Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Aulacophora foveicollis
(red pumpkin beetle)

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Datasheet

Aulacophora foveicollis (red pumpkin beetle)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Aulacophora foveicollis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • red pumpkin beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult beetles have body length of 6-8 mm.
TitleAdult
CaptionAdult beetles have body length of 6-8 mm.
Copyright©Georg Goergen/IITA Insect Museum, Cotonou, Benin
Adult beetles have body length of 6-8 mm.
AdultAdult beetles have body length of 6-8 mm.©Georg Goergen/IITA Insect Museum, Cotonou, Benin

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Aulacophora foveicollis Lucas, 1849

Preferred Common Name

  • red pumpkin beetle

Other Scientific Names

  • Allocophora foveicollis Lucas
  • Aulacophora africana (Weise)
  • Galeruca foveicollis Lucas
  • Raphidopalpa foveicollis Lucas
  • Rhaphidopalpa africana Weise
  • Rhaphidopalpa foveicollis (Lucas)

International Common Names

  • English: hamra beetle; red leaf beetle; red melon beetle
  • French: galeruque du melon

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Feuerroter Kuerbis-Kaefer; Zinnoberroter Kuerbis-Kaefer

EPPO code

  • AUACFO (Aulacophora foveicollis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Chrysomelidae
  •                             Genus: Aulacophora
  •                                 Species: Aulacophora foveicollis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentBerti (1990); CABI (Undated)
AngolaPresentNHM (Undated)
BeninPresentBerti (1990)
Burkina FasoPresentBerti (1990)
CameroonPresentNonveiller (1984); Berti (1990)
Central African RepublicPresentBerti (1990)
ChadPresentBerti (1990)
ComorosPresentBerti (1990)
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresentBerti (1990)
Congo, Republic of thePresentBerti (1990)
Côte d'IvoirePresentBerti (1990)
EgyptPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Balachowsky, 1963
EthiopiaPresentNHM (1927); CABI (Undated)
GabonPresentBerti (1990)
GhanaPresentSCHMUTTERER and ET AL. (1969); Berti (1990)
GuineaPresentBerti (1990)
Guinea-BissauPresentBerti (1990)
KenyaPresentSCHMUTTERER and ET AL. (1969); Berti (1990)
MadagascarPresentBerti (1990); CABI (Undated)
MalawiPresentNHM (1923); CABI (Undated)
MaliPresentBerti (1990)
MoroccoPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Balachowsky, 1963
MozambiquePresentBerti (1990)
NigerPresentBerti (1990)
NigeriaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: IIE, 1993
SenegalPresentNHM (1948); CABI (Undated)
Sierra LeonePresentBerti (1990)
SomaliaPresentSCHMUTTERER and ET AL. (1969); CABI (Undated)
South AfricaPresentBerti (1990)
SudanPresentNHM (1935); NHM (1948); SCHMUTTERER and ET AL. (1969)
TanzaniaPresentNHM (1947); SCHMUTTERER and ET AL. (1969)
-Zanzibar IslandPresentNHM (1925)
TunisiaPresentNHM (1927)
UgandaPresentNHM (1912); SCHMUTTERER and ET AL. (1969)
ZambiaPresentNHM (1947)

Asia

AfghanistanPresentCABI (Undated b)
BangladeshPresentAPPPC (1987); CABI (Undated)
IndiaPresentAPPPC (1987)
-AssamPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Shimantini et al. (2016)
-Himachal PradeshPresentRajpal Singh et al. (2004)
-KarnatakaPresentPrasad Kumar (2002)
-MaharashtraPresentVaavdekar and Dumbre (1992)
-PunjabPresentDhillon and Sharma (1989); Dhillon (1993)
-RajasthanPresentPareek and Kavadia (1993)
-Tamil NaduPresentKumar and Nadarajan (2007)
-TripuraPresentPande et al. (1987); Roy and Pande (1991); Roy and Pande (1991a)
-Uttar PradeshPresentChaudhary (1995); CABI (Undated)
-West BengalPresentDutt and Dalapati (1977)
IndonesiaPresentEPPO (2020)
IranPresentCABI (Undated b)
IraqPresentAl-Ali et al. (1982); CABI (Undated)
IsraelPresentMelamed-Madjar (1960)
MalaysiaPresentWaterhouse (1993)
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentNawi (1975); Rani (1977)
MyanmarPresentWaterhouse (1993); CABI (Undated)
NepalPresentCABI (Undated b)
PakistanPresentAPPPC (1987); Berti (1990); Khan and Khattak (1992); Waqar Ahmad et al. (2013)
Saudi ArabiaPresentNHM (1946); Jolivet (1953)
Sri LankaPresentCABI (Undated b)
ThailandPresentWaterhouse (1993)
TurkeyPresentLucchese (1944)
YemenPresentCABI (Undated);

