Neogobius melanostomus (round goby)
- Summary of Invasiveness
- Taxonomic Tree
- Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature
- Distribution Table
- History of Introduction and Spread
- Risk of Introduction
- Habitat List
- Biology and Ecology
- Latitude/Altitude Ranges
- Water Tolerances
- Natural enemies
- Notes on Natural Enemies
- Means of Movement and Dispersal
- Pathway Causes
- Pathway Vectors
- Impact Summary
- Economic Impact
- Environmental Impact
- Threatened Species
- Social Impact
- Risk and Impact Factors
- Uses List
- Prevention and Control
- Links to Websites
- Distribution Maps
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PicturesTop of page
IdentityTop of page
Preferred Scientific Name
- Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas, 1814)
Preferred Common Name
- round goby
Other Scientific Names
- Apollonia melanostomus (Illin, 1927)
- Gobius melanostomus (Pallas, 1811)
International Common Names
- English: black spotted goby
- Spanish: gobio de boca negra
Local Common Names
- Denmark: sortmundet kutling
- Germany: Shwarzmund Grundel
- Netherlands: zwartbekgrondel
- Russian Federation: bychok-krugyak
- Sweden: svartmunnad smörbult
Summary of InvasivenessTop of page
N. melanostomus, a small (up to 25 cm length) benthic species of Ponto-Caspian origin, is one of the most successful fish invaders of the recent decades. Since its first recording outside the natural range i.e. in the Moskva River in the 1980s, the species has inhabited several countries in Europe (Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Austria, Germany, Estonia, the Netherlands) as well as the Great Lakes of North America. The ballast-water transport and possibly as eggs attached to ship hulls and barges are the most probable vectors of N. melanostomus transmission. Other human-mediated factors like alteration of natural freshwater and marine habitats e.g. rip-rap river bank, artificial reefs (wave breakers), industrial harbours, dam reservoirs, seem to promote its establishment in newly invaded areas. N. melanostomus possesses many biological attributes that facilitate its invasion i.e. broad native range, wide tolerance for environmental conditions (euryhaline species), habitat generalist, opportunistic feeder, early maturation, multiple spawning during prolonged breeding season, male care for eggs deposited in shelter, aggressive behaviour. N. melanostomus ability to survive in harsh conditions, also in degraded environments, has helped to increase its competitive advantage compared to native species. The invasion of N. melanostomus resulted in varied alteration of ecosystem processes e.g. the diet shift among predators and changes in food web structure was noted in the Gulf of Gdansk (the Baltic Sea); in the Great Lakes the recruitment failure of some native species and consequently decline of their population coincided with N. melanostomus presence. N. melanostomus is a voracious predator that feeds on variety of invertebrate benthic organisms, fish eggs, but predominantly on molluscs (e.g. zebra and quagga mussel) that are known to accumulate persistent contaminants from the sediment. As many native game and commercial fish species prey on N. melanostomus the greater bioaccumulation of toxins such as PCBs in the food chain is possible and the fish diet of humans is a health concern.
Taxonomic TreeTop of page
- Domain: Eukaryota
- Kingdom: Metazoa
- Phylum: Chordata
- Subphylum: Vertebrata
- Class: Actinopterygii
- Order: Perciformes
- Suborder: Gobioidei
- Family: Gobiidae
- Genus: Neogobius
- Species: Neogobius melanostomus
Notes on Taxonomy and NomenclatureTop of page
The subfamily Goibionellinae (Nelson, 1994), was previously labelled Benthophilinae. Based on results of electrophoretic studies, Dobrovolov et al. (1995) suggested a rearrangement of Gobiidae that moved Neogobius melanostomus to Apollonia melanostomus. The specific epithet melanostomus means ‘black-mouthed’ from the Greek melanos, black, and soma, mouth, but might be thought to refer to the conspicuous black spot typically present on the first dorsal fin (Pinchuk et al., 2003).
