Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Atherigona orientalis
(pepper fruit fly)

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Datasheet

Atherigona orientalis (pepper fruit fly)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Atherigona orientalis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pepper fruit fly
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult fly of A. orientalis.
TitleAdult
CaptionAdult fly of A. orientalis.
Copyright©Georg Goergen/IITA Insect Museum, Cotonou, Benin
Adult fly of A. orientalis.
AdultAdult fly of A. orientalis.©Georg Goergen/IITA Insect Museum, Cotonou, Benin

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Atherigona orientalis Schiner

Preferred Common Name

  • pepper fruit fly

Other Scientific Names

  • Acritochaeta excisa
  • Acritochaeta orientalis (Schiner)
  • Acritochaeta pulvinata Grimshaw
  • Atherigona excisa var. flavipennis Malloch
  • Atherigona magnipalpis Stein
  • Atherigona trilineata Stein
  • Coenosia excisa Thomson

International Common Names

  • English: tomato fly (India)
  • Spanish: mosca menor de las frutas

Local Common Names

  • Israel: haatherigona

EPPO code

  • ATHEOR (Atherigona orientalis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Diptera
  •                         Family: Muscidae
  •                             Genus: Atherigona
  •                                 Species: Atherigona orientalis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 08 Oct 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AngolaPresent
BeninPresent
Burkina FasoPresent
Cabo VerdePresent
CameroonPresent
Central African RepublicPresent
ComorosPresent
Congo, Republic of thePresent
Côte d'IvoirePresent
EgyptPresent
GhanaPresent
KenyaPresent
LibyaPresent
MalawiPresent
MaliPresent
MauritiusPresent
MozambiquePresent
NamibiaPresent
NigerPresent
NigeriaPresentOriginal citation: Ogbalu et al. (2005)
RéunionPresent
Saint HelenaPresent
SenegalPresent
SeychellesPresent
Sierra LeonePresent
South AfricaPresent
SudanPresent
TanzaniaPresent
-Zanzibar IslandPresent
TogoPresent
UgandaPresent
ZambiaPresent
ZimbabwePresent

Asia

BangladeshPresent
BhutanPresent
British Indian Ocean TerritoryPresent
BruneiPresent
ChinaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-GuangdongPresent
-GuangxiPresent
-HenanPresent
-JiangsuPresent
-ZhejiangPresent
Cocos IslandsPresent
Hong KongPresent
IndiaPresent
-Andhra PradeshPresent
-AssamPresent
-BiharPresent
-ChandigarhPresent
-DelhiPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
-KeralaPresent
-Madhya PradeshPresent
-MaharashtraPresent
-OdishaPresent
-RajasthanPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
-West BengalPresent
IndonesiaPresent
-Irian JayaPresent
-JavaPresent
-SumatraPresent
IraqPresent
IsraelPresent
JapanPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Ryukyu IslandsPresent
LebanonPresent
MalaysiaPresent
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresent
-SabahPresent
NepalPresent
OmanPresent
PakistanPresent
PhilippinesPresent
Saudi ArabiaPresent
South KoreaPresent
Sri LankaPresent
TaiwanPresent
ThailandPresent
TurkeyPresent
United Arab EmiratesPresent
YemenPresent

Europe

CyprusPresent
MaltaPresent
SpainPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Canary IslandsPresent

North America

BarbadosPresent
BermudaPresent
British Virgin IslandsPresent
DominicaPresent
El SalvadorPresent
JamaicaPresent
MexicoPresent
PanamaPresent
Puerto RicoPresent
Saint Kitts and NevisPresent
Trinidad and TobagoPresent
United StatesPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-CaliforniaPresent
-FloridaPresent
-GeorgiaPresent
-HawaiiPresent
-TexasPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
-New South WalesPresent
-Northern TerritoryPresent
-QueenslandPresent
Christmas IslandPresent
Cook IslandsPresent
Federated States of MicronesiaPresent
FijiPresent
French PolynesiaPresent
GuamPresent
KiribatiPresent
Marshall IslandsPresent
New CaledoniaPresent
NiuePresent
Northern Mariana IslandsPresent
PalauPresent
Papua New GuineaPresent
PitcairnPresent
SamoaPresent
Solomon IslandsPresent
TongaPresent
VanuatuPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresent
BrazilPresent
-GoiasPresent
-Mato Grosso do SulPresent
-Rio de JaneiroPresent
-Sao PauloPresent
ChilePresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Easter IslandPresent
ColombiaPresent
EcuadorPresent
GuyanaPresent
ParaguayPresent
PeruPresent
VenezuelaPresent

