Invasive Species Compendium

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Datasheet

Attacus atlas
(atlas moth)

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Datasheet

Attacus atlas (atlas moth)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Attacus atlas
  • Preferred Common Name
  • atlas moth
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
First-stage larvae with J-shaped posture.
TitleLarvae
CaptionFirst-stage larvae with J-shaped posture.
CopyrightU. Paukstadt
First-stage larvae with J-shaped posture.
LarvaeFirst-stage larvae with J-shaped posture.U. Paukstadt
Third-stage larva with white powder.
TitleLarva
CaptionThird-stage larva with white powder.
CopyrightU. Paukstadt
Third-stage larva with white powder.
LarvaThird-stage larva with white powder.U. Paukstadt
Mature larva from Thailand.
TitleMature larva
CaptionMature larva from Thailand.
CopyrightU. Paukstadt
Mature larva from Thailand.
Mature larvaMature larva from Thailand.U. Paukstadt
Mature larva from Taiwan.
TitleMature larva
CaptionMature larva from Taiwan.
CopyrightU. Paukstadt
Mature larva from Taiwan.
Mature larvaMature larva from Taiwan.U. Paukstadt
Male (left) and female (right) moths from Thailand: produced forewing apex with snake-head pattern, and transparent, triangular, black-edged spot in centre of each wing. Forewing length 75-125 mm in males, 95-130 mm in females.
TitleMale and female adults
CaptionMale (left) and female (right) moths from Thailand: produced forewing apex with snake-head pattern, and transparent, triangular, black-edged spot in centre of each wing. Forewing length 75-125 mm in males, 95-130 mm in females.
CopyrightU. Paukstadt
Male (left) and female (right) moths from Thailand: produced forewing apex with snake-head pattern, and transparent, triangular, black-edged spot in centre of each wing. Forewing length 75-125 mm in males, 95-130 mm in females.
Male and female adultsMale (left) and female (right) moths from Thailand: produced forewing apex with snake-head pattern, and transparent, triangular, black-edged spot in centre of each wing. Forewing length 75-125 mm in males, 95-130 mm in females. U. Paukstadt

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Attacus atlas (Linnaeus)

Preferred Common Name

  • atlas moth

Other Scientific Names

  • Attacus atlas baliensis Jurriaanse & Lindemans
  • Attacus atlas burmaensis Jurriaanse & Lindemans
  • Attacus atlas chinensis Bouvier
  • Attacus atlas gladiator Fruhstorfer
  • Attacus atlas simalurana Watson
  • Attacus atlas sumatranus Fruhstorfer
  • Phalaena arcuata vitrea Perry
  • Samia atlas Kawada
  • Saturnia silhetica Helfer

International Common Names

  • English: atlas, moth; silkworm, giant Indian; snake head moth
  • Chinese: da wujiao can; zhu-ze can

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Spinner, Atlas-
  • Indonesia: kupu gajah
  • Netherlands: Atlasvlinder

EPPO code

  • ATTCAT (Attacus atlas)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Saturniidae
  •                             Genus: Attacus
  •                                 Species: Attacus atlas