Europe

CroatiaPresentNHM (1905)
CyprusPresentCABI (Undated b)
FrancePresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-CorsicaPresentJolivet (1953); CABI (Undated)
GreecePresentCABI (Undated b)
ItalyPresentMarinelli (1961); CABI (Undated)
MaltaPresentLucchese (1944)
PortugalPresentLucchese (1944); Berti (1990)
RussiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Russia (Europe)PresentLucchese (1944)
SpainPresentPetitpierre (1988); Berti (1990); CABI (Undated)
-Balearic IslandsPresentJolivet (1953)

Oceania

AustraliaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-QueenslandPresentEPPO (2020)
Papua New GuineaPresentEPPO (2020)
Solomon IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Inflorescence / external feeding
Leaves / external feeding
Roots / external feeding
Stems / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Gregarina crenata Parasite Adults
Histiostoma Parasite Larvae
Retractocephalus raphidopalpae Pathogen
Rhynocoris fuscipes Predator Adults

References

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Al-Ali AS, Al-Neamy IK, Alwan MS, 1982. On the biology and host preference of Aulacophora foveicollis Lucas (Coleoptera, Galerucidae). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 94(1):82-86

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Balachowsky AS, ed, 1963. Entomology Applied to Agriculture, Volume 1, Coleoptera (Second volume). Paris: Masson.

Beevi SN, Jacob A, 1982. Susceptibility of different pests and plants to infection by Fusarium moniliformp var. subglutinans. Entomon, 7(2):235-236

Berti N, 1990. Contribution to the study of Afrotropical Galerucinp. IX. - The genus Aulacophora Chevrolat, description of a new genus, Chosnia gen. nov. (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). Journal of African Zoology, 104(2):109-126

Bogawat JK, Pandey SN, 1967. Food preference in Aulacophora spp. Indian Journal of Entomology 29:349-352.

Chandravadana MV, Pal AB, 1983. Triterpenoid feeding deterrent of Raphidopalpa foveicollis L. (red pumpkin beetles) from Momordica charantia L. Current Science, 52(2):87-88

Chaudhary RN, 1995. Management of red pumpkin beetle, Aulacophora foveicollis (Lucas) using polyethylene cages on cucumber. Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems, 1(1):55-57

Chaudry ZA, Alikhan MA, 1990. Effects of temperature and relative humidity on the development and the fecundity of the red pumpkin beetle Aulacophora foveicollis Lucos (Chrysomelidae Coleoptera). Indian Journal of Entomology, 52(2):274-278

Cherian MC, Brahmachari K, 1941. Notes on the three predatory hemipterans from south India. Indian Journal of Entomology, 3:115-119.

Crosskey RW, 1973. A conspectus of the Tachinidae (Diptera) of Australia, including keys to the supraspecific taxa and taxonomic and host catalogues. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology, Suppl. 21:221 pp.

