Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Morone saxatilis
(striped sea-bass)

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Datasheet

Morone saxatilis (striped sea-bass)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 27 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Natural Enemy
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Morone saxatilis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • striped sea-bass
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Chordata
  •       Subphylum: Vertebrata
  •         Class: Actinopterygii
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Morone saxatilis (Walbaum, 1792)

Preferred Common Name

  • striped sea-bass

Other Scientific Names

  • Morone lineatus (Bloch, 1792)
  • Morone saxitilis (Walbaum, 1792)
  • Perca labrax (non Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Perca mitchilli alternata Mitchill, 1815
  • Perca saxatilis Walbaum, 1792
  • Roccus lineatus (Bloch, 1792)
  • Roccus saxatilis (Walbaum, 1792)
  • Sciaena lineata Bloch, 1792

International Common Names

  • English: linesider; roccus; rock; rockfish; striped bass; striper bass
  • Spanish: lubina estriada
  • French: bar d'Amérique; bar rayé
  • Russian: polosatyi lavrak

Local Common Names

  • Finland: juovabassi
  • Italy: persico spigola
  • Poland: skalnik prazkowany
  • Portugal: robalo-muge

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Chordata
  •             Subphylum: Vertebrata
  •                 Class: Actinopterygii
  •                     Order: Perciformes
  •                         Suborder: Percoidei
  •                             Family: Moronidae
  •                                 Genus: Morone
  •                                     Species: Morone saxatilis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Sea Areas

Atlantic, Eastern CentralPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
Atlantic, NortheastPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
Atlantic, NorthwestPresentNativeFroese and Pauly, 2004
Atlantic, SoutheastPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
Atlantic, Western CentralPresentNativeFroese and Pauly, 2004
Pacific, Eastern CentralPresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly, 2004
Pacific, NortheastPresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly, 2004
Pacific, NorthwestPresentIntroduced Invasive Kohler, 2000
Pacific, Western CentralPresentIntroduced Invasive Kohler, 2000

Asia

IranPresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005

Africa

South AfricaPresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005

North America

CanadaPresentNativeFroese and Pauly, 2004
-British ColumbiaPresentIntroducedKohler, 2000; Froese and Pauly, 2004
-Newfoundland and LabradorPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-Nova ScotiaPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-OntarioPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-QuebecPresentNativeFroese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
MexicoPresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
USAPresentNativeKohler, 2000; Froese and Pauly, 2004
-AlabamaPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-ArizonaPresentIntroduced Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-ArkansasPresentIntroduced Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-CaliforniaPresentIntroduced Invasive Kohler, 2000
-ConnecticutPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-DelawarePresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-FloridaPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-GeorgiaPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-IllinoisPresentIntroduced Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-IndianaPresentIntroduced Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-IowaPresentIntroduced Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-KansasPresentIntroduced Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-KentuckyPresentIntroduced Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-LouisianaPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-MainePresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-MarylandPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-MassachusettsPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-MississippiPresentIntroduced Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-MissouriPresentIntroduced Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-New YorkPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-North CarolinaPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-OhioPresentIntroduced Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-OklahomaPresentIntroduced Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-PennsylvaniaPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-Rhode IslandPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-South CarolinaPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-TennesseePresentIntroduced Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-TexasPresentIntroduced Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-VermontPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000
-VirginiaPresentNative Not invasive Kohler, 2000

South America

EcuadorPresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005

Europe

Russian FederationPresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005

Natural enemy of

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SpeciesStages attackedCountries where known to occurReferences
Alosa aestivalisAll Stages
Callinectes sapidusAdult
Eriocheir sinensisFry/LarvalISSG, 2004
Gambusia affinisAdultSetler and et al., 1980
Lepomis macrochirusAdults/Juveniles
Morone americanaAdult/JuvenileHartman and Brandt, 1995
Oncorhynchus tshawytschaLarvalStevens , 1966
Palaemon macrodactylusAdult
Salmo salarAdultBeland and Kocik, 2001

References

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Arkhipchuk VV, 1999. Chromosome database. Database of Dr. Victor Arkhipchuk. Ukraine.

Axon JR; Whitehurst DK, 1985. Striped bass management in lakes with emphasis on management problems. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc., 114:8-11.

Bayless JD, 1972. Artificial propagation and hybridization of striped bass, Morone saxatilis (Walbaum). Columbia, SC, USA: South Carolina Wildlife and Marine Resources Department.

Bonn EW; Bailey WM; Bayless JD; Erickson KE; Stevens RE, 1976. Guidelines for striped bass culture. Bethesda, MD, USA: Striped Bass Committee, Southern Division, American Fisheries Society, 103 pp.

