Invasive Species Compendium

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infection with Marteilia refringens

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Datasheet

infection with Marteilia refringens

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • infection with Marteilia refringens
  • Overview
  • Marteilia refringens is a paramyxean parasite infecting the digestive system of several bivalve species, including European flat oysters (Ostrea edulis) and Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis). The parasite...

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    Compendia
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    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • infection with Marteilia refringens

International Common Names

  • English: aber disease; digestive gland disease of the European oyster; Marteilia refringens/maurini infection of mussels; marteiliasis of mussels; marteiliosis; marteiliosis of mussels; marteiliosis of oysters
  • French: marteiliose

Overview

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Marteilia refringens is a paramyxean parasite infecting the digestive system of several bivalve species, including European flat oysters (Ostrea edulis) and Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis). The parasite induces physiological disorders and often death of the animal and is responsible for significant losses in the European shellfish industry (Berthe et al., 2004; Balseiro et al., 2007).

This disease is on the list of diseases notifiable to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). For further information on this disease from OIE, see the website: www.oie.int

Host Animals

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Animal nameContextLife stageSystem
Mytilus edulis (common blue mussel)Aquatic|AdultOpen water systems/Line/rope, column culture (buoyed or staked); Open water systems/Raft, column culture; Open water systems/Soft substrate/sediment, bottom culture; Open water systems/Stake, column culture
Mytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)
Ostrea edulis (European oyster)
Ostrea stentina

Distribution

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Countries reporting infection with Marteilia refringens include Spain (Gutierrez, 1977López-Sanmartín et al., 2015), France (Arzul et al., 2014), Greece (Rayyan et al., 2006), Italy (Serracca et al., 2014), Croatia (Zrncic´ et al., 2001), Morocco (Bhaby et al., 2013), Portugal (López-Sanmartín et al., 2015), Slovenia (Gombac et al., 2014), Tunisia (Elgharsalli et al., 2013) and the UK (Murray et al., 2012).

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 07 Jan 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
BotswanaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
Cabo VerdeAbsentJul-Dec-2019
EgyptAbsentJul-Dec-2019
GhanaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Guinea-BissauAbsentJul-Dec-2020
KenyaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
LesothoAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
LibyaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MadagascarAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
MauritiusAbsentJan-Jun-2019
MayotteAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MoroccoAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MozambiqueAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
NigeriaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
RéunionAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Saint HelenaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
SeychellesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
SomaliaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
South AfricaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SudanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
TunisiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019

Asia

AfghanistanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ArmeniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
AzerbaijanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BangladeshAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
ChinaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
GeorgiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
IraqAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IsraelAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
JapanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
JordanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
KuwaitAbsentJan-Jun-2019
KyrgyzstanAbsentJan-Jun-2019
MaldivesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
MongoliaAbsentJul-Dec-2018
NepalAbsentJul-Dec-2019
PhilippinesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Saudi ArabiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
SingaporeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
South KoreaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
TajikistanAbsentJan-Jun-2019
ThailandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
United Arab EmiratesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
VietnamAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019

Europe

AndorraAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
BelarusAbsentJul-Dec-2019
BelgiumAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Bosnia and HerzegovinaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CroatiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
CyprusAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CzechiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
DenmarkAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
EstoniaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Faroe IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
FinlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
FrancePresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
GermanyAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
GreecePresentJul-Dec-2020
HungaryAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IrelandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ItalyAbsentJul-Dec-2020
LatviaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
LiechtensteinAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
MaltaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
MoldovaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
NetherlandsAbsentJul-Dec-2019
North MacedoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
NorwayPresentJul-Dec-2020
PolandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PortugalPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2019
SerbiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SlovakiaAbsentJan-Jun-2020
SloveniaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
SpainPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2020
SwedenPresentJul-Dec-2020
SwitzerlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
UkraineAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
United KingdomAbsentJul-Dec-2019

North America

BahamasAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BarbadosAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
BelizeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CanadaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Costa RicaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CubaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
GreenlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
GuadeloupeAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MartiniqueAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MexicoAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
United StatesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019

Oceania

AustraliaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Cook IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Federated States of MicronesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
French PolynesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
KiribatiAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Marshall IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
New CaledoniaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
New ZealandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PalauAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Papua New GuineaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
SamoaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
TongaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2020
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019

South America

ArgentinaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
BoliviaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
BrazilAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ChileAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
ColombiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
EcuadorAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
French GuianaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
PeruAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
UruguayAbsentJul-Dec-2020
VenezuelaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019

References

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Arzul I; Chollet B; Boyer S; Bonnet D; Gaillard J; Baldi Y; Robert M; Joly J; Garcia C; Bouchoucha M, 2014. Contribution to the understanding of the cycle of the protozoan parasite Marteilia refringens. Parasitology, 141(2):227-240. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=par

Balseiro P; Montes A; Ceschia G; Gestal C; Novoa B; Figueras A, 2007. Molecular epizootiology of the European Marteilia spp., infecting mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis and M. edulis) and oysters (Ostrea edulis): an update. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 27(4):148-156. http://www.eafp.org

Berthe FCJ; Le Roux F; Adlard RD; Figueras A, 2004. Marteiliosis in mollusks: a review. Aquatic living resources, 17(4):433-448.

