Invasive Species Compendium

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Datasheet

Aulacophora indica
(cucurbit beetle)

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Datasheet

Aulacophora indica (cucurbit beetle)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Aulacophora indica
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cucurbit beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Yellow-brown dorsally; meso- and metathorax and abdomen blackish, the last with apex brownish. Head with clypeus pale, concolorous with remainder of head.
TitleAdult
CaptionYellow-brown dorsally; meso- and metathorax and abdomen blackish, the last with apex brownish. Head with clypeus pale, concolorous with remainder of head.
CopyrightClive Lau
Yellow-brown dorsally; meso- and metathorax and abdomen blackish, the last with apex brownish. Head with clypeus pale, concolorous with remainder of head.
AdultYellow-brown dorsally; meso- and metathorax and abdomen blackish, the last with apex brownish. Head with clypeus pale, concolorous with remainder of head.Clive Lau

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Aulacophora indica (Gmelin, 1790)

Preferred Common Name

  • cucurbit beetle

Other Scientific Names

  • Aulacophora similis (Olivier)
  • Ceratia similis
  • Crioceris testacea Fabricius
  • Galeruca similis Olivier
  • Orthaulaca similis (Olivier)
  • Raphidopalpa femoralis Motschulsky
  • Rhaphidopalpa similis (Olivier)

EPPO code

  • AUACSI (Aulacophora indica)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Chrysomelidae
  •                             Genus: Aulacophora
  •                                 Species: Aulacophora indica

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

AfghanistanPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); CABI (Undated)
BangladeshPresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
BhutanPresentKimoto (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997)
BruneiPresentWaterhouse (1993); CABI and EPPO (1997)
CambodiaPresentKimoto (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997)
ChinaPresentKimoto (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-FujianPresentGressitt and Kimoto (1963); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-GuangdongPresentGressitt and Kimoto (1963); CABI and EPPO (1997); CABI (Undated)
-GuangxiPresentGressitt and Kimoto (1963); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-GuizhouPresentGressitt and Kimoto (1963); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-HainanPresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
-HebeiPresentGressitt and Kimoto (1963); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-HenanPresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
-HubeiPresentGressitt and Kimoto (1963); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-HunanPresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
-JiangsuPresentGressitt and Kimoto (1963); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-ShaanxiPresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
-ShandongPresentGressitt and Kimoto (1963); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-ShanxiPresentGressitt and Kimoto (1963); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-SichuanPresentGressitt and Kimoto (1963); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-YunnanPresentGressitt and Kimoto (1963); Wu et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-ZhejiangPresentGressitt and Kimoto (1963); CABI and EPPO (1997)
Hong KongPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); NHM (Undated)
IndiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPresentKimoto (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-AssamPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); CABI (Undated)
-BiharPresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
-DelhiPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); CABI (Undated)
-HaryanaPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); CABI (Undated)
-Himachal PradeshPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); CABI (Undated)
-Tamil NaduPresentTakizawa and Kimoto (1990); CABI and EPPO (1997); CABI (Undated);
-Uttar PradeshPresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
-West BengalPresentKimoto and Gressit (1982); Kimoto (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997); CABI (Undated)
IndonesiaPresentWaterhouse (1993); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-JavaPresentKalshoven and Laan (1981); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-Maluku IslandsPresentNHM (1954); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-SulawesiPresentNHM (1954); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-SumatraPresentKimoto (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997)
JapanPresentTanabe and Mishima (1930); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-HonshuPresentKimoto and Gressitt (1966); Takizawa (1994); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-KyushuPresentKimoto and Gressitt (1966); Hasama et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-Ryukyu IslandsPresentAzuma and Kimoto (1975); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-ShikokuPresentKimoto (1964); CABI and EPPO (1997)
LaosPresentKimoto (1989); Waterhouse (1993); CABI and EPPO (1997)
MalaysiaPresentWaterhouse (1993); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentYong (1993); CABI and EPPO (1997)
-SabahPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); NHM (Undated)
-SarawakPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); NHM (Undated)
MongoliaPresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
MyanmarPresentKimoto (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997)
NepalPresentKimoto and Gressit (1982); Kimoto (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997)
PakistanPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); CABI (Undated);
PhilippinesPresentKimoto (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997)
South KoreaPresentKimoto (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997); CABI (Undated)
Sri LankaPresentKimoto (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997)
TaiwanPresentKimoto (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997)
ThailandPresentKimoto (1989); Waterhouse (1993); CABI and EPPO (1997)
VietnamPresentKimoto (1989); Waterhouse (1993); CABI and EPPO (1997)

Europe

RussiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-SiberiaPresentKimoto (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997)