Boyd CC, 1990. Water Quality in Warmwater Fish Ponds. Auburn, AL, USA: Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University, 359 pp.

Chesapeake Bay Programme, 2004. Striped Bass. Online at www.chesapeakebay.net/striped_bass.htm. Accessed 28 February 2005.

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania; Fish and Boat Commission, 2005. Online at http://sites.state.pa.us/PA_Exec/Fish_Boat/pafish/fishhtms/chap21.htm. Accessed 28 February 2005.

FishBase, 2005. Entry for Morone saxatilis. Main ref.: Heemstra PC, 1995. Moronidae. Lubinas. In: Fischer W, Krupp F, Schneider W, Sommer C, Carpenter KE, Niem V, eds. Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. Rome: FAO, 1291. Online at www.fishbase.org. Accessed 28 February 2005.

Froese R; Pauly D, 2004. FishBase DVD. Penang, Malaysia: Worldfish Center. Online at www.fishbase.org.

Gomez R, 1970. Food habits of young-of-the-year striped bass, Roccus saxatilis (Walbaum). Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci., 50:79-83.

Goodson JA, 1966. Inland Fisheries Management. In: Calhoun A, ed. Sacramento, CA, USA: California Department of Fish and Game, 407-412.

Harper JL; Jarman R, 1972. Investigation of striped bass, Morone saxatilis (Walbaum), culture in Oklahoma. Proc. Ann. Conf. Southeast. Assoc. Game Fish Commrs., 25:501-512.

Harrell RM, 1997. Hybridization and genetics. Striped bass and other Morone culture., 217-234.

Harrell RM, 1997. Morone pond production. Striped bass and other Morone culture., 75-97; [Developments in aquaculture and fisheries science, Volume 30.]; 30 ref.

Harrell RM, 1997. Striped Bass and Other Morone Culture. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier Press, 366 pp.

Harrell RM; Kerby JH; Minton RV, 1990. Culture and Propagation of Stiped Bass and Its Hybrids. Bethesda, MD, USA: American Fisheries Society.

Harrell RM; Moline MA, 1992. Comparative stress dynamics. J. World Aqua. Soc. 23:58-63.

Hassler TJ, 1988. Species Profiles: Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (Pacific Southwest) - Striped Bass. Washington, DC, USA: US Fish and Wildlife Service.

Henderson-Arzapalo A; Colura RL, 1987. Laboratory maturation and induced spawning of striped bass. Progressive Fish-Culturist, 49(1):60-63.

Hodson; RG, 1995. Farming a New Fish: Hybrid Striped Bass, Raleigh, NC, USA: North Carolina Sea Grant, 41 pp.

Humphries ET; Cummings KB, 1972. Food habits and feeding selectivity of striped bass fingerlings in culture ponds. Proc. Ann. Conf. Southeast. Assoc. Game Fish Commrs., 25:522-536.

Kerby JH, 1972. Feasibility of artificial propagation and introduction of hybrids of the Morone complex into estuarine environments, with a meristic and morphometric description of the hybrids. PhD Thesis. Charlottesville, VA, USA: University of Virginia.

Kerby JH, 1986. Striped bass and striped bass hybrids. In: Stickney RR, ed. Culture of Nonsalmonid Freshwater Fishes. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press, 127-147.

Kerby JH, 1987. Genetic manipulation in Morone. In: Hodson R, Smith T, McVey J, Harrel R (sic), Davis N, eds. Hybrid striped bass culture: status and perspective. University of North Carolina Sea Grant Publicaton, UNC-5-87-03. Raleigh, NC, USA: North Carolina State University. 61-71.

Kerby JH; Minton RV, 1990. Culture and Propagation of Striped Bass and Its Hybrids. Bethesda, MD, USA: American Fisheries Society. 159-190.

Kitao T, 1993. Streptococcal infections. Bacterial diseases of fish, 196-210; 55 ref.

Kohler CC, 1997. White bass production and broodstock development. Striped bass and other Morone culture., 169-184; 37 ref.

Kohler CC, 2000. Striped bass and hybrid striped bass culture. In: Stickney RR, ed. Encyclopedia of Aquaculture. New York, NY, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 898-907.

Kohler CC; Sheehan RJ; Habicht C; Madison JA; Kayes TB, 1994. Habituation to captivity and controlled spawning of white bass. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc., 123:964-974.

Lewis RM, 1962. Sexual maturity as determined from ovum diameters in striped bass from North Carolina. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 91:279-282.