Dhillon NPS, 1993. The lack of a relationship between bitterness and resistance of cucurbits to red pumpkin beetle (Aulacophora foveicollis). Plant Breeding, 110(1):73-76

Dhillon NPS, Sharma BR, 1989. Relationship between field and cage assessments for resistance to red pumpkin beetle in summer squash. Euphytica, 40(1-2):63-65

Dhillon NPS, Wehner TC, 1991. Host-plant resistance to insects in cucurbits germplasm resources, genetics and breeding. Tropical Pest Management, 37(4):421-428

Dilbag Singh, Gill CK, 1982. Estimation of losses in growth and yield of muskmelon due to Aulacophora foveicollis Lucas. Indian Journal of Entomology, 44(3):294-295

Dutt N, Dalapati A, 1977. Dormancy in red pumpkin beetle, Raphidopalpa foveicollis (Lucas). Indian Journal of Entomology, 39(1):70-80

Haldar DP, Chakraborty N, 1976. Retractocephalus- a new genus of cephaline gregarines (Protozoa: Sporozoa) from insects. Current Science, 45:668-669.

Hashmi AA, Tashfeen A, 1994. Coleoptera of Pakistan. Proceedings of Pakistan Congress of Zoology, vol. 12: Twelfth Pakistan Congress of Zoology held under auspices of the Zoological Society of Pakistan Government College, Lahore, April 1992 [edited by Ahmad, M.; Shakoori, A. R.] Karachi, Pakistan; University of Karachi,, 133-170

Jolivet P, 1953. The Chrysomeloidea (Coleoptera) of the Balearic Islands. Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Memoires, Second Series, 50:87 pp.

Khan MZ, Hajela KP, 1987. Studies on Aulacophora foveicollis Lucas (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) - food preference and extent of damage. Indian Journal of Entomology, 49(4):457-459

Khan SM, Khattak NI, 1992. Chemical control of red pumpkin beetle Aulacophora foveicollis (Lucas) attacking muskmelon crop. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 8(3):363-368

Kumar KS, Nadarajan L, 2007. Studies on biology of Aulacophora foveicollis on pumpkin. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 15(2):489-491. http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:apps&type=home

Lucchese E, 1944. Contribution to the knowledge of Rhaphidopalpa foveicollis Lucas (Coleoptera-Chrysomelidae). Bolletinio del R. Laboratorio di Entomologia Agraria di Portici, 5:274-295.

Marinelli MC, 1961. [Raphidopalpa foveicollis in Sardinia.] Informatore Fitopatologico, 11:356-357.

Mavi GS, Bajwa DS, 1984. Comparative efficacy of some emulsifiable concentrates applied with "Fogair" for the control of red pumpkin beetle, Aulacophora foveicollis (Lucas) on musk-melon. Journal of Entomological Research, 8(2):167-170

May AWS, 1946. Pests of cucurbit crops. Queensland Agricultural Journal, 62:137-150.

Mehta PK, Sandhu GS, 1990. Monitoring of red pumpkin beetle (Aulacophora foveicollis) by cucurbitacins as kairomones through poison baits. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 60(3):225-226

Melamed-Madjar V, 1960. Studies on the red pumpkin beetle in Israel. Israel Journal of Agriculture, 10:139-145.

Nawi Y, 1975. Bionomics of Aulacophora foveicollis (Lucas) and Aulacophora coffeae (Hornst.) (Chrysomelidae: Coleoptera). [Abstract in First Decade of MAPPS.]

Nonveiller G, 1984. Catalogue of the insects of agricultural importance of Cameroon. Belgrade, Yugoslavia: Institut Pour la Protection des Plantes, 15.

Pal AB, Srinivasan K, Bharatan G, Chandravadana MV, 1978. Location of sources of resistance to the red pumpkin beetle, Raphidopalpa foveicollis Lucas amongst pumpkin germplasms. Journal of Entomological Research, 2(2):148-153

Pande YD, Ghosh D, Guha S, 1987. Toxicity of leaf extract of Ageratum conyzoides L. (Compositp) to red pumpkin beetle, Raphidopalpa foveicollis (Lucas) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Tripura. Indian Agriculturist, 31(4):251-255

Pareek BL, Kavadia VS, 1993. Screening of musk melon varieties against red pumpkin beetle, Aulacophora foveicollis Lucas. Indian Journal of Entomology, 55(3):245-251

Pavlakos JG, 1943. The biology and control of the orange-red melon beetle Aulacophora foveicollis Luc. in Greece. Zeitschrift für angewandte Entomologie, 30:1-78.