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

BangladeshPresent, WidespreadPeigler (1989)
BruneiPresent, WidespreadAllen (1981); Waterhouse (1993)
CambodiaPresent, WidespreadPeigler (1989)
ChinaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-FujianPresent, WidespreadZhu and Wang (1983); Peigler (1989); Zhu and Wang (1993)
-GuangdongPresent, WidespreadZhu and Wang (1983); Peigler (1989); Zhu and Wang (1993)
-GuangxiPresent, WidespreadZhu and Wang (1983); Zhu and Wang (1993)
-GuizhouPresent, WidespreadZhu and Wang (1983); Zhu and Wang (1993)
-HainanPresent, WidespreadZhu and Wang (1993)
-HunanPresent, WidespreadZhu and Wang (1983); Zhu and Wang (1993)
-JiangxiPresent, WidespreadZhu and Wang (1983); Zhu and Wang (1993)
-SichuanPresent, WidespreadPeigler (1989)
-YunnanPresent, WidespreadZhu and Wang (1993)
-ZhejiangPresent, WidespreadPeigler (1989)
Hong KongPresent, WidespreadHill and Cheung (1978); Peigler (1989)
IndiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-AssamPresent, WidespreadArora and Gupta (1979); Peigler (1989); Ahmed (2013)
-BiharPresent, WidespreadArora and Gupta (1979)
-Himachal PradeshPresent, LocalizedPeigler (1989)
-KeralaPresentMathew et al. (2004)
-MeghalayaPresent, WidespreadPeigler (1989)
-SikkimPresent, WidespreadArora and Gupta (1979); Peigler (1989)
-Uttar PradeshPresent, WidespreadArora and Gupta (1979)
-West BengalPresent, WidespreadArora and Gupta (1979); Peigler (1989)
IndonesiaPresentCABI (Undated a); Holloway (1987)Present based on regional distribution.
-Irian JayaPresent, LocalizedPeigler (1989)
-JavaPresentDupont and Scheepmaker (1936); Waterhouse (1993)
-Maluku IslandsPresent, LocalizedPeigler (1989)
-SumatraPresent, WidespreadPeigler (1989); CABI (Undated)
JapanPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Ryukyu IslandsPresentPeigler (1989)
LaosPresent, WidespreadPeigler (1989)
MacauPresentPeigler (1989)
MalaysiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresent, WidespreadLampe (1984)
-SabahPresent, WidespreadAllen (1981); Holloway (1987)
-SarawakPresent, WidespreadAllen (1981); Holloway (1987)
MyanmarPresentPeigler (1989)
NepalPresent, WidespreadAllen (1993)
PhilippinesPresent, LocalizedPeigler (1989)
SingaporePresentPeigler (1989); Waterhouse (1993); CABI (Undated)
TaiwanPresent, WidespreadWang (1988); Heppner et al. (1989); Peigler (1989)
ThailandPresentPinratana and Lampe (1990); Waterhouse (1993)
VietnamPresentPeigler (1989); Waterhouse (1993)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Post-harvest, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Agiommatus attaci Parasite Eggs
Anastatus Parasite Eggs
Anastatus colemani Parasite Eggs
Anastatus menzeli Parasite Eggs
Apanteles Parasite Larvae
Blepharipa wainwrighti Parasite Larvae
Enicospilus plicatus Parasite Larvae
Exorista bombycis Parasite Larvae
Mesocomys menzeli Parasite Eggs
Ooencyrtus phoebi Parasite Eggs
Telenomus attaci Parasite Eggs
Tetrastichus Parasite Eggs
Theronia Parasite Pupae
Theronia zebra Parasite Pupae
Xanthopimpla brullei Parasite Pupae
Xanthopimpla konowi Parasite Pupae

References

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Ahmed SA, 2013. Attacus atlas L. (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae): a new record on Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. from Assam, India. World Journal of Zoology, 8(2):127-130. http://www.idosi.org/wjz/wjz8(2)13/1.pdf

Allen MG, 1981. The saturniid moths of Borneo with special reference to Brunei. Brunei Museum Journal, 5:100-126.

Allen MG, 1993. Marvellous moths of Nepal. Lashkar, Madhya Pradesh, India: Rohit Kumar.

Arora GS; Gupta IJ, 1979. Taxonomic studies of some of the Indian non-mulberry silkmoths (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae: Saturniinae). Memoirs of the Zoological Survey of India, 16:1-63.

Barlow HS, 1982. An Introduction to the Moths of South East Asia. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Malayan Nature Society, 305 pp.

Dammerman KW, 1929. The agricultural zoology of the Malay Archipelago. Amsterdam: J.H. de Bussy.

Dupont F; Scheepmaker GJ, 1936. Uit Java's vlinderleven. Batavia: Visser & Co.

Handschin E, 1946. Wild silk moths. Ciba-Review, 53:1915-1922.

Heppner JB; Wang HY; Sen YC, 1989. Larval morphology of Taiwan Saturniidae (Lepidoptera): Attacus atlas (Linnaeus). Journal of the Taiwan Museum, 42(1):89-97

Hill DS; Cheung WWK, 1978. Hong Kong insects. Hong Kong insects. Government Printer. Hong Kong, 128 pp.

Holloway JD, 1987. Superfamily Bombycoidea: families Lasiocampidae, Eupterotidae, Bombycidae, Brahmpidae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae. Moths of Borneo, No. 3:199 pp.

Jasvir Singh; Selvan MT; Varadarasan S, 1997. Biology of cardamom defoliator, Attacus atlas Linn. (Saturniidae). Journal of Insect Science, 10(2):189-190.

Lampe REJ, 1984. Die Saturniiden der Cameron- und Genting-Highlands in West-Malaysia (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 11:2-15.

Lilies C, ed. , 1991. Kunci determinasi serangga. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius.

Mathew G; Shamsudeen RSM; Rashmi Chandran; Brijesh CM, 2004. Insect fauna of Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala, India. Zoos' Print Journal, 19(11):1680-1683.

Matsumoto K, 2002. Insect pests of Mahogany in Indonesia and Malaysia. Tropical Forestry, No.55:29-36; 19 ref.

Menzel R, 1925. Parasieten van thee- en kina-insekten. De Thee (Buitenzorg), 6:115-122.