DescriptionTop of page
N. melanostomus is small, up to 25 cm in total length. Its pelvic fins form a very characteristic suction disc on the ventral surface. The pelvic disc is 0.6-0.8 times the abdomen length. The body is scaled on the parietal region, nape, back, throat, abdomen, pectoral fin peduncles, and one quarter of the gill covers. The head is wide (as or wider than deep) and relatively big (22-23% of body length). Eyes are large and protrude slightly from the top of the head. The angle of the jaw is below the anterior quarter of the eye. The lower jaw is not prominent. The anterior dorsal fin has 5-7 spines, usually 6, and the posterior dorsal fin has one spine and 13-16 soft rays. The anal fin has one spine and 11-14 soft rays. The pectoral fins have 17-20 soft rays. N. melanostomus lacks a gas bladder and chemoreceptors. Neuromasts are present throughout the body and head. N. melanostomus lacks a visible lateral line. Males are larger than females. Both sexes have an erectile urogenital papilla between the anus and the base of the anal fin. Coloration: yellowish-grey, with lateral blotches; first dorsal fin with large black spot in posterior part; breeding males are almost black and their median fins are more elongated and white-edged (Pinchuk et al., 2003).
DistributionTop of page
N. melanostomus is widely distributed throughout the Ponto-Caspian basins, in freshwater, estuarine and coastal habitats. It is found in the Sea of Azov, the Caspian Sea, Black Sea and Sea of Marmara near Istanbul, Turkey. It also inhabits tributaries of Black and Caspian seas, including the Dniester River as far as the Smotrich River (near the city Kamenets-Podolsky, Ukraine); in the Prut River in the city Chernovtsy (Ukraine), the Southern Bug River in the city Lodizhino (Ukraine); in the Dnieper River in the city Dnepropetrovsk (Ukraine); the Don River in the city Rostov (Russia); in the Volga River to the Volgograd Reservoir (lower reach of the river) but since 1968, it established also in the Kuybyshev Reservoir (middle stretch of the river) (Russia); the Ural River to the Sakma River (Pinchuk et al., 2003). The recent upstream expansion of the species has been observed in the Dniestr, Dniepr, Southern Bug, Volga rivers and its tributaries (Smirnov, 1986; Moskalova, 1996). In the Danube River it was found earlier as far as the town of Vidin (Bulgaria), but has recently spread upstream from the Iron Gate (Simonovic et al., 1998) and even farther reaching Vienna (Austria) (Wiesner et al., 2000).
Distribution TableTop of page
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
|Continent/Country/Region||Distribution||Last Reported||Origin||First Reported||Invasive||Reference||Notes|
|Azerbaijan||Present, Localized||Native||Pinchuk et al. (2003)||in rivers and lakes south of the country|
|Georgia||Present, Localized||Native||Pinchuk et al. (2003)||In the Black Sea|
|Iran||Present, Localized||Native||Pinchuk et al. (2003)|
|Kazakhstan||Absent, Formerly present||1960||Pinchuk et al. (2003)||Introduced to Aral Sea now reported as extinct|
|Turkey||Present, Localized||Native||Pinchuk et al. (2003)||in the Bosphorus, Sea of Marmara and some lakes|
|Turkmenistan||Present, Localized||Native||Pinchuk et al. (2003)||In Caspian Sea|
|Uzbekistan||Absent, Formerly present||1960||Pinchuk et al. (2003)||introduced to Aral Sea, now reported as extinct|
|Federal Republic of Yugoslavia||Present, Localized||Native||Invasive||Simonovic et al. (1998)|
|Austria||Present, Localized||2000||Introduced||Invasive||Wiesner et al. (2000)||in the Danube River|
|Belarus||Present, Localized||1998||Introduced||Invasive||Gulugin and Kunitsky (1999)||in the Dnieper River and Pripyat River|
|Bulgaria||Present, Widespread||Native||Pinchuk et al. (2003)|
|Estonia||Present, Localized||2002||Introduced||Invasive||Ojaveer (2006)||NE part of the Gulf of Riga (Baltic Sea)|