Petitpierre E, 1988. Catalogue of the chrysomelid beetles of Catalunya. III. Chrysomelinae, Galerucinae. Butll. Inst. Cat. Hist. Nat., 55 (Sec. Zool., 7):79-100.

Prasad Kumar, 2002. Insect pest status on summer vegetables in Malnad hilly tracts. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 15(1):156-157.

Rajpal S, Lakhanpal SC, Karkara BK, 2004. Pests of strawberry in Paonta Valley, Himachal Pradesh. Insect Environment, 10(2):81-82.

Rangarajan M, Sriwastava RP, Chakravarthy BP, 1968. A note on the different insect hosts of Serratia marcescens Bizio. Labdev Journal of Science and Technology, 6-B:159-160.

Rani MY, 1977. Evaluation of granular systemic insecticides for control of Aulacophora foveicollis (Lucas) on red pumpkin, Cucurbita maxima. [Abstract in First decade of MAPPS, p.30.]

Roy DC, Pande YD, 1991. Biological studies on the red pumpkin beetle, Raphidopalpa foveicollis (Lucas) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Tripura. Journal of Advanced Zoology, 12(1):1-6

Roy DC, Pande YD, 1991. Seasonal incidence, host preference and feeding rate of red-pumpkin beetle (Raphidopalpa foveicollis) in Tripura. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 61(8):603-607; 14 ref.

Sabine BNE, 1973. Pests of zucchini marrows. Queensland Agricultural Journal, 99(10):541-547

Schmutterer H, 1969. Pests of Crops in Northeast and Central Africa with particular reference to the Sudan. Stuttgart, Germany: Gustav Fischer Verlag.

Shaheen AH, 1973. Biological studies on Aulacophora foveicollis Lucas in Egypt. Agricultural Research Review., 51(1):91-95

Shaheen AH, Samhan M, Elezz AA, 1973. Cucurbit pests at Komombo. Agricultural Research Review, 51(1):97-101

Singh J, Bardhan AK, 1974. Effectiveness of DD-136, an entomophilic nematode against insect pests of agricultural importance. Current Science, 43(19):622

Toguebaye BS, Marchand B, 1984. Ultrastructural study of Unikaryon matteii n.sp. (Microsporida, Unikaryonidae) parasite of Nisotra sp. (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) and remarks on the validity of certain Nosema of insects. Journal of Protozoology, 31:339-346.

Vaavdekar VR, Dumbre RB, 1992. Laboratory studies on bionomics and host preference of Rhaphidopalpa spp. in Maharashtra. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 17(2):254-257

Waqar Ahmad, Muhammad Naeem, Imran Bodlah, 2013. Genus Aulacophora Chevrolat, 1836 (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) from Pothohar, Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 45(3):868-871. http://www.zsp.com.pk/pdf45/865-881%20_37_%20SHORT%20COMMUNICATIONS%2045%20_3_%202013.pdf

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Waterhouse DF, Norris KR, 1987. Biological control: Pacific prospects. viii + 454pp

Distribution References

Al-Ali A S, Al-Neamy I K, Alwan M S, 1982. On the biology and host preference of Aulacophora foveicollis Lucas (Coleoptera, Galerucidae). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie. 94 (1), 82-86.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. In: Technical Document No. 135, Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Berti N, 1990. Contribution to the study of Afrotropical Galerucinae. IX. - The genus Aulacophora Chevrolat, description of a new genus, Chosnia gen. nov. (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). Journal of African Zoology. 104 (2), 109-126.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chaudhary R N, 1995. Management of red pumpkin beetle, Aulacophora foveicollis (Lucas) using polyethylene cages on cucumber. Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems. 1 (1), 55-57.

Dhillon N P S, 1993. The lack of a relationship between bitterness and resistance of cucurbits to red pumpkin beetle (Aulacophora foveicollis). Plant Breeding. 110 (1), 73-76. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0523.1993.tb00570.x

Dhillon N P S, Sharma B R, 1989. Relationship between field and cage assessments for resistance to red pumpkin beetle in summer squash. Euphytica. 40 (1-2), 63-65.

