Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Ictiobus niger
(black buffalo)



Ictiobus niger (black buffalo)


  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Ictiobus niger
  • Preferred Common Name
  • black buffalo
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Chordata
  •       Subphylum: Vertebrata
  •         Class: Actinopterygii
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Ictiobus niger Rafinesque, 1819

Preferred Common Name

  • black buffalo

Other Scientific Names

  • Amblodon niger Rafinesque, 1819

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: buffalo negru
  • Romania: buffalo negru
  • Russian Federation: buffalo negru

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Chordata
  •             Subphylum: Vertebrata
  •                 Class: Actinopterygii
  •                     Order: Cypriniformes
  •                         Family: Catostomidae
  •                             Genus: Ictiobus
  •                                 Species: Ictiobus niger

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


UzbekistanPresentIntroduced Not invasive Kamilov and Urchinov , 1995

North America

MexicoPresentNative Not invasive Page and Burr , 1991
USAPresentNative Not invasive Page and Burr , 1991

Central America and Caribbean

CubaPresentIntroduced Not invasive Welcomme, 1988


BulgariaPresentNative Not invasive Mikhov , 2000
PolandPresentIntroduced Not invasive FAO, 1997
RomaniaPresentIntroduced Not invasive FAO, 1997
Russian FederationPresentIntroduced Not invasive Reshetnikov and et al. , 1997

Natural enemy of

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SpeciesStages attackedCountries where known to occurReferences
Corbicula fluminalisJuveniles
Corbicula flumineaAll StagesMcMahon, 1983


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Bogutskaya NG; Naseka AM, 2002. An overview of nonindigenous fishes in inland waters of Russia. Zool. Inst. RAS website. Online at Accessed 11 October 2004.

Breder CM; Rosen DE, 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. TFH Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey, 941 pp.

FAO, 1997. FAO Database on Introduced Aquatic Species. FAO, Rome, Italy: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.

FishBase, 2004. Entry for Ictiobus niger. Main ref. Page LM., Burr BM, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin Company, 432 pp. Online at Accessed 10 May 2004.

IGFA, 2001. Database of International Game and Fish Association angling records until 2001. Fort Lauderdale, USA: IGFA.

Kamilov G; Urchinov Zh U, 1995. Fish and fisheries in Uzbekistan under the impact of irrigated agriculture. In: Petr T, ed. Inland fisheries under the impact of irrigated agriculture: Central Asia. FAO Fisheries Circular No. 894, 10-41.

Lee DS; Gilbert CR; Hocutt CH; Jenkins RE; McAllister DE; Stauffer JRJr, 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. Raleigh, NC, RC: North Carolina State Museum of Natural History,.

Mikhov S, 2000. Checklist of fishes of Bulgaria. FishBase checklist modified by Stoyan Mikhov.

Page LM; Burr BM, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 432 pp.

Piller KR; Bart HL Jr; Tipton JA, 2004. Spawning in the Black Buffalo, Ictiobus niger (Cypriniformes: Catostomidae). Tulane University Museum of Natural History. Online at Accessed 11 October 2004.

Reshetnikov YS; Bogutskaya NG; Vasil’eva ED; Dorofeeva EA; Naseka AM; Popova OA; Savvaitova KA; Sideleva VG; Sokolov LI, 1997. An annotated check-list of the freshwater fishes of Russia. Journal of Ichthyology, 37:687-736.

Welcomme RL, 1988. International introductions of inland aquatic species. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, No. 294:x + 318 pp.

Wisconsin DNR, 2003. Black Buffalo (Ictiobus niger). Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Online at Accessed on 2 July 2004.

Distribution Maps

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