Oceania

American SamoaPresentMaulik (1929); CABI and EPPO (1997)
Federated States of MicronesiaPresentKimoto (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997)
FijiPresentKimoto (1989); CABI and EPPO (1997); CABI (Undated)
GuamPresentGressitt (1955); Schreiner and Nafus (1994); CABI and EPPO (1997)
New CaledoniaPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); CABI (Undated)
NiuePresentWaterhouse and Norris (1987); CABI and EPPO (1997)
Northern Mariana IslandsPresentGressitt (1955); CABI and EPPO (1997)
PalauPresentGressitt (1955); CABI and EPPO (1997)
Papua New GuineaPresentKimoto et al. (1984); CABI and EPPO (1997); CABI (Undated)
SamoaPresentMaulik (1929); Waterhouse and Norris (1987); CABI and EPPO (1997)
Solomon IslandsPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); CABI (Undated)
TongaPresentMaulik (1929); CABI and EPPO (1997); CABI (Undated)
VanuatuPresentCABI and EPPO (1997); CABI (Undated)
Wallis and FutunaPresentCABI and EPPO (1997)

Growth Stages

Top of page Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Inflorescence / external feeding
Leaves / external feeding
Roots / external feeding
Stems / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Chlaenius pallipes Predator
Cicindela aurulenta Predator

References

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Azuma S; Kimoto S, 1975. The chrysomelid fauna of the Miyako Island, Ryukyus. Science Bulletin of the College of Agriculture, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, No. 22:125-129

CABI; EPPO, 1997. Aulacophora indica. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, June. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Map 570.

Crosskey RW, 1973. A conspectus of the Tachinidae (Diptera) of Australia, including keys to the supra specific taxa and taxonomic and host catalogues. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology, Supplement 21:1-231.

Crosskey RW, 1976. A taxonomic conspectus of the Tachinidae (Diptera) of the Oriental Region. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology, Supplement 26:357 pp.

Ezaki T; Kawada A; Yuasa H; Ishii Y; Motoki Y, eds. , 1959. Illustrated Insect Larvae of Japan. 8th edition. Tokyo, Japan: Hokuryukan Co.

Georghiou GP; Lagunes-Tejeda A, 1991. The Occurrence of Resistance to Pesticides in Arthropods. Rome, Italy: Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations.

Gressitt JL, 1955. Insects of Micronesia: Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae. Insects of Micronesia, 17:1-60.

Gressitt JL; Kimoto S, 1963. The Chrysomelidae (Coleop.) of China and Korea, Part 2. Pacific Insects Monograph, 1B:301-1026.

Greve JE van S; Ismay JW, ed. , 1983. Crop insect survey of Papua New Guinea from July 1st 1969 to December 31st, 1978. Papua New Guinea Agricultural Journal, 32(1/4):iv + 180 pp.

Hasama W; Morita S; Kato T, 1993. Seed transmission of Corynespora melonis, causal fungus of target leaf spot, on cucumber. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 59(2):175-179

Hashmi AA; Tashfeen A, 1994. Coleoptera of Pakistan. Proceedings of Pakistan Congress of Zoology, vol. 12: Twelfth Pakistan Congress of Zoology held under auspices of the Zoological Society of Pakistan Government College, Lahore, April 1992 [edited by Ahmad, M.; Shakoori, A. R.] Karachi, Pakistan; University of Karachi,, 133-170

Kalshoven LGE; Laan PA van der (Reviser and translator), 1981. Pests of crops in Indonesia (revised). Jakarta, Indonesia: Ichtiar Baru, 701 pp.

Kimoto S, 1964. The Chrysomelidae of Japan and the Ryukyu Islands. VI. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, 13:287-308.

Kimoto S, 1982. The Galerucinae of Nepal, Bhutan and Northern Territories of India, in the Natural History Museum in Basel, II. (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). Entomological Review of Japan, 37:7-24.

Kimoto S, 1989. Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) of Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. IV. Galerucinp. Esakia, No. 27:1-241

Kimoto S; Gressitt JL, 1966. The Chrysomelidae of the Ryukyu Archipelago. Pacific Insects, 8:467-577.

Kimoto S; Ismay JW; Samuelson GA, 1984. Distribution of chrysomelid pests associated with certain agricultural plants in Papua New Guinea (Coleoptera). Esakia, No. 21:49-57

Larochelle A, 1974. A world list of prey of Chlaenius (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Great Lakes Entomologist, 7(4):137-142

Larochelle A, 1974. The food of Cicindelidae of the world. Cicindela, 6(2):21-43

Li ZZ, 1988. A list of insect hosts of Beauveria bassiana. In: Li YW, Li ZZ, Liang ZQ, Wu JW, Wu ZK, Xi QF, eds. Study and application of entomogenous fungi in China. Beijing, China: Academic Periodical Press, 241-255.

Maulik S, 1929. Insects of Samoa and other Samoan terrestrial Arthropoda. Part IV. Coleoptera. Chrysomelidae: with a note on the comparative anatomy of some halticine tibiae. London, UK: The British Museum (Natural History), 177-215.

Samuelson GA, 1994. Pollen consumption and digestion by leaf beetles. In: Jolivet P, Cox ML, Petitpierre E, eds. Novel aspects of the biology of Chrysomelidae. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 179-183.

Schreiner IH; Nafus DM, 1994. Soil insecticides, plastic mulch and adult control as methods of reducing populations of larval Aulacophora similis (Coleoptera; Chrysomelidae) in cantaloupe fields. International Journal of Pest Management, 40(1):50-55

Takizawa H, 1987. Chrysomelidae collected by the Japan-India cooperative survey in India, 1978. Part IV. Entomological Review of Japan, 42:37-42.