|Finland||Present, Few occurrences||Introduced||Invasive||Ojaveer (2006)||coastal waters of the Baltic Sea|
|Germany||Present, Few occurrences||1999||Introduced||Corkum et al. (2004)||near Rugia Island and northern coast|
|Hungary||Present, Localized||2001||Introduced||Invasive||Guti et al. (2003)||in the Danube River|
|Lithuania||Present, Few occurrences||Introduced||Invasive||Ojaveer (2006)||coastal waters of the Baltic Sea|
|Netherlands||Present, Few occurrences||2004||Introduced||Invasive||Beek (2006)||The Lek River|
|Poland||Present, Localized||1990||Introduced||Invasive||Skóra and Stolarski (1993)||coastal waters of the Baltic Sea; lower section of the Vistula River|
|Romania||Present||Native||Pinchuk et al. (2003)||Black Sea coast and lagoons; the Danube River basin|
|Russia||Present||Native||Invasive||Pinchuk et al. (2003)||expand its previous natural distribution e.g. in the Volga River basin|
|-Central Russia||Present, Localized||1985||Introduced||Invasive||Pinchuk et al. (2003)||the Moskva River; the Volgograd Reservoir|
|-Southern Russia||Present, Widespread||Native||Invasive||Pinchuk et al. (2003)||native to the Caspian and Black seas; lower section of Volga and Don rivers|
|Serbia||Present, Localized||1997||Introduced||Invasive||Simonovic et al. (1998);||the Danube River basin|
|Slovakia||Present, Localized||2003||Introduced||Invasive||CABI (Undated)||the Danube River basin; Original citation: Stránai and , (2004)|
|Ukraine||Present||Native||Invasive||Pinchuk et al. (2003)||Native to the Black Sea, lower section of the Dneiper River and Dniestr River; expand farther upstream up to Kiev.|
|Canada||Present||CABI (Undateda)||Present based on regional distribution.|
|-Ontario||Present, Localized||1990||Introduced||Invasive||Jude et al. (1992)||St. Clair River, Detroit River|
|United States||Present||CABI (Undateda)||Present based on regional distribution.|
|-Illinois||Present, Localized||1993||Introduced||Invasive||Jude (1997)||Calumet River, Lake Michigan|
|-Indiana||Present||1996||Introduced||Invasive||Jude (1997)||Lake Michigan|
|-Michigan||Present, Localized||1990||Introduced||Invasive||Jude (1997)||e.g. St Clair River, Lake Erie, Shiawassee River|
|-Minnesota||Present||1995||Introduced||Invasive||Jude (1997)||Lake Superior|
|-New York||Present||1995||Introduced||Invasive||Jude (1997)||Lake Ontario|
|-Ohio||Present, Localized||1993||Introduced||Invasive||Jude (1997)||Lake Erie|
|-Pennsylvania||Present||1996||Introduced||Invasive||Jude (1997)||Lake Erie|
History of Introduction and SpreadTop of page
In the Baltic Sea basin N. melanostomus started its invasion probably from the late 1980s, when in 1990 few individuals 3-4 years old have been found for the first time in the Gulf of Gdansk (the Baltic Sea, Poland) (Skóra and Stolarski, 1993).The species soon spread along the Polish coast (Sapota, 2004) but also entered the Vistula River as far as 130km upstream from the mouth (Kostrzewa and Grabowski, 2002). It has been recently reported from several other places in the southern coastal waters of the Baltic Sea (Ojaveer, 2006) and in the North Sea basin (Van Beek, 2006). The most probable route of N. melanostomus migration to the southern part of Baltic Sea is the so-called northern corridor (Bij de Vaate et al., 2002) consisting the Volga River, Rybinsky Reservoir, lakes Ladoga and Onega connected by artificial canals with the Gulf of Finland (Sapota, 2004). Its introduction to the Baltic Sea is usually related to ballast-water transport (Sapota, 2004) and possibly as eggs attached to the hulls of barges. N. melanostomus invasion to the Baltic Sea was preceeded by its previous expansion in the Volga River system e.g. in the late 1980s it was found in the Moscow River basin (tributary of the upper stretch of the Volga) (Pinchuk et al., 2003).