Mansueti RJ; Mansueti AJ, 1955. Life history of the striped bass in Maryland waters. Maryland Tidewater News, 12(7):1-3.

Piper RG; McElwain IB; Orme LE; MCraren; Fowler JG; Leonard JR, 1982. Fish Hatchery Management. Washington, DC, USA: US Fish and Wildlife Service.

Plieger WL, 1975. The Fishes of Missouri. Jefferson City, MO, USA: Missouri Department of Conservation. 343 pp.

Plumb JA, 1997. Infectious diseases of striped bass. Striped bass and other Morone culture., 271-313.

Rachlin JW; Beck AP; O’Connor JM, 1978. Karyopypic analysis of the Hudson River striped bass, Morone saxatilis. Copeia, 343-345.

Raney EC, 1952. In: Raney EC, Tresselt EF, Holis EH, Vladykov VD, Wallace DH, eds. The striped bass (Roccus Saxatilis). Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Collect., Yale Univ., 14(1):5-97.

Rees RA; Harrell RM, 1990. In: Harrell RM, Kerby JH, Minton RV, eds. Culture and Propagation of Striped Bass and Its Hybrids. Bethesda, MD, USA: American Fisheries Society, 43-72.

Rogers BA; Westin DT; Saila SB, 1977. Life States Duration Studies on Hudson River Striped Bass, Rhode Island Sea Grant Technical Report 31.

Rogers BA; Westin DT; Saila SB, 1978. Department of Techniques and Methodology for the Laboratory Culture of Striped Bass, Morone saxatilis (Walbaum). Narragansett, RI, USA: US Environmental Protection Agency.

Scott WB; Crossman EJ, 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184:1-966.

Setler EM; Boynton WR; Wood KV; Zion HH; Lubbers L; Mountford NK; Frere P; Tucker L; Mihursky JA, 1980. Synopsis of biological data on striped bass, Morone saxatilis (Walbaum). NOAA Technical Report NMFS Circular 433, FAO Synopsis No. 121.

Smith PW, 1975. The Fishes of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA: University of Illinois Press, 372 pp.

Smith TIJ, 1987. Hatchery. In: Hodson R, Smith T, McVey J, Harrel R (sic), Davis N, eds. Hybrid striped bass culture: status and perspective. University of North Carolina Sea Grant Publication, UNC-5-87-03. Raleigh, NC, USA: North Carolina State University, 17-22.

Stellwag EJ; Payne ES; Rulifson RA, 1994. Mitochondrial DNA diversity of Roanoke River striped bass. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 123(3):321-334.

Stellwag EJ; Rulifson RA, 1995. Mitochondrial DNA stability and striped bass stock identification: Response to comment. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 124:956-959.

Stevens RE, 1966. Hormone-induced spawning of striped bass for reservoir stocking. Prog. Fish-Cult., 28:19-28.

Sullivan CV; Berlinsky DL; Hodson RG, 1997. Reproduction. Striped bass and other Morone culture., 11-73.

Waldman JR; Wirgin II, 1995. Comment: Mitochondrial DNA stability and striped bass stock identification. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 124:954-956.

Ware FJ, 1971. Some early life history of Florida’s inland striped bass, Morone saxatilis. Proc. Ann. Southeast. Assoc. Game Fish Commrs., 24:439-447.

Westin DT; Rogers BA, 1978. Synopsis of biological data on the striped bass, Morone saxatilis (Walbaum). University Rhode Island Marine Technical Report, 67.

Wolters B; et al, 2003. Genetic Selection, Markers, and Mapping Committee. Stuttgart, Arkansas, USA: Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Centre.

Woodhull C, 1947. Spawning habits of the striped bass (Roccus saxatilis) in California waters. Calif. Fish Game, 33:97-102.

Woods III LC, 1987. Coastal stocks of striped bass: Research and management perspectives. Fisheries, 12:2-8.

Woods III LC; Woiwode JG; McCarthy MA; Theisen D; Bennett RO, 1990. Non-induced spawning of captive striped bass in tanks. The Progressive Fish-Culturist, 52:201-202.

Yeager DM; Van Tassel JE; Wooley CM, 1990. Culture and Propagation of Striped Bass and Its Hybrids. In: Harrell RM, Kerby JH, Minton RV, eds. Bethesda, MD, USA: American Fisheries Society. 43-72.

Links to Websites

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WebsiteURLComment
Illinois Aquaculture Centre, Southern Illinois University, Carbondalehttp://ws1.coopfish.siu.edu/amazonia/index.html
International Game and Fish Associationhttp://www.igfa.org
United States Geological Surveyhttp://nas.er.usgs.gov

Distribution Maps

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