Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Octopus vulgaris
(common octopus)

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Datasheet

Octopus vulgaris (common octopus)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 03 January 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Natural Enemy
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Octopus vulgaris
  • Preferred Common Name
  • common octopus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Mollusca
  •       Class: Cephalopoda
  •         Subclass: Coleoidea
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797

Preferred Common Name

  • common octopus

Other Scientific Names

  • Octopus rugosus Bosc, 1792

International Common Names

  • English: akhtaboot; garnet; pieuvre; pulpe; qarnit kbir
  • Spanish: pulpo; pulpo común

Local Common Names

  • Bahamas: scuttle
  • Bulgaria: octopod
  • Cyprus: octopodi
  • Denmark: ottearmet blæksprutte
  • Finland: meritursas
  • Germany: Gewöohnlicher krake; krake; pulpo
  • Greece: khtapodi
  • Italy: polpo; polpo di scoglio
  • Japan: ma dako
  • Malta: qarnita
  • Netherlands: gewone achtarm
  • Norway: blekksprut
  • Portugal: polvo
  • Russian Federation: osminog
  • Turkey: ahtapot
  • Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro): hobotnika

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Mollusca
  •             Class: Cephalopoda
  •                 Subclass: Coleoidea
  •                     Order: Octopoda
  •                         Suborder: Incirrata
  •                             Division: Neocoleoidea
  •                                 Family: Octopodidae
  •                                     Genus: Octopus
  •                                         Species: Octopus vulgaris

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Sea Areas

Atlantic, SoutheastPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Atlantic, SouthwestPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Indian Ocean, EasternPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Indian Ocean, WesternPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Mediterranean and Black SeaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004

Asia

BangladeshPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Brunei DarussalamPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
CambodiaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
ChinaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
-MacauPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
East TimorPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
IndiaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
-Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
IndonesiaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
IranPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
IraqPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
IsraelPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
JapanPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
-Ryukyu ArchipelagoPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
JordanPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Korea, DPRPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Korea, Republic ofPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
LebanonPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
MalaysiaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
-SabahPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
-SarawakPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
MaldivesPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
MyanmarPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
OmanPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
PakistanPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
PhilippinesPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Saudi ArabiaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
SingaporePresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Sri LankaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
SyriaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
TaiwanPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
ThailandPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
TurkeyPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
United Arab EmiratesPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
VietnamPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
YemenPresentNativeCephBase, 2004

Africa

AlgeriaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
AngolaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
BeninPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
CameroonPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Cape VerdePresentNativeCephBase, 2004
CongoPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Congo Democratic RepublicPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Côte d'IvoirePresentNativeCephBase, 2004
DjiboutiPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
EgyptPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Equatorial GuineaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
EritreaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
GabonPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
GambiaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
GhanaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
GuineaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Guinea-BissauPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
KenyaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
LiberiaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
LibyaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
MadagascarPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
MauritaniaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
MauritiusPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
MoroccoPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
MozambiquePresentNativeCephBase, 2004
NamibiaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
NigeriaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
RéunionPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Sao Tome and PrincipePresentNativeCephBase, 2004
SenegalPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
SeychellesPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Sierra LeonePresentNativeCephBase, 2004
SomaliaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
South AfricaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Spain
-Canary IslandsPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
SudanPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
TanzaniaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
TogoPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
TunisiaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Western SaharaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004

North America

BermudaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
USAPresentNativeCephBase, 2004

Central America and Caribbean

AnguillaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Antigua and BarbudaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
ArubaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
BahamasPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
BarbadosPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
BelizePresentNativeCephBase, 2004
British Virgin IslandsPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Cayman IslandsPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Costa RicaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
CubaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
DominicaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Dominican RepublicPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
GrenadaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
GuadeloupePresentNativeCephBase, 2004
GuatemalaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
HaitiPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
HondurasPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
JamaicaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
MartiniquePresentNativeCephBase, 2004
MontserratPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Netherlands AntillesPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
NicaraguaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
PanamaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Puerto RicoPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Saint Kitts and NevisPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Saint LuciaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Trinidad and TobagoPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Turks and Caicos IslandsPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
United States Virgin IslandsPresentNativeCephBase, 2004