IntroductionsTop of page
|Introduced to||Introduced from||Year||Reason||Introduced by||Established in wild through||References||Notes|
|Natural reproduction||Continuous restocking|
|Austria||2000||Yes||No||Wiesner et al. (2000)|
|Belarus||Ukraine||1998||Yes||No||Gulugin and Kunitsky (1999)|
|Canada||Eastern Europe||1990||Interbasin transfers (pathway cause)||Yes||No||Jude et al. (1992)|
|Germany||1999||Yes||No||Corkum et al. (2004)|
|Hungary||2001||Yes||No||Guti et al. (2003)|
|Norway||2004||No||No||Beek GCWvan (2006)|
|Poland||Russian Federation||1990||Interbasin transfers (pathway cause)
Interconnected waterways (pathway cause)
|Yes||No||Sapota (2004); Skóra and Stolarski (1993)|
|USA||Eastern Europe||1990||Interbasin transfers (pathway cause)||Yes||No||Jude et al. (1992)|
Risk of IntroductionTop of page
The further expansion of N. melanostomus to Western Europe may be expected from the Danube River through system of canals that connect it with the main river (the right tributary of the Rhine River, the North Sea basin). The other route to the west and north of Europe is possiblly along the Baltic and North Sea coasts. N.melanostomus spread may be due to natural migration combined with passive dispersal by ships and barges.
In North America N. melanostomus has already spread into an inland river in Ontario (Running Creek) and down the Chicago Sanitary and Shipping Canal en route to the Mississippi River (Charlebois et al., 2001).
HabitatTop of page
N. melanostomus is a benthic euryhaline species, inhabiting freshwaters of rivers and lakes to brackish polyhaline salinities. In the Black Sea it is found in coastal shallows on stony or sandy bottom and mussel beds at depths of 1.5-20m, being particularly abundant in shallow bays and estuaries coinciding with the distribution of Dreissena sp. (Pinchuk et al., 2003). In the Gulf of Gdansk it inhabits also softer well vegetated substrates, but artificial reefs (wave breakers), piers, rocky and stony areas are the most favourable (Sapota and Skóra, 2005). In the Danube River, N. melanostomus occurred in the highest numbers on gravel-rocky and stony substrates (Jurajda et al., 2005) and in industrial harbours (Wiesner, 2005). In the Great Lakes systemN. melanostomus is typically confined to lakes and connected channels or navigational waterways (Corkum et al., 2004), mostly found on pebbles with aquatic macrophytes from shallows to 7m depth, but also on sandy bottoms (Charlebois et al., 1997).
Habitat ListTop of page
|Coastal areas||Principal habitat||Natural|
|Lakes||Secondary/tolerated habitat||Harmful (pest or invasive)|
|Reservoirs||Principal habitat||Harmful (pest or invasive)|
|Rivers / streams||Principal habitat||Harmful (pest or invasive)|
|Rivers / streams||Principal habitat||Natural|
|Inshore marine||Principal habitat||Harmful (pest or invasive)|
|Inshore marine||Principal habitat||Natural|
|Benthic zone||Principal habitat||Harmful (pest or invasive)|
|Benthic zone||Principal habitat||Natural|
Biology and EcologyTop of page
N. melanostomus possesses 46 acrocentric chromosomes (Pinchuk et al., 2003). The species has a relatively low level of genetic variability (Charlebois et al., 1997; Pinchuk et al., 2003). The genetics of this species have been extensively studied, see Brown and Stepien (2008) for further details.
In the Ponto-Caspian region (in the native population of N. melanostomus) males become mature during the third year of life and females are mature at the age of two. Fecundity ranges from 200 to 5221 eggs depending on female size. The pale yellow to orange pyriform eggs are about 3.9 by 2.8 mm. They are described as oligoplastic and polylecithal, rich in protein and lipid. The breeding season is prolonged and can last from April to September. Females can spawn up to six times during breeding period. Eggs are deposited in a net on the underside of different structures e.g. rocks, logs, roots, in beer cans, empty shells of molluscs etc, and the nest is defended by the male. Several females may deposit eggs in the same site. Sound production features in the courtship and territorial behaviour is reported for both sexes. Size under hatching is 5.5-5.7 mm. Larvae resemble adults at hatching and appear to be benthic, since they have no swim bladder (Pinchuk et al., 2003).
N. melanostomus from new colonized areas (Baltic Sea, Great Lakes) tend to be smaller, mature earlier at a smaller size compared with the populations in native range. Dwarf morphs are observedwhich direct more energy to reproduction than the normal morphs in native populations (Corkum at al., 2004).