Takizawa H, 1987. Notes on chrysomelid beetles (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) of India and its neighbouring areas, part 6. Kontyu, 55(3):521-529

Takizawa H, 1994. Seasonal changes in leaf beetle fauna of a warm temperate lowland in Japan. In: Jolivet P, Cox ML, Petitpierre E, eds. Novel aspects of the biology of Chrysomelidae. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 511-525.

Takizawa H; Kimoto S, 1990. Notes on chrysomelid beetles of S.India preserved in the collection of the Staatliches Museum of Munich (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Entomological Review of Japan, 45:7-10.

Tanabe C; Mishima K, 1930. On the life-history and methods of control of Rhapidopalpa femoralis Motschulsky). Plant Protection Tokyo, 17:291-383.

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Waterhouse DF; Norris KR, 1987. Biological control: Pacific prospects. viii + 454pp

Wilcox JA, ed. , 1972. Coleopterorum Catalogus. Supplementa. Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae: Luperini: Aulacophorina, Diabroticina. Pars 28. Fasc 2 (2nd edition), 221-252.

Wu DG; Liu JK; Cheng CQ, 1992. Angulatueoid G and H, sesquiterpenes from the seeds of Celastrus angulatus. Phytochemistry, 31(12):4219-4222

Yong HS, 1993. Biochemical genetic differentiation between two Aulacophora leaf beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. B, Comparative Biochemistry, 106(2):317-319

Distribution References

Azuma S, Kimoto S, 1975. The chrysomelid fauna of the Miyako Island, Ryukyus. Science Bulletin of the College of Agriculture, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa. 125-129.

CABI, EPPO, 1997. Aulacophora indica. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 570.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Gressitt J L, 1955. Insects of Micronesia: Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae. In: Insects of Micronesia, 17 1-60.

Gressitt JL, Kimoto S, 1963. The Chrysomelidae (Coleop.) of China and Korea, Part 2. In: Pacific Insects Monograph, 1B 301-1026.

Hasama W, Morita S, Kato T, 1993. Seed transmission of Corynespora melonis, causal fungus of target leaf spot, on cucumber. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan. 59 (2), 175-179. DOI:10.3186/jjphytopath.59.175

Kalshoven L G E, Laan P A van der, 1981. Pests of crops in Indonesia. Jakarta, Indonesia: Ichtiar Baru. xix + 701 pp.

Kimoto S, 1964. The Chrysomelidae of Japan and the Ryukyu Islands. VI. In: Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, 13 287-308.

Kimoto S, 1989. Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) of Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. IV. Galerucinae. Esakia. 1-241.

Kimoto S, Gressit J L, 1982. Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) of Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. III. Eumolpinae. Esakia. 141 pp.

Kimoto S, Gressitt JL, 1966. The Chrysomelidae of the Ryukyu Archipelago. In: Pacific Insects, 8 467-577.

Kimoto S, Ismay J W, Samuelson G A, 1984. Distribution of chrysomelid pests associated with certain agricultural plants in Papua New Guinea (Coleoptera). Esakia. 49-57.

Maulik S, 1929. Chrysomelidae [sens. lat., including a Description of the Larva of Promecotheca reichei, Baly]. In: Insects of Samoa and other Samoan terrestrial Arthropoda., Part IV. London, UK: British Museum (Natural History). 177-215.

NHM, 1954. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, Undated. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

Schreiner I H, Nafus D M, 1994. Soil insecticides, plastic mulch and adult control as methods of reducing populations of larval Aulacophora similis (Coleoptera; Chrysomelidae) in cantaloupe fields. International Journal of Pest Management. 40 (1), 50-55. DOI:10.1080/09670879409371853

Takizawa H, 1994. Seasonal changes in leaf beetle fauna of a warm temperate lowland in Japan. In: Novel aspects of the biology of Chrysomelidae, [ed. by Jolivet P, Cox ML, Petitpierre E]. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 511-525.

Takizawa H, Kimoto S, 1990. Notes on chrysomelid beetles of S.India preserved in the collection of the Staatliches Museum of Munich (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). In: Entomological Review of Japan, 45 7-10.

Tanabe C, Mishima K, 1930. On the life-history and methods of control of Rhapidopalpa femoralis Motschulsky). Plant Protection Tokyo. 291-383.

Waterhouse D F, 1993. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. v + 141 pp.

Waterhouse D F, Norris K R, 1987. Biological control: Pacific prospects. In: Biological control: Pacific prospects. [Biological control: Pacific prospects.], Melbourne, Australia: Inkata Press. viii + 454pp.

Wu D G, Liu J K, Cheng C Q, 1992. Angulatueoid G and H, sesquiterpenes from the seeds of Celastrus angulatus. Phytochemistry. 31 (12), 4219-4222. DOI:10.1016/0031-9422(92)80445-K

Yong H S, 1993. Biochemical genetic differentiation between two Aulacophora leaf beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. B, Comparative Biochemistry. 106 (2), 317-319.

Distribution Maps

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