South America

BrazilPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
ColombiaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
French GuianaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
GuyanaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
SurinamePresentNativeCephBase, 2004

Europe

AlbaniaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
BelgiumPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Bosnia-HercegovinaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
BulgariaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
CroatiaPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
CyprusPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
DenmarkPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
FrancePresentNativeCephBase, 2004
GermanyPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
GibraltarPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
GreecePresentNativeCephBase, 2004
IrelandPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
ItalyPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
MonacoPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
NetherlandsPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
NorwayPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
PortugalPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
-MadeiraPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
Russian FederationPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
SpainPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
SwedenPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
UKPresentNativeCephBase, 2004
-Channel IslandsPresentNativeCephBase, 2004

Natural enemy of

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SpeciesStages attackedCountries where known to occurReferences
Charybdis helleriiAdultSampaio and Rosa, 2006
Haliotis midaeFryTarr, 1989
Maja squinadoAll StagesICES, 2003

References

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Aguado Giménez F; García García B, 2002. Growth and food intake models in Octopus vulgaris Cuvier (1797): influence of body weight, temperature, sex and diet. Aquaculture International, 10(5):361-377.

Ahmed SM; Siam MA; Othman AM, 2001. Evaluation of Octopus vulgaris as a promising source for preparing seafood meals. Alexandria Journal of Agricultural Research, 46(2):23-32.

Cagnetta P, 2000. Preliminary observations on the productive responses of the common octopus (Octopus vulgaris C.) reared free or in individual nets. Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes, 47:323-329.

CephBase, 2004. Entry for Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797. Online at www.CephBase.utmb.edu. Accessed 4 March 2004.

Cicero AM; Baldini M; Mecozzi M; Giani M; Molinaro MG; Stacchini P, 1992. Study of the cadmium content of cephalopod molluscs from the Ionian sea. Rivista della Società Italiana di Scienza dell'Alimentazione., 21(2):163-170.

Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism South Africa, 2003. Draft policy and criteria for the evaluation of applications in the experimental octopus fishery. Branch marine and coastal management, South Africa. Online. http://www.environment.gov.za/PolLeg/GenPolicy/2003Oct13/Draft%20policy%20on%20experimental%20octopus%20fishery10102003.doc. Accessed 22 November 2004.

FAO, 1983. FAO Fisheries Yearbook. Fishery Statistics. Aquaculture production 1981.

FAO, 2000. FAO Fisheries Yearbook. Fishery Statistics. Aquaculture production 1998, vol 86/2, 169 pp.

FAO, 2001. FAO Fisheries Yearbook. Fishery Statistics. Aquaculture production 1999, vol 88/2, 178 pp.

FIGIS, 2004. Octopus vulgaris. Fisheries global information system, FAO/SIDP Species identification sheets. Online at www.fao.org/figis. Accessed 04/03/2004.

García García B; Aguado Giménez F, 2002. Influence of diet on ongrowing and nutrient utilization in the common octopus (Octopus vulgaris). Aquaculture, 211(1/4):171-182.

Iglesias J; Sánchez FJ; Otero JJ; Moxica C, 2000. Culture of octopus (Octopus vulgaris, Cuvier): present knowledge, problems and perspectives. Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes, 47:313-321.

Mangold K, 1983. Octopus vulgaris. In: Boyle PR, ed. Cephalopod life cycles Volume I. London, UK: Academic Press, 335-364.

Mangold K; Boletzky SV, 1973. New data on reproductive biology and growth of Octopus vulgaris. Marine Biology, 19:7-12.

Navarro JC; Villanueva R, 2003. The fatty acid composition of Octopus vulgaris paralarvae reared with live and inert food: deviation from their natural fatty acid profile. Aquaculture, 219(1/4):613-631.

Nixon M, 1969. The lifespan of Octopus vulgaris. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 38:529-540.

Villanueva R, 1994. Decapod crab zoeae as food for rearing cephalopod paralarvae. Aquaculture, 128(1/2):143-152; 26 ref.

Distribution Maps

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