Physiology and Phenology
N. melanostomus is eurythermal and euryhaline species. It can withstand very low level of dissolved oxygen. Overall, the species has wide tolerance of several environmental abiotic factors that enhance its invasiveness. The primary diet of N. melanostomus includes molluscs, crustaceans, worms, fish eggs, small fish, and insect larvae (Pinchuk et al., 2003).
It is often reported as associated with Dreissena sp. both in native and invaded areas. In rocky substrate habitats, greater than 100 mm N. melanostomus feeds almost exclusively on zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha). In addition, since the invasion of quagga mussel (Dreissena bugensis), which tolerates deeper and cooler waters, another source of mussels may be available for N. melanostomus in deeper, soft regimented areas of the Great Lakes, where zebra mussels were prevented from colonizing because of lack of hard substrate (Jude, 1997).
ClimateTop of page
|Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer||Preferred||Warm average temp. > 10°C, Cold average temp. > 0°C, dry summers|
|Ds - Continental climate with dry summer||Tolerated||Continental climate with dry summer (Warm average temp. > 10°C, coldest month < 0°C, dry summers)|
Latitude/Altitude RangesTop of page
|Latitude North (°N)||Latitude South (°S)||Altitude Lower (m)||Altitude Upper (m)|
Water TolerancesTop of page
|Parameter||Minimum Value||Maximum Value||Typical Value||Status||Life Stage||Notes|
|Dissolved oxygen (mg/l)||Optimum||0.3-0.9 tolerated. The threshold value depending on the mass of fish. Tolerate low oxygenation|
|Salinity (part per thousand)||Optimum||1-40.6 tolerated. A euryhaline species|
|Velocity (cm/h)||Optimum||Prefers rather stagnant waters or those of a slow flow|
|Water temperature (ºC temperature)||Optimum||-1-30 tolerated. A eurythermal species|
Natural enemiesTop of page
|Natural enemy||Type||Life stages||Specificity||References||Biological control in||Biological control on|
|Ambloplites rupestris||Predator||Adult||not specific||Jude, 1997|
|Anguillicoloides crassus||Parasite||not specific||Rolbiecki l, 2006|
|Cryptocotyle concavum||Parasite||not specific||Kvach and Skóra, 2007|
|Diplostomum spathaceum||Parasite||not specific||Kvach and Skóra, 2007|
|Hysterothylacium aduncum||Parasite||not specific||Rolbiecki l, 2006|
|Lota lota||Predator||Adult||not specific||Jude, 1997|
|Micropterus dolomieu||Predator||Adult||not specific||Jude, 1997|
|Morone chrysops||Predator||Adult||not specific||Corkum et al., 2004|
|Neochasmus umbellus||Parasite||Larval||not specific||Kvach and Stepien, 2008|
|Noturus flavus||Predator||Adult||not specific||Jude, 1997|
|Perca flavescens||Predator||Adult||not specific||Jude, 1997|
|Phalacrocorax carbo||Predator||Adult||not specific||Bzoma and Stempniewicz, 2001|
|Sander vitreus||Predator||Adult||not specific||Corkum et al., 2004|
Notes on Natural EnemiesTop of page
In the Great Lakes of North America N. melanostomus is a common prey of small bass (Micropterus dolomieu), rock bass (Ambloplites rupestris,) stonecat (Noturus flavus), burbot (Lota lota) and yellow perch (Perca flavescens), but is a minor component in the diet of walleye (Stizostedion vitreum ) and white bass (Morone chrysops) (Jude,1997; Corkum et al., 2004).