Nuswamarhaeni S; Prihatini D; Pohan EP, 1992. Mengenal buah unggul Indonesia. Jakarta, Indonesia: Penebar Swadaya.

Palkar SB, 2008. A new record of host plant Embelia acutipetalum of Atlas moth Attacus atlas Linnaeus from Konkan. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 105(3):357. http://www.bnhs.org

Paukstadt U; Paukstadt LH, 1985. Beschreibung und Abbildung der Praeimaginalstadien von Attacus atlas Linnaeus 1758 aus javanischen Populationen (Lep.: Saturniidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift, 95:337-346.

Peigler RS, 1989. A revision of the Indo-Australian genus Attacus. Beverly Hills, California, USA: Lepidoptera Research Foundation.

Peigler RS, 1996. Catalogue of parasitoids of Saturniidae of the world. The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, 33:1-122.

Pholboon P, 1965. A host list of the insects of Thailand. Bangkok, Thailand: Thai Department of Agriculture.

Pinratana A; Lampe REJ, 1990. Moths of Thailand, volume 1: Saturniidae. Bangkok, Thailand: Brothers of St. Gabriel.

Racheli L; Racheli T, 2006. Distributional records of Brahmaeidae and Saturniidae species from Laos (Lepidoptera: Brahmaeidae, Saturniidae). SHILAP Revista de Lepidopterología, 34(133):81-82.

Sonan J, 1937. Saturniidae and Bombycidae of Formosa. Transactions of the Natural History Society of Formosa, 27:202-213.

Veenakumari K; Mohanraj P; Peigler RS, 1992. Life history of Attacus mcmulleni (Saturniidae) from the Andaman Islands, India. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, 31(3/4):169-179; 14 ref.

Wang HY, 1988. Saturniidae moths of Taiwan. Taipei: Taiwan Museum.

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Yunus A; Ho TH, 1980. List of economic pests, host plants, parasites and predators in West Malaysia (1920-1978). Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Malaysia, No. 153:538 pp.

Zhu HF; Wang LY, 1983. Saturniidae. In: Iconographia Heterocerorum Sinicorum, 4:391-484.

Zhu HF; Wang LY, 1993. The Saturniidae of China (Lepidoptera). Sinozoologia, 10:251-296.

Distribution References

Ahmed S A, 2013. Attacus atlas L. (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae): a new record on Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. from Assam, India. World Journal of Zoology. 8 (2), 127-130. http://www.idosi.org/wjz/wjz8(2)13/1.pdf

Allen MG, 1981. The saturniid moths of Borneo with special reference to Brunei. In: Brunei Museum Journal, 5 100-126.

Allen MG, 1993. Marvellous moths of Nepal., Lashkar, Madhya Pradesh, India: Rohit Kumar.

Arora GS, Gupta IJ, 1979. Taxonomic studies of some of the Indian non-mulberry silkmoths (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae: Saturniinae). In: Memoirs of the Zoological Survey of India, 16 1-63.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Dupont F, Scheepmaker G J, 1936. Uit Java's vlinderleven. Batavia, Dutch East Indies: Visser and Co.

Heppner J B, Wang H Y, Sen Y C, 1989. Larval morphology of Taiwan Saturniidae (Lepidoptera): Attacus atlas (Linnaeus). Journal of the Taiwan Museum. 42 (1), 89-97.

Hill D S, Cheung W W K, 1978. Hong Kong insects. In: Hong Kong insects. Hong Kong: Government Printer. 128 pp.

Holloway J D, 1987. Moths of Borneo. 199 pp.

Lampe REJ, 1984. (Die Saturniiden der Cameron- und Genting-Highlands in West-Malaysia (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)). In: Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 11 2-15.

Mathew G, Shamsudeen R S M, Rashmi Chandran, Brijesh C M, 2004. Insect fauna of Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala, India. Zoos' Print Journal. 19 (11), 1680-1683.

Peigler RS, 1989. A revision of the Indo-Australian genus Attacus., Beverly Hills, California, USA: Lepidoptera Research Foundation.

Pinratana A, Lampe REJ, 1990. Moths of Thailand: Saturniidae., 1 Bangkok, Thailand: Brothers of St. Gabriel.

Wang HY, 1988. Saturniidae moths of Taiwan., Taipei, Taiwan Museum.

Waterhouse D F, 1993. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. v + 141 pp.

Zhu HF, Wang LY, 1983. Saturniidae. In: Iconographia Heterocerorum Sinicorum, 4 391-484.

Zhu HF, Wang LY, 1993. The Saturniidae of China (Lepidoptera). In: Sinozoologia, 10 251-296.

Distribution Maps

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