Bhaby S; Belhsen OK; Errhif A; Tojo N, 2013. Seasonal dynamics of parasites on Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) and ecological determinants of the infections in southern Alboran area, Morocco. International Journal of Parasitology Research, 5(1):116-121. http://bioinfopublication.org/files/articles/5_1_2_IJPR.pdf

Elgharsalli R; Aloui-Bejaoui N; Salah H; Chollet B; Joly JP; Robert M; Couraleau Y; Arzul I, 2013. Characterization of the protozoan parasite Marteilia refringens infecting the dwarf oyster Ostrea stentina in Tunisia. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 112(2):175-183. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022201112002728

Gombac M; Kusar D; Ocepek M; Pogacnik M; Arzul I; Couraleau Y; Jencic V, 2014. Marteiliosis in mussels: a rare disease? Journal of Fish Diseases, 37(9):805-814. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2761

Gutierrez M, 1977. A note on marteiliasis in the mussel, Mytilus edulis (L.) of the north-eastern coast of Spain. (Nota sobre marteiliasis en el mejillon Mytilus edulis (L.), de la costa Noroeste de Espana.) Investigacion Pesquera, 41(3):637-642.

López-Sanmartín M; Batista FM; Marín Mdel C; Garrido I; Quintero D; Grade A; Ruano F; Herrán Rde la; Navas JI, 2015. Detection of Marteilia refringens infecting the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis and the dwarf oyster Ostrea stentina in southern Portugal and Spain. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 130:52-55. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022201115001287

Murray AG; Marcos-Lopez M; Collet B; Munro LA, 2012. A review of the risk posed to Scottish mollusc aquaculture from Bonamia, Marteilia and oyster herpesvirus. Aquaculture, 370/371:7-13. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S004484861200590X

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE, 2009. World Animal Health Information Database - Version: 1.4. World Animal Health Information Database. Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. http://www.oie.int

Rayyan A; Damianidis P; Antoniadou C; Chintiroglou CC, 2006. Protozoan parasites in cultured mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis in the Thermaikos Gulf (north Aegean Sea, Greece). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 70(3):251-254.

Serracca L; Prearo M; Rossini I; Battistini R; Corsi M; Ercolini C, 2014. Four-year surveillance of Marteilia refringens in shellfish farms in the Gulf of La Spezia (Liguria, Italy). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 14(4):893-896. http://www.trjfas.org/pdf/issue_14_04/0407.pdf

Zrncic S; Roux Fle; Oraic D; Sostaric B; Berthe FCJ, 2001. First record of Marteilia sp. in mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis in Croatia. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 44(2):143-148.

Distribution References

Arzul I, Chollet B, Boyer S, Bonnet D, Gaillard J, Baldi Y, Robert M, Joly J, Garcia C, Bouchoucha M, 2014. Contribution to the understanding of the cycle of the protozoan parasite Marteilia refringens. Parasitology. 141 (2), 227-240. DOI:10.1017/S0031182013001418

Bhaby S, Belhsen O K, Errhif A, Tojo N, 2013. Seasonal dynamics of parasites on Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) and ecological determinants of the infections in southern Alboran area, Morocco. International Journal of Parasitology Research. 5 (1), 116-121. http://bioinfopublication.org/files/articles/5_1_2_IJPR.pdf

Elgharsalli R, Aloui-Bejaoui N, Salah H, Chollet B, Joly J P, Robert M, Couraleau Y, Arzul I, 2013. Characterization of the protozoan parasite Marteilia refringens infecting the dwarf oyster Ostrea stentina in Tunisia. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 112 (2), 175-183. DOI:10.1016/j.jip.2012.11.004

Gombač M, Kušar D, Ocepek M, Pogačnik M, Arzul I, Couraleau Y, Jenčič V, 2014. Marteiliosis in mussels: a rare disease? Journal of Fish Diseases. 37 (9), 805-814. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2761 DOI:10.1111/jfd.12174

López-Sanmartín M, Batista F M, Marín M del C, Garrido I, Quintero D, Grade A, Ruano F, Herrán R de la, Navas J I, 2015. Detection of Marteilia refringens infecting the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis and the dwarf oyster Ostrea stentina in southern Portugal and Spain. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 52-55. DOI:10.1016/j.jip.2015.07.003

Murray A G, Marcos-Lopez M, Collet B, Munro L A, 2012. A review of the risk posed to Scottish mollusc aquaculture from Bonamia, Marteilia and oyster herpesvirus. Aquaculture. 7-13. DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2012.09.033

OIE, 2018. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2018a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int

OIE, 2019. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2019a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2020. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2020a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS). Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

Rayyan A, Damianidis P, Antoniadou C, Chintiroglou C C, 2006. Protozoan parasites in cultured mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis in the Thermaikos Gulf (north Aegean Sea, Greece). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 70 (3), 251-254. DOI:10.3354/dao070251

Serracca L, Prearo M, Rossini I, Battistini R, Corsi M, Ercolini C, 2014. Four-year surveillance of Marteilia refringens in shellfish farms in the Gulf of La Spezia (Liguria, Italy). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 14 (4), 893-896. http://www.trjfas.org/pdf/issue_14_04/0407.pdf

Zrnčić S, Roux F le, Oraić D, Šoštarić B, Berthe F C J, 2001. First record of Marteilia sp. in mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis in Croatia. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 44 (2), 143-148. DOI:10.3354/dao044143

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