Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Hippoglossus hippoglossus
(Atlantic halibut)



Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Atlantic halibut)


  • Last modified
  • 18 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Natural Enemy
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Hippoglossus hippoglossus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Atlantic halibut
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Chordata
  •       Subphylum: Vertebrata
  •         Class: Actinopterygii
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Preferred Common Name

  • Atlantic halibut

Other Scientific Names

  • Hippoglossus linnei Malm, 1877
  • Hippoglossus vulgaris Fleming, 1828
  • Pleuronectes hippoglossus Linnaeus, 1758

International Common Names

  • English: fletch; flitch; halibut
  • Spanish: fletan; fletán del Atlántico; halibut; hipogloso
  • French: flétan de l'Atlantique

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: helleflynder
  • Finland: ruijanpallas
  • Germany: Heilbutt; Weißer Heilbutt
  • Greece: hippóglossa
  • Greenland: nataarnaq
  • Iceland: heilagfiski; lúða
  • Ireland: an haileabó
  • Italy: halibut
  • Japan: ohyô
  • Netherlands: heilbot
  • Norway: kveite
  • Poland: halibut bialy
  • Portugal: alabote; alabote-do-Atlântico
  • Romania: halibut
  • Sweden: hälleflundra; helgeflundra
  • Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro): koniski jezik

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Chordata
  •             Subphylum: Vertebrata
  •                 Class: Actinopterygii
  •                     Order: Pleuronectiformes
  •                         Family: Pleuronectidae
  •                             Genus: Hippoglossus
  •                                 Species: Hippoglossus hippoglossus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes


DenmarkPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
Faroe IslandsPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
FrancePresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
GermanyPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
IcelandPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
IrelandPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
Isle of ManPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
NetherlandsPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
NorwayPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
RussiaPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
SwedenPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
United KingdomPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)

North America

CanadaPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
-New BrunswickPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
-Newfoundland and LabradorPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
-Nova ScotiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
GreenlandPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
United StatesPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)

Sea Areas

Atlantic - NortheastPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
Atlantic - NorthwestPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)

Natural enemy of

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SpeciesStages attackedCountries where known to occurReferences
Alosa aestivalisAll Stages


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Froese R; Pauly D, 2004. FishBase DVD. Penang, Malaysia: Worldfish Center. Online at

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, 2001. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

Froese R, Pauly D, 2004. FishBase.

Distribution Maps

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