors of viruses found in Panama. Ciencia Agropecuaria - Instituto de Investigacio^acute~n Agropecuaria de Panama^acute~, No. 7:129-132; 6 ref.

Fisken AG, 1959. Factors affecting the spread of aphid-borne viruses in potato in eastern Scotland. I. Overwintering of potato aphids, particularly Myzus persicae (Sulzer). Annals of Applied Biology, 47:264-273.

Fletcher JD, 1996. Potato virus S(A): Characteristics of an isolate from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 24:335-339.

Foster GN, 1986. Effects of two insecticidal spray programmes on aphids and the spread of potato leafroll virus. Annals of Applied Biology, 108(suppl.):24-25.

Gibson RW, 1971. The resistance of three Solanum species to Myzus persicae, Macrosiphum euphorbiae and Aulacorthum solani (Aphididae: Homoptera). Annals of Applied Biology, 68:245-251.

Gillespie DR; Shipp JL; Raworth DA; Foottit RG, 2001. Aphis gossypii Glover, melon/cotton aphid, Aulacorthum solani (Kaltenbach), foxglove aphid, Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas), potato aphid, and Myzus persicae (Sulzer), green peach aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae). In: Biological Control Programmes in Canada, 1981-2000 [ed. by Mason, P. G.\Huber, J. T.]. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing, 44-49. http://www.cabi.org/CABeBooks/default.aspx?site=107&page=45&LoadModule=PDFHier&BookID=93

Górski R; Kania A, 2010. Influence of coriander and petitgrain oils on the mortality of foxglove aphid (Aulacorthum solani Kalt.) occurring on tobacco. (Wpyw olejków kolendrowego i petitgrain na smiertelnosc mmszycy ziemniaczanej (Aulacorthum solani Kalt.) wystepujacej na tytoniu.) Progress in Plant Protection [Sympozjum Przedsesyjne, Komitetu Ochrony Roslin Polskiej Akademii Nauk: "Stan I Kierunki Rozwoju Metod Biologicznych" Oraz Wykorzystanie Biotechnologii W Ochronie Rosli, Poznan, Polska, 3 Lutego 2010.], 50(3):1529-1532. http://www.progress.plantprotection.pl/pliki/2010/PPP_50_3_77_Gorski_R_2.pdf

Górski R; Piatek H, 2009. The influence of natural essential oils on mortality of foxglove aphid (Aulacorthum solani Kalt.) occurring on tobacco. (Wpyw naturalnych olejków eterycznych na smiertelnosc mszycy ziemniaczanej (Aulacorthum solani Kalt.) wystepujacej na tytoniu szlachetnym.) Progress in Plant Protection, 49(4):2009-2012. http://www.progress.plantprotection.pl/pliki/2009/49-4-21.pdf

Gui FR; Li ZY; Chen B; Wu HY, 2005. Virulence of entomophagous fungus Cladosporium aphidis (Thuemen) against 3 aphid species. Journal of Southwest Agricultural University, 27(2):184-187.

Hance T; Salin C, 2014. Potential of strawberry aphids control by parasitoids. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin [Proceedings of the IOBC/WPRS Working Group "Integrated Control in Protected Crops, Temperate Climate", Gent, Belgium, 14-18 September 2014.], 102:85-90. http://www.iobc-wprs.org/pub/bulletins/bulletin_2014_102_table_of_contents_abstracts.pdf

Haylock L; Dewar A, 2002. All you ever wanted to know about aphids in sugar beet, but were afraid to ask. British Sugar Beet Review, 70(2):44-48.

Hermoso de Mendoza A; Spina Mla; Marco F; Tabanera S; Vinaches P; Carbonell EA; Pérez-Panadés J, 2006. Economic injury level for Aulacorthum solani (Hemiptera, Aphididae) on commercial greenhouse pepper. (Nivel de daño económico para Aulacorthum solani (Hemiptera, Aphididae) sobre pimiento en invernadero comercial.) Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas, 32(2):181-187.