Growth Stages

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Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Post-harvest, Pre-emergence, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / internal feeding
Fruit / obvious exit hole
Growing point / dead heart
Growing point / internal feeding; boring
Leaves / internal feeding
Roots / internal feeding
Stems / dead heart
Stems / internal feeding
Vegetative organs / internal feeding
Whole plant / dead heart
Whole plant / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Brachymeria minuta Parasite Arthropods|Pupae
Brachymeria podagrica Parasite Arthropods|Pupae
Exoristobia philippinensis Parasite Arthropods|Pupae
Spalangia endius Parasite Arthropods|Pupae

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Containers and packaging - woodOf fruit cargo. Yes
Land vehiclesAeroplanes and boats, with fruit cargo. Yes
MailFruit in post. Yes
Plants or parts of plantsFruit in case or handbag. Yes
Soil, sand and gravelRisk of puparia in soil. Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Fruits (inc. pods) larvae Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Leaves eggs; larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches eggs; larvae Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Al-Janabi GD, Al-Azawi AF, Tamimi TM, 1983. Identification and transmission of bacterial soft disease of kohlrabi by insects. 10th International Congress of Plant Protection 1983. Volume 3. Proceedings of a conference held at Brighton, England, 20-25 November, 1983. Plant protection for human welfare, Croydon, UK: British Crop Protection Council, 1196.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Beaver RA, 1986. Biological studies of muscoid flies (Diptera) breeding in mollusc carrion in Southeast Asia. Japanese Journal of Sanitary Zoology, 37(3):205-211.

Cahill M, 1992. Eco-climatic assessment of Atherigona orientalis (Diptera): pest potential in New Zealand. Information Paper - Bureau of Rural Resources (Canberra), No. IP/1/92:iv + 65 pp.; 23 ref.

Chughtai GH, Khan S, Baloch UK, 1985. A new record of infestation of melon fruits by an anthomyiid fly in Indus River Beach areas of D.I. Khan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 17(2):165-168.

Couri MS, Araujo PFde, 1992. The immature stages of Atherigona orientalis Schiner (Diptera: Muscidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 105(3):490-493.

Couri MS, Pont AC, Penny ND, 2006. Muscidae (Diptera) from Madagascar: identification keys, descriptions of new species, and new records. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 57(25/38):799-923.

Deeming JC, 1973. A review of the taxonomy of African shoot flies associated with sorghum. In: Jotwani MG, Young WR, eds. Control of Sorghum Shoot Fly. New Delhi, India: IBH Publishing Co., 3-26.

Dike MC, 1990. Two new species of Atherigona from Nigeria with a key for the identification of Afrotropical species of the subgenus Acritochpta (Diptera: Muscidae). Systematic Entomology, 15(3):297-303.

Huckett HC, Vockeroth JR, 1987. Muscidae. In: McAlpine JF, ed. Manual of Nearctic Diptera-2. Monograph of the Biosystematic Research Centre. Ottawa, Canada: Agriculture Canada, 1115-1131.

Iheagwam EU, Nwankiti OC, 1980. Dipterous insect pests of pepper, Capsicum spp., in the eastern states of Nigeria. Revue de Zoologie Africaine, 94(4):936-939.

Kalshoven LGE, Laan PA van der (Reviser and translator), 1981. Pests of crops in Indonesia (revised). Jakarta, Indonesia: Ichtiar Baru, 701 pp.

Koller WW, Gomes PR, Gomes A, Santos STPdos, Umaki ACde S, 2004. Population dynamics of Muscidae (Diptera) in a riparian remnant forest, in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil. (Dinâmica populacional de Muscidae (Diptera) em mata ciliar remanescente, em Campo Grande, MS, Brasil.) Arquivos do Instituto Biológico (São Paulo), 71(Suplemento, RAIB):636-639. http://www.biologico.sp.gov.br/ARQUIVOS/V71_supl_raib/283.pdf

Marchiori CH, 2001. Synanthropic flies of medical importance and their parasitoids from Itumbiara, State of Goiás, Brazil. (Moscas sinantrópicas de importância médica e seus parasitóides coletados em Itumbiara, estado de Goiás.) Revista de Patologia Tropical, 30(1):75-81.

Marchiori CH, Castro MEV, Paiva TCG, Teixeira FF, Silva CG, 2000. Muscoid Diptera of medical and veterinary importance and their parasitoids in Goiás State. (Dípteros muscóides de importância médica e veterinária e seus parasitóides em Goiás.) Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, 52(4):350-353.