Dutt N, Dalapati A, 1977. Dormancy in red pumpkin beetle, Raphidopalpa foveicollis (Lucas). Indian Journal of Entomology. 39 (1), 70-80.

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Jolivet P, 1953. The Chrysomeloidea (Coleoptera) of the Balearic Islands. Institut Royal Des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. Memoires., Second Series.

Khan S M, Khattak N I, 1992. Chemical control of red pumpkin beetle Aulacophora foveicollis (Lucas) attacking muskmelon crop. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 8 (3), 363-368.

Kumar K S, Nadarajan L, 2007. Studies on biology of Aulacophora foveicollis on pumpkin. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences. 15 (2), 489-491. http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:apps&type=home

Lucchese E, 1944. Contribution to the knowledge of Rhaphidopalpa foveicollis Lucas (Coleoptera-Chrysomelidae). Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia Agraria 'Filippo Silvestri', Portici. 274-295.

Marinelli MC, 1961. Raphidopalpa foveicollis in Sardinia. In: Informatore Fitopatologico, 11 356-357.

Melamed-Madjar V, 1960. Studies on the red pumpkin beetle in Israel. In: Israel Journal of Agriculture, 10 139-145.

Nawi Y, 1975. Bionomics of Aulacophora foveicollis (Lucas) and Aulacophora coffeae (Hornst.) (Chrysomelidae: Coleoptera).,

NHM, 1905. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1912. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1923. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1925. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1927. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1935. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1946. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1947. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, 1948. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

NHM, Undated. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

Nonveiller G, 1984. Catalogue des insectes du Cameroun d'intérêt agricole. Belgrade, Yugoslavia: Institut Pour la Protection des Plantes. 210 pp.

Pande Y D, Ghosh D, Guha S, 1987. Toxicity of leaf extract of Ageratum conyzoides L. (Compositae) to red pumpkin beetle, Raphidopalpa foveicollis (Lucas) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Tripura. Indian Agriculturist. 31 (4), 251-255.

Pareek B L, Kavadia V S, 1993. Screening of musk melon varieties against red pumpkin beetle, Aulacophora foveicollis Lucas. Indian Journal of Entomology. 55 (3), 245-251.

Petitpierre E, 1988. Catalogue of the chrysomelid beetles of Catalunya. III. Chrysomelinae, Galerucinae. In: Butll. Inst. Cat. Hist. Nat. 55 (7) 79-100.

Prasad Kumar, 2002. Insect pest status on summer vegetables in Malnad hilly tracts. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 15 (1), 156-157.

Rajpal Singh, Lakhanpal S C, Karkara B K, 2004. Pests of strawberry in Paonta Valley, Himachal Pradesh. Insect Environment. 10 (2), 81-82.

Rani MY, 1977. Evaluation of granular systemic insecticides for control of Aulacophora foveicollis (Lucas) on red pumpkin, Cucurbita maxima. In: Abstract in First decade of MAPPS, 30.

Roy D C, Pande Y D, 1991. Seasonal incidence, host preference and feeding rate of red-pumpkin beetle (Raphidopalpa foveicollis) in Tripura. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 61 (8), 603-607.

Roy D C, Pande Y D, 1991a. Biological studies on the red pumpkin beetle, Raphidopalpa foveicollis (Lucas) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Tripura. Journal of Advanced Zoology. 12 (1), 1-6.

SCHMUTTERER H, ET AL, 1969. Pests of crops in Northeast and Central Africa with particular reference to the Sudan. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer Ver lag. 296 pp.

Vaavdekar V R, Dumbre R B, 1992. Laboratory studies on bionomics and host preference of Rhaphidopalpa spp. in Maharashtra. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities. 17 (2), 254-257.

Waqar Ahmad, Muhammad Naeem, Imran Bodlah, 2013. Genus Aulacophora Chevrolat, 1836 (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) from Pothohar, Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology. 45 (3), 868-871. http://www.zsp.com.pk/pdf45/865-881%20_37_%20SHORT%20COMMUNICATIONS%2045%20_3_%202013.pdf

Waterhouse D F, 1993. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. v + 141 pp.

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