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IdentityTop of page
Preferred Scientific Name
- Mycoplasma synoviae ICSB
Other Scientific Names
- Mycoplasma synoviae type strain NCTC 10124, strain WVU1853
Taxonomic TreeTop of page
- Domain: Bacteria
- Phylum: Firmicutes
- Class: Mollicutes
- Order: Mycoplasmatales
- Family: Mycoplasmataceae
- Genus: Mycoplasma
- Species: Mycoplasma synoviae
Diseases TableTop of page avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)
enlarged sternal bursa in chickens and turkeys
Distribution TableTop of page
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
|Continent/Country/Region||Distribution||Last Reported||Origin||First Reported||Invasive||Reference||Notes|
|Botswana||Present||CABI Data Mining (2001)|
|Tunisia||Present||CABI Data Mining (2001)|
|Croatia||Present||CABI Data Mining (2001)|
|Poland||Present||CABI Data Mining (2001)|
|United States||Present||CABI Data Mining (2001)|
Pathogen CharacteristicsTop of page
M. synoviae is small with a genome size of 900 kbp (Herrmann, 1992), is pleomorphic, lacks a cell wall and has a low G+C ratio (34.2 mol%). M. synoviae is morphologically and biochemically very similar to M. gallisepticum. M. synoviae ferments glucose but does not hydrolyse arginine, nor does it possess phosphatase activity. However M. synoviae can be distinguished biochemically from M. gallisepticum by the former's inability to reduce tetrazolium salts aerobically. Some isolates of M. synoviae are reported to produce a film, although this is not a consistent feature.
M. synoviae and M. gallisepticum cause remarkedly similar clinical diseases in birds; a certain degree of serological cross reactivity has also been reported, especially in the rapid slide agglutination and ELISA tests (Avakian et al., 1988). Whilst the two mycoplasmas have similar colony sizes (0.1-2 mm), M. gallisepticum colonies often have no centres in early passage.
Host AnimalsTop of page
|Animal name||Context||Life stage||System|
|Alectoris rufa (red-legged partridge)||Domesticated host, Wild host|
|Anas (ducks)||Domesticated host|
|Anser (geese)||Domesticated host|
|Cairina (Muscovy ducks)||Domesticated host|
|Columba livia (pigeons)||Domesticated host|
|Coturnix japonica (Japanese quail)||Domesticated host|
|Gallus gallus domesticus (chickens)||Domesticated host|
|Meleagris||Domesticated host, Wild host|
|Meleagris gallopavo (turkey)||Domesticated host|
|Passer domesticus (house sparrow)||Wild host|
|Phasianus (pheasants)||Wild host|
|Phasianus colchicus (common pheasant)||Wild host|
|Struthio camelus (ostrich)||Domesticated host, Wild host|
ReferencesTop of page
Avakian AP; Kleven SH; Glisson JR, 1988. Evaluation of the specificity and sensitivity of two commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits, the serum plate agglutination test, and the hemagglutination-inhibition test for antibodies formed in response to Mycoplasma gallisepticum.. Avian Diseases, 32(2):262-272; 20 ref.
Herrmann R, 1992. Genome structure and organization. In: Maniloff J ed. Mycoplasmas: molecular biology and pathogenesis. Washington DC, USA: American Society of Microbiology, 157-168.
CABI Data Mining, 2001. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,
Distribution MapsTop of page
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