Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

rinderpest virus

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Datasheet

rinderpest virus

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • rinderpest virus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Unknown: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Unknown: "RNA viruses"
  •       Order: Mononegavirales
  •         Family: Paramyxoviridae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Rinderpest virus
TitleRinderpest virus
CaptionRinderpest virus
Copyright©Dr. Rajnish Kaushik/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.5
Rinderpest virus
Rinderpest virusRinderpest virus©Dr. Rajnish Kaushik/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.5

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • rinderpest virus

English acronym

  • RPV
  • RV

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Unknown: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Unknown: "RNA viruses"
  •             Order: Mononegavirales
  •                 Family: Paramyxoviridae
  •                     Genus: Morbillivirus
  •                         Species: rinderpest virus

Diseases Table

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Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

AfghanistanDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
AzerbaijanDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BahrainLast reported1985OIE Handistatus, 2005
BangladeshDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BhutanLast reported1969OIE Handistatus, 2005
Brunei DarussalamDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
China
-Hong KongLast reported1950OIE Handistatus, 2005
Georgia (Republic of)Last reported1989OIE Handistatus, 2005
IndiaLast reported1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
IndonesiaLast reported1907OIE Handistatus, 2005
IranLast reported1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
IraqLast reported1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
IsraelNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
JapanLast reported1924OIE Handistatus, 2005
JordanLast reported1972OIE Handistatus, 2005
KazakhstanDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Korea, DPRLast reported1948OIE Handistatus, 2005
Korea, Republic ofLast reported1931OIE Handistatus, 2005
KuwaitLast reported1985OIE Handistatus, 2005
LebanonLast reported1982OIE Handistatus, 2005
Malaysia
-Peninsular MalaysiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
-SabahDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
-SarawakDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MongoliaLast reported1992OIE Handistatus, 2005
MyanmarLast reported1957OIE Handistatus, 2005
NepalLast reported1990OIE Handistatus, 2005
OmanLast reported1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
PhilippinesLast reported1955OIE Handistatus, 2005
QatarLast reported1987OIE Handistatus, 2005
Saudi ArabiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SingaporeLast reported1930OIE Handistatus, 2005
Sri LankaLast reported1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
SyriaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
TaiwanLast reported1950OIE Handistatus, 2005
TajikistanDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
ThailandLast reported1959OIE Handistatus, 2005
TurkeyLast reported1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
TurkmenistanDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
United Arab EmiratesLast reported1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
UzbekistanDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VietnamLast reported1977OIE Handistatus, 2005
YemenLast reported1995OIE Handistatus, 2005

Africa

AlgeriaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
AngolaLast reported1972OIE Handistatus, 2005
BeninDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BotswanaLast reported1899OIE Handistatus, 2005
Burkina FasoLast reported1988OIE Handistatus, 2005
BurundiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
CameroonLast reported1986OIE Handistatus, 2005
Cape VerdeNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Central African RepublicLast reported1983OIE Handistatus, 2005
ChadLast reported1984OIE Handistatus, 2005
Congo Democratic RepublicDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Côte d'IvoireLast reported1986OIE Handistatus, 2005
DjiboutiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EgyptLast reported1987OIE Handistatus, 2005
EritreaLast reported1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
EthiopiaLast reported1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
GhanaLast reported1988OIE Handistatus, 2005
GuineaLast reported1967OIE Handistatus, 2005
Guinea-BissauLast reported1967OIE Handistatus, 2005
KenyaLast reported2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
LibyaLast reported1966OIE Handistatus, 2005
MadagascarDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MalawiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MaliLast reported1986OIE Handistatus, 2005
MauritiusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MoroccoDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MozambiqueLast reported1896OIE Handistatus, 2005
NamibiaLast reported1907OIE Handistatus, 2005
NigerLast reported1985OIE Handistatus, 2005
NigeriaLast reported1987OIE Handistatus, 2005
RéunionLast reported1902OIE Handistatus, 2005
RwandaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Sao Tome and PrincipeDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SenegalLast reported1978OIE Handistatus, 2005
SeychellesDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SomaliaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
South AfricaLast reported1904OIE Handistatus, 2005
SudanLast reported1998OIE Handistatus, 2005
SwazilandLast reported1898OIE Handistatus, 2005
TanzaniaLast reported1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
TogoLast reported1986OIE Handistatus, 2005
TunisiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
UgandaLast reported1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
ZambiaLast reported1896OIE Handistatus, 2005
ZimbabweLast reported1898OIE Handistatus, 2005

North America

BermudaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
CanadaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MexicoDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
USADisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

Central America and Caribbean

BarbadosDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BelizeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
British Virgin IslandsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Cayman IslandsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Costa RicaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
CubaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
CuraçaoDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
DominicaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Dominican RepublicDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
El SalvadorDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
GuadeloupeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
GuatemalaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
HaitiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
HondurasDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
JamaicaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MartiniqueDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
NicaraguaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
PanamaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Saint Kitts and NevisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Trinidad and TobagoDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

South America

ArgentinaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BoliviaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BrazilLast reported1921OIE Handistatus, 2005
ChileDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
ColombiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EcuadorDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Falkland IslandsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
French GuianaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
GuyanaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
ParaguayDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
PeruDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
UruguayDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VenezuelaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