Hille Ris Lambers D, 1949. Contributions to a monograph of the Aphididae of Europe. Temminckia, 8:182-329.

Honda K; Kanematsu S; Mikoshiba Y; Miyai S, 1996. Occurrence of two strains of soybean dwarf virus transmitted by different vector species in soyabean fields in Morioka City, Iwate Prefecture. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, No. 47:48-51.

Honda K; Mikoshiba Y; Fujisawa I; Kegasawa K, 1990a. Ecological studies on the transmission of soybean dwarf disease by the foxglove aphid, Aulacorthum solani (Kaltenbach) in Tohoku District, North Japan. 1. Differences in aphid population dynamics and soybean dwarf incidences between the inland area and the Pacific coast area of Iwate Prefecture. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, 41:140-143.

Honda K; Mikoshiba Y; Fujisawa I; Kegasawa K, 1990b. Ecological studies on transmission of soybean dwarf disease by the foxglove aphid, Aulacorthum solani (Kaltenbach) in Tohoku District, North Japan. 2. Differences in the density of aphids among six varieties of soybeans and their relationships to soybean dwarf disease resistance. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, 41:144-146.

Honda K; Mikoshiba Y; Fujisawa I; Miyai S, 1991. Control of soybean dwarf [soybean dwarf luteovirus] by a new systemic insecticide (Imidacloprid) and plastic silver tape. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, 42:126-129.

Ishitani M; Niwata E, 1994. The study on emergence of Aulacorthum solani and A. magunoria as vecter of Chinese Yam necrotic mosaic virus and the occurrence of the virus in Chinese Yam [Dioscorea opposita] field. Bulletin of the Aomori Field Crops and Horticultural Experiment Station (Japan), 8:48 62.

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Jandricic SE; Filotas M; Sanderson JP; Wraight SP, 2014. Pathogenicity of conidia-based preparations of entomopathogenic fungi against the greenhouse pest aphids Myzus persicae, Aphis gossypii, and Aulacorthum solani (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 118:34-46. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022201114000214

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Robert Y; Turpeau E; Tanguy S, 1987. Complementation of suction and yellow traps. Aphid migration and forecasting 'Euraphid' systems in European Community countries. Luxembourg: Commission of the European Communities, 103-111

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Vasicek A; Rossa Fde la; Paglioni A, 2001. Biological and populational aspects of Aulacorthum solani (Kalt), Myzus persicae (Sulz) and Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas) (Homoptera: Aphidoidea) on pepper under laboratory conditions. Boleti^acute~n de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas, 27(4):439-446; 22 ref.

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Distribution References

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Stufkens M A W, Teulon D A J, 2001. Aphid species on potato crops in Canterbury. In: New Zealand Plant Protection Volume 54, 2001. Proceedings of a conference, Quality Hotel, Palmerston North, New Zealand, 14-16 August 2001. [ed. by Zydenbos S M]. Rotorua, New Zealand: New Zealand Plant Protection Society. 235-239.

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UK, CAB International, 1985. Aulacorthum solani. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 86 (Revised). DOI:10.1079/DMPP/20056600086

Vasicek A, Rossa F de la, Paglioni A, 2001. Biological and populational aspects of Aulacorthum solani (Kalt), Myzus persicae (Sulz) and Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas) (Homoptera: Aphidoidea) on pepper under laboratory conditions. (Aspectos biológicos y poblacionales de Aulacorthum solani, Myzus persicae y Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Homoptera: Aphidoidea) en Pimiento (Capsicum annum L.).). Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas. 27 (4), 439-446.

Yovkova M, Petrović-Obradović O, Tasheva-Terzieva E, Pencheva A, 2013. Aphids (Hemiptera, Aphididae) on ornamental plants in greenhouses in Bulgaria. ZooKeys. 347-361. http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/4318/aphids-hemiptera-aphididae-on-ornamental-plants-in-greenhouses-in-bulgaria

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