Ogbalu OK, Emelike NJT, Amachree EI, Uche F, Thomas CN, 2005. Characterization and preferred oviposition sites of Atherigona orientalis (Schiner) on Nigerian pepper fruits. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, 9(1):19-23. http://www.ajol.info/viewarticle.php?jid=90&id=22630&layout=abstract

Ogbalu OK, Umeozor OC, Ebere N, 2005. Oviposition deterrent effect of extracts of neem against Atherigona orientalis (Schiner) on pepper (Capsicum annum) and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) fruits in Nigeria. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 39(1):18-24.

Ogbalu ON, 1989. The susceptibility of pepper fruits (Capsicum species) to oviposition by the pepper fruitfly, Atherigona orientalis (Schiner) in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Tropical Pest Management, 35(4):392-393.

Pont AC, 1973. Muscidae (house-flies, stable-flies, etc.). In: Smith KGV, ed. Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance. London, UK: British Museum (Natural History), 251-269.

Pont AC, 1992. The world distribution, host range and abundance of Atherigona orientalis Schiner, 1968 (Insecta, Diptera, Muscidae). A report prepared for the Bureau of Rural Resources, Department of Primary Industries and Energy, Canberra, Australia. Information Paper - Bureau of Rural Resources (Canberra), No. IP/1/92:21-65; 17 ref.

Rathore YS, Young WR, 1975. Chemical control of shootfly, Atherigona orientalis Schiner and cutworm, Agrotis sp. on maize. Indian Journal of Entomology, 37(4):406-408

Rodrigues SR, Nantes LR, Souza SRde, Abot AR, Uchôa-Fernandes MA, 2006. Frugivorous flies (Diptera, Tephritoidea) collected in Aquidauana, MS. (Moscas frugívoras (Diptera, Tephritoidea) coletadas em Aquidauana, MS.) Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 50(1):131-134. HTTP://www.scielo.br/rbent

Senô KCA, Galli JC, Cividanes FJ, 2004. The population dynamics of Atherigona orientalis (Dip.: Muscidae) associated with guava submitted to two systems from spray of fenthion. (Dinâmica populacional de Atherigona orientalis schiner, 1868 (Dip.: Muscidae) em pomar de goiaba submetido a dois sistemas de pulverização de fenthion.) Revista de Agricultura (Piracicaba), 79(1):21-30.

Suh SangJae, Kwon YongJung, 2016. First finding of a quarantine pest, Atherigona (Acritochaeta) orientalis Schiner (Diptera: Muscidae), in Korea. Entomological Research, 46(3):185-189. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1748-5967

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, 2001. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cabrera-Cánoves P, Pujade-Villar J, Pont A C, 2019. The first record of the pantropical filth fly Atherigona orientalis Schiner from mainland Europe and another record of Synthesiomyia nudiseta (van der Wulp) from Spain (Diptera: Muscidae). Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. 155 (4), 277-280. DOI:10.31184/M00138908.1554.3998

Marchiori C H, Castro M E V, Paiva T C G, Teixeira F F, Silva C G, 2000. Muscoid Diptera of medical and veterinary importance and their parasitoids in Goiás State. (Dípteros muscóides de importância médica e veterinária e seus parasitóides em Goiás.). Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia. 52 (4), 350-353. DOI:10.1590/S0102-09352000000400010

Pont A C, 1992. The world distribution, host range and abundance of Atherigona orientalis Schiner, 1968 (Insecta, Diptera, Muscidae). A report prepared for the Bureau of Rural Resources, Department of Primary Industries and Energy, Canberra, Australia. Information Paper - Bureau of Rural Resources (Canberra). 21-65.

Rodrigues S R, Nantes L R, Souza S R de, Abot A R, Uchôa-Fernandes M A, 2006. Frugivorous flies (Diptera, Tephritoidea) collected in Aquidauana, MS. (Moscas frugívoras (Diptera, Tephritoidea) coletadas em Aquidauana, MS.). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia. 50 (1), 131-134. HTTP://www.scielo.br/rbent DOI:10.1590/S0085-56262006000100021

Suh SangJae, Kwon YongJung, 2016. First finding of a quarantine pest, Atherigona (Acritochaeta) orientalis Schiner (Diptera: Muscidae), in Korea. Entomological Research. 46 (3), 185-189. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1748-5967

Distribution Maps

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