Europe

AndorraDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
AustriaLast reported1881OIE Handistatus, 2005
BelarusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BelgiumLast reported1920OIE Handistatus, 2005
Bosnia-HercegovinaLast reported1883OIE Handistatus, 2005
BulgariaLast reported1913OIE Handistatus, 2005
CroatiaLast reported1883OIE Handistatus, 2005
CyprusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Czech RepublicLast reported1881OIE Handistatus, 2005
DenmarkLast reported1782OIE Handistatus, 2005
EstoniaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
FinlandLast reported1877OIE Handistatus, 2005
FranceLast reported1870OIE Handistatus, 2005
GermanyLast reported1870OIE Handistatus, 2005
GreeceLast reported1926OIE Handistatus, 2005
HungaryLast reported1881OIE Handistatus, 2005
IcelandDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
IrelandLast reported1866OIE Handistatus, 2005
Isle of Man (UK)Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
ItalyLast reported1949OIE Handistatus, 2005
JerseyDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
LatviaLast reported1921OIE Handistatus, 2005
LiechtensteinDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
LithuaniaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
LuxembourgDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MacedoniaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MaltaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
MoldovaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
NetherlandsLast reported1869OIE Handistatus, 2005
NorwayDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
PolandLast reported1921OIE Handistatus, 2005
PortugalDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
RomaniaLast reported1886OIE Handistatus, 2005
Russian FederationLast reported1998OIE Handistatus, 2005
SlovakiaLast reported1881OIE Handistatus, 2005
SloveniaLast reported1883OIE Handistatus, 2005
SpainDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SwedenLast reported1700OIE Handistatus, 2005
SwitzerlandLast reported1871OIE Handistatus, 2005
UKLast reported1877OIE Handistatus, 2005
-Northern IrelandLast reported1900OIE Handistatus, 2005
UkraineDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Yugoslavia (former)Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)Last reported1883OIE Handistatus, 2005

Oceania

AustraliaLast reported1923OIE Handistatus, 2005
French PolynesiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
New CaledoniaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
New ZealandDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
SamoaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VanuatuDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Wallis and Futuna IslandsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005

Pathogen Characteristics

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The complete genome sequence is available for rinderpest virus (RPV), human measles virus (MV) and canine distemper virus (CDV) and partial sequence data for the other morbilliviruses. They are identical in structure, being pleiomorphic, enveloped viruses of approximately 300-nm diameter with a typical paramyxovirus nucleocapsid structure. The virion is composed of six structural proteins and the genetic material of a single piece of RNA of negative-sense polarity contained in the nucleocapsid coiled within the virus envelope. Once the virus enters the cell, transcription of the negative-sense genome RNA begins and messenger RNAs are produced for each virus protein. Later in infection, replication of the virus RNA begins. This is accomplished by making a full-length positive-sense copy of the genome RNA, instead of the individual mRNAs, and this functions as the template to produce new virion RNA. Newly synthesized template and virion RNAs are surrounded and protected by the nucleocapsid protein (N protein) which, in association with the virus polymerase (L protein) and phosphoprotein (P protein), form ribonucleoprotein complexes called nucleocapsids.

The virus envelope contains two virus-coded glycoproteins, the haemagglutinin (H protein) and fusion proteins (F protein), responsible for attachment to and fusion with the host cell, respectively. The lipid layer of the virus envelope is derived from the host cell during virus budding. A non-glycosylated matrix protein (M protein) interacts both with the internal domains of the envelope glycoproteins and with the nucleocapsids formed within the host cell cytoplasm during genome replication. This brings the internal and external components together and enables the new virus to bud from the host cell. The virus genome RNA is approximately 16 kb in length and consists of a short 3' leader RNA followed by the coding regions for the six structural protein genes, with defined stop-start sequence motifs between each gene, and ends in a short 5' trailer RNA. The organization of the rinderpest genome is 3'Leader: 55; N 1692; P 1658; M 1463; F 2370; H 1961; L 6646; 5'Trailer 37; Total length 15882.

Two virus-encoded non-structural proteins (C and V) are produced in infected cells and are probably concerned with regulation of virus replication. The C non-structural protein is translated from an alternate reading frame in the phosphoprotein mRNA, beginning at the second AUG codon. The V protein is translated from an mRNA which is not an exact copy of the P gene sequence but from an edited mRNA which has an extra G residue inserted at a conserved slippery sequence motif positioned about halfway along the P gene where the virus polymerase 'stutters' and adds the extra non-templated G. This editing (or more properly, alternative transcription) occurs in about 30-50% of the mRNAs transcribed from the P gene in the case of MV, RPV and CDV and there is evidence that it occurs in all other morbilliviruses. Translation of this mRNA produces a chimeric protein consisting of the N-terminus of the P protein with a new C-terminus, rich in cysteine residues, derived from sequences in the third reading frame. The V protein is probably not required for growth of these viruses in tissue culture as mutations in the editing site of DMV did not affect the ability to grow in Vero cells.

Disease(s) associated with this pathogen is/are on the list of diseases notifiable to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). The distribution section contains data from OIE's Handistatus database on disease occurrence. Please see the AHPC library for further information from OIE, including the International Animal Health Code and the Manual of Standards for Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines. Also see the website: www.oie.int.

References

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OIE Handistatus, 2002. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2001). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2003. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (dataset for 2002). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2004. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2003). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

OIE Handistatus, 2005. World Animal Health Publication and Handistatus II (data set for 2004). Paris, France: Office International des Epizooties.

Distribution Maps

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