Means of Movement and DispersalTop of page
The dispersal of N. melanostomus in Europe may be thought as a combination of natural migration (continuation of postglacial colonization) encouraged by water transport e.g. ships and barges. The human-mediated alteration of river banks e.g. rip-rap habitats and the harbour’s other artificial substrates providing shelter, spawning areas as well as feeding grounds due to presence of zebra mussel beds seem to facilitate N. melanostomus establishment (Ahnelt et al.,1998; Wiesner, 2005). In the case of N. melanostomus invasion of the Baltic Sea ballast-water transport (Sapota, 2004) and possibly as eggs attached to the hulls of barges are the most probable vectors of transmission (Skóra and Stolarski, 1993). The existence of inter-basin connections through artificial canals that join the Black Sea and the Baltic Sea basins enabled N. melanostomus spread. Moreover, as the Danube River system (the Black Sea basin) is connected with rivers of the North Sea basin N. Melanostomus’s further expansion to the rest of Western Europe seems inevitable.
Pathway CausesTop of page
Pathway VectorsTop of page
Impact SummaryTop of page
Economic ImpactTop of page
In the Baltic Sea N. melanostomus is caught incidentally in eel traps (up to 50 kg/day/boat) but because there is no legalized trade of that species they have no commercial value for fishermen (Skóra, 1996; Charlebois et al., 1997). However, the species is becoming a popular sport fish on the Baltic coast. On the other hand N. melanostomus may negatively interfer with anglers activity as they remove bait from hooks and are caught instead of sport fish. Moreover N. melanostomus is a predator of eggs and juveniles of native game fish species. e.g. in the Great Lakes, reducing the hatching success of lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) and lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) (Corkum et al., 2004).
Environmental ImpactTop of page
Impact on Habitats
The invasion of N. melanostomus has resulted in the diet shifts among predators and changes in food web structure e.g. in the Gulf of Gdansk (Baltic Sea, Poland), cormorants have shifted their diet from eel (Anguilla anguilla) and sprat (Spratus spratus) to N. melanostomus, resulting in increases in eel and sprat (Bzoma and Stempniewicz, 2001). Increase in planktivorous sprat have lead to a reduction of zooplankton and as a consequence increases in algal biomass have been noted.
As a molluscivore, N. melanostomus has been thought to be of potential use in the Great Lakes basin as a consumer of the introduced zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha), which became a serious problem for natural ecosystems and human activities. The zebra mussel is the main dietary component of larger N. melanostomus, while it is not or is rarely consumed by native fish species. The possible reduction of zebra mussel population due to predation is only partly advantageous for ecosystems because the entry of zebra mussel biomass into the food chain of N. melanostomus and their larger fish predators might transfer harmful pollutants into the higher trophic levels (Charlebois et al., 1997).
Kuhns and Berg (1999) reported that predation on invertebrates other than molluscs by N. melanostomus has led to increased algal biomass as measured by chlorophyll content.
Impact on Biodiversity
N. melanostomus negatively affects the recruitment of native fishes in the Great Lakes e.g. it feeds on eggs of lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) and lake sturgeon (Acipenser fluvescens) probably reducing their hatching success (Corkum et al., 2004). In the St. Clair River the decline of mottled sculpin (Cottus bairdi) coincided with presence of N. melanostomus (Janssen and Jude, 2001). Janssen and Jude (2001) indicated that recruitment failure of mottled sculpins resulted from spawning interference by N. melanostomus. The mechanism of this impact appears to be the aggressive nature of N. melanostomus which drives mottled sculpin from prime feeding, shelter, and especially spawning areas (Janssen and Jude, 2001). Another local species that may be at risk is the deepwater sculpin (Myoxocephalus thompsoni), whose habitats may be penetrated in winter by N. melanostomus (Jude, 1997).
In the southern coasts of the Baltic Sea N. melanostomus may compete for food with flounder (Platichthys flesus) and for space with other native Gobiidae (especially Pomatoschistus microps, Pomatoschistus minutus, Gobius niger) and the eelpout (Zoarces viviparous) (Corkum et al., 2004).
Researchers have suggested a possible link between N. melanostomus. and botulism, Clostridium botulinum type E, a disease of wild migratory birds (Corkum et al., 2004).
Threatened SpeciesTop of page
Social ImpactTop of page
Risk and Impact FactorsTop of page Invasiveness
- Invasive in its native range
- Proved invasive outside its native range
- Has a broad native range
- Highly adaptable to different environments
- Is a habitat generalist
- Pioneering in disturbed areas
- Capable of securing and ingesting a wide range of food
- Highly mobile locally
- Benefits from human association (i.e. it is a human commensal)
- Fast growing
- Has high reproductive potential
- Has high genetic variability
- Altered trophic level
- Damaged ecosystem services
- Modification of natural benthic communities
- Modification of nutrient regime
- Negatively impacts human health
- Negatively impacts livelihoods
- Negatively impacts aquaculture/fisheries
- Negatively impacts tourism
- Reduced native biodiversity
- Threat to/ loss of endangered species
- Threat to/ loss of native species
- Competition - monopolizing resources
- Competition (unspecified)
- Interaction with other invasive species
- Parasitism (incl. parasitoid)
- Rapid growth
- Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally
- Highly likely to be transported internationally illegally
- Difficult/costly to control
UsesTop of page
N. melanostomus used to be an important component of the commercial catch in the Black Sea and Azov Sea areas. The massive decline in N. melanostomus stocks between the 1960s and 1989 resulted in decline in a commercial fishery (Pinchuk et al., 20003). In newly invaded areas there is no commercial value for N. melanostomus.
Uses ListTop of page
Animal feed, fodder, forage
Human food and beverage
- Meat/fat/offal/blood/bone (whole, cut, fresh, frozen, canned, cured, processed or smoked)
Prevention and ControlTop of page
Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label.
ReferencesTop of page
Ahnelt H, Banarescu P, Spolwind R, Harka Á, Waidbacher H, 1998. Occurence and distribution of three gobiid species (Pisces, Gobiidae) in the middle and upper Danube region - examples of dispersal patterns? Biologia, Bratislava, 53(5):665-678.
Bij Vaate Ade, Jazdzewski K, Ketelaars H, Gollasch S, Velde Gder, 2002. Geographical patterns in range expansion of macroinvertebrate Ponto-Caspian species in Europe. Canadian Journal of Fisheries Aquatic Sciences, 59:1159-1174.
Butler, R. S., Biggins, R. G., 2004. In: Recovery Plan for Cumberland Elktoe (Alasmidonta atropurpurea), Oyster Mussel (Epioblasma capsaeformis), Cumberlandian Combshell (Epioblasma brevidens), Purple Bean (Villosa perpurpurea), and Rough Rabbitsfoot (Quadrula cylindrica strigillata). US Fish and Wildlife Service, ix + 168 pp..
Bzoma S, Stempniewicz L, 2001. Great cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo) diet in the Gulf of Gdansk in 1998. In: Third International Symposium on Functioning of Coastal Ecosystems in Various Geographic Regions, 19-22 June 2001, Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdansk.
Charlebois PM, Marsden JE, Goettel RG, Wolf RK, Jude DJ, Rudnika S, 1997. The round goby Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas, 1811), a review of European and North American Literature. Illinois Natural History Survey Special Publication., 1-76.
Dawson VK, Boogaard MA, Bills TD, 1998. Evaluation of piscicides for controlling range expansion of round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) and ruffe (Gymnocephalus cernuus). United States Geological Survey, Biological Resource Division.
Dillon AK, Stepien CA, 2001. Genetic and biogeographical relationships of the invasive round (Neogobius melanostomus) and tubnose (Proterorhinus marmoratus) gobies in the Great Lakes versus European populations. Journal of the Great Lakes Research, 27:267-280.
Dobrovolov JS, Georgiiev TU, Dobrovolova SG, 1995. Comparative electrophoretic investigation of the species of the family Gobiidae (Pisces) in the Bulgarian sector of the Black Sea. Proceedings of the Institute of Fisheries (Varna), 23:48-68.
Dougherty JD, Moor WS, Ram JL, 1996. Mitochondrial DNA analysis of round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) and tubnose goby (Proterorhinus marmoratus) in the Great Lakes basin. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 53:474-480.
Janssen J, Jude DJ, 2001. Recruitment failure of mottled sculpin Cottus bairdi in Calumet Harbor, southern Lake Michigan, induced by the newly introduced round goby Neogobius melanostomus. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 27(3):319-328.
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ContributorsTop of page
28/04/08 Original text by:
Joanna Grabowska, University of Lodz, Dept Invertebrate Zoology & Hydrobiology, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Lodz, Poland
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